FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Symphony No. 4 (Beethoven)

The Symphony No. 4 in B Flat Major (Op. 60) by Ludwig van Beethoven, was written in 1806. It was dedicated to Count Franz von Oppersdorff. Opus is a Latin word which means work (in the sense of a work of art). Some composers musical pieces are identified by opus numbers which generally run either in order of composition or in order of publication. ... 1820 portrait by Karl Stieler Ludwig van Beethoven (pronounced ) (baptised December 17, 1770[1] – March 26, 1827) was a German composer and pianist. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

Contents

Background

A cliché holds that the odd numbered symphonies of Beethoven are majestic, while the even numbered symphonies are peaceful. Though it arguably contrasts heavily with the 3rd and the 5th symphonies, one has to squint to envision the "slender Greek maiden between two Norse gods" that Robert Schumann saw in this work. The symphony opens with a subdued introduction, common to many classical symphonies, but it has the character of a brooding pause before the stormy first subject. The subjects of all movements are, for the most part, as loud, aggressive, and "masculine" sounding as anything in Beethoven. Even the adagio movement contains fortissimo passages and muscular Beethovenian hammer-blows. Along with the 1st, this is perhaps the most neglected of Beethoven's symphonies. The Symphony No. ... Image:Beethovens 5th coversheet. ... Robert Schumann (June 8, 1810 – July 29, 1856) was a German composer and pianist. ... Ludwig van Beethovens Symphony No. ...


Count Franz von Oppersdorff was the relative of Beethoven's patron, Prince Lichnowsky. When the Count traveled to Lichnowsky's summer home, he managed to meet Beethoven, who was having a summer vacation. Von Oppersdorff listened to Beethoven's Symphony No. 2 in D Major, and liked it so much that he offered a great amount of money for Beethoven to compose a new symphony for him. Beethoven went to work, using the cheerful mood of the Second Symphony. The dedication was made to "the Silesian nobleman Count Franz von Oppersdorf" (refer to Beethoven Handbook by Paul Netl; Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., New York, 1967. p. 262) Freiherr und Edler Herr von Woschutz (Bohemia 1702) Franz Bernhard Lichnowsky, Freiherr und Elder Herr von Woschutz 1664-1747) Franz Bernhard Lichnowsky, Graf Lichnowsky (1690-1742) (below) Graf Lichnowsky (Bohemia 1 January 1721 and Holy Roman Empire 27 May 1727) Franz Bernhard, Graf Lichnowsky (1690-1742) Johann Karl Amadeus Ferdinand... Ludwig van Beethovens Symphony Number 2 in D Major, (Op. ...


Orchestration

The orchestration for the Fourth Symphony is as follows:

Woodwinds
1 Flute
2 Oboes
2 Clarinets in B-flat
2 Bassoons
Brass
2 Horns in B-flat, E-flat
2 Trumpets in B-flat, E-flat
Percussion
Timpani
Strings
1st, 2nd Violins
Violas
Violoncellos
Double Basses

A woodwind instrument is a musical instrument in which sound is produced by blowing through a mouthpiece against an edge or by a vibrating reed, and in which the pitch is varied by opening or closing holes in the body of the instrument. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The oboe is a double reed musical instrument of the woodwind family. ... Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... A Fox Products bassoon. ... Image of a trumpet. ... The horn is a brass instrument that consists of tubing wrapped into a coiled form. ... Trumpeter redirects to here. ... Percussion instruments are played by being struck, shaken, rubbed or scraped. ... A timpanist in the United States Air Forces in Europe Band. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... The viola (in French, alto; in German Bratsche) is a string instrument played with a bow which serves as the middle voice of the violin family, between the upper lines played by the violin and the lower lines played by the cello and double bass. ... Alternate meaning: Cello web browser A cropped image to show the relative size of a cello to a human (Uncropped Version) The cello (also violoncello or cello) is a stringed instrument and part of the violin family. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ...

Form

There are four movements in this piece: In music, a movement is a large division of a larger composition or musical form. ...

  1. Adagio -- Allegro vivace
  2. Adagio
  3. Allegro molto e vivace -- Trio. Un poco meno allegro
  4. Allegro ma non troppo

It is about 33 minutes in length. In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ... In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ... In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ... In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ... In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ... In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ...


Descriptions

First Movement: Follows sonata form. The adagio portion, serving as an introduction, gives the mysterious and quiet atmosphere. However, once the allegro vivace part begins, the mood quickly transforms to one of activity and cheerfulness. The movement is very rhythmical, and at the shortened recapitulation the movement ends with a florid coda. Sonata form is a musical form that has been used widely since the early Classical period. ... In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ... In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ...


Second Movement: Follows sonata form. Calm, beautiful melody gives the lyrical atmosphere to the entire movement, which engulfs us in elegant and sublime emotion. The melody appears in first violin section, while the second theme appears in the clarinet section.


Third Movement: Follows scherzo form. The movement humorously and freely develops. Overall, an energetic movement. Notably, the trio is brought back twice expanding the traditional ABA structure to ABABA. A scherzo (plural scherzi) is a name given to a piece of music or a movement from a larger piece such as a symphony. ... Ternary form is a structuring mechanism of a piece of music. ...


Fourth Movement: Follows sonata form. With a fast tempo, this movement brings the gaudiness and cheerful atmosphere to a high degree. Vividness and extreme happiness continues until the coda.


External links

  • Analysis of the Beethoven Symphony No. 4 on the All About Ludwig van Beethoven Page
  • Full Score of Beethoven's Fourth Symphony.
  • Complete performance by the Philadelphia Orchestra.

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m