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Encyclopedia > Syrian Air Force
Syrian Air Force
Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya al Arabiya as-Souriya
Founded 1948
Country Syria
Battles/wars Six-Day War
Yom Kippur War
1982 Lebanon War
Insignia
Roundel
Aircraft flown
Attack Su-24, Su-22, Mi-24
Fighter MiG-29, MiG-21, MiG-23
Interceptor MiG-25, MiG-31
Transport Il-76, An-26, Mi-17, Mi-8, Gazelle

The Syrian Air Force (Arabic: القوّات الجوية العربية السورية, Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya al Arabiya as-Souriya) is the Aviation branch of the Syrian armed forces. This is a list of aviation-related events from 1948: Events January January 17 - BOAC begins to replace flying boat routes with the Lockheed Constellation March the Israeli Air Force is formed, with the new state of Israel March 10 - VF-5 becomes the first US Navy carrier squadron to... Combatants Israel Egypt Syria Jordan Iraq Saudi Arabia Commanders Yitzhak Rabin, Moshe Dayan, Uzi Narkiss, Israel Tal, Mordechai Hod, Ariel Sharon Abdel Hakim Amer, Abdul Munim Riad, Zaid ibn Shaker, Hafez al-Assad Strength 264,000 (incl. ... Combatants Israel Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq Aided By Saudi Arabia Pakistan Cuba Uganda Libya, Commanders Moshe Dayan, David Elazar, Ariel Sharon, Shmuel Gonen, Benjamin Peled, Israel Tal, Rehavam Zeevi, Aharon Yariv, Yitzhak Hofi, Rafael Eitan, Abraham Adan, Yanush Ben Gal Saad El Shazly, Ahmad Ismail Ali, Hosni Mubarak, Mohammed Aly... Combatants Israel South Lebanon Army LF (nominally neutral) PLO Syria Amal LCP Commanders Menachem Begin (Prime Minister) Ariel Sharon, (Ministry of Defence) Rafael Eitan, (CoS) Yasser Arafat Strength 76,000 37,000 Casualties 670 17,825 The 1982 Lebanon War (Hebrew: , Milkhemet Levanon), (Arabic: ), called by Israel the Operation Peace... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A ground attack aircraft is an aircraft that is designed to operate very close to the ground, supporting infantry and tanks directly in battle. ... The Sukhoi Su-24 (NATO reporting name Fencer) was the Soviet Unions most advanced all-weather interdiction and attack aircraft in the 1970s and 1980s. ... Polish decomissioned Su-20 Front view of Su-20 Polish Su-22 Two aircraft share the designation Su-17 The Sukhoi Su-17 (NATO reporting name Fitter) was a Soviet attack aircraft developed from the Su-7 fighter-bomber. ... The Mil Mi-24 is a large combat helicopter gunship and low-capacity troop transport operated from 1976 by the Soviet Air Force, its successors, and over thirty other nations. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Mikoyan MiG-29 (Russian: ) (NATO reporting name Fulcrum) is a fighter aircraft designed for the air superiority role in the Soviet Union. ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Russian: ) (NATO reporting name Fishbed) is a supersonic jet fighter aircraft, designed and built by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Russian: ; NATO reporting name: Flogger) is a variable geometry, swept-wing fighter aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau in the Soviet Union. ... The MiG-25 is a Russian interceptor that was the mainstay of the Soviet air defence. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Mikoyan MiG-31 Foxhound The Mikoyan MiG-31 (NATO reporting name Foxhound) is a high-speed interceptor developed to replace the MiG-25. ... Ilyushin Il-76T An Indian Air Force IL-76 in Hawaii, with IAF and US personnel. ... Romanian Air Force Antonov An-26 The Antonov An-26 (NATO reporting name: Curl) is a 2-engined light prop transport aircraft and is a development of the An-24 passenger aircraft, with particular attention made to the potential military use. ... Mil Mi-17 The Mil Mi-17 (Also known as the Mi-8MT, NATO reporting name Hip-H) is a Russian helicopter currently in production at two factories in Kazan and Ulan-Ude. ... The Mil Mi-8 (NATO reporting name Hip) is a large twin-turbine transport helicopter that can also act as a gunship. ... The Gazelle is a French-designed helicopter, created by the company Sud Aviation, that later became Aérospatiale, and later still Eurocopter. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Look up aircraft in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The President of Syria is commander in chief of the Syrian armed forces, comprising some 320,000 troops upon mobilization. ...

