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Encyclopedia > Syrmia
Map of the Syrmia region
Map of the Syrmia region

Syrmia (Serbian: Srem (Cyrillic: Срем), Croatian: Srijem) is a fertile region of the Pannonian plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. It is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the west. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1008x600, 41 KB)Map of Syrmia region (self made) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1008x600, 41 KB)Map of Syrmia region (self made) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The Pannonian Plain is a large plain in Central Europe that remained when the Pliocene Pannonian Sea (see below) dried out. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ... Sava also Save (in Serbian: Сава; German: Save; Hungarian: Száva) is a river in Europe, a right side tributary of Danube at Belgrade. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian, cyrillic script1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved June...


Most of Syrmia is located in the Srem and South Bačka districts of Serbia's Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. A small part of the region around Novi Beograd, Zemun, and Surčin is a part of Central Serbia. The westernmost part lies in eastern Croatia, in the Vukovar-Srijem county. Srem District within Vojvodina Srem District (Serbian: Sremski okrug, Croatian: Srijemski okrug, Hungarian: Szerémségi Körzet, Slovak: Sriemski okres, Romanian: Districtul Srem) is a northwestern district of Serbia. ... South Bačka (Južna Bačka) District within Vojvodina map of South Bačka District South Bačka District (Serbian: Južnobački okrug or Јужнобачки округ, Croatian: Južnobački okrug, Hungarian: Dél Bácskai Körzet, Slovak: Juhobáčsky okres, Romanian: Districtul Backa de Sud) is a northern... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian, cyrillic script1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved June... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... Coat of Arms of Novi Beograd Novi Beograd (Нови Београд, New Belgrade) is a part of Belgrade located on the left bank of Sava river. ... Location in Serbia General Information Mayor or municipality president Gordana Pop-Lazić Land area 153,56km² Population (2002 census) 145,751 (152,950 municipality) Population density (2002) 996 per km² Coordinates [1] Area code +381 11 Subdivisions 4 settlements in the municipality License plate code BG Time zone UTC+1... Surčin (Сурчин) is a town just west of Belgrade. ... The term Serbia proper is often used in English to refer to the part of Serbia that lies outside the northern and southern autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. ... Vukovar-Srijem county - Vukovarsko-srijemska županija is the easternmost Croatian county which includes southeastern parts of Slavonia, western parts of Srijem, and the lower Sava river basin (Posavina). ...

Contents

Name

Today, the Serbian language usually use name Srem to designate region, while Croatian language use name Srijem. However, name Srijem is also used in the Ijekavian variety of the Serbian language and in the past was often used by the Serbs who inhabited region. For example, the title of an old Serbian national song, "Od Srijema Rajko", that speak about Radoslav Čelnik, the 16th century ruler of Syrmia, use Ijekavian variant of the name of the region. Shtokavian (Å tokavian, Å¡tokavski/штокавски) is the primary dialect of the Central South Slavic languages system, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian language. ... Radoslav ÄŒelnik (Радослав Челник) was a duke (voivod) of Srem in the 16th century. ...


Other names for the region include:

Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Sremska Mitrovica (Сремска Митровица) is a city located in the Vojvodina province of Serbia and Montenegro at 44. ... Pannonian Rusyn or simply Rusyn (Ruthenian) is a Slavic language or dialect spoken in north-western Serbia and eastern Croatia (therefore also called Yugoslavo-Ruthenian, Vojvodina-Ruthenian or Bačka-Ruthenian). ...

History

Throughout its history, Syrmia has been a part of the Roman Empire, Hun Empire, Avar Khaganate, the Gepid Kingdom, Byzantine Empire, Bulgarian Empire, the Kingdom of Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, the Habsburg Monarchy, the Austrian Empire, Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Since 1991/1992, the region was divided between Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (in the east) and Croatia (in the west). In 2003, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was trasformed into state union of Serbia and Montenegro, which was abolished in 2006, thus the eastern part of Syrmia is now part of an independent Serbia. The Roman Empire is the name given to both the imperial domain developed by the city-state of Rome and also the corresponding phase of that civilization, characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... The Huns were a confederation of Eurasian tribes who appeared in Europe in the 4th century, the most famous person being Attila. ... Map showing the location of Avar Khaganate, c. ... The Gepids (Latin Gepidae) were a Germanic tribe most famous in history for defeating the Huns after the death of Attila. ... What Up. ... First Bulgarian Empire Second Bulgarian Empire This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság) is the name of a multiethnic kingdom that existed in Central Europe from 1000 to 1918. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1683) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Kostantiniyye (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian Monarchy or simply Austria, are the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy The Crown of the Austrian Emperor For the history of these states before 1804, see Holy Roman Empire, Habsburg Monarchy, and articles on each of the component countries. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Bože Pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino and Naprej zastava slave medley Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbo-Croat and Slovenian Government Constitutional monarchy (1918-1929) Royal dictatorship (1929-1941)  - King Peter I (1918-1921)  - King Alexander I (1921-1934)  - King Peter... It has been suggested that Democratic Federal Yugoslavia be merged into this article or section. ... Official language Serbian written in Cyrillic alphabet1 Capital Belgrade2 President3 Svetozar Marović Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 105th 102,350 km² 0. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian, cyrillic script1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved June...


