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Encyclopedia > Sztum
Sztum
Coat of arms of Sztum
(Coat of arms)
Country Poland
Voivodeship Pomerania
Mayor Leszek Tabor
Area 4,59 km²
Population
 - city
 - urban
 - density

10 141 (2004)

2209,4/km²
City rights 1416
Area code +48 55
Twin towns Ritterhude, Val de Reuil, Varde
Municipal Website

Sztum (former German: Stuhm) is a town in Poland, capital of Sztum County, located in Pomeranian Voivodeship, with some 10,141 inhabitants (2004). Image File history File links POL_Sztum_COA.svg‎ pl: Herb Sztum File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sztum ... Look up country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A Voivodship (also voivodeship, Romanian: Voievodat, Polish: Województwo, Serbian: Vojvodstvo or Vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod (voivode). ... Pomerania Voivodeship (Polish: województwo pomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodeship in northern Poland within the historic region of Eastern Pomerania. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Events May 30 - The Catholic Church burns Jerome of Prague as a heretic. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Ritterhude is a village and a municipality in the district of Osterholz, in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Varde is a municipality in south-west Denmark, in the county of Ribe on the peninsula of Jutland. ... Sztum County (Polish: ) is a powiat (county) located about 60 km south of Gdańsk , in Poland, in Pomorze Voivodship. ... Pomerania Voivodeship (Polish: województwo pomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodeship in northern Poland within the historic region of Eastern Pomerania. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


History

A historical drawing of the town
A historical drawing of the town

Signs of settlement dating back to the Roman Empire era have been found. In the early Middle Ages a fortified settlement of the Prussian people existed at the site, conquered by the Teutonic Knights in 1236. City rights were granted to the settlement in 1416. In 1466 the city with other western Prussian territory passed to the crown of Poland as Royal Prussia. As part of Royal Prussia under Poland and then the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the city functioned as a county seat and a place to hold local court sessions and sejmiks. In 1635 the Treaty of Stuhmsdorf was signed in the village of Stuhmsdorf(now Sztumska Wieś), just south of the city of Stu(h)m (Sztum). In 1772 as a result of the First Partition of Poland the town became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. In 1871 it became part of the newly created German Empire. The city and the surrounding area voted to remain part of Germany in the 1920 plebiscite. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (972x420, 55 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sztum ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (972x420, 55 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sztum ... The Prussians kill Adalbert The Prussian people, or (old) Prussians, inhabited the area around the Curonian and Vistula Lagoons, (in what is now northern Poland), in the region roughly occupied by the Mazurian Lakes. ... The Teutonic Knights or Teutonic Order (Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Ierosolimitanorum, Order of the Teutonic House of Mary in Jerusalem) is a German Roman Catholic religious order formed at the end of the 12th century in Acre in Palestine. ... // Events May 6 - Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler of St Albanss Abbey dies. ... Events May 30 - The Catholic Church burns Jerome of Prague as a heretic. ... Events Chimú Empire conquered by troops of the Inca End of term for Regent of Sweden Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna. ... Map of Royal Prussia Royal Prussia (Polish: Prusy Królewskie, German: Königliches Preussen) was the western part of two parts of Prussia, which previously were governed as one Lands of the Teutonic Order. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A sejmik (diminutive of the Polish sejm, or parliament) was a regional sejm in the pre-partition Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, and earlier in the Kingdom of Poland. ... Treaty of Sztumska WieÅ›, wall painting from Kielce castle. ... Catherine IIs soldiers in the Russo-Turkish War, by Alexandre Benois. ... The Partitions of Poland (Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Poland (or more correctly the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). ... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem: Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I   Capital Berlin Language(s) German (official) Polish (Posen, Upper Silesia, Masuria) French (Alsace-Lorraine) Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871-1888 William I  - 1888 Frederick... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ...


Towards and after the end of World War II, the German inhabitants were either evacuated like most of the German population of East Prussia. After the war, the town, along with the rest of southern East Prussia, was given to Poland under territorial changes promulgated by the Potsdam Conference. The city was resettled by Poles, many of them expellees from Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... The Evacuation of East Prussia refers to the events that took place in East Prussia, especially the evacuation of German population from that area as well as from other Prussian lands in 1944 and 1945. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... Clement Atlee, Harry Truman, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945 The Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945. ... Under the terms of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, adjusted by agreement on 28 September 1939, the Soviet Union annexed all Polish territory east of the line of the rivers Pisa, Narew, Western Bug, and San, except for Wilno Voivodship with its capital Wilno (Vilnius), which was given to Lithuania, and...

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Sztum

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

External links

  • Official town webpage
  • German website of former Kreis Stuhm inhabitants
  • Map via mapa.szukacz.pl

Coordinates: 53°56′N 19°02′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Tourism (638 words)
Sztum is located on the Gdansk-Malbork-Torun tourist route and on R-1 international cycle way, in the very centre of the area where so many Polish Gothic Castles preserved.
Besides the former-Teutonic castle, a parish church is also worth of notice in Sztum since it constitutes one of the main elements of the scenery so much characteristic for the Old Sztum.
Sztum lies on the tourist route known as Szlak Powisla (the Route of Powisle) which runs from Elblag through Malbork to Kwidzyn.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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