Contents

Markings

The roundel used by the Syrian Air Force has the same basic design as that used by the Egyptian Air Force. It consists of three concentric circles, with a red outer, white middle and black inner. The unique part of the Syrian roundels is the presence of two green stars in the white circle, which is reflective of the two stars on the national flag. The fin flash is also an image of the flag. Egyptian Air Force Insignia The Egyptian Air Force, or EAF (Arabic: ‎, ), is the aviation branch of the Egyptian armed forces. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 Old flag (1932-58, 1961-63) The flag of Syria was adopted in 1980. ...


History

The end of World War II led to a withdrawal of the United Kingdom and France from the Middle East, and this included a withdrawal from Syria. In 1948, the Syrian Air Force was officially established after the first class of pilots graduated from flight schools in Britain. Syrian Air Force Logo Copyright Scramble. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ...


The 1950s saw Syria and Egypt attempt to unify as the United Arab Republic, this was reflected in the Syrian Air Force with growth in personnel and aircraft. However, this union would not last. With the ascent to power of the Baath Party and Hafez Al-Asad, Syria began looking to the Soviet Union for help and built closer ties with the USSR. This in turn led to a massive influx of Soviet equipment to the Syrian Armed Forces, including the Air Force. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hafez al-Assad (October 6, 1930 - June 10, 2000) was the President of Syria from 1971 to 2000. ... Soviet redirects here. ...


The Syrian Air Force, despite its training and capabilities never fared well against Israel. In the Six-Day War, the Syrian Air Force was defeated rapidly, losing two-thirds of its forces with the rest retreating to bases in remote parts of Syria. This in turn helped the IDF in defeating the Syrian Army on the ground and led to the loss of the Golan Heights. Combatants Israel Egypt Syria Jordan Iraq Saudi Arabia Commanders Yitzhak Rabin, Moshe Dayan, Uzi Narkiss, Israel Tal, Mordechai Hod, Ariel Sharon Abdel Hakim Amer, Abdul Munim Riad, Zaid ibn Shaker, Hafez al-Assad Strength 264,000 (incl. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל Tsva Ha-Haganah Le-Yisrael ([Army] Force [for] the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces... The Golan Heights (Hebrew: Ramat HaGolan, Arabic: Habat al-Å«lān) or Golan is a plateau on the border of Israel, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria. ...


The Yom Kippur War provided initial success for both Syria and Egypt. Though again Israel scored far more casualties in the air then it endured. Following this conflict, the Syrian Air Force continued to remain in the Soviet sphere of influence, whereas Egypt abandoned Soviet aid, and began building its Air Force with American, French, and Chinese equipment. Combatants Israel Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq Aided By Saudi Arabia Pakistan Cuba Uganda Libya, Commanders Moshe Dayan, David Elazar, Ariel Sharon, Shmuel Gonen, Benjamin Peled, Israel Tal, Rehavam Zeevi, Aharon Yariv, Yitzhak Hofi, Rafael Eitan, Abraham Adan, Yanush Ben Gal Saad El Shazly, Ahmad Ismail Ali, Hosni Mubarak, Mohammed Aly... Egyptian Air Force Insignia The Egyptian Air Force, or EAF (Arabic: ‎, ), is the aviation branch of the Egyptian armed forces. ...


