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The logo of the TGV.
The logo of the TGV.
TGV Duplex in Paris, Gare de Lyon.
TGV Duplex in Paris, Gare de Lyon.

Contents

The TGV (train à grande vitesse, French for "high-speed train") is France's high-speed rail service developed by GEC-Alsthom (now Alstom) and SNCF, the French national rail operator, and operated primarily by SNCF. Following the inaugural TGV service between Paris and Lyon in 1981, the TGV network, centred on Paris, has expanded to connect cities across France and in adjacent countries. It holds the record for the fastest wheeled train, having reached 574.8 km/h (357 mph) on 3 April 2007,[1][2] and also holds the world's highest average speed for a regular passenger service. TGV is a registered trademark of SNCF. Transposition of the great vessels (TGV) is a group of congenital heart defects (CHDs) involving an abnormal spatial arrangement of any of the primary vessels: superior and/or inferior vena cavae (SVC, IVC), pulmonary artery, pulmonary veins, and aorta. ... Image File history File links Tgvlogo2000. ... Image File history File links Tgvlogo2000. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 667 pixel, file size: 392 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 667 pixel, file size: 392 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... French-designed Eurostar and Thalys TGVs side-by-side in the Paris-Gare du Nord. ... Alstom (formerly GEC-Alsthom) (Euronext: ALO) is a large French company whose businesses are power generation, railway signalling; and manufacturing trains (e. ... SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français) (French National Railway Company) is a French public enterprise. ... A rail transport or railroad system is a complex synergy of components which may be classified into two groups: extrinsic factors and intrinsic factors. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the French city. ... JR-Maglev MLX01 at Yamanashi. ... Kilometres per hour (American spelling: kilometers per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... SNCF (Société Nationale des Chemins de fer Français) (French National Railway Company) is a French public enterprise. ...


The success of the first line led to an expansion of the network, with new lines built in the south, west, north and east of the country. Eager to emulate the success of the French network, neighbouring countries such as Belgium, Italy, Spain and Germany built their own high-speed lines. TGVs link with Switzerland through the French network, with Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands through the Thalys network, and the Eurostar network links France and Belgium with the United Kingdom. Several lines are planned, including extensions within France and to surrounding countries. Towns such as Tours have become a part of a "TGV commuter belt". Thalys PBKA Thalys is a high-speed train network built around the high-speed line between Paris and Brussels. ... A Eurostar on the CTRL going through the Medway Towns Eurostar is a train service connecting the UK with Paris (Gare du Nord), Lille and Brussels (Brussels South). ... Tours is a city in France, the préfecture (capital city) of the Indre-et-Loire département, on the lower reaches of the river Loire, between Orléans and the Atlantic coast. ... Commuters on the New York City Subway during rush hour Rush hour at Shinjuku Station, Yamanote Line Traffic jam Commuting is the process of travelling between a place of residence and a place of work. ...


TGV trainsets travel at up to 320 km/h (200 mph) in commercial use. A specially modified trainset reached 574.8 km/h (357 mph) on test runs. Its high speed, almost equal to that of prototype maglev trains, is made possible through the use of specially-designed LGVs (lignes à grande vitesse, high-speed lines) without sharp curves and with high-powered electric motors, low axle weight, articulated carriages and in-cab signalling (eliminating the need for drivers to view lineside signals at high speed). Kilometre per hour (American spelling: kilometer per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... The TGV world speed record program was a series of trials by SNCF, the French national railway to test its TGV system to the limits. ... Transrapid Shanghai Maglev Train stopping at terminus Longyang Road station Transrapid Shanghai Maglev Train Inside the Shanghai Transrapid maglev Inside the Shanghai Transrapid maglev VIP section Magnetic levitation transport, or maglev, is a form of transportation that suspends, guides and propels vehicles (especially trains) using electromagnetic force. ... LGV construction is the process by which the land on which TGV trains are to run is prepared for their use, involving carving the trackbed and laying the track. ... For other kinds of motors, see motor. ... Amtrak Cascades operates with tilting Talgo permanently coupled trainsets Siemens LRV (articulated, low-floor) in Portland, Oregon Articulated well cars with containers Articulated cars are rail vehicles which are much longer than single passenger cars because they combine a number of smaller, lighter cars which are semi-permanently attached to... Cab signalling is any communication system used by modern trains to send track status information to the train cab. ... A signal is a mechanical or electrical device that indicates to train drivers or engineers information about the state of the line ahead, and therefore whether he or she must stop or may proceed, or instructions on what speed the train may go. ...


TGV trainsets are manufactured primarily by Alstom, now often with the involvement of a subcontractor, such as Bombardier. Except for a small series of TGVs used for postal freight between Paris, Lyon and Provence, the TGV is primarily a passenger service. Trains derived from TGV designs operate in South Korea (KTX), Spain (AVE) and USA (ACELA Express). Alstom (formerly GEC-Alsthom) (Euronext: ALO) is a large French company whose businesses are power generation, railway signalling; and manufacturing trains (e. ... For other uses, see Bombardier (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Mail (disambiguation). ... Korea Train Express (KTX) is South Koreas high speed train system. ... For other uses, see AVE (disambiguation). ... Acela Express (often called simply Acela, leading to early confusion with the Acela Regional and Acela Commuter) is the name used by Amtrak for the high-speed tilting train service operating between Washington, D.C. and Boston via New York City, Baltimore, and Philadelphia along the Northeast Corridor (NEC) in...


Travel by TGV has largely replaced air travel between connected cities, due to shorter travel times (especially for trips taking less than three hours), reduced check-in, security and boarding formalities, and the convenient location of stations in the hearts of cities. The TGV is a very safe mode of transport; whilst there have been accidents, there have been no fatalities at speeds over 160 km/h (100 mph). Check-in is the process of announcing your arrival at a hotel, airport or sea port. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ... Mode of transport is a general term for the different kinds of transportation of people or cargo: Car Truck Ship Aircraft ... TGV accidents are events involving TGV trains which have harmful consequences, such as injury to people or damage to trains, or derailments. ...


History

The idea of the TGV was first proposed in the 1960s, after Japan had begun construction of the Shinkansen in 1959. At the time the French government favoured new technologies, exploring the production of hovercraft and maglev trains such as Aérotrain. Simultaneously, SNCF began researching high speed trains that would operate on conventional track. The idea of a high-speed train in France was born about twenty years before the first TGVs entered service. ... For the record label, see Shinkansen Records. ... This article is about the political and administrative structures of the French government. ... A Hovercraft, or Air-Cushion Vehicle (ACV), is an amphibious vehicle or craft, designed to travel over any sufficiently smooth surface - land or water - supported by a cushion of slowly moving, low-pressure air, ejected downwards against the surface close below it. ... Transrapid Shanghai Maglev Train stopping at terminus Longyang Road station Transrapid Shanghai Maglev Train Inside the Shanghai Transrapid maglev Inside the Shanghai Transrapid maglev VIP section Magnetic levitation transport, or maglev, is a form of transportation that suspends, guides and propels vehicles (especially trains) using electromagnetic force. ... Aérotrain prototype #02 The Aérotrain was a hovercraft train developed in France from 1965 to 1977. ...


It was originally planned that the TGV, then standing for très grande vitesse (very high speed) or turbine grande vitesse (high speed turbine), would be propelled by gas turbine-electric locomotives. Gas turbines were selected for their small size, good power-to-weight ratio, and ability to deliver high power over an extended period. The first prototype, TGV 001, was the only TGV constructed with this engine - following the increase in the price of oil during the 1973 energy crisis, gas turbines were deemed impractical and the project turned to electricity from overhead lines. The electricity was to be generated by France's new nuclear power stations. UP 18, preserved at the Illinois Railway Museum. ... This machine has a single-stage centrifugal compressor and turbine, a recuperator, and foil bearings. ... Power-to-weight ratio is a measure commonly used when comparing various vehicles (or engines), including automobiles, motorcycles and aircraft. ... TGV 001 (Très grande vitesse 001), the first TGV prototype, was commissioned in 1969 and on test from 1971. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... The 1973 oil crisis began in earnest on October 17, 1973, when the members of Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC, consisting of the Arab members of OPEC plus Egypt and Syria) announced, as a result of the ongoing Yom Kippur War, that they would no longer ship petroleum... Electricity (from New Latin Ä“lectricus, amberlike) is a general term for a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. ... The overhead lines of a Swiss Federal Railways track. ... A nuclear power station. ...


TGV 001 was not a wasted prototype. Its gas-turbine powerplant was only one of many technologies for high-speed rail travel. It also tested high speed brakes, needed to dissipate the large amount of kinetic energy of a train at high speed, high speed aerodynamics, and signalling. It was articulated, meaning that two adjacent carriages shared a bogie between them, allowing free yet controlled motion with respect to one another. It reached 318 km/h (198 mph), which remains the world speed record for a non-electric train. Its interior and exterior were styled by French-born designer Jacques Cooper, whose work formed the basis of early TGV designs, including the distinctive nose shape of the first TGV power cars. The kinetic energy of an object is the extra energy which it possesses due to its motion. ... A bogie is a wheeled wagon or trolley. ...


Changing the TGV to electric traction required a significant design overhaul. The first electric prototype, nicknamed Zébulon, was completed in 1974, testing features such as innovative body mounting of motors, pantographs, suspension and braking. Body mounting of motors allowed over 3 tonnes (2.95 long tons) to be eliminated from the power cars. The prototype travelled almost 1,000,000 km (621,000 miles) during testing. Zebulon as a first name may refer to these people: Zebulon Baird Vance (1830-1894), an American Civil War hero and North Carolina Governor Zebulon Brockway (1827-1920), an American penologist Zebulon Butler (1731-1795), an American colonial soldier and leader Zebulon Pike (1779-1813), an American soldier, and namesake... A pantograph is a device that collects electric current from overhead lines for electric trains or trams. ... The front suspension components of a Ford Model T. Suspension is the term given to the system of springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A long ton is the name used in the US for the unit called the ton in the avoirdupois or Imperial system of measurements, as used (alongside the metric system) in the United Kingdom and to some extent in other Commonwealth countries. ...


In 1976 the French government funded the TGV project, and construction of the LGV Sud-Est, the first high-speed line (ligne à grande vitesse), began shortly afterwards. The line was given the designation LN1, Ligne Nouvelle 1 (New Line 1). This article is about the political and administrative structures of the French government. ... The LGV Sud-Est is a high-speed railway line running between Paris and Lyon, in France. ...

A TGV train at Futuroscope, near Poitiers.
A TGV train at Futuroscope, near Poitiers.

After two pre-production trainsets (nicknamed Patrick and Sophie) had been tested and substantially modified, the first production version was delivered on 25 April 1980. The TGV service opened to the public between Paris and Lyon on 27 September 1981. The initial target customers were businesspeople travelling between those two cities. The TGV was considerably faster than normal trains, cars, or airplanes. The trains became popular outside their target market, the public welcoming fast and practical travel between cities. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1771x1181, 621 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Eurotunnel Palais Royal - Musée du Louvre (Paris Metro) Louvre Rivoli (Paris Metro) Gare dAusterlitz Opéra (Paris Metro) Pont Neuf (Paris Metro) Cergy - Le Haut (SNCF) Cergy... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1771x1181, 621 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Eurotunnel Palais Royal - Musée du Louvre (Paris Metro) Louvre Rivoli (Paris Metro) Gare dAusterlitz Opéra (Paris Metro) Pont Neuf (Paris Metro) Cergy - Le Haut (SNCF) Cergy... This article needs cleanup. ... Location within France Poitiers (population 85,000) is a small city located in west central France. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the French city. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... Airplane and Aeroplane redirect here. ...


