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Encyclopedia > Symeon the New Theologian
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Symeon the New Theologian (949–1022) is one of three saints of the Eastern Orthodox church to have been given the title of Theologian (the others are St. John the Apostle and St. Gregory Nazianzen). Born in Galatia and educated at Constantinople, he became abbot of the monastery of St. Mamas. Jump to: navigation, search In general, the term Saint refers to someone who is exceptionally virtuous and holy. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... Theology is literally rational discourse concerning God (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, rational discourse). By extension, it also refers to the study of other religious topics. ... Jump to: navigation, search John the Apostle (יוחנן The LORD is merciful, Standard Hebrew Yoḥanan, Tiberian Hebrew Yôḥānān) was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus. ... Saint Gregory Nazianzus (AD 329 - January 25, 389), also known as Saint Gregory the Theologian, was a 4th century Christian bishop of Constantinople. ... Ancient Galatia was an area in the highlands of central Anatolia (now Turkey). ... Jump to: navigation, search Map of Constantinople. ... Abbots coat of arms An abbot (from the Hebrew ab, a father, through the Syriac abba, Latin abbas (genitive form, abbatis), Old English abbad, ; German Abt; French abbé) is the head and chief governor of a community of monks, called also in the East hegumenos or The English version... Buddhist monastery near Tibet A monastery is the habitation of monks. ...


St. Symeon was a poet who embodied the mystical tradition. He wrote that humans could experience the Spirit of God directly. His works influenced the hesychastic controversy of the 14th century. Hesychasm (from Greek Hσυχασμoς, meaning quietness ) is a mystical tradition of experiential prayer in Eastern Orthodox Christianity. ... Jump to: navigation, search This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right}. It is housed in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which...


References

  • Hilarion Alfeyev, St Symeon the New Theologian and Orthodox Tradition, 2000, Oxford U. Press, ISBN 0-19-827009-7

See also

Christian mysticism Jump to: navigation, search Mysticism is the philosophy and practice of a direct experience of God. ...


External links

  • Ecole Glossary entry
  • biography at Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia (accessed September 30, 2005)

 
 

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