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Encyclopedia > Sylvia Plath
Sylvia Plath
Born October 27, 1932(1932-10-27)
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died February 11, 1963 (aged 30)
London, England
Occupation Poet, novelist, and short story writer
Nationality American
Literary movement confessional poetry
Influences Robert Lowell, Virginia Woolf

Sylvia Plath (October 27, 1932February 11, 1963) was an American poet, novelist, and short story writer. is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Boston redirects here. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about work. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... This article is in need of attention. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... ... A confessional poet traffics in intimate, and perhaps derogatory, information about him or herself, in poems about illness, sexuality, despondence and the like. ... Robert Lowell (March 1, 1917–September 12, 1977), born Robert Traill Spence Lowell, IV, was a highly regarded mid-twentieth-century American poet. ... For the American writer, see Virginia Euwer Wolff. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... This article is in need of attention. ...


Known primarily for her poetry, Plath also wrote a semi-autobiographical novel, The Bell Jar, under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas, detailing her struggle with depression. Along with Anne Sexton, Plath is credited with advancing the genre of confessional poetry that Robert Lowell and W.D. Snodgrass initiated. This Side Of Paradise by F. Scott Fitzgerald, a famous example of an autobiographical novel An autobiographical novel is a novel based on the life of the author. ... The Bell Jar is American writer Sylvia Plaths only novel, which was originally published under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas in 1963. ... In everyday language depression refers to any downturn in mood, which may be relatively transitory and perhaps due to something trivial. ... Anne Sexton, 1974 Anne Sexton (November 9, 1928, Newton, Massachusetts – October 4, 1974, Weston, Massachusetts), born Anne Gray Harvey, was an American poet and writer. ... A confessional poet traffics in intimate, and perhaps derogatory, information about him or herself, in poems about illness, sexuality, despondence and the like. ... Robert Lowell (March 1, 1917–September 12, 1977), born Robert Traill Spence Lowell, IV, was a highly regarded mid-twentieth-century American poet. ... William De Witt Snodgrass (born January 5, 1926 in Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania), pseudonym S. S. Gardons, is an American poet and a 1960 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry winner. ...

Contents

Biography

Childhood

Plath was born on October 27, 1932 in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, to Aurelia Schober Plath, a first-generation American of Austrian descent, and Otto Emile Plath, an immigrant from Grabow, Germany. Plath's father was a professor of zoology and German at Boston University and a noted bees specialist.[1] Plath's mother was approximately twenty-one years younger than her husband.[1] In 1934, Plath's brother Warren was born.[1] The family moved to Winthrop in 1936 during the Great Depression, where Plath spent much of her childhood on Johnson Avenue. Plath's mother, Aurelia, had grown up in Winthrop, Massachusetts, and her maternal grandparents, the Schobers, had lived in a section of the town called Point Shirley, a location mentioned in Plath's poetry. Plath published her first poem in Winthrop, in the Boston Herald's children's section, when she was eight years old. is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jamaica Plain, commonly known as JP, is a historic neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Historical townhall Grabow is a town in the district of Ludwigslust, in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. ... Zoology (from Greek: ζῴον, zoion, animal; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the biological discipline which involves the study of animals. ... For the similarly named institution in Chestnut Hill, see Boston College. ... Families Andrenidae Anthophoridae Apidae Colletidae Ctenoplectridae Halictidae Heterogynaidae Megachilidae Melittidae Oxaeidae Sphecidae Stenotritidae This article is about the insect. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...   Nickname: Winthrop-by-the-Sea Settled: 1635 â€“ Incorporated: 1852 Zip Code(s): 02152 â€“ Area Code(s): 617 / 857 Official website: http://www. ... The Boston Herald is a tabloid newspaper (not to be confused with tabloid press periodicals), the smaller of the two big dailies in Boston, Massachusetts, with a daily circulation of 230,543 in September 2005. ...