Since then, further LGVs have opened in France, including the LGV Atlantique (LN2) to Tours/Le Mans (construction begun 1985, in operation 1989); the LGV Nord-Europe (LN3) to Calais and the Belgian border (construction begun 1989, in operation 1993); the LGV Rhône-Alpes (LN4), extending the LGV Sud-Est to Valence (construction begun 1990, in operation 1992); and the LGV Méditerranée (LN5) to Marseille (construction begun 1996, in operation 2001). The LGV Est from Paris to Strasbourg was inaugurated on 15 March 2007, and opened to the public in the summer of 2007. In its first month of operation, more than 1.000.000 passengers traveled on the line. High speed lines based on LGV technology connecting with the French network have been built in Belgium, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The LGV Atlantique is a high-speed railway line running between Paris and Tours/Le Mans, in France. ... Tours is a city in France, the préfecture (capital city) of the Indre-et-Loire département, on the lower reaches of the river Loire, between Orléans and the Atlantic coast. ... Le Mans is a city in France, located at the Sarthe River. ... The LGV Nord is a French 333 km-long high speed rail line that connects Paris to the Belgian border and the Channel Tunnel via Lille; it opened in 1993. ... Calais (Kales in Dutch) is a town in northern France, located at 50°57N 1°52E. It is in the département of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... The LGV Rhône-Alpes is a high-speed railway line running between Lyon and Valence, in France. ... Valence is a commune in south-eastern France, the capital of the département of Drôme, situated on the left bank of the Rhône, 65 miles south of Lyon on the railway to Marseille. ... The LGV Méditerranée is a French high speed railway line of approximately 250 km length, which entered service in June, 2001. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence M... The LGV Est européenne (sometimes referred to as TGV Est, or occasionally as TGV East in English) is an extension to the French high-speed TGV network, connecting Paris and Strasbourg. ... For other uses, see Strasburg. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

A TGV Duplex trainset coupled to a Reseau trainset leaving Paris Gare de Lyon.
A TGV Duplex trainset coupled to a Reseau trainset leaving Paris Gare de Lyon.

The Eurostar service began operation in 1994, connecting continental Europe to London via the Channel Tunnel with a version of the TGV designed for use in the tunnel and in the United Kingdom. The line used the LGV Nord-Europe in France from the outset. The first phase of the British high speed line, the Channel Tunnel Rail Link, was completed in 2003, and the second phase is being completed and will open for public use on Wednesday 14 November 2007. The fastest trains will then take 2 hours 15 minutes on the London-Paris and 1 hour 51 minutes on the London-Brussels route. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 581 KB) double-decker TGV TGV Duplex (à deux étages) Copyright 2005 by Alno. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 581 KB) double-decker TGV TGV Duplex (à deux étages) Copyright 2005 by Alno. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Inside the Gare de Lyon. ... A Eurostar on the CTRL going through the Medway Towns Eurostar is a train service connecting the UK with Paris (Gare du Nord), Lille and Brussels (Brussels South). ... Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent, is the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding European islands and, at times, peninsulas. ... The British terminal at Cheriton in west Folkestone, from the Pilgrims Way. ... A Eurostar train on the CTRL, near Ashford The Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) is a project to construct a 108 km (67 mile) high-speed railway line from London through Kent to the British end of the Channel Tunnel. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


The TGV was the world's second commercial high speed service, after Japan's Shinkansen, which first connected Tokyo and Osaka on 1 October 1964. The TGV currently holds the world speed record for conventional, wheel/rail trains. On 3 April 2007 a modified TGV POS train reached 574.8 km/h (357.2 mph) under test conditions on the LGV Est. The voltage on the test track between Paris and Strasbourg was boosted to 31,000 volts and extra ballast was tamped onto the right-of-way. By doing so, it beat the 1990 world speed record of 515.3 km/h (320.2 mph), set by a similarly shortened train (two power cars and three passenger cars), along with unofficial records set during weeks preceding the official record run. The test was part of an extensive research programme by Alstom.[3][4] For the record label, see Shinkansen Records. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Osaka )   is a city in Japan, located at the mouth of the Yodo River on Osaka Bay, in the Kansai region of the main island of HonshÅ«. The city is the capital of Osaka Prefecture. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... JR-Maglev MLX01 at Yamanashi. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The TGV POS is a French TGV train currently under testing for use on the LGV Est. ... The TGV world speed record program was a series of trials by SNCF, the French national railway to test its TGV system to the limits. ... The LGV Est européenne (sometimes referred to as TGV Est, or occasionally as TGV East in English) is an extension to the French high-speed TGV network, connecting Paris and Strasbourg. ... JR-Maglev MLX01 at Yamanashi. ...


The TGV is in 2007 the world's fastest conventional scheduled train: one journey's average start-to-stop speed from Lorraine-TGV to Champagne-Ardenne-TGV is 279.3 km/h (173.6 mph).[5] JR-Maglev MLX01 at Yamanashi. ...


A Eurostar train broke the record for the longest non-stop high speed journey in the world on 17 May 2006 carrying the cast and filmmakers of The Da Vinci Code from London to Cannes for the Cannes Film Festival. The 1421 km (883.0 miles) journey took 7 hours 25 minutes (191.6 km/h or 119 mph).[6] The British Rail Class 373 or TGV-TMST train is an electric multiple unit that operates the Eurostar service from London Waterloo to France and Belgium. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Da Vinci Code is a 2006 feature film based on the bestselling 2003 novel The Da Vinci Code, by author Dan Brown. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Cannes - receding storm Cannes, as seen from a ferry speeding towards lÃŽle Saint-Honorat Cannes (pronounced ) (Provençal Occitan: Canas in classical norm or Cano in Mistralian norm) is a city and commune in southern France, located on the Riviera, in the Alpes-Maritimes département and the r... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ...


The record for the fastest long distance run was set by a TGV Réseau train travelling from Calais-Frethun to Marseille (1067.2 km, 663 mi) in 3 hours 29 minutes (306 km/h or 190 mph) for the inauguration of the LGV Méditerranée on 26 May 2001.[7] Dual-voltage TGV-R set 526 at Paris Gare du Nord on 5th September 2005. ... Calais (Kales in Dutch) is a town in northern France, located at 50°57N 1°52E. It is in the département of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence M... The LGV Méditerranée is a French high speed railway line of approximately 250 km length, which entered service in June, 2001. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


On 28 November 2003 the TGV carried its one-billionth passenger, second only to the Shinkansen's five billionth passenger in 2000. The two-billion mark is expected to be reached in 2010. is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Tracks

Further information: LGV construction

The newest high-speed lines allow speeds of up to 320 km/h (200 mph) in normal operation. Originally, LGVs were defined as lines permitting speeds greater than 200 km/h (125 mph); this guideline was subsequently revised to 250 km/h (155 mph). TGVs also run on conventional track (lignes classiques), at the normal maximum safe speed for those lines, up to a maximum of 220 km/h (137 mph). This is an advantage that the TGV has over, for example, magnetic levitation trains, as TGVs can serve many more destinations and can use city-centre stations (as in Paris, Lyon, and Dijon). They now serve around 200 destinations in France and abroad. LGV construction is the process by which the land on which TGV trains are to run is prepared for their use, involving carving the trackbed and laying the track. ... Kilometre per hour (American spelling: kilometer per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... Transrapid at the Emsland test facility Transrapid maglev in Shanghai Magnetic levitation transport, or maglev, is a radically new form of transportation that suspends, guides and propels vehicles via electro-magnetic energy. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the French city. ... Dijon ( , IPA: ) is a city in eastern France, the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Côte-dOr département and of the Bourgogne région. ...


Track design

LGV construction is similar to that of normal railway lines, but with a few key differences. The radii of curves are larger so that trains can traverse them at higher speeds without increasing the centrifugal force felt by passengers. The radii of LGV curves have historically been greater than 4 km (2.5 miles). New lines have minimum radii of 7 km (4 miles) to allow for future increases in speed. LGV construction is the process by which the land on which TGV trains are to run is prepared for their use, involving carving the trackbed and laying the track. ... This article is about an authentication, authorization, and accounting protocol. ... Centrifugal force (from Latin centrum centre and fugere to flee) is a term which may refer to two different forces which are related to rotation. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ...


Lines used only for high-speed traffic can incorporate steeper grades than normal. This facilitates the planning of LGVs and reduces the cost of line construction. The considerable momentum of TGVs at high speed allows them to climb steep slopes without greatly increasing their energy consumption. They can also coast on downward slopes, further increasing efficiency. The Paris-Sud-Est LGV features line grades of up to 3.5%. (On the German NBS high-speed line between Cologne and Frankfurt they reach 4%.) A grade (or gradient) is the pitch of a slope, and is often expressed as a percent tangent, or rise over run. It is used to express the steepness of slope on a hill, stream, roof, railroad, or road, where zero indicates level (with respect to gravity) and increasing numbers... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ...


Track alignment is more precise than on normal railway lines, and ballast is in a deeper than normal profile, resulting in increased load-bearing capacity and track stability. LGV track is anchored by more sleepers (railroad ties) per kilometre than usual, and all are made of concrete, either mono- or bi-bloc, the latter consisting of two separate blocks of concrete joined by a steel bar. Heavy rail (UIC 60) is used and the rails themselves are more upright, with an inclination of 1 in 40 as opposed to 1 in 20 on normal lines. Use of continuous welded rails in place of shorter, jointed rails yields a comfortable ride at high speed, without the "clickety-clack" vibrations induced by rail joints. Concrete sleepers laid on Ballast Track ballast, consisting of gravel, cinders or other aggregate, forms the trackbed upon which railway sleepers are laid. ... In standardization, a profile consists of an agreed-upon subset and interpretation of a specification. ... Ferroconcrete sleepers A variant fastening of rails to wooden sleepers A railroad tie, cross tie, or sleeper is a rectangular object used as a base for railroad tracks. ... The International Union of Railways (French: Union Internationale des Chemins de Fer; abbreviation: UIC) is the name for the international rail transport industry body. ...


The diameter of tunnels is greater than normally required by the size of the trains, especially at entrances. This limits the effects of air pressure changes, which could be problematic at TGV speeds.


Traffic limitations

LGVs are reserved primarily for TGVs. One reason for this limitation is that capacity is sharply reduced when trains of differing speeds are mixed. Passing freight and passenger trains also constitute a safety risk, as cargo on freight cars can be destabilised by the air turbulence caused by the TGV.