The name Syrmia derives from the name of the ancient city of Sirmium, today Sremska Mitrovica. Sirmium originally was an Illyrian town conquered by Romans in the 1st century BC. Opposing Roman rule, Illyrian tribes from the region started uprising in AD 6 lead by Baton and Pines. Sremska Mitrovica (Сремска Митровица) is a city located in the Vojvodina province of Serbia and Montenegro at 44. ... New pedestrian bridge built in 1993, connecting Sremska Mitrovica and Mačvanska Mitrovica Sremska Mitrovica (Serbian: Сремска Митровица or Sremska Mitrovica, Rusin: Сримска Митровица, Croatian: Sr(ij)emska Mitrovica, Hungarian: Szávaszentdemeter, German: Syrmisch Mitrowitz, Latin: Sirmium) is a city located in the Vojvodina province of Serbia and Montenegro at 44. ... This article is about an ancient civilization in southeastern Europe; see also Illyria (software), Illyria (character in the TV series Angel). ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 1st century BC started on January 1, 100 BC and ended on December 31, 1 BC. An alternative name for this century is the last century BC. The AD/BC notation does not use a year zero. ... Dionysius Exiguus invented Anno Domini years to date Easter. ... Baton can refer to: // Instruments Baton (via French bâton = stick from Late Latin bastum = stout staff, probably of Gaulish origin) refers to several types of cylindrical or tapered instruments composed of a wide variety of materials (finished, not wood in the natural state), with differing functions:- A baton (billy... This article deals with the tree; for the e-mail client see Pine email client Species About 115. ...


Sirmium was an important city in the Roman Empire. It was the economic capital of Roman Pannonia and one of four capital cities of the Empire. Six Roman Emperors were born in this city or in its surroundings: Decius Traian (249-251), Aurelian (270-275), Probus (276-282), Maximianus Herculius (285-310), Constantius II (337-361) and Gratian (367-383). These emperors were mostly Romanised Illyrians by origin. The Roman province Pannonia Secunda, which included Syrmia and parts of present day Slavonia and Bosnia was administered from Sirmium. Sremska Mitrovica (Сремска Митровица) is a city located in the Vojvodina province of Serbia and Montenegro at 44. ... The Roman Empire is the name given to both the imperial domain developed by the city-state of Rome and also the corresponding phase of that civilization, characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... Position of the Roman province of Pannonia Pannonia is an ancient country bounded north and east by the Danube, conterminous westward with Noricum and upper Italy, and southward with Dalmatia and upper Moesia. ... This is a list of Roman Emperors with the dates they controlled the Roman Empire. ... Bust of Traianus Decius. ... Lucius Domitius Aurelianus (September 9, 214–275), known in English as Aurelian, Roman Emperor (270–275), was the second of several highly successful soldier-emperors who helped the Roman Empire regain its power during the latter part of the third century and the beginning of the fourth. ... This antoninianus minted under Probus (c. ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... Flavius Iulius Constantius, known in English as Constantius II, (7 August 317 - 3 November 361) was a Roman Emperor (337 - 361) of the Constantinian dynasty. ... A coin of Gratian. ... Pannonia Secunda map The Pannonia Secunda was ancient Roman province. ... Coat of arms Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Approximate borders between Bosnia (marked light) and Herzegovina (marked dark) Historically and geographically, the region known as Bosnia (natively Bosna/Босна) comprises the northern part of the present-day country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ...