Otto Plath died on November 5, 1940, a week and a half after Plath's eighth birthday, of complications following the amputation of a leg due to diabetes. Diabetes mellitus was even at that time a treatable disease. He did not, however, receive proper treatment due to an incorrect self-diagnosis. He fell ill shortly after the death of a close friend who died of lung cancer. Comparing the similarities between his friend's symptoms and his own, Otto was convinced that he too was ill with lung cancer, and did not seek treatment until his diabetes had progressed too far. Otto Plath is buried in Winthrop Cemetery, where his gravestone continues to attract readers of Plath's poem "Daddy." Aurelia Plath then moved her children and her parents to 26 Elmwood Road, Wellesley, Massachusetts in 1942.[1] This article is about the disease that features high blood sugar. ... For the disease characterized by excretion of large amounts of very dilute urine, see diabetes insipidus. ...   Settled: 1660 â€“ Incorporated: 1881 Zip Code(s): 02481, 02482 â€“ Area Code(s): 339 / 781 Official website: http://www. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


College years

During the summer after her third year of college, Plath received the position of guest editor at Mademoiselle magazine, during which she spent a month in New York City. The experience was not at all what she had hoped it would be, beginning within her a seemingly downward spiral in her outlook on herself and life in general. Many of the events that took place during that summer were later used as inspiration for her novel The Bell Jar. In her junior year at Smith College, Plath made her first medically documented suicide attempt by crawling under her house and taking an overdose of sleeping pills.[2] Details of her documented and possible undocumented attempts at suicide are chronicled in her book. After her suicide attempt, Plath was briefly committed to a mental institution where she received electroconvulsive therapy.[3] Her stay at McLean Hospital was paid for by Olive Higgins Prouty, who had also funded the scholarship awarded to Plath to attend Smith. Plath seemed to make an acceptable recovery and graduated from Smith with honors in 1955. She obtained a Fulbright scholarship to Cambridge University where she continued actively writing poetry, occasionally publishing her work in the student newspaper Varsity. It was at a party given in Cambridge that she met the English poet Ted Hughes. They were married on June 16, 1956 after a short courtship.[4] Mademoiselle was an influential womens magazine published by Condé Nast Publications. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Bell Jar is American writer Sylvia Plaths only novel, which was originally published under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas in 1963. ... Smith College is a private, independent womens liberal arts college located in Northampton, Massachusetts. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... McLean Hospital (pronounced Mc-Lane) is a psychiatric hospital in Belmont, Massachusetts, USA. It is noted for its clinical staff expertise and ground-breaking neuroscience research. ... Olive Higgins Prouty (January 10, 1882–March 24, 1974) was an American novelist, best known for her pioneering consideration of psychotherapy in Now, Voyager and her feminist melodrama Stella Dallas. ... The Fulbright Program is program of educational grants (Fulbright Fellowships) sponsored by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the United States Department of State. ... The University of Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world, with one of the most selective sets of entry requirements in the United Kingdom. ... Varsity is the older of Cambridge Universitys main student newspapers (The Cambridge Student is the other, younger, one). ... 1 Aspinall Street, Mytholmroyd, West Yorkshire, where Ted Hughes was born. ...


Wife, mother and poet

Plath and Hughes spent from July 1957 to October 1959 living and working in the United States, where Plath taught at Smith. They then moved to Boston where Plath sat in on seminars given by Robert Lowell. Also attending Lowell's seminars was Anne Sexton. At this time, Plath and Hughes also met, for the first time, W. S. Merwin, who admired their work and was to remain a lifelong friend.[5] Robert Lowell (March 1, 1917–September 12, 1977), born Robert Traill Spence Lowell, IV, was a highly regarded mid-twentieth-century American poet. ... Anne Sexton, 1974 Anne Sexton (November 9, 1928, Newton, Massachusetts – October 4, 1974, Weston, Massachusetts), born Anne Gray Harvey, was an American poet and writer. ... William Stanley (W.S.) Merwin was born on September 30, 1927 in New York City and grew up in Union City, New Jersey, and Scranton, Pennsylvania. ...


Upon learning that Plath was pregnant, the couple moved back to the United Kingdom. Plath and Hughes lived in London for a while on Chalcot Square near the Primrose Hill area of Regent's Park, and then settled in the small market town of North Tawton in Devon. While there, Plath published her first collection of poetry, The Colossus. In February 1961, she suffered a miscarriage, and a number of her poems address this event.[6] This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... , Primrose Hill is a hill located on the north side of Regents Park in north London, and also the name for the surrounding district. ... This article is about Regents Park in London. ... North Tawton is a small town in Devon, England, on the river Taw. ... Part of the seafront of Torquay, south Devon, at high tide Devon is a large county in South West England, bordered by Cornwall to the west, and Dorset and Somerset to the east. ...