The steep gradients common on LGVs would limit the weight of slow freight trains. Slower trains would also mean that the maximum track cant (banking on curves) would be limited, so for the same maximum speed a mixed-traffic LGV would need to be built with curves of even larger radius. Such track would be much more expensive to build and maintain. Some stretches of less-used LGV are routinely mixed-traffic, such as the Tours branch of the LGV Atlantique, and the planned Nîmes/Montpellier branch of the LGV Mediterranée. The British CTRL LGV from the Channel Tunnel to London has been built with passing loops to support freight use, but this facility has not been used. Tours is a city in France, the préfecture (capital city) of the Indre-et-Loire département, on the lower reaches of the river Loire, between Orléans and the Atlantic coast. ... Nîmes (Provençal Occitan: Nimes in both classical and Mistralian norms) is a city and commune of southern France. ... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... Model showing the current redevelopment of the Kings Cross area with the Channel Tunnel Rail Link terminal behind the barrel vaulted St Pancras Station on the left. ... The British terminal at Cheriton in west Folkestone, from the Pilgrims Way. ...


Maintenance on LGVs is carried out at night, when no TGVs are running.


Outside France, LGVs often carry non-TGV intercity traffic, often as a requirement of the initial funding commitments.[citation needed] The Belgian LGV from Brussels to Liège carries 200 km/h loco-hauled trains, with both the Dutch HSL Zuid and UK CTRL planned to carry 200 km/h domestic intercity services. The Channel Tunnel is not an LGV, but it uses LGV-type TVM signalling for mixed freight, shuttle and Eurostar traffic at between 100 km/h and 160 km/h. The "Standard Pathway" for path allocation purposes is the time taken by one of Eurotunnel's own Shuttle trains (maximum speed 140 km/h) to traverse the Tunnel. A single Eurostar running at 160 km/h occupies 2.67 standard paths; a second Eurostar running at minimum distance (3 minutes) behind the first train only "costs" an additional 1 path, which is why the Eurostar services are often flighted 3 minutes apart throughout from London to Lille and vice versa. A freight train running at 120 km/h occupies 1.33 paths. A freight running at 100 km/h occupies 3 paths. This illustrates the problem of mixed traffic at different speeds.[citation needed] The Hogesnelheidslijn Zuid usually shortened to HSL-Zuid, is a Dutch high-speed train line under construction (completion expected in 2007). ... Model showing the current redevelopment of the Kings Cross area with the Channel Tunnel Rail Link terminal behind the barrel vaulted St Pancras Station on the left. ... The British terminal at Cheriton in west Folkestone, from the Pilgrims Way. ...


Power supply

LGVs are all electrified at 25 kV 50 Hz AC. Catenary wires are kept at a greater mechanical tension than normal lines because the pantograph causes oscillations in the wire, and the wave must travel faster than the train to avoid producing standing waves that would cause the wires to break. This was a problem when rail speed record attempts were made in 1990; power wire tension had to be increased further still to accommodate train speeds of over 500 km/h (310 mph). On LGVs, only the rear pantograph is raised, avoiding amplification of the oscillations created by the front pantograph. The front power car is supplied by a cable running along the roof of the train. Eurostar trains are long enough that oscillations are damped sufficiently between the front and rear power cars, so both pantographs can be raised - there is no interconnecting high-voltage cable along the 400 m length of the train. On lignes classiques slower maximum speeds prevent oscillation problems, and on DC lines both pantographs must be raised. Overhead wire in Coventry, England Overhead wire and its suspension system in Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA A railway electrification system is a way of supplying electric power to electric locomotives and multiple units. ... The overhead lines of a Swiss Federal Railways track. ... A pantograph is a device that collects electric current from overhead lines for electric trains or trams. ... Oscillation is the variation, typically in time, of some measure about a central value (often a point of equilibrium) or between two or more different states. ... Surface waves in water This article is about waves in the most general scientific sense. ... Vibration and standing waves in a string, The fundamental and the first 6 overtones A standing wave, also known as a stationary wave, is a wave that remains in a constant position. ... Damping is any effect, either deliberately engendered or inherent to a system, that tends to reduce the amplitude of oscillations of an oscillatory system. ...


Separation

LGVs are fenced along their entire length to prevent trespassing by animals and people. Level crossings are not permitted and bridges over the line have sensors to detect objects that fall onto the track. The term level crossing (also called a railroad crossing, railway crossing, train crossing or grade crossing) is a crossing on one level (at-grade intersection) — without recourse to a bridge or tunnel — of a railway line by a road, path, or another railroad. ...


All LGV junctions are grade-separated, with tracks crossing each other using flyovers or tunnels, eliminating crossing other tracks on the level. An example of a four-level stack interchange in the Netherlands. ... A flying junction is a railway junction at which one or more diverging or converging tracks in a multiple-track route cross other tracks on the route by bridge to avoid conflict with other train movements. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ...


Signalling

Main article: LGV signalling

Because TGVs on LGVs travel too fast for their drivers to see and react to traditional lineside signals, an automated system called TVM (Transmission Voie-Machine, or track-to-train transmission) is used for signalling. Information is transmitted to trains via electrical pulses sent through the rails, providing speed, target speed, and stop/go indications directly to the driver via dashboard-mounted instruments. This high degree of automation does not eliminate driver control, though there are safeguards that can safely stop the train in the event of driver error. LGV signalling, or in-cab signalling on lignes à grande vitesse (high-speed railway lines based on the French TGV system), differs considerably from signalling on conventional railway lines. ... A signal is a mechanical or electrical device that indicates to train drivers or engineers information about the state of the line ahead, and therefore whether he or she must stop or may proceed, or instructions on what speed the train may go. ...

The boundaries of signalling block sections are marked by distinctive boards.
The boundaries of signalling block sections are marked by distinctive boards.

The line is divided into signal blocks of about 1500 m (1 mile), with the boundaries marked by blue boards with a yellow triangle. Dashboard instruments show the maximum permitted speed for the train's current block and a target speed based on the profile of the line ahead. The maximum permitted speed is based on factors such as the proximity of trains ahead (with steadily decreasing speeds permitted in blocks closer to the rear of the next train), junction placement, speed restrictions, the top speed of the train and distance from the end of the LGV. As trains cannot usually stop within one signal block, which can range in length from a few hundred metres to a few kilometres, drivers are alerted to slow gradually several blocks before a required stop. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Categories: Stub ...


Two versions of TVM signalling, TVM-430 and TVM-300, are in use on LGV. TVM-430, a newer system, was first installed on the LGV Nord to the Channel Tunnel and Belgium, and supplies trains with more information than TVM-300. Among other benefits, TVM-430 allows a train's on-board computer system to generate a continuous speed control curve in the event of an emergency brake activation, effectively forcing the driver to reduce speed safely without releasing the brake.[clarify] The British terminal at Cheriton in west Folkestone, from the Pilgrims Way. ...


The signalling system is normally permissive: the driver of a train is permitted to proceed into an occupied block section without first obtaining authorization. Speed is limited to 30 km/h (19 mph) and if speed exceeds 35 km/h (22 mph) the emergency brake is applied. If the board marking the entrance to the block section is accompanied by a sign marked Nf, for non-franchissable, the block section is not permissive, and the driver must obtain authorisation from the Poste d'Aiguillage et de Régulation (PAR - Signalling and Control Centre) before entering. Once a route is set or the PAR has provided authorization, a white lamp above the board is lit to inform the driver. The driver acknowledges the authorization using a button on the control panel. This disables the emergency braking, which would otherwise occur when passing over the ground loop adjacent to the non-permissive board.


When trains enter or leave LGVs from lignes classiques, they pass over a ground loop that automatically switches the driver's dashboard indicators to the appropriate signalling system. For example, a train leaving the LGV for a ligne classique has its TVM system deactivated and its traditional KVB (Contrôle Vitesse par Balise, or beacon speed control) system enabled.


Stations

Main article: List of TGV stations

One of the main advantages of TGV over other fast rail technologies such as magnetic levitation is that TGVs can take advantage of existing infrastructure. This makes connecting city centres (such as Paris-Gare de Lyon to Lyon-Perrache) by TGV a simple and inexpensive proposition. TGVs often use intra-city tracks and stations built for lower speed trains. These are all the TGV stations, listed alphabetically. ... Transrapid at the Emsland test facility Transrapid maglev in Shanghai Magnetic levitation transport, or maglev, is a radically new form of transportation that suspends, guides and propels vehicles via electro-magnetic energy. ... Inside the Gare de Lyon. ... The stations rooftop. ...

However, LGV route designers have tended to build new intermediate stations in suburban areas or in the open countryside several kilometers away from cities. This allows TGVs to stop without incurring too great a time penalty, since more time is spent on high speed track; in addition, many cities' stations are stub-ends, while LGV tracks frequently bypass cities. In some cases, stations have been built halfway between two communities. The station serving Montceau-les-Mines and Le Creusot is an example, and a more controversial example is Haute Picardie station, between Amiens and Saint-Quentin. The press and local authorities criticized Haute Picardie as being too far from either town to be convenient, and too far from connecting railway lines to be useful for travellers. The station was nicknamed la gare des betteraves, or 'beet station', as it was surrounded by sugar beet fields during construction.[8] This nickname is now applied to similar stations away from town and city centres, whether in the vicinity of beet fields or not. Montceau-les-Mines is a commune in the département of Saône-et-Loire and the Bourgogne region of France. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Le Creusot Le Creusot is a French commune in the Saône-et-Loire département and the Bourgogne région. ... TGV Haute-Picardie is a railway station on the LGV Nord-Europe between Lille and Paris. ... Amiens is a city and commune in the north of France, 120 km north of Paris. ... Saint-Quentin is a commune of northern France. ... Two sugar beets - the one on the left has been cultivated to be smoother than the traditional beet, so that it traps less soil. ...


New railway stations have been built for TGV services, some of which are major architectural achievements in their own right. Avignon TGV station, opened in 2001, has been praised as one of the most remarkable stations on the network, with a spectacular 340 m (1,115 ft)-long glazed roof that has been compared to that of a cathedral.[9][10][11] City flag City coat of arms Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Département Vaucluse (préfecture) Arrondissement Avignon Canton Chief town of 4 cantons Intercommunality Communauté dagglomération du Grand Avignon Mayor Marie-Josée Roig... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ...


Rolling stock

A TGV train at Rennes, in Brittany.
A TGV train at Rennes, in Brittany.
Eurostar and Thalys side-by-side in Paris Gare du Nord.
Eurostar and Thalys side-by-side in Paris Gare du Nord.

TGVs are semi-permanently coupled articulated multiple units, with Jacobs bogies between the carriages, supporting both of them. Power cars at each end of the trains have their own bogies. Trains can be lengthened by coupling two TGVs together, using couplers hidden in the noses of the power cars. Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2181 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2181 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Rennes (disambiguation). ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1632x1232, 1001 KB) Summary Eurostar and Thalys trains at Paris Gare du Nord. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1632x1232, 1001 KB) Summary Eurostar and Thalys trains at Paris Gare du Nord. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Main entrance to the Gare du Nord The Gare du Nord (English: North Station) is one of the six large terminus stations of the SNCFs main line network in Paris. ... Articulated well cars with containers Tilting Talgo permanently coupled trainset An articulated vehicle is a vehicle which has a permanent or semi-permanent pivoting joint in its construction, allowing the vehicle to turn more sharply. ... This article is about Multiple Units vehicles. ... Class 423 EMU with Jacobs bogies A closeup of a bogie on the preserved Nebraska Zephyr. ... Great Western Railway No. ...