During this war the Pakistani Air Force sent 16 pilots to the Middle East in order to support Egypt and Syria but by the time they arrived, Egypt had already been pushed into a ceasefire. Syria remained in a state of war against Israel. Eight (8) PAF pilots started flying out of Syrian Airbases; they formed the A-flight of 67 Squadron at Dumayr Airbase. The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) (Pakistan Fizaya in Urdu) is the Aviation branch of the Pakistan armed forces. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


The Pakistani pilots flew Syrian Mig-21 aircraft conducting CAP missions for the Syrians. Flt/Lt. A. Sattar Alvi became the first Pakistani pilot, during the Yom Kippur War, to shoot down an Israeli Mirage in air combat. He was honored by the Syrian government. Other aerial encounters involved Israeli F4 Phantoms; Pakistan Air Force did not lose a single pilot or aircraft during this war.


The Pakistani pilots stayed on in Syria until 1976, training Syrian pilots in the art of air warfare.


Despite Syria's continued supply of Soviet equipment its Air Force again fared badly during conflicts with Israel over Lebanon in the early 1980s, losing over 80 planes while the Israeli Air Force lost only a handful, and none to Syrian Air Force fighters. This article cites very few or no references or sources. ... Official shield of the IAF The Israeli Air Force (IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל, Zroa HaAvir VeHaḤalal, Air and Space Division, commonly known as חיל האוויר Hel HaAvir) is the air force of the Israel Defense Forces. ...


Since then, the Syrian Air Force has continued to rebuild with Soviet equipment. However the full extent of this rebuilding is not known. Nor are the exact numbers of planes or what types of aircraft are in the Air Force. This is due to the amount of secrecy maintained by the Syrian government in regard to its military. It is known though that the Syrians have proccurred MiG-29s and Su-24s which should give its Air Force a great boost, though rumours regarding the recent purchase of some Su-27s appear to be unfounded. As of 2007, the syrian air force is taking deliveries of 5 examples of MiG-31 from Russia and some MiG-29 and plans to buy about 100 fighter of MiG-31 after. The Mikoyan MiG-29 (NATO reporting name Fulcrum) is a Russian fighter aircraft used in the air superiority role. ... The Sukhoi Su-24 (NATO reporting name Fencer) was the Soviet Unions most advanced all-weather interdiction and attack aircraft in the 1970s and 1980s. ... The Sukhoi Su-27 (NATO reporting name Flanker) is a Russian fighter aircraft designed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau (SDB). ... Mikoyan MiG-31 Foxhound The Mikoyan MiG-31 (NATO reporting name Foxhound) is a high-speed interceptor developed to replace the MiG-25. ... The Mikoyan MiG-29 (NATO reporting name Fulcrum) is a Russian fighter aircraft used in the air superiority role. ... Mikoyan MiG-31 Foxhound The Mikoyan MiG-31 (NATO reporting name Foxhound) is a high-speed interceptor developed to replace the MiG-25. ...


Aircraft

Interceptors

  • 11 MiG-25 ,to be phased out and replaced by MiG-31E
  • 5+ MiG-31E ,(Israeli claims ,at 18 June 2007, that are under delivery)

The MiG-25 is a Russian interceptor that was the mainstay of the Soviet air defence. ... MiG 25 Foxbat The MiG-25 (NATO reporting name Foxbat) is a high-speed interceptor and reconnaissance aircraft produced by the Soviet Unions Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau. ... Mikoyan MiG-31 Foxhound The Mikoyan MiG-31 (NATO reporting name Foxhound) is a high-speed interceptor developed to replace the MiG-25. ... Mikoyan MiG-31 Foxhound The Mikoyan MiG-31 (NATO reporting name Foxhound) is a high-speed interceptor developed to replace the MiG-25. ...

Fighters

  • 177 MiG-21 ,plans to upgrade them
  • 106 MiG-23 ,including the -BN. plans to upgrade them
  • 42 MiG-29 , plans to procure the MiG-29M2, and to get some more.
  • MiG-35 , Bought on June 22, 2007

Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (NATO reporting name Fishbed) is a fighter aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan and Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Flogger). ... The Mikoyan MiG-29 (NATO reporting name Fulcrum) is a Russian fighter aircraft used in the air superiority role. ... The Mikoyan Project 1. ...

