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Encyclopedia > Syro Malabar Catholic Church


Founded by Saint Thomas the Apostle, this church was known as the Saint Thomas Christians. Later, in the 4th century, a settlement of Jewish Christians was founded in Kottayam by Thomas Kynai at the behest of the Catholicos of the Assyrian Church of the East. Thomas was one of the 12 apostles of Jesus. ... St. ... Catholicos (plural Catholicoi) is a title used by the head bishop of any of certain Eastern churches. ... The Assyrian Church of the East is a church that traces its origins to the See of Babylon, said to be founded by Saint Thomas the Apostle. ...

There are two main schools of thoughts about the history of this church until 16th century. Eastern Church historians argue that this church was in communion with the Catholic Church even before 16th century. When the Portuguese arrived they had no problem in affirming that communion. However the church did not have strong relations with Rome as it was outside the Roman Empire. But it was strongly in communion with the church in Persian Empire or the (Nestorian) Church of the East. They, deny, however any Nestorian tendencies, themselves. The Roman Catholic Church believes its founding was based on Jesus appointment of Saint Peter as the primary church leader, later Bishop of Rome. ... The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus). ... The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... The term Nestorianism is eponymous, even though the person who lent his name to it always denied the associated belief. ...

Most of the Western historians are of the opinion that the controversial Synod of Diamper(1599) formally united the Syro-Malabar Church to the Catholic Church. Synod of Diamper - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... Events Swedish King Sigismund III Vasa is replaced by his brother Charles IX of Sweden. ...

What is clear is that after the arrival of the Portuguese there were significant tensions regarding the appointment of Portuguese to positions of authority.

In 1962 however the Pre-Diamper Chaldean Rite Liturgy was restored, though with some modifications. Currently the Divine Liturgy of Addai and Mari is celebrated in Malayalam, the native language of Kerala. The Divine Liturgy of Addai and Mari belongs to the Chaldean liturgical family. ... Malayalam (മലയാളം) is the major language of the state of Kerala, in southern India. ... ...


 * AD52 Arrival of St. Thomas the Apostole * 72 Martyrdom of St. Thomas the Apostole at Mylapore * 250-325 Bishops Mar David & Mar Yohannan ("Metropolitan of India") * 345 Arrival of Thomas of Cana at Kodungalloor * 9th Centuary Chaldean Patriarch, Timeotheus I sends Bishop Mar Sapore(Kollam) Mar Proth (Kodungalloor). * May 20, 1498 Vasco da Gama's arrival * 1504 Bishop Mar Yacob (Kodungalloor) * June 6, 1542 Francis Xavier's preaching * 1555 Bishop Mar Joseph takes charge. * 1564 Mar Abraham appointed Archbishop of Angamaly (Pope Pius IV) * February 23, 1565 Establishment of Archdiocese of Angamaly as Metropolitan see * 1597 Mar Abraham the last Syrian Bishop died. * June 20, 1599 Synod of Diamper * December 7, 1603 Angamaly Synod * December 3, 1609 Archdiocese of Kodungalloor established * December 22, 1610 Archbishop Menezes of Goa restricts the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan of St. Thomas Christians from the north of Malabar to the south. * January 3, 1653 Koonan Cross Oath * December, 1647 Archbishop Garcia Appoints Fr. Jerome Furtado as Vicar General in place of the traditional Archdeacon * 1657 Bishop Sebastiani OCD takes charge * January 31, 1663 Fr. Alexander Palliveettil (Parambil) appointed the first Syrian Vicar Apostolic of Malabar. * June 29, 1704 John Ribeiro S. J. appointed Abp. of Kodungalloor (Padroado) * December 16, 1782 Mar Joseph Kariatty appointed Archbishop of Kodungalloor * September 10, 1786 Archbishop Kariatty dies. Paremmackal Thoma Kathanar Gubernador of the Archdiocese of Kodungalloor. * February 1, 1787 Angamaly Padiyola * December 30, 1822 - Mar Paulose O.P. Archbishop Kodungalloor * December 20, 1823 Mar Paulose Died in Ollicary, Kollam. * December 22, 1823 Mar Paulose buried in Metropolitan Church Changanassery * June 8, 1861 Fr. Kuriakos Elias Chavara appointed Vicar General for Syrians. * 1865 Jurisdiction of East Syrian Patriarch over St. Thomas Christians terminated. * August 13, 1866 Establishment of Seminary at Puthenpally. * November 11, 1877 Bishop Marcellinus OCD appointed Bishop for the Syrians. * March 19, 1878 Bishop Marcellinus OCD . * 1886 The Metropolitan See of Kodungalloor - Angamaly - suppressed. St. Thomas Christians placed under the Vicar Apostolic of Varapuzha. * May 20, 1887 Two independent Vicariates of Kottayam and Trissur for Syrians.(Quod Jampridem, Leo XIII) * July 28, 1896 Vicariate of Ernakulam created, with territories from both Vicariates. (Quae Rei Sacrae, Leo XIII) * December 21, 1923 Establishment of Syro Malabar Hierarchy with Ernakulam as the Metropolitan See (Romani Pontifices, Pope Pius XI). * June 1, 1932 Establishment of Mangalapuzha Seminary. * July 29, 1956 The diocese of Changanassery made Metropolitan See * July 3, 1962 Establishment of St. Thomas Apostolic Seminary , Vadavathoor * December 16, 1992 Major Archiepiscopal see of Ernakulam - Angamali created. * January 29, 1993 Cardinal Antony Padiyara, the first Major Archbishop (Quae Majori Christifidelium ,John Paul II), Mar Abraham Kattumana, Pontifical Delegate * May 20, 1993 Cardinal Padiyara takes charge. First Synod of the Church. * May 27, 1995 Blessing and inauguration of the temporary headquarters of the Church at Kakanad * December 18, 1996 Cardinal Padiyara's resignation accepted. Archbishop Mar Varkey Vithayathil CSSR, Apostolic Administrator of Ernakulam-Angamali. * February 3, 1998 Major Archiepiscopal Headquarters at Mount St. Thomas, Kakkanad * November 9, 1998 First Major Archiepiscopal Assembly * July 6, 2001 In USA St. Thomas Diocese of Chicago established * March 2, 2003 Establishment of the Diocese of Idukki 