The articulated design is advantageous during a derailment, as the passenger carriages are more likely to stay upright and in line with the track. Normal trains, by contrast, may split at couplings and jack-knife. Knuckle (AAR Type E) couplers in use AAR Type E railroad car coupling A coupling (or a coupler) is a mechanism for connecting railway cars in a train. ...


A disadvantage of this carriage design is that it is difficult to split sets of carriages. While TGV power cars can be removed from trains via standard uncoupling procedures, specialized depot equipment is needed to split carriages, by lifting the entire train at once. Once uncoupled, one of the carriage ends is left without a bogie at the split, so a bogie frame is required to support it.


SNCF operates a fleet of about 400 TGVs. Seven types of TGV or TGV derivative currently operate on the French network; these are:

  • TGV Sud-Est (passengers) and La Poste (freight),
  • TGV Atlantique (10 rather than 8 carriages)
  • TGV Réseau (similar to Atlantique, but only 8 carriages)
  • Eurostar (Three Capitals and North of London),
  • TGV Duplex (two floors for greater passenger capacity),
  • Thalys PBA and PBKA (Benelux countries, derived from Réseau and Duplex respectively),
  • TGV POS (Paris-Ostfrankreich-Suddeutschland, or Paris-Eastern France-Southern Germany).

All TGVs are at least bi-current, which means that they can operate at 25 kV, 50 Hz AC on newer lines (including LGVs) and at 1.5 kV DC on older lines (such as the 1.5 kV lignes classiques that are common around Paris). Trains crossing the border into Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom must accommodate other voltages, requiring tri-current and quadri-current TGVs. TGVs have two pairs of pantographs, two for AC use and two for DC use. When passing between areas of different supply voltage, marker boards remind the driver to turn off power to the traction motors, lower the pantograph(s), adjust a switch to select the appropriate system, and raise the pantograph(s). Pantographs and pantograph height control are selected automatically based on the voltage system chosen by the driver. Once the train detects the correct supply, a dashboard indicator illuminates and the driver can switch on the traction motors. The train coasts across the boundary between sections. A TGV Sud-Est set in the original orange livery (This color is not used anymore) The SNCF TGV Sud-Est is a French TGV train built by Alstom and operated by SNCF, the French national railway company. ... TGV-A set 359 at Poitiers Futuroscope on 28 August 2001. ... Dual-voltage TGV-R set 526 at Paris Gare du Nord on 5th September 2005. ... A Eurostar on the CTRL going through the Medway Towns Eurostar is a train service connecting the UK with Paris (Gare du Nord), Lille and Brussels (Brussels South). ... A Duplex power car The TGV Duplex is a French high-speed train of the TGV family, operated by SNCF, the French national railway company. ... Thalys PBKA Thalys is a high-speed train network built around the high-speed line between Paris and Brussels. ... The TGV POS is a French TGV train currently under testing for use on the LGV Est. ... Traction motor typically refers to those motors that are used to power the driving wheels of a railroad locomotive, electrical multi-unit train (such as a subway or light rail vehicle train), or a tram. ...

Equipment type Top speed Seating
capacity
Overall length Width Weight Power output
(under 25 kV)
TGV Sud-Est 270 km/h (168 mph) as built
300 km/h (186 mph) rebuilt
345 200.2 m (657 ft) 2.81 m (9.2 ft) 385 tonnes (424 short tons) 6,450 kW
TGV Atlantique 300 km/h (186 mph) 485 237.5 m (780 ft) 2.90 m (9.5 ft) 444 tonnes (489 short tons) 8,800 kW
TGV Réseau 300 km/h (186 mph) 377 200 m (656 ft) 2.90 m (9.5 ft) 383 tonnes (422 short tons) 8,800 kW
Eurostar Three Capitals 300 km/h (186 mph) 794 393.7 m (1,293 ft) 2.81 m (9.2 ft) 752 tonnes (829 short tons) 12,240 kW
Eurostar North of London 300 km/h (186 mph) 596 318.9 m (1,033 ft) 2.81 m (9.2 ft) 665 tonnes (733 short tons) 12,240 kW
TGV Duplex 320 km/h (199 mph) 512 200 m (656 ft) 2.90 m (9.5 ft) 386 tonnes (425 short tons) 8,800 kW
Thalys PBKA 300 km/h (186 mph) 377 200 m (656 ft) 2.90 m (9.5 ft) 385 tonnes (424 short tons) 8,800 kW
TGV POS 320 km/h (199 mph) 377 200 m (656 ft) 2.90 m (9.5 ft) 423 tonnes (466 short tons) 9,600 kW

Kilometre per hour (American spelling: kilometer per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A tonne or metric ton (symbol t), sometimes referred to as a metric tonne, is a measurement of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms. ... The short ton is a unit of mass equal to 907. ...

TGV Sud-Est

Main article: SNCF TGV Sud-Est
A TGV Sud-Est set in the original orange livery, since superseded by silver and blue.
A TGV Sud-Est set in the original orange livery, since superseded by silver and blue.

The Sud-Est fleet was built between 1978 and 1988 and operated the first TGV service, from Paris to Lyon in 1981. There are 107 passenger sets operating, of which nine are tri-current (including 15 kV, 16⅔ Hz AC for use in Switzerland) and the rest bi-current. There are also seven bi-current half-sets without seats that carry mail for La Poste between Paris, Lyon and Provence, in a distinctive yellow livery. A TGV Sud-Est set in the original orange livery, since superseded by silver and blue. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x667, 362 KB) Two Paris Sud-Est (PSE) sets in original TGV livery, 1987. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x667, 362 KB) Two Paris Sud-Est (PSE) sets in original TGV livery, 1987. ... La Poste is the mail service of France, which also operates postal services in the French Overseas Departments of Réunion, Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana, and the territorial collectivities of Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Mayotte. ... Coat of arms of Provence Provence (Provençal Occitan: Provença in classical norm or Prouvènço in Mistralian norm) was a Roman province and now is a region of southeastern France on the Mediterranean Sea adjacent to Italy. ...


Each set is made up of two power cars and eight carriages (capacity 345 seats), including a powered bogie in each of the carriages adjacent to the power cars. They are 200 m (656 ft) long and 2.81 m (9.2 ft) wide. They weigh 385 tonnes with a power output of 6,450 kW under 25 kV.


Originally the sets were built to run at 270 km/h (168 mph) but most were upgraded to 300 km/h (186 mph) during mid-life refurbishment in preparation for the opening of the LGV Méditerranée. The few sets that still have a maximum speed of 270 km/h operate on those routes that include a comparatively short distance on LGV, such as to Switzerland via Dijon. SNCF did not consider it financially worthwhile to upgrade their speed for a marginal reduction in journey time.


TGV Atlantique

A TGV Atlantique on an enhanced ordinary track.
A TGV Atlantique on an enhanced ordinary track.
Main article: SNCF TGV Atlantique

The Atlantique fleet was built between 1988 and 1992. 105 bi-current sets were built for the opening of the LGV Atlantique and entry into service began in 1989. They are 237.5 m (780 ft) long and 2.9 m (9.5 ft) wide. They weigh 444 tonnes (489 short tons), and are made up of two power cars and ten carriages with a capacity of 485 seats. They were built with a maximum speed of 300 km/h (186 mph) and 8,800 kW of power under 25 kV. Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 313 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 313 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... TGV-A set 359 at Poitiers Futuroscope on 28 August 2001. ...


Modified unit 325 set the world speed record in 1990 on the new LGV before its opening. Various modifications, such as improved aerodynamics, larger wheels and improved braking, were made to enable speeds of over 500 km/h (310 mph). The set was reduced to two power cars and three carriages to improve the power-to-weight ratio, weighing 250 tonnes (275 short tons). Three carriages, including the bar carriage in the centre, is the minimum possible configuration because of the articulation. The TGV world speed record program was a series of trials by SNCF, the French national railway to test its TGV system to the limits. ... For the Daft Punk song, see Aerodynamic (song). ...


TGV Réseau

A TGV Réseau second-generation train at Marseille St-Charles.
A TGV Réseau second-generation train at Marseille St-Charles.
Main article: SNCF TGV Réseau

The first Réseau (Network) sets entered service in 1993. Fifty bi-current sets were ordered in 1990, supplemented by an order for 40 tri-current sets in 1992/1993. Ten of the tri-current sets carry the Thalys livery and are known as Thalys PBA (Paris-Brussels-Amsterdam) sets. As well as using standard French voltages, the tri-current sets can operate under the Netherlands' 1.5 kV and Italian and Belgian 3 kV DC supplies. 2nd generation TGV train (Réseau class), Marseille St-Charles station Image by ChrisO File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 2nd generation TGV train (Réseau class), Marseille St-Charles station Image by ChrisO File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Dual-voltage TGV-R set 526 at Paris Gare du Nord on 5th September 2005. ... Thalys PBKA Thalys is a high-speed train network built around the high-speed line between Paris and Brussels. ...


They are formed of two power cars (8,800 kW under 25 kV - as TGV Atlantique) and eight carriages, giving a capacity of 377 seats. They have a top speed of 300 km/h. They are 200 m (656 ft) long and are 2.90 m (9.5 ft) wide. The bi-current sets weigh 383 tonnes (422 short tons): owing to axle-load restrictions in Belgium the tri-current sets have a series of modifications, such as the replacement of steel with aluminium and hollow axles, to reduce the weight to under 17 tonnes (19 short tons) per axle. For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... Aluminum redirects here. ...


Owing to early complaints of uncomfortable pressure changes when entering tunnels at high speed on the LGV Atlantique, the Réseau sets are now pressure-sealed. They can be also coupled to a Duplex set.


Eurostar

Long Eurostar trains connect London with Paris and Brussels through the Channel Tunnel.
Long Eurostar trains connect London with Paris and Brussels through the Channel Tunnel.

The Eurostar train is essentially a long TGV, modified for use in the United Kingdom and in the Channel Tunnel. Differences include a smaller cross section to fit within the constrictive British loading gauge, British-designed asynchronous traction motors, and extensive fireproofing. The British Rail Class 373 or TGV-TMST train is an electric multiple unit that operates the Eurostar service from London Waterloo to France and Belgium. ... I have permission from http://www. ... I have permission from http://www. ... A Eurostar on the CTRL going through the Medway Towns Eurostar is a train service connecting the UK with Paris (Gare du Nord), Lille and Brussels (Brussels South). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... The British terminal at Cheriton in west Folkestone, from the Pilgrims Way. ... The British terminal at Cheriton in west Folkestone, from the Pilgrims Way. ... A loading gauge is the envelope or contoured shape within which all railway vehicles, engines, coaches, and trucks must fit. ... Asynchrony is the state of not being synchronized. ... Fireproofing, a passive fire protection measure, subject to bounding, refers to the act of making materials or structures more resistant to fire, or to those materials themselves. ...


In the UK, it is known under the TOPS classification system as class 373. In the planning stages, it was also known as the TransManche Super Train (Cross-channel Super Train). The trains were built by GEC-Alsthom (now Alstom) in La Rochelle (France), Belfort (France) and Washwood Heath (England), entering service in 1993. The Total Operations Processing System, better known by its initials TOPS, is a computer system for managing the locomotives and rolling stock (railroad cars) owned by a rail system. ... La Rochelle is a city and commune of western France, and a seaport on the Atlantic Ocean (population 78,000 in 2004). ... Belfort is a town and commune of northeastern France, préfecture (capital) of the Territoire de Belfort département in the Franche-Comté région. ... Washwood Heath is an area of Birmingham, England. ...


