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Encyclopedia > TCM model of the body

The TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) model of the body is a culturally based philosophy of how the human body works. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) also known simply as Chinese medicine (Chinese: 中醫學 or 中药学, zhōngyào xŭe) or traditional Oriental medicine, is the name commonly given to a range of traditional medical practices originating in China thousands of years ago. ...

The elements of the TCM model of the body are the Fundamental Substances; Qi, Blood, Jing (Essence), Shen (Mind) that nourish and protect the Zang-Fu organs; and the meridians (jing-luo) which connect and unify the body. Every diagnosis is a "Pattern of disharmony" that affects one or more organs (such as "Spleen Qi Deficiency" or "Liver Fire Blazing" or "Invasion of the Stomach by Cold"), and every treatment is centered on correcting the disharmony. See Qi (disambiguation) for other meanings of Qi. Qi in English is often spelled as chi or chi. ... 精 Jīng (pinyin) or ching1 (Wade-Giles) is the Chinese word for essence, more specifically the kidney essence or semen. ... Shen can refer to the supreme kai in the Japanese anime series Dragon Ball Z. an abbrievation for Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Zang-Fu theory is a concept within traditional Chinese medicine, part of the TCM model of the body. ... The concept of meridians (Chinese: jing-luo) arises from the techniques and doctrines of traditional Chinese medicine including acupuncture and acupressure. ...

Unlike the Western anatomical model which divides the physical body into parts, the Chinese model is more concerned with function. Thus, the TCM Spleen is not a specific piece of flesh, but an aspect of function related to transformation and transportation within the body, and of the mental functions of thinking and studying. Indeed, the San Jiao or Triple Burner has no anatomical correspondent at all, and is completely a functional entity. The San Jiao (三焦) is a traditional Chinese medical (TCM) concept of a functional organ that is not found outside of TCM (see Zang Fu theory). ...

External links

  • Chinese health site (http://health.zymq.com/)

  Results from FactBites:
history of traditional chinese medicine - Article and Reference from OnPedia.com (401 words)
Firstly, TCM practices are often very effective, sometimes offering palliative efficacy where the best practices of Western medicine fail, especially for routine ailments such as flu and allergies, and manage to avoid the toxicity of chemically composed medicines.
At the same time, there is the notion of learning from the masses, and traditional Chinese medicine is seen as the distillation of thousands of years of experiences which should be respected and understood.
Modern Chinese descriptions of traditional Chinese medicine tend to deemphasize the cosmological aspects of TCM and emphasize its compatibility with modern science and technology.
The idea that one needs to rid the body of a pathogen or cleanse it of accumulated toxins is not the main focus of an herbal formula designed in accordance with the principles of Chinese Medicine.
In TCM a practitioner is concerned with the restoration of balance and intercedes to help the body optimize its natural functions.
In TCM the diagnosis uses symptoms and signs based on the "Eight Entities" or Eight Principles to determine what is the root cause of an illness and to identify the branch symptoms.
  More results at FactBites »



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