Soon, Plath's marriage to Hughes met with many difficulties, particularly from his affair with Assia Wevill, and they separated in late 1962.[7] She returned to London with their children, Frieda and Nicholas, and rented a flat at 23 Fitzroy Road (only a few blocks from the Chalcot Square apartment) in a house where W.B. Yeats once lived. Plath was pleased by this fact and considered it a good omen.[8] Assia Wevill (May 15, 1927 – March 23, 1969) was born in Berlin, the daughter of a Russian-Jewish father and a German Lutheran mother. ... Frieda Hughes (b. ... William Butler Yeats, 1933. ...


Death

Plath's grave at Heptonstall church, West Yorkshire
Plath's grave at Heptonstall church, West Yorkshire

Plath took her own life on the morning of February 11, 1963. She left out bread and milk and completely sealed the rooms between herself and her sleeping children with "wet towels and cloths."[9] Plath then placed her head in the oven in her kitchen while the gas was turned on. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 59 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its creator, snecklifter. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 59 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image has been (or is hereby) released into the public domain by its creator, snecklifter. ... Coat of Arms of South Yorkshire West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county within the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England, that has a population of 2. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ...


It has been suggested that Plath's timing and planning of this suicide attempt was too precise, too coincidental, and that she had not meant to succeed in killing herself. Apparently, she had previously asked Mr. Thomas, her downstairs neighbor, what time he would be leaving; and a note had been placed that read "Call Dr. Horder" and listed his phone number.[10] Therefore it is argued that Plath must have turned the gas on at a time when Mr. Thomas should have been waking and beginning his day. This theory maintains that the gas, for several hours, seeped through the floor and reached Mr. Thomas and another resident of the floor below. Also, an au pair was to arrive at nine o'clock that morning to help Plath with the care of her children. Upon arrival, the au pair could not get into the flat, but was eventually let in by painters, who had a key to the front door. Au pair is an anglicization of the French term au pair, which means on par or equal to and describes a young person living on an equal basis with a host family in a foreign country. ...


However, in the book Giving Up: The Last Days of Sylvia Plath, Jillian Becker says that, "according to Mr. Goodchild—a police officer attached to the coroner's office . . . she had thrust her head far into the gas oven. 'She had really meant to die.'" Jillian Becker, novelist, prize-winning story-writer, critic, journalist, lecturer, is best known internationally as a writer, researcher, and authority on the subject of terrorism. ...


Plath's gravestone bears the inscription "Even amidst fierce flames the golden lotus can be planted." The gravestone has been repeatedly vandalized with supporters of Plath chiselling off the name "Hughes." This practice intensified following the suicide in 1969 of Assia Wevill, the woman for whom he left Plath, which led to claims that Hughes had been abusive toward Plath.[11] Assia Wevill (May 15, 1927 – March 23, 1969) was born in Berlin, the daughter of a Russian-Jewish father and a German Lutheran mother. ...


Works

Journals

Plath began keeping a diary at age 11, and kept journals until her suicide. Her adult diaries, starting from her freshman year at Smith College in 1950, were first published in 1980 as The Journals of Sylvia Plath, edited by Frances McCullough. In 1982, when Smith College acquired Plath's remaining journals, Hughes sealed two of them until February 11, 2013, the fiftieth anniversary of Plath's death. is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2013 (MMXIII) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


During the last years of his life, Hughes began working on a fuller publication of Plath's journals. In 1998, shortly before his death, he unsealed the two journals, and passed the project onto his children by Plath, Frieda and Nicholas, who passed it on to Karen V. Kukil. Kukil finished her editing in December 1999, and in 2000 Anchor Books published The Unabridged Journals of Sylvia Plath. According to the back cover, roughly two-thirds of the Unabridged Journals is newly released material. The American author Joyce Carol Oates hailed the publication as a "genuine literary event". Joyce Carol Oates (born June 16, 1938) is an American author and the Roger S. Berlind 52 Professor in the Humanities with the Program in Creative Writing at Princeton University, where she has taught since 1978. ...


Hughes faced criticism for his role in handling the journals: he claims to have destroyed Plath's last journal, which contained entries from the winter of 1962 up to her death. In the foreword of the 1982 version, he writes, "I destroyed [the last of her journals] because I did not want her children to have read it (in those days I regarded forgetfulness as an essential part of survival)."


Poems

Plath has been criticized for her controversial allusions to the Holocaust, and is known for her uncanny use of metaphor. Her work has been compared to and associated with Anne Sexton, W.D. Snodgrass, and other confessional poets. “Shoah” redirects here. ...


