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Encyclopedia > Syrian Desert

The Syrian Desert (Arabic: بادية الشام, badiyah ash sham), also known as the Syro-Arabian desert, is a combination of steppe and true desert that is located in parts of the nations of Syria, Jordan, and Iraq. Its border on the west is the Orontes Valley, and its border on the east is the Euphrates. In the north, the desert gives way to the more fertile areas of north-central Syria. In the south, it runs into the deserts of the Arabian Peninsula. Many oases exist in the Syrian Desert such as Palmyra. Damascus is also located on an oasis. The desert's remarkable landscape was formed by lava flows from the volcanic region of the Jebel Druze in southern Syria. The desert was historically inhabited by bedouin tribes, and many tribes still remain in the region, their members living mainly in towns and settlements built near oases. Some bedouin still maintain their traditional way of life in the desert. Arabic redirects here. ... This article is about the ecological zone type. ... This article is about arid terrain. ... The Orontes and the norias of Hama The Orontes or ‘Asi is a river of Lebanon and Syria. ... For the song River Euphrates by the Pixies, see Surfer Rosa. ... Arabia redirects here. ... Early morning panorama of Palmyra. ... For other uses, see Damascus (disambiguation). ... The western slopes of Jabal ad Duruz Tell Qeni (1803 m) the highest point of Jabal Druze Jabal ad Duruz (Arabic: جبل الدروز, Mountain of Druze; also known as Jabal el Arab Arabic: ‎) is an elevated volcanic region in southern Syria, in the As Suwaydā governorate (mohofazat Souweida). ... A Bedouin man on a hillside at Mount Sinai Bedouin, (from the Arabic (), is a desert-dwelling Arab nomadic pastoralist, found throughout most of the desert belt extending from the Atlantic coast of the Sahara via the Western Desert, Sinai, and Negev to the Arabian Desert. ...

Safaitic inscriptions, proto-Arabic texts written by literate bedouin, are found throughout the Syrian Desert. These date approximately from the 1st century B.C. to the 4th century A.D. Safaitic is the name given to an Old North Arabian dialect, preserved in the form of inscriptions which are written in a type of South Semitic script. ...

Iraq War

During the war in Iraq the desert served as a major supply line for the Iraqi insurgents, with the Iraq portion of the desert becoming a primary stronghold of the Sunni insurgents operating in the Al Anbar Governorate. Particularly after the Coalition capture of Fallujah during Operation Phantom Fury. A series of Coalition military operations were relatively ineffective at removing the insurgent presence in the Desert. However as the insurgents began to gain control of the surrounding areas the importance of the Syrian desert as a center of operations was believed to have lessened. By September 2006 insurgents had gained control of virtually all of the Anbar Governorate and had moved most of their forces equipment and leaders further east to insurgent controlled cities near the Euphrates river, nevertheless the Syrian Desert remains one of the primary routes for smuggling equipment due to its location near the Syrian border. [1][2] [3] [4][5] For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... Iraqi insurgency is a neologism to describe a loosely organized hostile opposition to the United States run Coalition of the Willing, which, according to the US military is centered in Fallujah. ... Al Anbar (Arabic: ‎ ) is an overwhelmingly Sunni Arab province of Iraq. ... This article is about the city of Fallujah in Iraq. ... Combatants United States Iraqi Security Forces Iraqi insurgents Tawhid wal Jihad Commanders Maj. ...

See also



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