Syrian Arab Airlines (alternative name Syrianair) is the national flag-carrier airline of Syria. It was established by the Government of Syria in October 1961, after the collapse of United Arab Republic. The new Syrian Arab Airlines took over the routes previously controlled by Syrian Airways and United Arab Airlines.
In the 1970s, because of the closer political condition between Syria and the Soviet Union, Syrianair acquired some Soviet aircraft. This included an Antonov An-26, Ilyushin Il-76 and Yakovlev Yak-40 in the 1970s and Tupolev Tu-134B-3 abd Tupolev Tu-154M in the 1980s.
Since the United States imposed sanctions on Syria, the fleet update of Syrianair was interrupted, and the fleet was suffering from aging until October of 1998, when Airbus A320-200 arrived.
Based in Damascus International Airport, the state-owned Syrianair now employs about 3,500 workers, and operates a mixed fleet consisting of 6 Airbus A320-200, 6 Boeing 727-200 and 2 747SP. IATA Airline Code of RB and ICAO Airline Code of SYR are assigned to Syrianair.
Saudi ArabianAirlines was founded in September 1946, as a fully owned government agency under the control of the Ministry of Defense, and TWA was involved with the running of the airline under a management contract.
Among the new airline's early operations was a special flight from Lydda in Palestine, a British Mandate at that time, to carry Hajj pilgrims to Jeddah.
Saudi ArabianAirlines did achieve operational profits in 2002, which doubled in 2003 but the profits are primarily due to over a billion riyal on deferred income amortised annually in the income statement courtesy of the 70 aircraft gifted to the airline by the Government.
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