His Beatitude, Cardinal Varkey Mar Vithayathil is Major Archbishop and head of this Church. He is based in the Ernakulam - Angamaly Diocese, Kerala, India. A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official in the Roman Catholic Church, ranking just below the Pope and appointed by him as a member of the College of Cardinals during a consistory. ... His Eminence Varkey Cardinal Vithayathil (born 29 May 1927) is a Cardinal Priest and the Major Archbishop of Ernakulam-Angamaly of the Syro-Malabars in India in the Roman Catholic Church. ... In the Roman Catholic Church, a major archbishop is an Eastern Rite hierarch who has the same jurisdiction in his sui juris particular church that an Eastern rite patriarch does, but whose episcopal see is less prestigious than a patriarchal see. ... ...


Syro-Malabar Church has its presence all over the world. However the proper territory assigned for this Church is limited in India, that too in South India. There are 26 Syro-Malabar dioceses world wide though only 15 of them come under the direct control of the Major Archbishop. The rest of the dioceses are directly under the Pope and the Major Archbishop has only limited control over them. A map of South India, its rivers, regions and water bodies. ... The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Catholic Church. ...

Arch Dioceses

The believers of this church are organized under 5 Archdioceses. All the five are in Kerala.

 * Arch Diocese of Eranakulam-Angamaly * Arch Diocese if Changanassery * Arch Diocese of Thrissur * Arch Diocese of Thalassery * Arch Diocese of Kottayam 

Suffragan Dioceses

Suffragan dioceses are those which come under any of the 5 Arch dioceses. There are 10 suffragans within the proper territory of Syro-Malabar Church.

 * Diocese of Kothamangalam * Diocese of Idukki * Diocese of Kanjirappally * Diocese of Pala * Diocese of Thucklay * Diocese of Irinjalakkuda * Diocese of Palakkad * Diocese of Thamarassery * Diocese of Belthangady * Diocese of Mananthavady 

Mission Dioceses

Mission dioceses are those which are outside the proper territory of the Church. There are 11 mission dioceses including one in North America. The mission dioceses are under the direct jurisdiction of the Holy See. These dioceses are suffragans of the nearby Latin Arch Dioceses.

 * Diocese of Adilabad * Diocese of Bijnor * Diocese of Chanda * Diocese of Ghorakpur * Diocese of Jagadalpur * Diocese of Kalyan * Diocese of Rajkot * Diocese of Sagar * Diocese of Satna * Diocese of Ujjain * St. Thomas Diocese of Chicago 

  Results from FactBites:
Syro-Malabar Catholic Church - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (818 words)
The Syro-Malabar Catholic Church is a Major Archiepiscopal Eastern Rite Church sui iuris with historical ties to the Chaldean Catholic Church in communion with the Church of Rome.
Later, in the 4th century, a settlement of Jewish Christians was founded in Kottayam in Southern India by Thomas Kynai at the behest of the Catholicos of the Assyrian Church of the East.
December 22, 1610 Archbishop Menezes of Goa restricts the jurisdiction of the Metropolitan of St. Thomas Christians from the north of Malabar to the south.
  More results at FactBites »



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