Two types were built: the Three Capitals sets, consisting of two power cars and 18 carriages, including two with one powered bogie each, and the North of London sets, consisting of two power cars and 14 carriages, again with two with one powered bogie each. Full sets of both types consist of two identical half-sets which are not articulated in the middle, so that in case of emergency in the Channel Tunnel one half can be uncoupled and leave the tunnel. Each half-set is numbered separately.


Thirty-eight full sets, plus one spare power car, were ordered: 16 by SNCF, four by NMBS/SNCB, and 18 by British Rail, of which seven were North of London sets. Upon privatisation of British Rail by the UK Government, the BR sets were bought by London and Continental Railways, whose subsidiary Eurostar (U.K.) Ltd. is managed by a consortium of the National Express Group (40%), SNCF (35%), SNCB (15%) and British Airways (10%). NMBS/SNCB trains in Antwerp-Central The NMBS (Dutch: Nationale Maatschappij der Belgische Spoorwegen) or SNCB (French: Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Belges, not to be confused with SNCF) is the Belgian national railway operator. ... This article is about the defunct entity British Railways, which later traded as British Rail. The History of rail transport in Great Britain is covered in its own article. ... This article is about the defunct entity British Railways, which later traded as British Rail. The History of rail transport in Great Britain is covered in its own article. ... London & Continental Railways (LCR) is the name of the consortium of companies which is building the Channel Tunnel Rail Link, the high-speed railway line linking London with the Channel Tunnel. ... Eurostar (U.K.) Limited or EUKL is the United Kingdom partner of Eurostar, responsible for the operation of the groups train services in Britain. ... National Express Group plc (LSE: NEX) is a UK-based transport group that operates airport, bus and rail services in the UK, the US and Canada, Australia, Spain, Portugal and Morocco and long-distance coach routes across Europe. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ...


The sets operate at a maximum speed of 300 km/h (186 mph), with the power cars supplying 12,240 kW of power. The Three Capitals sets are 394 m (1,293 ft) long and have 766 seats, weighing a total of 752 tonnes (829 short tons; 740 long tons). The North of London sets have 558 seats. All are at least tri-current and are able to operate on 25 kV, 50 Hz AC (on LGVs, including the Channel Tunnel Rail Link, and on UK overhead electrified lines), 3 kV DC on lignes classiques in Belgium and 750 V DC on the UK former Southern Region third rail network. The third-rail system will become obsolete in 2007 when the second phase of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link is completed between London and the Channel Tunnel, as it uses 25 kV, 50 Hz AC exclusively. Five of the Three Capitals sets owned by SNCF are quadri-current and are able to operate on French lignes classiques at 1500 V DC. A Eurostar train on the CTRL, near Ashford The Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) is a project to construct a 108 km (67 mile) high-speed railway line from London through Kent to the British end of the Channel Tunnel. ... Third rail at the West Falls Church Metro stop in Washington, D.C., electrified to 750 volts. ... A Eurostar train on the CTRL, near Ashford The Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) is a project to construct a 108 km (67 mile) high-speed railway line from London through Kent to the British end of the Channel Tunnel. ...


Three of the Three Capitals sets owned by SNCF are in French domestic use and carry the silver and blue TGV livery. The North of London sets, intended to provide direct regional Eurostar services from continental Europe to UK cities north of London, using the West Coast Main Line and the East Coast Main Line, have never seen international use: budget airlines in the UK offered lower fares. A few of the sets were leased to GNER for use on its White Rose service between London and Leeds, with two of them carrying GNER's dark blue livery. The lease ended in December 2005.[12] Regional Eurostar was the name given to plans to operate Eurostar train services from Paris and Brussels to locations in the United Kingdom beyond London. ... The WCML running alongside the M1 motorway at Watford Gap in Northamptonshire A Virgin Pendolino and freight train on the WCML The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is one of the most important intercity railway lines in the United Kingdom, part of the British railway system. ... The East Coast Main Line viaduct at Durham. ... GNER operates along the East Coast Main Line from London Kings Cross to Northern Scotland. ...


The Chief Executive of Eurostar, Richard Brown, has suggested that the trains could be replaced by double-decker trains similar to the TGV Duplex when they are withdrawn. A double-deck fleet could carry 40 million passengers per year from England to Continental Europe, equivalent to adding an extra runway at a London airport.[13] Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent, is the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding European islands and, at times, peninsulas. ...


Eurostar has higher security measures than other TGVs. Luggage is screened and passengers are theoretically required to check in 30 minutes before departure, although this requirement is seldom if ever enforced. In addition, passengers entering or leaving the UK have to pass customs and identity checks.


TGV Duplex

The TGV Duplex power cars use a more streamlined nose than previous TGVs.
The TGV Duplex power cars use a more streamlined nose than previous TGVs.
TGV Duplex power car in profile
TGV Duplex power car in profile
TGV Duplex trains feature bi-level carriages.
TGV Duplex trains feature bi-level carriages.
Main article: SNCF TGV Duplex

The Duplex was built to increase TGV capacity without increasing train length or the number of trains. Each carriage has two levels, with access doors at the lower level, taking advantage of low French platforms. A staircase gives access to the upper level, where the gangway between carriages is located. This layout provides 512 seats per set. On busy routes such as Paris-Marseille they are operated in pairs, providing 1,024 seats in a single train of two duplex sets but multiple transet formations of 1 duplex and 1 reseau are commonly seen for capacities of 800 people. Each set has a wheelchair accessible compartment. Download high resolution version (1892x1312, 332 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1892x1312, 332 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1964x1100, 940 KB) Picture taken by myself showing TGV Duplex power car in profile at Gare de Lyon, Paris on 27/12/2006 at 15:16. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1964x1100, 940 KB) Picture taken by myself showing TGV Duplex power car in profile at Gare de Lyon, Paris on 27/12/2006 at 15:16. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 574 KB) en: double-decker TGV. fr: TGV Duplex (à deux étages). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 574 KB) en: double-decker TGV. fr: TGV Duplex (à deux étages). ... The TGV Duplex is a French high-speed train of the TGV family. ... A railway platform is a section of pathway, alongside rail tracks at a train station, metro station or tram stop, at which passengers may board or alight from trains or trams. ...


After a lengthy development process starting in 1988 (during which they were known as the TGV-2N), they were built in two batches: 30 between 1995 and 1998 and 34 between 2000 and 2004. They weigh 386 tonnes (425 short tons; 379 long tons) and are 200 m (656 ft) long, made up of two power cars and eight bi-level carriages. Extensive use of aluminium means that they weigh not much more than the TGV Réseau sets they supplement. The bi-current power cars provide a total power of 8,800 kW, and they have a slightly increased speed of 320 km/h (199 mph). A double decker is a bus, airplane, train, tram, ferry, or any public transit vehicle that has two levels for passengers, one deck above the other. ...


Thalys PBKA

A Thalys PBKA at Köln Hauptbahnhof
A Thalys PBKA at Köln Hauptbahnhof
Eurostar, Thalys and TGV PSE No 81 at Paris Gare du Nord
Eurostar, Thalys and TGV PSE No 81 at Paris Gare du Nord
Main article: SNCF TGV Thalys PBKA

Unlike Thalys PBA sets, the PBKA (Paris-Brussels-Köln (Cologne) -Amsterdam) sets were built exclusively for the Thalys service. They are technologically similar to TGV Duplex sets, but without bi-level carriages. They are quadri-current, operating under 25 kV, 50 Hz AC (LGVs), 15 kV 16⅔ Hz AC (Germany, Switzerland), 3 kV DC (Belgium) and 1,5 kV DC (the Netherlands and French lignes classiques). Their top speed in service is 300 km/h (186 mph) under 25 kV, with two power cars supplying 8,800 kW. When operating under 15 kV power output drops to 4,460 kW, resulting in a very poor power-to-weight-ratio on German high-speed lines. They have eight carriages and are 200 m (656 ft) long, weighing a total of 385 tonnes (424 short tons; 379 long tons). They have 377 seats. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 1437 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): TGV Thalys SNCF TGV Thalys PBKA Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 1437 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): TGV Thalys SNCF TGV Thalys PBKA Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Köln may refer to: Cologne (German: Köln), the fourth largest city in Germany and largest city of the North Rhine-Westphalia state German Cruiser Köln that served from 1930-1945 mostly for the Kriegsmarine German Frigate Köln (1961-1982), a F120 Köln class frigate of... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 644 KB) Picture taken by myself shows Eurostar, Thalys PBKA and TGV 81 (with new SNCF logo) together at Paris Gare du Nord on 27/12/2006 at 16:40:40. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 644 KB) Picture taken by myself shows Eurostar, Thalys PBKA and TGV 81 (with new SNCF logo) together at Paris Gare du Nord on 27/12/2006 at 16:40:40. ... Thalys PBKA at Aachen Hauptbahnhof The Thalys PBKA is a train derived from the French TGV. It operates between Paris, Brussels, Cologne and Amsterdam (PBKA, the K standing for the German name of Cologne, Köln. ...


Seventeen trains were ordered, nine by SNCB, six by SNCF and two by NS. Deutsche Bahn contributed to financing two of the SNCB sets. Nederlandse Spoorwegen or NS (Dutch railways) is the main public transport railway company in the Netherlands. ... Germanys main train operator, the Deutsche Bahn AG (German Railway Corporation, also known as DB or DBAG) provides passenger and freight service via federally owned tracks. ...


TGV POS

Main article: SNCF TGV POS

TGV POS (Paris-Ostfrankreich-Süddeutschland or Paris-Eastern France-Southern Germany) are used on the LGV Est. The TGV POS is a French TGV train currently under testing for use on the LGV Est. ...


They consist of two power cars with eight TGV Réseau type carriages, with a total power output of 9,600 kW and a top speed of 320 km/h (199 mph). Unlike TGV-A, TGV-R and TGV-D, it has asynchronous motors, and isolation of an individual motor in a powered bogie is possible in case of failure. They will weigh 423 tonnes (466 short tons; 416 long tons).


Network

TGV lines, with LGVs shown in blue and red, and their connections to neighbouring countries. Black lines are conventional lines used by TGV trains to reach cities away from high-speed lines.
TGV lines, with LGVs shown in blue and red, and their connections to neighbouring countries. Black lines are conventional lines used by TGV trains to reach cities away from high-speed lines.

France has around 1,700 km of LGV, with three lines under construction. The current lines and those under construction can be grouped into four routes radiating from Paris: Image File history File links Carte_TGV.svg‎ (en) The map of French railways (SNCF) passengers service, including internationnal TGV high-speed trains. ... Image File history File links Carte_TGV.svg‎ (en) The map of French railways (SNCF) passengers service, including internationnal TGV high-speed trains. ... “km” redirects here. ...

  • West: LGV Atlantique to Tours and Le Mans.
  • North: LGV Nord and the Channel Tunnel Rail Link to London, with a branch going towards Brussels.
  • East: LGV Est and LGV Rhin-Rhône to Strasbourg
  • South: LGV Sud-Est, LGV Rhône-Alpes and LGV Méditerranée to Marseille, plus a (planned) branch towards the LGV Perpignan-Figueres.