Pannonia, a province of the Byzantine Empire, existed in Syrmia in the 6th century and capital city of this province was Sirmium. In the 7th century, the ruler of Syrmia was Kuber, a Bulgar leader, who ruled over the region as Avar vassal. In the beginning of the 9th century, Syrmia was for the short time part of state of Ljudevit Posavski (Pannonia), and after the Frankish conquest of the region, Bulgarians conquered its eastern part. The mountain Fruška Gora got its name after the old Serbo-Croatian name for Frankish people - Fruzi (Frug=Frank, Fruzi=Franks, fruški=Frankish). What Up. ... This Buddhist stela from China, Northern Wei period, was built in the early 6th century. ... For the Hindu god, see Kubera Khan Kuber (Кубер in Bulgarian, also spelled Kuver) was a Bulgar leader from the 7th century who belonged to the same clan as the Danubian Bulgarian khan Asparukh - they both were sons of khan Kubrat. ... Prince Ljudevit Posavski ruled 810 - 823; ruler of Pannonia (continental Croatia). ... Statue of Charlemagne (also called Karl der Große, Charles the Great) in Frankfurt, Germany. ... FruÅ¡ka Gora (Фрушка гора) is a mountain in Srem/Srijem. ...

Territory ruled by Sermon, a duke of Syrmia.
Territory ruled by Sermon, a duke of Syrmia.

In the 11th century, the ruler of Syrmia was duke Sermon, vassal of Bulgarian emperor Samuil. Sermon produced his own golden coins in present day Sremska Mitrovica. After Bulgarians were defeated by Byzantine Empire, Sermon was captured and killed, because he refused to comply with new authorities. Image File history File links Ahtum_sermon01. ... Image File history File links Ahtum_sermon01. ... Territory ruled by Sermon Also see: Sermon (disambiguation) Sermon was an 11th century ruler of Srem, vassal of Bulgarian emperor Samuil. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Territory ruled by Sermon Also see: Sermon (disambiguation) Sermon was an 11th century ruler of Srem, vassal of Bulgarian emperor Samuil. ... Tsar Samuil of Bulgaria (c. ...


After the defeat of Sermon, the area was included into the Byzantine Empire, and the new duke who ruled over the region was Diogenes. The Thema of Sirmium was a province of the Byzantine Empire in the 11th century. This province included both, the region of Syrmia and the present day region of Mačva, thus the name of Syrmia became designation for the both regions. The region was captured by the Kingdom of Hungary in the 12th century. It is recorded that in 1231, a duke of Syrmia was Giletus. During the 13th century, the territory of Syrmia was divided into two counties: Syrmia in the east and Vukovar in the west. Diogenes (Διογένης) is a Greek name shared by several important historical figures: Diogenes of Sinope ( 412- 323 BC), better known as Diogenes the Cynic or simply Diogenes Diogenes Apolloniates (c:a 460 BC), philosopher Diogenes of Seleukia (c:a 150 BC) Diogenes Laertius... The themata in 950. ... Sremska Mitrovica (Сремска Митровица) is a city located in the Vojvodina province of Serbia and Montenegro at 44. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Macva District in Central Serbia Mačva (Serbian: Mačva or Мачва, Hungarian: Macsó) is a region in the northwest of Central Serbia. ...

Kingdom of Syrmia (Lower Syrmia) and Upper Syrmia.
Kingdom of Syrmia (Lower Syrmia) and Upper Syrmia.

Between 1282 and 1316 the Serbian King Stefan Dragutin ruled the Kingdom of Syrmia, which consisted of the parts of northern Serbia, Mačva, Usora and Soli. His capital city was Debrc (between Belgrade and Šabac). In that time the name "Syrmia" was designation for two territories: Upper Syrmia (present day Syrmia) and Lower Syrmia (present day Mačva). Kingdom of Syrmia under the rule of Stefan Dragutin existed in Lower Syrmia, while another local ruler, Ugrin Čak, ruled over Upper Syrmia and Slavonia from Ilok. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (716x662, 16 KB)historic map File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (716x662, 16 KB)historic map File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... Events Pope John XXII elected to the papacy. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian, cyrillic script1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved June... Stefan Dragutin (d. ... Macva District in Central Serbia Mačva (Serbian: Mačva or Мачва, Hungarian: Macsó) is a region in the northwest of Central Serbia. ... Usora is a historic toponim of Bosnia and Herzegovina surrounding the river and the nearby area of the same name. ... Tuzla (Serbian Cyrillic: Тузла) is a city in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Debrc (Дебрц) is a former city, today a village, located in the Vladimirci municipality, in Mačva District of Serbia. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Sabac Šabac (Шабац) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 44. ... Macva District in Central Serbia Mačva (Serbian: Mačva or Мачва, Hungarian: Macsó) is a region in the northwest of Central Serbia. ... Upper Syrmia, a land of Ugrin ÄŒak, before 1311 Ugrin Csák (died in 1311) was an early 14th century ruler of Upper Syrmia. ... Coat of arms Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Coat of arms Ilok is a town in eastern Croatia. ...