Ground Attack

An Apache attack helicopter provides close air support to United States Army soldiers patrolling the Tigris River southeast of Baghdad, Iraq during the Iraq War. ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Flogger). ... Two aircraft share the designation Su-17. ... Su-24 Fencer of the Russian Air Force Sukhoi Su-24 (NATO reporting name Fencer) was the Soviet Unions most advanced all-weather interdiction and attack aircraft in the 1970s and 1980s. ...

Trainers

  • 40 Aero L-39
  • 40 Flamingo
  • 6 MFI-17 Mushshak

Trainer may refer to: An aircraft used for training pilots A padded sports shoe (trainer is used commonly in British English where sneaker would be used in American English). ... L-39C Albatros Slovak L-39 ZA at Radom Air Show 2005 The Aero L-39 Albatros is a high-performance, jet trainer aircraft developed in Czechoslovakia during the 1960s to replace the L-29 Delfín. ... Flamingos are gregarious wading birds in the genus Phoenicopterus and family Phoenicopteridae. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Saab Safari. ...

Transports

The Antonov An-24 is a 44-seat twin turboprop transport manufactured in Russia by The Antonov Design bureau. ... The Antonov An-26 (NATO reporting name: Curl) is a 2-engined light prop transport aircraft and is a development of the An-24. ... Dassault Falcon 20s at RIAT 2005. ... Dassault Falcon 900 takes off. ... An Il-76 serving Aeroflot The Ilyushin Il-76, NATO codename Candid, is a 4-engined heavy transport aircraft in widespread use in eastern Europe and Africa. ... An Aeroflot Tu-134 sits on the tarmac The Tupolev Tu-134 was a Russian twin-engined airliner, similar to the American Douglas DC-9. ... Yakovlev Yak-40 The Yakovlev Yak-40 is a small, three-engined regional transport aircraft. ...

Helicopters

  • 10 Mi-2
  • 55 Mi-8
  • 45 Mi-17
  • 36 Mi-24
  • 38 Gazelle

A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors consisting of two or more rotor blades. ... The Mil Mi-2 (NATO reporting name is Hoplite) was a small, lightly armored transport helicopter that could also provide close air support when armed with 57 mm rockets and a 23 mm cannon. ... Russian Mi-8 Hip The Mil Mi-8 (NATO reporting name Hip) is a large transport helicopter that can also act as a gunship. ... The Mil Mi-17 (Also known as the Mi-8MT, NATO reporting name Hip-H) was a Soviet cargo helicopter. ... The Mil Mi-24 is a large combat helicopter gunship and low-capacity troop transport operated from 1976 by the Soviet Air Force, its successors, and over thirty other nations. ... The Gazelle is a French-designed helicopter, created by the company Sud Aviation, that later became Aérospatiale, and later still Eurocopter. ...

Missiles

Air-to-air

  • AA-2 Atoll
  • AA-6 Acrid to be retired
  • AA-7 Apex
  • AA-8 Aphid
  • AA-9 Amos on order
  • AA-10 Alamo

A US Navy VF-103 Jolly Rogers F-14 Tomcat fighter launches an AIM-54 Phoenix long-range air-to-air missile. ... The K-13 (NATO reporting name AA-2 Atoll), was one of the worlds most important air-to-air missiles. ... The Bisnovat (later Molniya) R-40 (NATO reporting name AA-6 Acrid) was a long-range air-to-air missile developed in the 1960s by the Soviet Union for used by interceptor aircraft. ... The Vympel R-23 (NATO reporting name AA-7 Apex) is a medium-range air-to-air missile developed by the Soviet Union for fighter aircraft. ... The Molniya (now Vympel) R-60 (NATO reporting name AA-8 Aphid) is a lightweight air-to-air missile designed for use by Soviet fighter aircraft. ... The Vympel R-33 (NATO reporting name AA-9 Amos) was the most advanced long-range air-to-air missile developed by the Soviet Union. ... The Vympel R-27 (NATO reporting name AA-10 Alamo) is a medium-range air-to-air missile developed by the Soviet Union. ...