In addition, the LGV Interconnexion Est connects the LGV Sud-Est to the LGV Nord around Paris, and the LGV Rhin-Rhône (under construction) will connect Strasbourg and Lyon. The LGV Atlantique is a high-speed railway line running between Paris and Tours/Le Mans, in France. ... The LGV Nord is a French 333 km-long high speed rail line that connects Paris to the Belgian border and the Channel Tunnel via Lille; it opened in 1993. ... A Eurostar train on the CTRL, near Ashford The Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) is a project to construct a 108 km (67 mile) high-speed railway line from London through Kent to the British end of the Channel Tunnel. ... The LGV Est européenne (sometimes referred to as TGV Est, or occasionally as TGV East in English) is an extension to the French high-speed TGV network, connecting Paris and Strasbourg. ... The LGV Rhin-Rhône is a high-speed railway line running between Lyon and Valence, in France. ... The LGV Sud-Est is a high-speed railway line running between Paris and Lyon, in France. ... The LGV Rhône-Alpes is a high-speed railway line running between Lyon and Valence, in France. ... The LGV Méditerranée is a French high speed railway line of approximately 250 km length, which entered service in June, 2001. ... The LGV Perpignan-Figueres is an international high speed rail line which is currently under construction. ... The LGV Interconnexion Est is a French high-speed rail line that connects the LGV Nord and LGV Sud-Est through the Ile de France. ... The LGV Rhin-Rhône is a high-speed railway line running between Lyon and Valence, in France. ...


Existing lines

  1. LGV Sud-Est (Paris Gare de Lyon to Lyon-Perrache), the first LGV (opened 1981)
  2. LGV Atlantique (Paris Gare Montparnasse to Tours and Le Mans) (opened 1990)
  3. LGV Rhône-Alpes (Lyon to Valence) (opened 1992)
  4. LGV Nord (Paris Gare du Nord to Lille and Brussels and on towards London, Amsterdam (HSL-Zuid) and Cologne) (opened 1993)
  5. LGV Interconnexion Est (LGV Sud-Est to LGV Nord Europe, east of Paris) (opened 1994)
  6. LGV Méditerranée (An extension of LGV Rhône-Alpes: Valence to Marseille Saint Charles) (opened 2001)
  7. Channel Tunnel Rail Link Phase 1 (Channel Tunnel to north Kent) (opened 2003)
  8. LGV Est (Paris Gare de l'Est-Strasbourg) (opened 10 June 2007)[14]

The LGV Sud-Est is a high-speed railway line running between Paris and Lyon, in France. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Inside the Gare de Lyon. ... The stations rooftop. ... The LGV Atlantique is a high-speed railway line running between Paris and Tours/Le Mans, in France. ... View of the Gare Montparnasse from the Tour Montparnasse The Gare Montparnasse is one of the six large terminus train stations of Paris, located in the Montparnasse area, in the XVe arrondissement. ... Tours is a city in France, the préfecture (capital city) of the Indre-et-Loire département, on the lower reaches of the river Loire, between Orléans and the Atlantic coast. ... Le Mans is a city in France, located at the Sarthe River. ... The LGV Rhône-Alpes is a high-speed railway line running between Lyon and Valence, in France. ... Valence is a commune in south-eastern France, the capital of the département of Drôme, situated on the left bank of the Rhône, 65 miles south of Lyon on the railway to Marseille. ... The LGV Nord is a French 333 km-long high speed rail line that connects Paris to the Belgian border and the Channel Tunnel via Lille; it opened in 1993. ... Main entrance to the Gare du Nord The Gare du Nord (English: North Station) is one of the six large terminus stations of the SNCFs main line network in Paris. ... For other uses, see Lille (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... The Hogesnelheidslijn Zuid usually shortened to HSL-Zuid, is a Dutch high-speed train line under construction (completion expected in 2007). ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... The LGV Interconnexion Est is a French high-speed rail line that connects the LGV Nord and LGV Sud-Est through the Ile de France. ... The LGV Méditerranée is a French high speed railway line of approximately 250 km length, which entered service in June, 2001. ... Saint-Charles Station main staircase. ... A Eurostar train on the CTRL, near Ashford The Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) is a project to construct a 108 km (67 mile) high-speed railway line from London through Kent to the British end of the Channel Tunnel. ... The British terminal at Cheriton in west Folkestone, from the Pilgrims Way. ... For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ... The LGV Est européenne (sometimes referred to as TGV Est, or occasionally as TGV East in English) is an extension to the French high-speed TGV network, connecting Paris and Strasbourg. ... For other uses, see Strasburg. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Lines under construction

  1. LGV Perpignan-Figueres (due to open 2009)
  2. Channel Tunnel Rail Link Phase 2 (North Kent to London) (completed, due to open 14 November 2007)
  3. LGV Rhin-Rhône (Lyon-Dijon-Mulhouse) (due to open 2011)
  4. HSL-Zuid (Brussels to Amsterdam) (although the track has been completed, it will not be operational until late 2007, beginning of 2008)
  5. Haut-Bugey line - reconstruction of the Bellegarde - Bourg-en-Bresse line to reduce Paris-Geneva by 47 km and 20 minutes. Due to open in 2009.

The LGV Perpignan-Figueres is an international high speed rail line which is currently under construction. ... A Eurostar train on the CTRL, near Ashford The Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) is a project to construct a 108 km (67 mile) high-speed railway line from London through Kent to the British end of the Channel Tunnel. ... For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The LGV Rhin-Rhône is a high-speed railway line running between Lyon and Valence, in France. ... This article is about the French city. ... Dijon ( , IPA: ) is a city in eastern France, the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Côte-dOr département and of the Bourgogne région. ... Mulhouse (French: Mulhouse, pronounced ; Alsatian: Milhüsa; German: Mülhausen) is a town and commune in eastern France close to Swiss and German border. ... The Hogesnelheidslijn Zuid usually shortened to HSL-Zuid, is a Dutch high-speed train line under construction (completion expected in 2007). ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... The Haut-Bugey line is a railway line in France connecting Bourg-en-Bresse and Bellegarde-sur-Valserine through the Jura massif. ...

Planned lines

  1. Lyon Turin Ferroviaire (Lyon-Chambéry-Turin), connecting to the Italian TAV network
  2. LGV Sud Europe Atlantique Tours-Bordeaux and LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire Le Mans-Rennes, extending the LGV Atlantique (also called LGV Sud-Ouest)
  3. Bordeaux-Toulouse-Narbonne
  4. Bordeaux-Spanish border-Vitoria-Gasteiz and Irun [1]
  5. LGV Poitiers-Limoges [2]
  6. LGV Picardie (Paris - Amiens - Calais), cutting off the corner of the LGV Nord-Europe via Lille.
  7. LGV Normandie (Paris-Rouen-Le Havre-Caen)
  8. TER-GV - Regional line Lille - Aulnoye for high speed service between Lille and Maubeuge

Amsterdam and Cologne are served by Thalys TGVs running on ordinary track, and these connections are being upgraded to high-speed rail. London is served by Eurostar trains running at high speed via the partially-completed Channel Tunnel Rail Link and at normal speed along regular tracks through the London suburbs - Eurostar will use a fully-segregated line once Section 2 of the link is complete in November 2007. LTF, subsidiary of Réseau ferré de France (RFF) and Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (RFI), is the promoter of the joint French-Italian part of the future rail link between Lyon and Turin. ... This article is about the French city. ... Chambéry is the capital of the department of Savoie, France. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... Treno Alta Velocità SpA is special purpose entity owned by RFI for planning and construction of high-speed rail lines (TAV) along Italys most important and saturated transport routes. ... The LGV Sud Europe Atlantique (LGV SEA), also known as the LGV Sud-Ouest, is a proposed high-speed railway line running between Tours and Bordeaux, in France. ... Tours is a city in France, the préfecture (capital city) of the Indre-et-Loire département, on the lower reaches of the river Loire, between Orléans and the Atlantic coast. ... City logo (traditional tri-crescent) City coat of arms Motto: The fleur-de-lis alone rules over the moon, the waves, the castle, and the lion Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Aquitaine Department Gironde (33) Intercommunality Urban Community of Bordeaux Mayor Alain Juppé (UMP) (since... The LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire is a proposed high-speed railway line running between Le Mans and Rennes, in France. ... Le Mans is a city in France, located at the Sarthe River. ... For other uses, see Rennes (disambiguation). ... City logo (traditional tri-crescent) City coat of arms Motto: The fleur-de-lis alone rules over the moon, the waves, the castle, and the lion Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Aquitaine Department Gironde (33) Intercommunality Urban Community of Bordeaux Mayor Alain Juppé (UMP) (since... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Narbonne (Narbona in Catalan and in Occitan, commonly Narbo especially when referring to the Ancient Rome era) is a town and commune of southwestern France in the Languedoc-Roussillon région. ... City logo (traditional tri-crescent) City coat of arms Motto: The fleur-de-lis alone rules over the moon, the waves, the castle, and the lion Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Aquitaine Department Gironde (33) Intercommunality Urban Community of Bordeaux Mayor Alain Juppé (UMP) (since... Haec est Victoria quae vincit (This is Victoria which triumphed) Location Location of Vitoria-Gasteiz in Spain Coordinates : 42°51′ N 2°41′ O Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Vitoria-Gasteiz (Spanish) Spanish name Vitoria-Gasteiz Founded 1181 Postal code 01001-01080... Vigilantiae Custos Location Coordinates : Lat 43º 20 16. ... The LGV Poitiers-Limoges is an approximately 100 km long French high speed rail project reserved for passenger traffic between Poitiers and Limoges. ... Location within France Poitiers (population 85,000) is a small city located in west central France. ... This article is about the French commune. ... The LGV Picardie is a proposed high-speed railway line running between Paris and Calais, via Amiens, in France. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Amiens is a city and commune in the north of France, 120 km north of Paris. ... Calais (Kales in Dutch) is a town in northern France, located at 50°57N 1°52E. It is in the département of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... The LGV Normandie is a French high-speed rail project to link Paris and Normandy. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Rouen (pronounced in French, sometimes also ) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northwestern France on the River Seine, and currently the capital of the Haute-Normandie (Upper Normandy) région. ... Le Havre is a city in Normandy, northern France, on the English Channel, at the mouth of the Seine. ... Caen (pronounced /kɑ̃/) is a commune of northwestern France. ... TER-GV is a project of a new TGV line in France between Lille and the area of Aulnoye - Maubeuge (Sambre valley). ... Thalys PBKA Thalys is a high-speed train network built around the high-speed line between Paris and Brussels. ... A Eurostar on the CTRL going through the Medway Towns Eurostar is a train service connecting the UK with Paris (Gare du Nord), Lille and Brussels (Brussels South). ... A Eurostar train on the CTRL, near Ashford The Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) is a project to construct a 108 km (67 mile) high-speed railway line from London through Kent to the British end of the Channel Tunnel. ...