While the few critics who responded to Plath's first book, The Colossus, did so favorably, it has also been described as somewhat staid and conventional in comparison to the much more free-flowing imagery and intensity of her later work.


The poems in Ariel mark a departure from her earlier work into a more personal arena of poetry. It is a possibility that Lowell's poetry—which is often labeled "confessional"—played a part in this shift. Indeed, in an interview before her death she listed Lowell's Life Studies as an influence. The impact of Ariel was dramatic, with its descriptions of mental illness in autobiographical poems such as, "Tulips", "Daddy" and "Lady Lazarus". Ariel was the last book of poetry published during Sylvia Plaths lifetime. ... Life Studies is the fourth book of poems by Robert Lowell, after Land of Unlikeness, Lord Wearys Castle, and The Mills of The Kavanaughs. ... For music albums named Autobiography, see Greek eauton = self, bios = life and graphein = write) is a form of biography, the writing of a life story. ... Tulips is one of Sylvia Plath’s best known poems. ... Daddy is perhaps one of Sylvia Plaths best known works. ... Lady Lazarus is a poem written by Sylvia Plath, and is commonly used as an example of her writing style. ...


In 1982, Plath became the first poet to win a Pulitzer Prize posthumously for The Collected Poems. In 2006, a graduate student at Virginia Commonwealth University discovered a previously unpublished sonnet written by Plath entitled "Ennui". The poem, composed during Plath's early years at Smith College, is published in Blackbird, the online journal. The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... Virginia Commonwealth University, or VCU, is a large public American research university with its main campuses located in downtown Richmond, Virginia. ... Francesco Petrarca, or Petrarch, one of the best-known early Italian sonnet writers. ... Blackbird (an online journal of literature and the arts) is an internet journal publishing fiction, poetry, plays, interviews, and reviews by Pulitzer winners as well as promising young artists, including audio and video features, always presented free of charge. ... Online journals are publications of a serial nature that make use of digital distribution methods. ...


The Ted Hughes controversy

As Plath's widower, Hughes became the executor of Plath's personal and literary estates. This proved to be controversial, as it is uncertain whether Plath had begun divorce proceedings before her death: if she had, Hughes' inheritance of the Plath estate would have been in dispute. In letters to Aurelia Plath and Richard Murphy, Plath writes that she was applying for a divorce. However, Hughes said in a letter to The Guardian that Plath did not seriously consider divorce, and claims they were discussing reconciliation mere days before her death. However, he oversaw the publication of her manuscripts, including Ariel (1965). He claims to have destroyed the final volume of Plath’s journal, detailing their last few months together. An executor is a person named by a maker of a will to carry out the directions of the will. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ...


Many critics accused Hughes of attempting to control the publications for his own ends, though he denied this. Examples cited include his censoring of parts of her journals that portrayed him unfavorably, and his editing of Ariel, changing the order of the poems in the book from the sequence she had intended and left at her death, as well as removing several poems. Critics argue this prevented what was intended to be a more uplifting beginning and ending of Ariel, and that the poems removed were the ones most readily identified as being about Hughes.


Hughes hired an accountant to keep track of the estate, but the accountant did a poor job. A large and looming tax bill caused Hughes to convince Plath's mother, Aurelia, to publish The Bell Jar in the United States. Because of this, she later asked Hughes' permission to publish a volume of Plath's letters, to which he agreed with strong reservations.


Ironically, Hughes' sister Olwyn—never close to and often openly hostile towards Plath during her life—eventually took over much of the duties of executor of the Plath estate. Like her brother, Olwyn Hughes was seen as being overly aggressive in limiting permissions if the works cast Hughes in an unfavorable light.


In the reams of criticism and biographies published after her death, the debate about Plath's work resembles a struggle between readers who side with her and readers who side with Hughes.[12]


Bibliography

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ...

Poetry

  • The Colossus and Other Poems (1960)
  • Ariel (1965)
  • Three Women: A monologue for three voices (1968)
  • Crossing the Water (1971)
  • Winter Trees (1972)
  • The Collected Poems (1981)
  • Selected Poems (1985)

Ariel was the last book of poetry published during Sylvia Plaths lifetime. ...

Prose

The Bell Jar is American writer Sylvia Plaths only novel, which was originally published under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas in 1963. ... For other uses, see Alias. ... Letters Home is a collection of letters written by Sylvia Plath to her family between her years at college, in 1950, and her death at age 30. ... Johnny Panic and the Bible of Dreams is a collection of short stories by deceased poet and writer Sylvia Plath. ... The Senior thesis is a research-based paper written at many universities and high schools. ...

