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Encyclopedia > Symphony No. 1 (Sibelius)

Jean Sibelius's Symphony No. 1 in E minor, Opus 39 was written in 1898 when Sibelius was 33. Unlike Sibelius's later symphonies, the piece does not closely resemble the brass-heavy symphonic movements, such as Finlandia, that Sibelius is known for. Instead, the symphony closely mimics the lyric style of Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and German composer Johannes Brahms. Though Sibelius later denied being influenced by Tchaikovsky or Brahms, the lyricism and the light use of brass is evidence of emulation. Though the piece was initially classified as being romantic, some music historians argue that it should be classified as modern. Sibelius redirects to this article. ... Opus is a Latin word which means work (in the sense of a work of art). Some composers musical pieces are identified by opus numbers which generally run either in order of composition or in order of publication. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Finlandia is a symphonic poem by the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A young Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1874) Tchaikovsky redirects here. ... Johannes Brahms. ... Romanticism was an artistic and intellectual movement that originated in late 18th century Western Europe. ... Modern music is music that is part of either the movement of musical modernism or the era of 20th century music, or is contemporary music. ...


The symphony is characterized by its use of string and woodwind solos; the first movement opens with a long and somewhat rambling unaccompanied clarinet solo (the music of which returns at the beginning of the fourth movement, fortissimo in the strings, with wind and brass chordal accompaniment), and subsequent movements include violin, viola, and cello solos. In addition, the piece is also characterized by its distinctively minor tones that contrast with the piece's major tonality sections. A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... A woodwind instrument is a musical instrument in which sound is produced by blowing through a mouthpiece against an edge or by a vibrating reed, and in which the pitch is varied by opening or closing holes in the body of the instrument. ... Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... In music, dynamics refers to the volume or loudness of the sound or note, in particular to the range from soft (quiet) to loud. ... A violin The violin is a bowed stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a perfect fifth apart. ... A viola The viola (in French, alto; in German bratsche) is a stringed musical instrument played with a bow which serves as the middle voice of the violin family, between the upper lines played by the higher violin (soprano register) and the lower lines played by the deeper cello (bass... A cello The violoncello, almost always abbreviated to cello (the c is pronounced as the ch in cheese), is a stringed instrument and a member of the violin family. ...


The work has a duration of approximately 35-36 minutes, but many conductors choose to slacken the speeds, particularly in the fast part of the first movement, that are suggested by Sibelius's metronome markings. Because of this, many versions of the symphony are about 38-40 minutes long (indeed, the publishers suggest the duration is 40 minutes [1]). In Osmo Vänskä's rather pioneering recording of the work, released in 1997, the first movement is played in Sibelius's own tempo and clocking in at 9:42, compared to the 10½ - 11½ minutes that it takes on most other recordings. The conductor Osmo Vänskä (* 28. ...


Movements

Like most symphonies, it is in four movements:

  1. Andante, ma non troppo - Allegro energico
  2. Andante (ma non troppo lento)
  3. Scherzo: Allegro
  4. Finale: Andante - Allegro molto

This article is about tempo in music. ... In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ... In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ...

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