At first, Stefan Dragutin was a vassal of the Hungarian king, but since the central power in the Kingdom of Hungary collapsed, both, Stefan Dragutin and Ugrin Čak were de facto independent rulers. Stefan Dragutin died in 1316, and was succeeded by his son, King Stefan Vladislav II (1316-1325), while Ugrin Čak died in 1311. Stefan Vladislav II was defeated by the king of Serbia, Stefan Uroš III Dečanski, in 1324, and after this, Lower Syrmia became a subject of dispute between the Kingdom of Serbia and the Kingdom of Hungary. The Upper Syrmia was, after 1311, included into the possession of the Hungarian king, while its western part (the Vukovar county) was later included into Banovina of Slavonia. Stefan Vladislav II, king of Syrmia (1316-1325) Stefan Vladislav II (Стефан Владислав II, Stephen Ladislaus II) was a Serb monarch, king of Syrmia (1316-1325) and claimant to the whole Serbia. ... Events Pope John XXII elected to the papacy. ... Events January 7:Alfonso IV becomes the King of Portugal. ... Events Bolingbroke Castle passes to the House of Lancaster. ... Stefan Dečanski (ca 1285 - 1331) reigned as king of Serbia from 1321 to 1331. ... Coat of arms Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ...


After the Ottoman Empire conquered Serbia in 1459, Serbian despots continued to rule in parts of Syrmia as vassals of the Hungarian kings. The residence of the despots was Kupinik (today Kupinovo). The Serbian despots were: Vuk Grgurević (1471-1485), Đorđe Branković (1486-1496), Jovan Branković (1496-1502), Ivaniš Berislavić (1504-1514), and Stefan Berislavić (1520-1535). The last of the Serbian despots in Syrmia, Stevan Berislav, moved in 1522 to Slavonia, since Kupinik was seized by the Ottoman forces. Another important local ruler was Lovro Iločki, a duke of Syrmia (1477-1524), who ruled over parts of the region from Ilok. Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1683) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Kostantiniyye (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian, cyrillic script1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved June... Events September 23 - Battle of Blore Heath. ... Kupinovo (Купиново), formerly known as Kupinik (Купиник), is a former city, today a village, located in the Pećinci municipality, in Srem District of Serbia. ... Vuk Grgurević (Serbian Cyrillic: Вук Гргуревић), also known as Despot Vuk Branković and Zmaj Ognjeni Vuk, was Serbian despot (1471-1485). ... Coat of arms Ilok is a town in eastern Croatia. ...


Parts of the region were captured by the Ottomans in 1521, and by 1538, the entire region was included into the Ottoman Empire. Between 1527 and 1530, a duke of Syrmia was Radoslav Čelnik, who ruled over this region as Ottoman vassal. During the Ottoman rule, an administrative unit known as the sanjak of Syrmia existed in this region. Radoslav ÄŒelnik (Радослав Челник) was a duke (voivod) of Srem in the 16th century. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1683) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Kostantiniyye (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... Sanjak and Sandjak (other variants: sinjaq, sanjaq) are the most common English transliterations of the Turkish word Sancak, which literally means banner. In Arabic the sanjaks were also called liwas. ...

Proclaimed borders of the Serbian Voivodship in 1848, including most of Syrmia.
Proclaimed borders of the Serbian Voivodship in 1848, including most of Syrmia.

The Habsburg Monarchy took Syrmia from Ottomans between 1699 and 1718, and incorporated entire region into its Military Frontier. The County of Syrmia was established in Syrmia in 1745 as part of the Kingdom of Slavonia, a Habsburg land, mainly inhabited by Serbs and Croats. According to 1790 data, population of the Kingdom of Slavonia was composed of: Serbs (46.8%), Croats (45.7%), Hungarians (6.8%), and Germans (0.7%). The southern parts of Syrmia remained part of the Military Frontier. Image File history File links Vojvodina03. ... Image File history File links Vojvodina03. ... Proclaimed borders of Serbian Vojvodina in 1848 The Serbian Vojvodina (Serbian Dukedom, Srpska Vojvodina, Српска Војводина) was a Serbian autonomous region within the Austrian Empire. ... The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian Monarchy or simply Austria, are the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918. ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... // The Funj warrior aristocracy deposes the reigning mek and places one of their own ranks on the throne of Sennar. ... Military Frontier (Military Border, Military Krajina, Vojna Krajina, Војна Крајина, Militärgrenze, Confiniaria militaria) was a borderland of Habsburg Austria which acted as the cordon sanitaire against the Turks from the Middle Ages (Croatian Krajina) or from the late 17th and 18th centuries (Slavonian and Banat Krajina) until the 19th century. ... Szerém (Hungarian; Serbian: Срем or Srem, Croatian: Srijem, Latin: Syrmia or Sirmium) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the autonomous region Croatia-Slavonia within the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... // Events May 11 - War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy - At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army including the Black Watch June 4 – Frederick the Great destroys Austrian army at Hohenfriedberg August 19 - Beginning of the 45 Jacobite Rising at Glenfinnan September 12 - Francis I is elected... Slavonia is a region in eastern Croatia. ... The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian Monarchy or simply Austria, are the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918. ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби, Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ...


