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Encyclopedia > Szolnok

Coordinates: 47.17471° 20.17626° Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Szolnok
Country: Hungary
County: Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok
Area: 187.23 km²
Population (2005):
- Density:
76,331
407.68/km²
Postal code: 5000
Area code: 56
Coordinates: 47.17471° N 20.17626° E
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Aerial photography: Szolnok - Hungary
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The Catholic Church
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Szolnok (Romanian: Solnoca) is the capital of the county of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, central Hungary. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1123x748, 53 KB) Location map for Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county, Hungary. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Counties of Hungary Hungary is subdivided administratively into 43 regions. ... Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye), in present Hungary, and also in the former Kingdom of Hungary. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A postal code (known in various countries as a post code, postcode, or ZIP code) is a series of letters and/or digits appended to a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1039x737, 262 KB) Summary This picture ©Copyright Civertan Grafikai Stúdió (Civertan Bt. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1039x737, 262 KB) Summary This picture ©Copyright Civertan Grafikai Stúdió (Civertan Bt. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (768x1024, 148 KB) Author:Sors bona File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Szolnok Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (768x1024, 148 KB) Author:Sors bona File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Szolnok Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (768x1024, 177 KB) Author:Sors bona File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Szolnok Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (768x1024, 177 KB) Author:Sors bona File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Szolnok Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye), in present Hungary, and also in the former Kingdom of Hungary. ...

Contents

History

The area has been inhabited since ancient times. Before the Conquest of Hungary it was inhabited by Scythians, Celts, Avars. The Hungarians settled in the area in the 10th century. This is the history of Hungary. ... Scythian warriors, drawn after figures on an electrum cup from the KulOba kurgan burial near Kerch. ... A Celtic cross. ... Map showing the location of Avar Khaganate, c. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ...


The town was first mentioned in 1075. At that time it was the capital of the comitatus Szolnok. It was named after the steward of its castle. During the Mongol invasion the town became deserted, King Béla IV moved new settlers there, but it remained a small village for a long time. Events Revolt of the Earls. ... The Mongol invasions of Europe were centered in their destruction of the Rus states, especially Kiev. ... Béla IV (1206-1270) was the king of Hungary between 1235 and 1270. ...


In 15501551, when the Ottoman Empire threatened with invading the country, the castle was fortified and a town wall was built. The Ottomans besieged the castle which was surrendered to them in on September 4, 1552. Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... Events Russia, Reforming Synod of the metropolite Macaire, Orthodoxy: introduction of a calendar of the saints and an ecclesiastical law code ( Stoglav ) Major outbreak of the sweating sickness in England. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1683) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... The wars of the Ottoman Empire in Europe marked the better part of the history of southeastern Europe, notably, giving infamy to the Balkans. ... September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... Events April - War between Henry II of France and Emperor Charles V. Henry invades Lorraine and captures Toul, Metz, and Verdun. ...


The Ottomans built a mosque, a public bath and a minaret in the town. Most of the buildings have been destroyed since then. The only Turkish codex made in Hungary was copied in Szolnok. The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Minarets (Arabic manara منارة, but more usually مئذنة) are distinctive architectural features of Islamic mosques. ... First page of the Codex Argenteus A codex (Latin for block of wood, book; plural codices) is a handwritten book, in general, one produced from Late Antiquity through the Middle Ages. ...


The town was freed from Ottoman rule in 1685, but it was completely destroyed during the revolution led by Prince Rákóczi in the early 18th century. The comitatus of Outer Szolnok was temporarily annexed to Comitatus Heves. Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... Francis II Rákóczi Francis II Rákóczi (Borsi, March 27, 1676 - Rodosto, Ottoman Empire, April 8, 1735) was the leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburgs in 1703-11 as the prince (fejedelem) of the Estates Confederated for Liberty of the Kingdom of Hungary. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... This article is about the county. ...


The town started to prosper again in the 18th century. The controlling of the river Tisza and the steamship traffic increased the town's importance. From 1847 Szolnok is connected to Pest by railway. The Tisza in Szeged, Hungary Length 1358 km Elevation of the source  ?  m Average discharge  ?  m³/s Area watershed  ?  km² Origin  Ukraine Mouth  Dunav (Danube) Basin countries Ukraine, Romania, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia and Montenegro Tisza ([ˈtisa], Hungarian; Ukrainian Tysa/Тиса Romanian, Slovak and Serbian Tisa) is a river, a tributary of... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Pest (in Slovak Pešť, pron. ...