Air-to-surface

  • AS-7 Kerry
  • AS-10 Karen
  • AS-11 Kilter
  • AS-12 Kegler
  • Kh-29 ,(AS-14 Kedge)
  • HOT

An air-to-surface missile (also, air-to-ground missile, ASM or AGM) is a missile designed to be launched from military aircraft (bombers, attack aircraft, fighter aircraft or other kinds) and strike ground targets on land, at sea, or both. ... The Zvezda Kh-23 (Russian: Х-23, NATO reporting name: AS-7 Kerry) was an early Soviet tactical air-to-surface missile. ... The Kh-25 is a Russian ARM that can be carried on double or single ejector racks on most Russian strike aircraft. ... The Kh-58 is an anti-radiation missile developed by the Soviet Union. ... The Kh-25 is a Russian ARM that can be carried on double or single ejector racks on most Russian strike aircraft. ... Kh-29T (left) The Kh-29 (NATO codename AS-14) is a Russian ASM, made by the Molniya Design Bureau (their only air to ground munition) and has several variations, the Kh-29TD television guided missile, and the Kh-29L laser-guided missile, as well as the Kh-29D, with... HOT Type anti-tank missile Nationality France/German Era Cold War, Modern Launch platform vehicle, helicopter Target History Builder Euromissile Date of design Production period 1978 (HOT 1) Service duration Operators see text Variants HOT 1, HOT 2, HOT 3 Number built Specifications Type Diameter 0. ...

Surface-to-air

  • SA-2 Guideline : 257 launchers
  • SA-3 Goa : 143 launchers. under upgrade
  • SA-5 Gammon : 48 launchers
  • SA-6 Gainful : 50 belong to the army
  • SA-7 Grail : 200
  • SA-8 Gecko : 60
  • SA-9 Gaskin : 20. belong to the army
  • SA-13 Gopher : 35. belong to the army

Akash Missile Firing French Air Force Crotale battery Bendix Rim-8 Talos surface to air missile of the US Navy A surface-to-air missile (SAM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. ... An S-75 missile on camoflaged launcher An S-75 missile in elevated position An North Vietnamese S-75 site An S-75 missile in transit A Fan Song radar (left) and what looks like a Low Blow to the right The SA-2 Guideline is the NATO reporting name... Two S-125 dual missile launcher trailers. ... An S-200 missile on its launcher. ... A 3M9 TEL with missiles erected. ... A soldier posing with a Strela launcher. ... 9K33M3 (SA-8 Gecko) TELAR. Photo by Naval Expeditionary Warfare Training. ... A 9K31 transporter erector launcher. ... An SA-13 TELAR. Photo by GulfLINK. The ZRK-BD 9K35 Strela-10 (Russian 9К35 Стрела-10 - arrow, NATO reporting name SA-13 Gopher) is a highly mobile, visually aimed, optical/infra-red guided, low-altitude, short-range surface to air missile system. ...

Defections

In comparison to other Arab air forces, Syria Air Force highest number of defections, mostly to Turkey, including:

1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... MiG-17 at the Central Texas Airshow, USA, May 2003. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... The Mikoyan MiG-29 (NATO reporting name Fulcrum) is a Russian fighter aircraft used in the air superiority role. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Flogger). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Flogger). ...

External Links

  • Russia implementing contract signed with Syria for the delivery of 5 MiG-31E fighter-interceptors

  Results from FactBites:
 
Syrian Air Force - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (497 words)
The Syrian Air Force (Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya al Arabiya as-Souriya in Arabic) is the Aviation branch of the Syrian armed forces.
In 1948, the Syrian Air Force was officially established after the first class of pilots graduted from flight schools in Britain.
In the Six-Day War, the Syrian Air Force was defeated rapidly, losing 2/3rds of its forces with the rest retreating to bases in remote parts of Syria.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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