In 1848 and 1849, most of Syrmia was part of the Serbian Voivodship, a Serb autonomous region within the Austrian Empire, while between 1849 and 1860, its northern part was part of the Voivodship of Serbia and Tamiš Banat, a separate Austrian crown land. 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Proclaimed borders of Serbian Vojvodina in 1848 The Serbian Vojvodina (Serbian Dukedom, Srpska Vojvodina, Српска Војводина) was a Serbian autonomous region within the Austrian Empire. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Voivodship of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat and Principality of Serbia in 1849 The Voivodship of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat was a voivodship (duchy) of the Austrian Empire that existed between 1849 and 1860. ...


After 1860 the County of Syrmia was established again, and it was again incorporated into the Kingdom of Slavonia, which was a separate Austrian crown land in that time. The Kingdom of Slavonia was incorporated into the Kingdom of Hungary in 1868, and it became part of Croatia-Slavonia, an autonomous region within the Kingdom of Hungary. Szerém (Hungarian; Serbian: Срем or Srem, Croatian: Srijem, Latin: Syrmia or Sirmium) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the autonomous region Croatia-Slavonia within the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Slavonia is a region in eastern Croatia. ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Following the Battle of Mohács, in 1527 some of the Croatian (and Hungarian) nobles supported Ivan Zapolja, while some preferred suzerainty to the Austrian king Ferdinand of Habsburg. ... The Kingdom of Hungary (Hungarian: Magyar Királyság) is the name of a multiethnic kingdom that existed in Central Europe from 1000 to 1918. ...


On October 29, 1918, Syrmia became a part of the newly independent State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, while on November 24, the Assembly of Syrmia proclaimed the union of Syrmia with the Kingdom of Serbia. From December 1, 1918, it was a part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Flag of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs The State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (Croatian: Država Slovenaca, Hrvata i Srba, Serbian: Država Slovenaca, Hrvata i Srba or Држава Словенаца, Хрвата и Срба, Slovenian: Država Slovencev, Hrvatov in Srbov) was a short-lived state formed from the southernmost parts of the... November 24 is the 328th day (329th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian, cyrillic script1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved June... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ...

The County of Syrmia within Croatia-Slavonia in 1881.
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The County of Syrmia within Croatia-Slavonia in 1881.

The region was first a county of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes between 1918 and 1922, then a province (oblast) of the Kingdom between 1922 and 1929, and in 1929 it was divided between Danube Banovina and Sava Banovina, which were provinces of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1939, the western part of Syrmia was included into the newly formed Banovina of Croatia. Image File history File links KoH-CS-Szerem. ... Image File history File links KoH-CS-Szerem. ... Szerém (Hungarian; Serbian: Срем or Srem, Croatian: Srijem, Latin: Syrmia or Sirmium) is the name of administrative county (comitatus) of the autonomous region Croatia-Slavonia within the historic Kingdom of Hungary. ... Following the Battle of Mohács, in 1527 some of the Croatian (and Hungarian) nobles supported Ivan Zapolja, while some preferred suzerainty to the Austrian king Ferdinand of Habsburg. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Dunavska banovina map The Danube Banovina (or Danube Banate; Serbian and Croatian: Дунавска бановина Dunavska banovina) was a province (banate) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. ... Map showing Yugoslav banovinas in 1929 (The Sava Banovina is coloured pink, on the top left part of the map) The Sava Banovina or Sava Banate (Croatian: Savska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1939. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Bože Pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino and Naprej zastava slave medley Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbo-Croat and Slovenian Government Constitutional monarchy (1918-1929) Royal dictatorship (1929-1941)  - King Peter I (1918-1921)  - King Alexander I (1921-1934)  - King Peter... The Banovina of Croatia (1939-1941). ...


