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Encyclopedia > Systembolaget
Systembolaget
Type Government enterprise
Founded 1955
Headquarters Sweden
Key people Olof Johansson, Chairman
Anitra Steen, CEO
Industry Liquor
Products Alcoholic beverages
Revenue 18,083 million SEK (2005)
Operating income 512 million SEK (2005)
Employees 4,397 (2005)
Website www.systembolaget.se

Systembolaget (Pronunciation ; colloquially known as systemet "the system" or bolaget "the company"; literal English translation: the System Company) is a government owned chain of liquor stores in Sweden. It is the only retail store allowed to sell alcoholic beverages that contain more than 3.5% (by volume) alcohol. Systembolaget also sells alcohol-free beverages. To buy alcoholic beverages at Systembolaget one has to be 20 years of age or older. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1720x992, 1699 KB) Summary Logotype of Systembolaget Licensing This is a logo of an organization, item, or event, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... This is a list of Swedish government owned companies: Wholly Owned Akademiska Hus Apoteket Green Cargo Göta kanal LKAB Posten Samhall SJ SBAB Sveaskog Swedish Space Corporation Systembolaget Teracom Vasakronan AB (through Civitas Holding AB) Vattenfall V&S Group Shared ownership Nordea (18,2%) OMX AB (9,5%) SAS (21... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Olof Johansson (born July 31, 1931) is a Swedish politician, who was the leader of the Swedish Centre Party from 1987 to 1998 and Minister for the Environment 1991-1994. ... Anitra Steen (born May 13, 1949 in Fagersta, Westmannia, Sweden) is a Swedish civil servant. ... Spirits redirects here. ... Alcoholic beverages are drinks containing ethanol, popularly called alcohol. ... For the tax agency in Ireland of the same name, see Revenue Commissioners. ... ISO 4217 Code SEK User(s) Sweden Inflation 2. ... Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), also known as operating income and operating profit, is a term used to describe a companys earnings. ... ISO 4217 Code SEK User(s) Sweden Inflation 2. ... This article is about work. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... A liquor store in Decatur, Georgia. ... An alcohol monopoly is a government monopoly on some or all alcoholic beverages. ... Grain alcohol redirects here. ...

Contents

Governing laws

There are several laws and rules governing how Systembolaget stores operate, such as:

  • All products, including beer cans and bottles, are sold individually (except some special orders where you might have to buy several beer cans and bottles which is usually equal to the minimum order).
  • Discounts, such as "Buy 1, get 1 free" and "One can 1.50, two cans 2.50" type deals are prohibited.
  • Although offers are prohibited local shop managers are still driven by sales, and keeps regularly consumed alcohol, such as beer furthest away from the entrance to encourage purchase of other liquors on the way to the cashier.[citation needed] Hence the contradiction when the Swedish government maintains that the monopoly is to lower the consumption and the damage alcohol does on the public health.
  • No product may be favored, which in effect means that either all the beers have to be refrigerated, or none. The second option is employed.

In June 2007, a panel of EU judges commented that restrictions on the import of alcohol were unjustified,[1] and not in the interest of the free movement of goods. This was regarding private import of alcohol by postal package. The shop monopoly is accepted by the EU. Refrigeration is the process of removing heat from an enclosed space, or from a substance, and rejecting it elsewhere for the primary purpose of lowering the temperature of the enclosed space or substance and then maintaining that lower temperature. ... June 2007 is the sixth month of that year. ...


Domestic and international market

Serving a market of 9 million Swedes, Systembolaget is the world's largest buyer of wine and spirits from producers around the world. This has, ironically, led to the result that while Swedes from the southern part of the country often travel to Germany and other parts of Scandinavia to buy cheap beer and liquor, Germans and even people from France travel to the southernmost parts of Sweden to buy expensive bottles of wine at a price that would sometimes be considered a bargain at home. This results from the discounts that Systembolaget gets from its position in the global market, the fact that the Swedish tax on alcohol is based solely on the amount of alcohol (and not as a percentage of the sales price) which greatly reduces the tax impact for expensive wine, and also the fact that Systembolaget has an identical markup (17% added) on every sold item. This article or section needs to be wikified. ...