TGV technology outside France

TGV technology has been adopted in a number of other countries separately from the French network:

  • AVE (Alta Velocidad Española), in Spain
  • Korea Train Express (KTX), in South Korea
  • Acela Express, a high-speed tilting train built by TGV participant Bombardier for the United States, which uses TGV motor technology (though the rest of the train is unrelated).
  • Comboios de Alta Velocidade, in Portugal, where a TGV railroad is being built capable to connect Madrid to Lisbon in about 3 hours.
  • The Moroccan government agreed to a 2 billion euro contract for the French construction firm Alstom to build a TGV-line between Tangier and Casablanca. The train is to be operational in 2013.

For other uses, see AVE (disambiguation). ... Korea Train Express (KTX) is South Koreas high speed train system. ... Acela Express (often called simply Acela, leading to early confusion with the Acela Regional and Acela Commuter) is the name used by Amtrak for the high-speed tilting train service operating between Washington, D.C. and Boston via New York City, Baltimore, and Philadelphia along the Northeast Corridor (NEC) in... The X 2000 trainset on a US tour stopped at Union Station, Chicago, Illinois, in 1993. ... For other uses, see Bombardier (disambiguation). ... Politics of Morocco takes place in a framework of a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Morocco is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... A view of Tangier bay at sunrise as seen from Cape Malabata Tangier - Avenue Mohammed VI Tangier (Tanja طنجة in Berber and Arabic, Tánger in Spanish, Tânger in Portuguese, and Tanger in French) is a city of northern Morocco with a population of 669,680 (2004 census). ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ...

Future TGVs

SNCF and Alstom are investigating new technology that could be used for high-speed transport.

The new configuration scheme for TGV trains would increase capacity by 10% by 2010.
The new configuration scheme for TGV trains would increase capacity by 10% by 2010.

The development of TGV trains is being pursued in the form of the AGV, automotrice à grande vitesse (high speed multiple unit), similar to the Deutsche Bahn's ICE-3 (marketed as Velaro by Siemens). The AGV design has motors under each carriage. Investigations are being carried out with the aim of producing trains at the same cost as existing TGVs with the same safety standards. AGVs of the same length as TGVs could have up to 450 seats. The target speed is 350 km/h (217 mph). Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1223x477, 179 KB) Press image explaining the new TGV configuration scheme to gain 10% capacity. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1223x477, 179 KB) Press image explaining the new TGV configuration scheme to gain 10% capacity. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Siemens Velaro is a family of high-speed EMUs. ...


In the short term, plans are being considered to increase the capacity of TGVs by 10% by replacing the central two power cars of a double TGV with passenger carriages. These carriages would have motorized bogies underneath them, as would the first and last carriage of the train, to make up for the lost power. [3]


Safety

Main article: TGV accidents

In more than two decades of high-speed operation, the TGV has not recorded a single fatality due to accident while running at high speed. There have been several accidents, including three derailments at or above 270 km/h (168 mph), but in none of these did any carriages overturn. This is credited in part to the stiffness that the articulated design lends to the train. There have been fatal accidents involving TGVs on lignes classiques, where the trains are exposed to the same dangers as normal trains, such as level crossings. TGV accidents are events involving TGV trains which have harmful consequences, such as injury to people or damage to trains, or derailments. ... The term level crossing (also called a railroad crossing, railway crossing, train crossing or grade crossing) is a crossing on one level (at-grade intersection) — without recourse to a bridge or tunnel — of a railway line by a road, path, or another railroad. ...


On LGVs

  • 14 December 1992: TGV 920 from Annecy to Paris, operated by set 56, derailed at 270 km/h (168 mph) at Mâcon-Loché TGV station (Saône-et-Loire). A previous emergency stop had caused a wheel flat; the bogie concerned derailed while crossing the points at the entrance to the station. No one on the train was injured, but 25 passengers waiting on the platform for another TGV were slightly injured by ballast that was thrown up from the trackbed.
  • 21 December 1993: TGV 7150 from Valenciennes to Paris, operated by set 511, derailed at 300 km/h (186 mph) at the site of Haute Picardie TGV station, before it was built. Rain had caused a hole to open up under the track; the hole dated from the First World War but had not been detected during construction. The front power car and four carriages derailed but remained aligned with the track. Of the 200 passengers, one was slightly injured.
  • 5 June 2000: Eurostar 9073 from Paris to London, operated by sets 3101/2 owned by NMBS/SNCB, derailed at 250 km/h (155 mph) in the Nord-Pas de Calais region near Croisilles. The transmission assembly on the rear bogie of the front power car failed, with parts falling onto the track. Four bogies out of 24 derailed. Out of 501 passengers, seven were bruised[15] and others treated for shock.

is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... A railroad switch is a mechanical installation enabling trains to be guided from one set of rail tracks (or tramway tracks) to another. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... NMBS/SNCB trains in Antwerp-Central The NMBS (Dutch: Nationale Maatschappij der Belgische Spoorwegen) or SNCB (French: Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Belges, not to be confused with SNCF) is the Belgian national railway operator. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Nord Pas-de-Calais Arrondissements 13 Cantons 156 Communes 1,546 Statistics Land area1 12,414 km² Population (Ranked 4th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Croisilles is a chief town of canton of northern France, in the département of Pas-de-Calais, arrondissement of Arras. ...

On lignes classiques

  • 31 December 1983: A bomb allegedly planted by the terrorist organisation of Carlos the Jackal exploded on board a TGV from Marseille to Paris; two people were killed.
  • 28 September 1988: TGV 736, operated by set 70 "Melun", collided with a lorry carrying an electric transformer weighing 100 tonnes (110 short tons; 98 long tons) that had become stuck on a level crossing in Voiron, Isère. The vehicle had not been permitted to cross by the French Direction départementale de l'équipement. The weight of the lorry caused a very violent collision; the train driver and a passenger died, and 25 passengers were slightly injured.
  • 4 January 1991: after a brake failure, TGV 360 ran away from Châtillon depot. The train was directed onto an unoccupied track and collided with the car loading ramp at Paris-Vaugirard station at 60 km/h (37 mph). No one was injured. The leading power car and the first two carriages were severely damaged, and were rebuilt.
  • 25 September 1997: TGV 7119 from Paris to Dunkirk, operated by set 502, collided at 130 km/h (81 mph) with a 70 tonne (77 short ton; 69 long ton) asphalt paving machine on a level crossing at Bierne, near Dunkerque. The power car spun round and fell down an embankment. The front two carriages left the track and came to a stop in woods beside the track. Seven people were injured.
  • 31 October 2001: TGV 8515 from Paris to Irun derailed at 130 km/h (81 mph) near Dax in southwest France. All ten carriages derailed and the rear power unit fell over. The cause was a broken rail.
  • 30 January 2003: a TGV from Dunkirk to Paris collided at 106 km/h (66 mph) with a heavy goods vehicle stuck on the level crossing at Esquelbecq in northern France. The front power car was severely damaged, but only one bogie derailed. Only the driver was slightly injured.

Following the number of accidents at level crossings, an effort has been made to remove all level crossings on lignes classiques used by TGVs. The ligne classique from Tours to Bordeaux at the end of the LGV Atlantique has no level crossings as a result. is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Ilich Ramírez Sánchez (born October 12, 1949) is a Venezuelan-born terrorist and mercenary. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Voiron is a town and commune of France in the Isère département. ... Isère (Arpitan: Isera, Occitan: Isèra) is a department, in the Rhône-Alpes (Rôno-Arpes in Arpitan) region in the east of France named after the Isère River. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... A runaway train is a train which is unable to stop or be stopped. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... For other uses of Dunkirk or Dunkerque, see Dunkirk (disambiguation). ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Dax is a commune of Aquitaine in southwestern France, sous-préfecture of the Landes département. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tours is a city in France, the préfecture (capital city) of the Indre-et-Loire département, on the lower reaches of the river Loire, between Orléans and the Atlantic coast. ... City logo (traditional tri-crescent) City coat of arms Motto: The fleur-de-lis alone rules over the moon, the waves, the castle, and the lion Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Aquitaine Department Gironde (33) Intercommunality Urban Community of Bordeaux Mayor Alain Juppé (UMP) (since...


Protests against the TGV

The first environmental protests against the building of a high-speed line in France occurred in May 1990 during the planning stages of the LGV Méditerranée. Protesters blocked a railway viaduct to protest against the planned route, arguing that it was unnecessary, and that trains could use existing lines to reach Marseille from Lyon.[16]


Lyon Turin Ferroviaire (Lyon-Chambéry-Turin), which would connect the TGV to the Italian TAV network, has been the subject of demonstrations in Italy. While most Italian political parties agree on the construction of this line, inhabitants of the towns where construction would take place are vehemently opposing it. The concerns of the protesters centre around storing dangerous materials mined from mountain, like asbestos and uranium, in the open air. This serious health danger could be avoided by using more appropriate but expensive techniques for handling radioactive materials. A six-month delay in the start of construction has been decided in order to study solutions. In addition to the concerns of the residents, a ten-year-old national movement opposes the development of Italy's TAV high-speed rail network as a whole.[17] LTF, subsidiary of Réseau ferré de France (RFF) and Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (RFI), is the promoter of the joint French-Italian part of the future rail link between Lyon and Turin. ... This article is about the French city. ... Chambéry is the capital of the department of Savoie, France. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... Treno Alta Velocità SpA is special purpose entity owned by RFI for planning and construction of high-speed rail lines (TAV) along Italys most important and saturated transport routes. ... For other uses, see Asbestos (disambiguation). ... General Name, symbol, number uranium, U, 92 Chemical series actinides Group, period, block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery gray metallic; corrodes to a spalling black oxide coat in air Standard atomic weight 238. ... Treno Alta Velocità SpA is special purpose entity owned by RFI for planning and construction of high-speed rail lines (TAV) along Italys most important and saturated transport routes. ... French-designed Eurostar and Thalys TGVs side-by-side in the Paris-Gare du Nord. ...


This is opposed by a national movement that opposes the development of high-speed rail, RFB.