In 1941 Syrmia was occupied by the World War II Axis powers and its entire territory was attached to the Independent State of Croatia. Pre-World War II state frontiers were restored in 1945 and, since then, Eastern Syrmia (formerly part of Danube Banovina), together with Bačka and Banat, has been part of the Serbian Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, while Western Syrmia (formerly part of Sava Banovina) has been part of Croatia. This article is about the year. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Capital Zagreb Language(s) Croatian, German Government Oligarchy Poglavnik Ante Pavelić Historical era World War II  - Invasion of Yugoslavia 10 April, 1941  - Military defeat May, 1945 Population  - 1941 est. ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Bačka (Serbian: Бачка or Bačka, Hungarian: Bácska, Croatian: Bačka, Slovak: Báčka, German: Batschka) is an area of the Pannonian plain lying between the rivers Danube and Tisa. ... Banat (Romanian: Banat; Serbian: Банат or Banat; German: Banat; Hungarian: Bánát or Bánság; Slovak: Banát) is a geographical and historical region in Southeastern Europe divided among three countries: the eastern part belongs to Romania (the counties of TimiÅŸ, CaraÅŸ-Severin, Arad, and MehedinÅ£i), the western... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian, cyrillic script1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved June... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ...


When Croatia declared its independence in 1991, Serbs who lived in the Croatian part of Syrmia proclaimed their autonomous region over portions of western Syrmia. The region was known as the Serbian Autonomous Region of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Syrmia. This region was one of the two Serbian autonomous regions that formed the Republic of Serbian Krajina in 1991. The creation of Krajina was triggered by the fact that new Croatian government changed constitual status of Serbs in Croatia from nation to national minority. Although change was made by more then 2/3 majority, and there was given garanties for civil rights for every Croatian citizen, from the point of view of the Serbs this revoking of their nation status was illegal, thus the creation of Krajina (internationaly unrecognized entity) was seen by them as legal way to protect their rights. After in 1995 Croatian forces regained control over western part of Krajina, the eastern part was turned over to the UNTAES, and was peacefully reintegrated into Croatia by January 1998 (These events were part of war in Croatia). 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... map of the Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srem SAO Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srem stands for Serbian Autonomous Region of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Srem. ... The borders of the RSK c. ... ... The modern period in Croatian history begins in 1990 with the countrys change of political and economic system as well as achieving independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. ...


Ethnic groups

According to the 2002 census in Serbia, the population of the Serbian part of Syrmia (in geographical borders) is composed of: Serbs (84.58%), Croats, Slovaks, Rusyns, Hungarians, etc. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian, cyrillic script1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved June... Serbs (Serbian: Срби, Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Pannonian Rusyns or simply Rusyns (Ruthenians) is the name of a Slavic minority in Serbia and Croatia. ...


According to the 2001 census in Croatia, the population of the Croatian Vukovar-Srijem county is composed of: Croats (78.27%), Serbs (15.45%), Hungarians (1%), Rusyns, Slovaks, etc.[1] 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби, Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Pannonian Rusyns or simply Rusyns (Ruthenians) is the name of a Slavic minority in Serbia and Croatia. ...


Geography

Borders

Srem District in Vojvodina.
Srem District in Vojvodina.
Vukovar-Srijem county within Croatia.
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Vukovar-Srijem county within Croatia.

The present international border was drawn in 1945 by the Đilas commission, as the divide between the Yugoslav constituent republic of Croatia and the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, itself part of Serbia, within Yugoslavia. Milovan Đilas, a Montenegrin and then a confidante of Tito, drew the border according to demographic criteria, which explains why the Croatian town of Ilok on the Danube, with a Croat majority, lies east of Šid in Serbia, with a Serb majority. Nonetheless, the border drawn in 1945 was very similar to internal Kingdom of Yugoslavia border of 1929-1939 between the Danube Banovina and the Sava Banovina. Image File history File links M_vojvodina02b. ... Image File history File links M_vojvodina02b. ... Srem District within Vojvodina Srem District (Serbian: Sremski okrug, Croatian: Srijemski okrug, Hungarian: Szerémségi Körzet, Slovak: Sriemski okres, Romanian: Districtul Srem) is a northwestern district of Serbia. ... Image File history File links county of Croatia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links county of Croatia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Vukovar-Srijem county - Vukovarsko-srijemska županija is the easternmost Croatian county which includes southeastern parts of Slavonia, western parts of Srijem, and the lower Sava river basin (Posavina). ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in South Slavic languages, Југославија (Serbian, Macedonian Cyrillic): Land of the South Slavs) describes three separate political entities that existed on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe during most of the 20th century. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian, cyrillic script1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved June... It has been suggested that Democratic Federal Yugoslavia be merged into this article or section. ... Milovan Đilas or Djilas (1911-1995) was a Communist politician and theorist in Yugoslavia. ... Montenegrins (Serbian and Montenegrin: Црногорци / Crnogorci) are a South Slavic people who are primarily associated with the Republic of Montenegro. ... Josip Broz Tito (May 7, 1892 - May 4, 1980) was the ruler of Yugoslavia between the end of World War II and his death in 1980. ... Coat of arms Ilok is a town in eastern Croatia. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ... Å id (Шид) is a town and municipality in Srem District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Bože Pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino and Naprej zastava slave medley Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbo-Croat and Slovenian Government Constitutional monarchy (1918-1929) Royal dictatorship (1929-1941)  - King Peter I (1918-1921)  - King Alexander I (1921-1934)  - King Peter... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Dunavska banovina map The Danube Banovina (or Danube Banate; Serbian and Croatian: Дунавска бановина Dunavska banovina) was a province (banate) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. ... Map showing Yugoslav banovinas in 1929 (The Sava Banovina is coloured pink, on the top left part of the map) The Sava Banovina or Sava Banate (Croatian: Savska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1939. ...