Taxation and pricing

As other government owned monopolies within free trade areas, there are several aspects that govern the operation. All product selections and displays must be based on customer preferences, every producer and distributor must be handled the same way. All marketing activities must be for the company itself and its own services, never for an individual product. This is also the reason why all products are taxed on alcohol content, not on price, and that all products are sold with the same profit margin. This explains why a cheap vodka can be seen as expensive, while an exclusive single malt whisky can be seen as cheap, compared to international prices. Profit margin is a measure of profitability. ... Vodka bottling machine, Shatskaya Vodka Shatsk, Russia Vodka (Polish: wódka, Russian: водка) is one of the worlds most popular distilled beverages. ... For other uses, see Whisky (disambiguation). ...

The traditional layout of a Systembolaget store, with counters where customers place their orders. Today an increasing number of stores are converted to supermarket-style self-service.
The traditional layout of a Systembolaget store, with counters where customers place their orders. Today an increasing number of stores are converted to supermarket-style self-service.

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1994x1329, 507 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Systembolaget ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1994x1329, 507 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Systembolaget ...

History

In 1766 the Swedish king, Adolf Fredrik, decided, after several unsuccessful attempts at regulating alcohol consumption, to abolish all restrictions. This led to virtually every household making and selling alcohol. At the beginning of the 1800s, the Swedish people were supposed to have drunk an average of 45 litres of pure alcohol a year, from 175,000 distillers (most of them for household-production only), using tremendous amounts of grain and potatoes that otherwise would have been consumed as food. Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... Adolf Frederick King of Sweden Adolf Frederick (Adolf Fredrik) (May 14, 1710 – February 12, 1771), was King of Sweden from 1751 until his death. ... Alcoholic beverages An alcoholic beverage is a drink containing ethanol, commonly known as alcohol, although in chemistry the definition of alcohol includes many other compounds. ...


In 1830, the first moderate drinking society was started in Stockholm. A few decades later, the first complete temperance organisation was formed. Private gain from selling alcohol was hugely criticised by these groups, and this opinion was embraced by doctors and members of the church. In 1850, alcohol began to be regulated by the state. In the city of Falun, a state organisation was created whose job it was to regulate all alcohol sales in the city and make sure it was being done responsibly. Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... A cartoon from Australia ca. ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see State (disambiguation). ... For the spiritual practice, see Falun Gong Falun, IPA /fɑːlʉn/, is a city in central Sweden, in the province of Dalarna at . ...


In 1860, a bar was opened in Gothenburg where the state had handpicked the employees and decided how the bar should be run. Anti-social or intoxicated people were to be excluded. This was where people both bought and drank their alcohol. This was also the year it became illegal to sell to people under the age of 18. Similar state-regulated bars and stores began to open in other towns across the country, and they were hugely successful. Originally the profits were kept privately by the owners, but in 1870 the state decided all profits should go to the state. 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... For other uses, see Gothenburg (disambiguation). ... Singles bar redirects here. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


During the First World War, alcohol was heavily rationed. The state bars and stores started registering purchases. People were allowed only two litres of liqour every three months, and beer was banned. After the war, the rationing continued. Sex, income, wealth and social status decided how much alcohol you were allowed to buy. Unemployed people and married women were not allowed to buy anything at all. A referendum on prohibition in 1922 advised government not to issue total prohibition. The rationing system was very unpopular. When even the temperance movement protested against it (they felt it encouraged consumption), the government decided a new policy was needed. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Gas ration stamps being printed as a result of the 1973 oil crisis Rationing is the controlled distribution of resources and scarce goods or services: it restricts how much people are allowed to buy or consume. ... Alcoholic beverages An alcoholic beverage is a drink containing ethanol, commonly known as alcohol, although in chemistry the definition of alcohol includes many other compounds. ... For other uses, see Beer (disambiguation). ... CIA figures for world unemployment rates, 2006 Unemployment is the state in which a person is without work, available to work, and is currently seeking work. ... A referendum on prohibition of alcohol was held in Sweden on the 27 of August, 1922. ... A cartoon from Australia ca. ...


In 1955 the rationing system was abolished, and people were allowed to start buying as much alcohol as they wanted from Systembolaget stores. This led to increased consumption, so the government increased taxes heavily and made it the law that everyone had to show ID to get served. In 1965 it became legal for privately run stores to sell beer up to 4.5% with an age limit of 18. This lasted for 12 years. After alcohol consumption – especially that of light beers – rose dramatically, the limit was lowered to 3.5%. Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Beer (disambiguation). ...