The citizens of Szolnok took part in the revolution against Habsburg rule in 1848-49. In the Battle of Szolnok the Austrians were defeated by the armies of General Damjanich. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


After the Ausgleich the population and importance of Szolnok grew. In 1876 Szolnok became capital of the comitatus again. In 1879 it already had 16.000 residents. The German term Ausgleich (Hungarian kiegyezés) refers to the compromise or composition of February 1867 that established the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary, which was signed by Franz Joseph of Austria and a Hungarian delegation led by Ferenc Deák. ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


The town suffered a lot during World War I and World War II. Most of the residents freed, the Soviet army found only a few people in the town. Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Soviet redirects here. ...


During the Socialist era Szolnok began to prosper again. Factories were built, and the touristic importance grew when the thermal bath was opened. Socialism refers to a broad array of doctrines or political movements that envisage a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to social control. ...


Szolnok was granted the rank of city with county rights on November 13, 1990. November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ...


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Famous people

The Synagogue (Today: Gallery of Szolnok)
The Synagogue (Today: Gallery of Szolnok)

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 199 KB) Author:Sors bona File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Szolnok Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 199 KB) Author:Sors bona File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Szolnok Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner...

Born in Szolnok

  • Arpád Račko (1930) Czech sculptor
  • Zoltán Jeney (1943) composer

The Marathoner statue The statue of the Košice‘s Coat-of-arms The academic sculptor Arpád Račko (born on July 17, 1930 in Szolnok, Hungary) is a famous Slovak sculptor. ... Zoltán Jeney (b. ...

Lived in Szolnok

Bertalan Farkas Bertalan Farkas (born August 2, 1949) was the first Hungarian cosmonaut and was the first Hungarian and the first Esperantist in space. ... Martin Nedić (Tolisa April 1, 1810 – April 26, 1895) was a Croatian poet. ... Viktor Orbán in the Hungarian Parliament,1997   (b. ...

Twin towns

Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... County MaramureÅŸ County Status County capital Mayor Cristian Anghel, National Liberal Party, since 2000 Area 235. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland_(bordered). ... Riihimäki (literally Drying barn height in English) is a town and municipality in the south of Finland, about 69 km north of Helsinki and 109 km southeast of Tampere. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Reutlingen is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_(bordered). ... Motto: none Voivodship Silesian Municipal government Rada Miejska w Bielsku-Białej Mayor Jacek Krywult Area 125 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 190 780 - 1526/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 49°50 N 19°04 E Area code +48 33 Car plates SB Twin towns Acco, Baia Mare... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Country Italy Region Emilia-Romagna Province Forlì-Cesena (FC) Mayor Nadia Masini (since June 14, 2004) Elevation 34 m Area 228 km² Population  - Total 110,209  - Density 472/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Forlivesi Dialing code 0543 Postal code 47100 Frazioni see list Patron Beata Vergine del... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel_(bordered). ... Shoham (Hebrew: שוהם, meaning onyx) is a town (local council) in the Center District of Israel. ...

External links

  • Official site (Hungarian, English and German)
  • Link collection
  • Aerial photography: Szolnok
Counties of Hungary Flag of Hungary
Counties: Bács-Kiskun | Baranya | Békés | Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén | Csongrád | Fejér | Győr-Moson-Sopron | Hajdú-Bihar | Heves | Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok | Komárom-Esztergom | Nógrád | Pest | Somogy | Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg | Tolna | Vas | Veszprém | Zala
Urban counties: Békéscsaba | Debrecen | Dunaújváros | Eger | Érd | Győr | Hódmezővásárhely | Kaposvár | Kecskemét | Miskolc | Nagykanizsa | Nyíregyháza | Pécs | Salgótarján | Sopron | Szeged | Szekszárd | Székesfehérvár | Szolnok | Szombathely | Tatabánya | Veszprém | Zalaegerszeg
Capital: Budapest
See also: Administrative divisions of the Kingdom of Hungary; Geography of Hungary

  Results from FactBites:
 
Szolnok, Hungary (270 words)
Szolnok, 100km (62mi.) southeast from Budapest on the confluence of the Zagyva and the Tisza, is the most important center for transport and communication in the Great Plain (with a river port).
The frequent devastation of the town means that little of historical interest remains, except for handsome 19th C streets in the inner town.
In 1552 the Turks conquered the castle; for 130 years Szolnok was a "Sandschak", a Turkish administrative and military center.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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