There are two particularly isolated chunks of territory along the border - one is the Croatian territory of Ilok, which is mostly surrounded by Serbian territory from land, while the other is the Serbian territory of Jamena, which is mostly surrounded by Croatian territory from land. Coat of arms Ilok is a town in eastern Croatia. ... Jamena is a village with a population of 3472 and declining, The natality rate has been falling steadily since the beggining of the most recent Balkan Wars (1991-1999) The history of the village dates back to Roman times as a military outpost on the river Sava(Savus River) againts...


Bordering regions

  • Bačka to the north, across Danube
  • Banat to the east, also across Danube
  • Šumadija the south-east, across Sava
  • Mačva to the south, across Sava
  • Semberija to the south-west, across Sava
  • Slavonia to the west. The border between Syrmia and Slavonia is unclear. According to one interpretation, it runs roughly along a line through Vukovar, Vinkovci, and Županja. According to another interpretation, the border follows the Bosut, Barica and Vuka rivers.

Bačka (Serbian: Бачка or Bačka, Hungarian: Bácska, Croatian: Bačka, Slovak: Báčka, German: Batschka) is an area of the Pannonian plain lying between the rivers Danube and Tisa. ... Banat (Romanian: Banat; Serbian: Банат or Banat; German: Banat; Hungarian: Bánát or Bánság; Slovak: Banát) is a geographical and historical region in Southeastern Europe divided among three countries: the eastern part belongs to Romania (the counties of Timiş, Caraş-Severin, Arad, and Mehedinţi), the western... Šumadija District in Central Serbia proposed Šumadija Region Kalenić village in Šumadija Šumadija is a geographical region in Central Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro. ... Macva District in Central Serbia Mačva (Serbian: Mačva or Мачва, Hungarian: Macsó) is a region in the northwest of Central Serbia. ... Semberija is a geographical region in north-eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina (notably in Republika Srpska). ... Coat of arms Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Position of Vukovar within Croatia Vukovar (Hungarian: Vukovár, German: Wukowar) is a city in eastern Croatia, and the biggest river port in Croatia located at the confluence of the Vuka river into the Danube. ... Vinkovci is a Croatian town in eastern Slavonia (or westernmost Srijem), with a population of 32,455 (2001) making it the largest town of the Vukovar-Srijem county. ... Županja is a city in eastern Slavonia or western Srijem, Croatia, located 24 km southwest of Vinkovci. ... Bosut can refer to: Bosut River, a river in Syrmia, in Croatia and Serbia. ...

Cities in Syrmia

List of cities in Syrmia (with population figures):

