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Encyclopedia > Syncopation

In music, syncopation is a stress on a normally unstressed beat, or a missing beat where a stressed one would normally be expected. Syncopation is used in many musical styles and is fundamental in such styles as funk, reggae, ragtime, rap, jump blues, jazz and often in dubstep, progressive metal, and classical music. In the form of a back beat, syncopation is used in virtually all contemporary popular music. Syncopation may have the following meanings. ... putang ina. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... For other uses, including related musical genres, see Funk (disambiguation). ... Reggae is a music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ... Look up ragtime in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... RAP may mean: the IATA airport code for Rapid City Regional Airport Rassemblement pour lalternative progressiste, a Québecois political party. ... Jump blues is a type of up-tempo blues music influenced by big band sound. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Dubstep is a genre of electronic dance music which has its roots in Londons early 2000s UK garage scene. ... Progressive metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music which blends the powerful, guitar-driven sound of metal with the complex compositional structures, odd time signatures, and intricate instrumental playing of progressive rock. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... In music a back beat (also called the, or a, backbeat) is a term applied to the beats 2 and 4 in a 4/4 bar or a 12/8 bar [1] as opposed to the odd downbeat, (quarter beat 1). ... For the music genre, see Pop music. ...


==Types of Image:Syncopation example.svg Image File history File links Syncopation_example. ...


Playing a note ever-so-slightly before or after a beat is another form of syncopation because this produces an unexpected accent.

Contents

Anticipated bass

Anticipated bass is a bass tone that comes syncopated shortly before the downbeat, which is used in Son montuno Cuban dance music. Timing can vary, but it usually comes less than an eighth note before the one and three beats in 4 4 or Common Time... Bass (IPA: [], rhyming with face), when used as an adjective, describes tones of low frequency or range. ... Downbeat can have several meanings: // In Music Theory In music performance and music theory, the downbeat is also the first beat of a measure in music. ... Arsenio Rodríguez initially developed son montuno from son. ... Figure 1. ... Track Listing One Beat Faraway Oh! The Remainder Light Rail Coyote Step Aside Combat Rock Oxygen Funeral Song Pristina Hollywood Ending Sympathy A Bonus disc was included with some early cd pressings, featuring the tracks: Off With Your Head Lions and Tigers 2002 Kill Rock Stars ...


Missed-beat syncopation

Another type of syncopation is the missed beat, in which a rest is substituted for an expected note (van der Merwe 1989, pp. 321). This can occur on any beat in a measure.


Transformation

Richard Middleton (1990, p.212-13) suggests adding the concept of transformation to Narmour's (1980, p.147-53) prosodic rules which create rhythmic successions in order to explain or generate syncopations. "The syncopated pattern is heard 'with reference to', 'in light of', as a remapping of, its partner." He gives examples of: Richard Middleton may be Richard Middleton (Lord Chancellor) medieval theologian, philosopher and Lord Chancellor Richard Middleton (writer) (1882 - 1911) British poet and ghost story writer Richard Middleton (musicologist) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... In music, a transformation consists of any operation or process that a composer or performer may apply to a musical variable (usually a set or tone row in twelve tone music). ...

  • Latin equivalent of simple 4/4:

Latin transformation Image File history File links Download high resolution version (862x89, 2 KB)Latin rhythm transformation Created by Hyacinth using Sibelius and Paint. ...

  • Backbeat transformation of simple 4/4:

Backbeat transformation Image File history File links Download high resolution version (865x93, 3 KB)Backbeat rhythm transformation Created by Hyacinth using Sibelius and Paint. ...

  • Before-the-beat phrasing, combined with backbeat transformation of a simple repeated trochee, which gives the phraseology of "Satisfaction":

"Satisfaction" backbeat syncopation is good and before-the-beat transformations A trochee or choree, choreus, is a metrical foot used in formal poetry. ... Music sample (I Cant Get No) Satisfaction ( file info) Problems? See media help. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (863x214, 7 KB)Satisfaction rhythm transformations Created by Hyacinth using Sibelius and Paint. ...


See also

The terms syncopation and syncopated step in dancing are used in two senses: The first one matches the musical one: stepping on (or otherwise emphasizing) an unstressed beat. ...

Bibliography

  • Middleton, Richard (1990/2002). Studying Popular Music. Philadelphia: Open University Press. ISBN 0-335-15275-9.
  • Seyer, Philip, Allan B. Novick and Paul Harmon (1997). What Makes Music Work. Forest Hill Music. ISBN 0-9651344-0-7.
  • van der Merwe, Peter (1989), written at Oxford, Origins of the Popular Style: The Antecedents of Twentieth-Century Popular Music, Clarendon Press, 128, ISBN 0193161214

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Music Concepts Online: Syncopation Lecture (486 words)
Syncopation is the wonderful effect which is created when notes which are supposed to fall in a certain place surprise the ear and fall somewhere else.
We now have syncopation, since the third note, which is a strong note, does not occur on the beat, it occurs between beats 2 and 3.
Another type of syncopation is that which is caused when there is silence instead of accent on the beat.
syncopation – FREE syncopation Information | Encyclopedia.com: Facts, Pictures, Information! (923 words)
syncopation [New Gr.,=cut off ], in music, the accentuation of a beat that normally would be weak according to the rhythmic division of the measure.
Although the normally strong beat is not usually effaced by the process, there are occasions (e.g., the second theme in the final movement of Schumann's Piano Concerto in A Minor) when the natural rhythmic structure is entirely altered, the syncopation being so elaborate and persistent that the actual metrical structure is obliterated aurally.
Occasional syncopation is present in music of all types and in all periods.
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