General complaints about the noise of TGVs passing near towns and villages have led the SNCF to build acoustic fencing along large sections of LGVs to reduce the disturbance to residents, but protests still take place where SNCF has not addressed the issue.[18]


Notes

  1. ^ Associated Press. "French train breaks speed record", CNN, 2007-04-04. Retrieved on 2007-04-03. 
  2. ^ Fouquet, Helene and Viscousi, Gregory. "French TGV Sets Record, Reaching 357 Miles an Hour (Update2)", Bloomberg, 2007-04-03. Retrieved on 2007-09-19. 
  3. ^ Alstom (18 December 2006). Alstom commits itself to the French very high speed rail programme. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-02-04.
  4. ^ "French high-speed TGV breaks world conventional rail-speed record", Deutsche Presse-Agentur (reprinted by Monsters and Critics), 2007-02-14. Retrieved on 2007-02-14. 
  5. ^ Railway Gazette International (September 2007) Railway Gazette International 2007 World Speed Survey Tables
  6. ^ Eurostar (17 May 2006). Eurostar sets new Guinness World Record with cast and filmmakers of Columbia Pictures’ The Da Vinci Code. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-02-15.
  7. ^ "French train breaks speed record", BBC, 2001-05-27. Retrieved on 2007-08-26. 
  8. ^ Le Point (issue 1682, December 9, 2004), « Terre des sens » sur de nouveaux rails (in French). Retrieved November 24, 2005.
  9. ^ The Sunday Times Online (29 May 2005), Party like a pope in Avignon. Retrieved 12 December 2005.
  10. ^ Bulletin annuel de l'AFGC (issue 3, January 2001), Les gares nouvelles de Provence du TGV Méditerranée (in French), pp. 49–51.
  11. ^ Guardian Unlimited (23 July 2001), Gee whizz! Jonathan Glancey takes in three stunning new TGV stations as he hurtles towards the Cote d'Azur at 200 mph. Retrieved December 13, 2005.
  12. ^ RAIL (pages 14–15, issue 527, November 23, 2005December 6, 2005), Class 91s to replace GNER's Eurostars
  13. ^ RAIL (page 11, issue 529, December 21, 2005January 3, 2006), Double decked trains could be replacement for Eurostars
  14. ^ Le Moniteur-Expert (October 24, 2005), Fin des travaux de génie civil de la LGV Est européenne (in French). Retrieved November 23, 2005.
  15. ^ Associated Press (5 June 2000), Eurostar derails; seven passengers bruised. Retrieved 24 November 2005.
  16. ^ New Scientist (issue 1719, June 2, 1990), High-Speed Protest. Retrieved November 15, 2005.
  17. ^ Planet Ark (reprinted from Reuters November 1, 2005), Environmental Protesters Block French-Italian Railway. Retrieved November 1, 2005.
  18. ^ Environmental Science and Engineering (November 2001), Train à grande vitesse causes distress. Retrieved November 24, 2005.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Cinotti, Eric and Tréboul, Jean-Baptiste (2000) Les TGV européens : Eurostar, Thalys, Paris : Presses universitaires de France, ISBN 2-13-050565-1 (in French)
  • Perren, Brian (2000) TGV handbook, 2nd ed., Harrow Weald : Capital Transport, ISBN 1-85414-195-3
  • Soulié, Claude and Tricoire, Jean (2002) Le grand livre du TGV, Paris : La Vie du rail, ISBN 2-915034-01-X (in French)
  • TGV Network Map from tgv.co.uk
  • Eurostar Official Site - About Eurostar
  • TGVweb, an unofficial website with photos and information

See also

Trains Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... LGV construction is the process by which the land on which TGV trains are to run is prepared for their use, involving carving the trackbed and laying the track. ... The TGV world speed record program was a series of trials by SNCF, the French national railway to test its TGV system to the limits. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Official SNCF Website TGV Operator
  • Official TGV Website Run by SNCF
  • Official UK TGV Website Managed by Rail Europe (SNCF Group)
  • TGV East Reservations New TGV line
  • The history of the TGV
  • Under the Hood of a TGV from TrainWeb
  • TGVweb Accidents page from TrainWeb
  • LGV2030: an unofficial website about TGV Network in 2030
  • LGV Est
  • Railway-Technology
  • The TGV
  • Video of the TGV Est test at 559 km/h (347 mph) on 2007-02-20
  • Video of the TGV speed record at 574.8 km/h (357.16 mph) on 2007-04-03
  • Video of the TGV World speed record at 515,3 km/h(320 mph) in 1990
  • Le TGV 001 An article from 1972 about the gas-turbine TGV prototype (in French).
  • TGV breaks world speed record for rail trains, Breaking Legal News - World Business News, April 3, 2007
  • French Train Sets Rail Record 357.2 mph (574.8 km/h), Story From USTINET AP News

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... These are all the TGV stations, listed alphabetically. ... The LGV Sud-Est is a high-speed railway line running between Paris and Lyon, in France. ... The LGV Est européenne (sometimes referred to as TGV Est, or occasionally as TGV East in English) is an extension to the French high-speed TGV network, connecting Paris and Strasbourg. ... The LGV Atlantique is a high-speed railway line running between Paris and Tours/Le Mans, in France. ... The LGV Rhône-Alpes is a high-speed railway line running between Lyon and Valence, in France. ... The LGV Nord is a French 333 km-long high speed rail line that connects Paris to the Belgian border and the Channel Tunnel via Lille; it opened in 1993. ... The LGV Interconnexion Est is a French high-speed rail line that connects the LGV Nord and LGV Sud-Est through the Ile de France. ... The LGV Méditerranée is a French high speed railway line of approximately 250 km length, which entered service in June, 2001. ... A Eurostar train on the CTRL, near Ashford The Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) is a project to construct a 108 km (67 mile) high-speed railway line from London through Kent to the British end of the Channel Tunnel. ... The LGV Perpignan-Figueres is an international high speed rail line which is currently under construction. ... The LGV Rhin-Rhône is a high-speed railway line running between Lyon and Valence, in France. ... The LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire is a proposed high-speed railway line running between Le Mans and Rennes, in France. ... The LGV Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, also referred to as the LGV PACA and LGV Côte dAzur, is a high speed rail project intended to extend the LGV Méditerranée towards the Côte dAzur. ... The LGV Poitiers-Limoges is an approximately 100 km long French high speed rail project reserved for passenger traffic between Poitiers and Limoges. ... The LGV Sud Europe Atlantique (LGV SEA), also known as the LGV Sud-Ouest, is a proposed high-speed railway line running between Tours and Bordeaux, in France. ... The LGV Bordeaux-Toulouse is an approximately 200 km long French high speed rail project reserved for passenger traffic between Bordeaux and Toulouse. ... The LGV Picardie is a proposed high-speed railway line running between Paris and Calais, via Amiens, in France. ... LTF, subsidiary of Réseau ferré de France (RFF) and Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (RFI), is the promoter of the joint French-Italian part of the future rail link between Lyon and Turin. ... A TGV Sud-Est set in the original orange livery (This color is not used anymore) The SNCF TGV Sud-Est is a French TGV train built by Alstom and operated by SNCF, the French national railway company. ... TGV-A set 359 at Poitiers Futuroscope on 28 August 2001. ... Dual-voltage TGV-R set 526 at Paris Gare du Nord on 5th September 2005. ... The British Rail Class 373 or TGV-TMST train is an electric multiple unit that operates the Eurostar service from London Waterloo to France and Belgium. ... A Duplex power car The TGV Duplex is a French high-speed train of the TGV family, operated by SNCF, the French national railway company. ... Thalys PBKA at Köln Hauptbahnhof The Thalys PBKA is a train derived from the French TGV. It operates the Thalys service between Paris, Brussels, Cologne and Amsterdam (PBKA, the K standing for the German name of Cologne, Köln. ... The TGV POS is a French TGV train currently under testing for use on the LGV Est. ... TGV Artésia is a service branding and joint venture between SNCF and Trenitalia responsible for operating train routes connecting France and Italy. ... A Eurostar on the CTRL going through the Medway Towns Eurostar is a train service connecting the UK with Paris (Gare du Nord), Lille and Brussels (Brussels South). ... Elipsos is a joint venture between the French national railroad, SNCF, and the Spanish national railroad, RENFE. It was created in 2001 to handle the logistics of Trenhotel railway services between Spain and France, Switzerland, and Italy. ... Lyria logo TGV Lyria is service brand used for TGV lines connecting France and Switzerland. ... Thalys PBKA Thalys is a high-speed train network built around the high-speed line between Paris and Brussels. ... TGV accidents are events involving TGV trains which have harmful consequences, such as injury to people or damage to trains, or derailments. ... LGV construction is the process by which the land on which TGV trains are to run is prepared for their use, involving carving the trackbed and laying the track. ... LGV signalling, or in-cab signalling on lignes à grande vitesse (high-speed railway lines based on the French TGV system), differs considerably from signalling on conventional railway lines. ... The idea of a high-speed train in France was born about twenty years before the first TGVs entered service. ... French-designed Eurostar and Thalys TGVs side-by-side in the Paris-Gare du Nord. ... Acela Express (often called simply Acela, leading to early confusion with the Acela Regional and Acela Commuter) is the name used by Amtrak for the high-speed tilting train service operating between Washington, D.C. and Boston via New York City, Baltimore, and Philadelphia along the Northeast Corridor (NEC) in... http://www. ... For other uses, see AVE (disambiguation). ... ETR (ElettroTreno) is a series of italian high-speed trains. ... A Eurostar on the CTRL going through the Medway Towns Eurostar is a train service connecting the UK with Paris (Gare du Nord), Lille and Brussels (Brussels South). ... ICE 3 trainset near Ingolstadt The InterCityExpress or ICE (German pronunciation: ) is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and its neighbouring countries. ... JR-Maglev, MLX01, at Yamanashi JR-Maglev, MLX01 (X means Experimental), is a magnetic levitation train system developed by the Japan Railway Technical Reasearch Institute (association of Japan Railway Group), composed of a maximum 5 cars to run on the Yamanashi Maglev Test Line. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... HSR-350x (한국형 고속철도, high-speed rail 350x), also known as Korean G-7 (Korean G7), is the experimental high speed train which is recently developed and created purely and independently by South Korea. ... Pendolino (from Italian Pendolo [pndolo] Pendulum and -ino, a diminutive suffix) is an Italian family of tilting trains used in Italy, Spain, Portugal, Slovenia, Finland, the Czech Republic, United Kingdom,Switzerland and China. ... For the record label, see Shinkansen Records. ... Transrapid at the Emsland test facility Transrapid is a German monorail system using magnetic levitation. ... Treno Alta Velocità SpA is special purpose entity owned by RFI for planning and construction of high-speed rail lines (TAV) along Italys most important and saturated transport routes. ... X 2000 is the brand name of Swedens tilting 200 km/h high-speed train class X2, which is operated by SJ. It was launched in 1990 as a first-class only train with a meal included in the ticket price, and free use of the trains fax... This article provides of a list of operating High-speed rail networks, listed by country. ... California High Speed Rail is a proposed high speed rail system in the state of California. ... Florida High Speed Rail would have been the first to use Bombardiers JetTrain technology. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... High-speed rail in New York is in its infant stages. ... This map from 2001 shows a number of proposed high–speed routes in the U.S. High-speed rail in the United States is more a case of hope than reality. ... Southeast High Speed Rail Corridor (SEHSR) is a passenger rail transportation project in the United States to connect with existing high speed rail corridor from Boston, Massachusetts to Washington, DC known as the Northeast Corridor (served by Amtraks Acela Express and Regional services and many commuter railroads) and extend... Acela Express (often called simply Acela, leading to early confusion with the Acela Regional and Acela Commuter) is the name used by Amtrak for the high-speed tilting train service operating between Washington, D.C. and Boston via New York City, Baltimore, and Philadelphia along the Northeast Corridor (NEC) in... Route map The Midwest Regional Rail Initiative or Midwest Regional Rail System (MRRI, MWRRI, or MWRRS) is a plan to implement a high-speed rail network in the Midwestern United States, using Chicago, Illinois as a hub and including 3,000 miles (5,000 km) of track. ... This article provides of planned or proposed High-speed rail projects, listed by country. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Railway Technology - TGV France High Speed Rail Network by SNCF (1628 words)
Paris remains at the heart of the TGV network, despite its spread across France, with depots for the trains at Le Landy just north of the Gare du Nord, Chatillon near Montparnasse and Sud Est, near Gare de Lyon in the city.
The nerve centre of the TGV operation is situated behind the maintenance depot at Lille Flandres in the north of France.
Such is the power generated by a TGV train that each has to be fitted with an interference current monitoring unit to ensure electrical interference does not exceed safe levels.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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