Petrovaradin, Sremska Kamenica, Sremski Karlovci and Beočin are geographically located in Syrmia, but they are part of South Bačka District. Motto: none Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian, cyrillic script1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved June... The term Serbia proper is often used in English to refer to the part of Serbia that lies outside the northern and southern autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. ... Coat of Arms of Novi Beograd Novi Beograd (Нови Београд, New Belgrade) is a part of Belgrade located on the left bank of Sava river. ... Location in Serbia General Information Mayor or municipality president Gordana Pop-Lazić Land area 153,56km² Population (2002 census) 145,751 (152,950 municipality) Population density (2002) 996 per km² Coordinates [1] Area code +381 11 Subdivisions 4 settlements in the municipality License plate code BG Time zone UTC+1... Surčin (Сурчин) is a town just west of Belgrade. ... Dobanovci (Добановци) is a town located in the Surčin municipality, Serbia. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... New pedestrian bridge built in 1993, connecting Sremska Mitrovica and Mačvanska Mitrovica Sremska Mitrovica (Serbian: Сремска Митровица or Sremska Mitrovica, Rusin: Сримска Митровица, Croatian: Sr(ij)emska Mitrovica, Hungarian: Szávaszentdemeter, German: Syrmisch Mitrowitz, Latin: Sirmium) is a city located in the Vojvodina province of Serbia and Montenegro at 44. ... - Ruma (Рума) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 45. ... Location in Serbia-Montenegro [[Image:|150px|center|Map of Serbia-Montenegro highlighting the settlement location]] General Information Mayor Goran JeÅ¡ić Land area  ? Population (2002 census) 26,247 (49,609 municipality) Population density (2002)  ? Coordinates [1] Area code +381 22 Subdivisions 11 settlements in the municipality License plate code  ? Time... Location in Serbia-Montenegro [[Image:|150px|center|Map of Serbia-Montenegro highlighting the settlement location]] General Information Mayor  ? Land area  ? Population (2002 census) 18,645 (67,576 municipality) Population density (2002)  ? Coordinates [1] Area code +381 22 Subdivisions 9 settlements in the municipality License plate code  ? Time zone UTC+1... Å id (Шид) is a town and municipality in Srem District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ... Petrovaradin Petrovaradin (Serbian: Петроварадин or Petrovaradin; Croatian: Petrovaradin; Hungarian: Pétervárad; German: Peterwardein; Turkish Petervaradin]), formerly a fortified town, is part of the agglomeration of Novi Sad in Serbia (population 13,917 in 2002). ... picture of Sremska Kamenica Sremska Kamenica (Serbian: Sremska Kamenica or Сремска Каменица, Croatian: Srijemska Kamenica) is a town near the river Danube, part of the agglomeration of Novi Sad in Serbia and Montenegro (population 11,140 in 2002). ... Sremski Karlovci (Serbian: Sremski Karlovci or Сремски Карловци, German: Karlowitz or Carlowitz, Croatian: Srijemski Karlovci, Hungarian: Karlóca, Turkish: Karlofça) is a town and municipality in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia and Montenegro, situated on the bank of the river Danube, between Belgrade and Novi Sad. ... Beočin is a town and municipality in South Bačka District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ... Irig (Serbian: Irig, Croatian: Irig, Hungarian: Ireg) is a town and municipality in the Srem District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ... Vinkovci is a Croatian town in eastern Slavonia (or westernmost Srijem), with a population of 32,455 (2001) making it the largest town of the Vukovar-Srijem county. ... Position of Vukovar within Croatia Vukovar (Hungarian: Vukovár, German: Wukowar) is a city in eastern Croatia, and the biggest river port in Croatia located at the confluence of the Vuka river into the Danube. ... Županja is a city in eastern Slavonia or western Srijem, Croatia, located 24 km southwest of Vinkovci. ... Coat of arms Ilok is a town in eastern Croatia. ... South Bačka (Južna Bačka) District within Vojvodina map of South Bačka District South Bačka District (Serbian: Južnobački okrug or Јужнобачки округ, Croatian: Južnobački okrug, Hungarian: Dél Bácskai Körzet, Slovak: Juhobáčsky okres, Romanian: Districtul Backa de Sud) is a northern...


Mountains

The region's principal mountain is Fruška Gora. FruÅ¡ka Gora (Фрушка гора) is a mountain in Srem/Srijem. ...


Gallery

References

  1. ^ http://www.dzs.hr/Hrv/Popis%202001/popis20001.htm

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
DVHH | Syrmia Region (263 words)
[German], Syrmia / Sirmium [Latin], Szerémség / Szerém [Hungarian], and Srijem [Croatian]; the Serbian language usually use name Srem to designate region.
Most of Syrmia is located in the Srem and South Bačka districts of Serbia's Autonomous Province of Vojvodina.
DVHH > Swabians in Syrmia and Slavonia > Syrmia Region
Informat.io on Syrmia (1820 words)
Syrmia (Serbian: Srem (Cyrillic: Срем), Croatian: Srijem) is a fertile region of the Pannonian plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers.
In the 11th century, the ruler of Syrmia was duke Sermon, vassal of Bulgarian emperor Samuil.
The County of Syrmia was established in Syrmia in 1745 as part of the Kingdom of Slavonia, a Habsburg land, mainly inhabited by Serbs and Croats.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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