After 1990 the Systembolaget began having the bottles on shelves, that the customer picks himself and pay at the exit, like any food shop. This was introduced gradually in shop after shop during a ten year period. Until then the customers had to ask the shop attendant for products he wanted to buy. This older method was to avoid tempting people to buy more than planned.

A look inside a self-service Systembolaget in Södertälje, Sweden.
A look inside a self-service Systembolaget in Södertälje, Sweden.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1170x780, 120 KB) Created by me October, 2006 in Södertälje, Sweden I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1170x780, 120 KB) Created by me October, 2006 in Södertälje, Sweden I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Corruption controversy

The corruption scandal first gained widespread media attention in the autumn of 2003, with Systembolaget issuing its first press release regarding the preliminary investigations on 7 November 2003.[2] On 11 February 2005, 77 managers of Systembolaget stores were charged with receiving bribes from suppliers, and one of the largest trials in modern Swedish history followed. 18 managers were found guilty on December 19, and then on February 23 another 15 managers were found guilty.[3] [4] Systembolaget has also received criticism for keeping Anitra Steen as CEO in spite of her marriage to then prime minister Göran Persson. is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anitra Steen (born May 13, 1949 in Fagersta, Westmannia, Sweden) is a Swedish civil servant. ... Hans Göran Persson ( ) (born January 20, 1949), was the thirty-first Prime Minister of Sweden (1996 – 2006). ...


Other alcoholic monopolies

Alko is the national alcoholic beverage retailing monopoly in Finland. ... Vinmonopolet (Lit. ... Vínbúð is a chain of 46 stores run by the Icelandic alcohol & tobacco monopoly - ÁTVR, locally called “ríkið” which litterally means “The State”. It is the only place on Iceland where it is possible to buy alcohol legally. ... This article covers various topics involving alcoholic beverages in Canada. ... The Liquor Control Board of Ontario (LCBO) is a Crown corporation selling liquor, wine, and beer in Ontario through a chain of retail stores. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 107 Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... SAQ Express branches sell only the most popular products and are located on major commercial arteries in large cities such as pictured here in Montreal. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... The National Alcohol Beverage Control Association was established in 1937 as the nationwide organization representing the interests of alcohol beverage control or monopoly sale states in the U.S. Its stated mission is to support those states and areas in which governmental agencies exclusively wholesale and/or retail some form... The Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board (PLCB) is an independent government agency that manages the beverage alcohol industry in Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...

References

  1. ^ Swedish booze import ban 'wrong'. BBC News (5 June 2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-06.
  2. ^ Systembolaget’s response to the current preliminary investigation. Systembolaget (7 November 2003). Retrieved on 2007-06-06.
  3. ^ 77 Systembolaget managers prosecuted for bribery. The Local (14 February 2005). Retrieved on 2007-06-06.
  4. ^ Systembolaget managers fined. The Local (23 February 2005). Retrieved on 2007-06-06.

BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Local is an English-language online newspaper published in Sweden. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Local is an English-language online newspaper published in Sweden. ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Alcoholic beverages are as common in Sweden as in most of the western world. ... A cartoon from Australia ca. ...

External links

  • Systembolaget Demystified - The Scandinavian Insider Magazine
  • Systembolaget to pay SEK 40 million - The Scandinavian Insider Magazine

  Results from FactBites:
 
Systembolaget: Information from Answers.com (951 words)
Systembolaget (colloquially known as systemet or bolaget, the literal English translation would be The System Company) is a government owned chain of liquor stores in Sweden.
The corruption scandal first gained widespread media attention in the autumn of 2003, with Systembolaget issuing its first press release regarding the preliminary investigations on November 7, 2003 [1].
Systembolaget has also received criticism for keeping Anitra Steen as CEO in spite of her marriage to then prime minister Göran Persson.
Veritas: Analyzing Systembolaget's Little Monopoly Analysis (1509 words)
In recent times though, Systembolaget itself has largely remained outside of the political debate, prefering instead to do the job with which it was entrusted and to do this job well.
Systembolaget has probably never been in as grave jeopardy as it is now.
In recent days, Systembolaget launched a campaign to attempt to bolster public support for the monopoly in a time-honored Swedish way: by treating Swedes like children.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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