Children's books

  • The Bed Book (1976)
  • The It-Doesn't-Matter-Suit (1996)
  • Collected Children's Stories (UK, 2001)
  • Mrs. Cherry's Kitchen (2001)

See also

A confessional poet traffics in intimate, and perhaps derogatory, information about him or herself, in poems about illness, sexuality, despondence and the like. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Sylvia Plath effect is a psychological finding by James C. Kaufman, coined in 2001, that female poets are more likely to be mentally ill than any other type of writer. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d Steven Axelrod. Sylvia Plath. The Literary Encyclopedia, 17 Sept. 2003, The Literary Dictionary Company (24 April 2007), University of California Riverside. Retrieved on 2007-06-01.
  2. ^ Kibler, James E. Jr, ed. (1980), Dictionary of Literary Biography, 2nd, vol. 6 - American Novelists Since World War II, A Bruccoli Clark Layman Book, University of Georgia. The Gale Group, pp. 259-64
  3. ^ http://www.sylviaplath.de/
  4. ^ Sylvia Plath (1932-1963). pseudonym Victoria Lucas, Books and Writers, www.kirjasto.sci.fi (2000). Retrieved on 2007-06-25.
  5. ^ Sylvia Plath. UIUC Library Online, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Retrieved on 2007-06-25.
  6. ^ Marie Griffin. Sylvia Plath - Poet. "Great talent in great darkness", Bipolar Disorder (2007 About, Inc.). Retrieved on 2007-06-25.
  7. ^ Richard Whittington-Egan. Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath—a marriage examined. Contemporary Review (February 2005). Retrieved on 2007-06-25.
  8. ^ Brenda C. Mondragon. Sylvia Plath. Neurotic Poets (1997-2006). Retrieved on 2007-06-25.
  9. ^ Stevenson, Anne (1998), Bitter Fame: A Life of Sylvia Plath, Mariner Books
  10. ^ Peter K. Steinberg. Biography (1956-1963). A celebration, This is; www.sylviaplath.info. Retrieved on 2007-02-28.
  11. ^ Vanessa Thorpe. I failed her. I was 30 and stupid. The Observer, Guardian Unlimited (March 19, 2000). Retrieved on 2007-02-27.
  12. ^ David Smith. Ted Hughes, the domestic tyrant. The Observer, Guardian Unlimited (September 10, 2006). Retrieved on 2007-06-25.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Biographies

  • Sylvia Plath (2004, Chelsea House, Great Writers Series) by Peter K. Steinberg, ISBN 0-7910-7843-4
  • Sylvia Plath: Method & Madness (A Biography) (2004, Schaffner Press, 2Rev Ed) by Edward Butscher, ISBN 0-9710-5982-9
  • Sylvia Plath: A Literary Life (2003, Palgrave Macmillan, 2Rev Ed) by Linda Wagner-Martin, ISBN 1-4039-1653-5
  • Her Husband: Ted Hughes & Sylvia Plath, a Marriage (2003, Viking Adult) by Diane Middlebrook, ISBN 0-670-03187-9
  • Rough Magic: A Biography of Sylvia Plath (1991, Da Capo Press) by Paul Alexander, ISBN 0-3068-1299-1
  • The Death and Life of Sylvia Plath (1991, Carol Publishing) by Ronald Hayman, ISBN 1-5597-2068-9

Diane (Wood) Middlebrook (born 1939) is an American biographer, poet and teacher. ... Ronald Hayman is a British playwright, critic and writer, known for his biographies. ...

Other works on Plath

  • The 2003 motion picture Sylvia, starring Gwyneth Paltrow, tells the story of Plath's troubled relationship with Hughes.
  • Ariel's Gift: Ted Hughes, Sylvia Plath, and the Story of Birthday Letters (2002, W.W. Norton) by Erica Wagner | ISBN 0-3933-2301-3
  • Giving Up: The Last Days of Sylvia Plath by Jillian Becker (a friend with whom Plath spent her last weekend) (Ferrington, London, 2002).
  • Sylvia Plath: The Wound and the Cure of Words (1992, Johns Hopkins University) by Steven Gould Axelrod | ISBN 0-8018-4374-X
  • The Silent Woman: Sylvia Plath and Ted Hughes (1995, Vintage) by Janet Malcolm | ISBN 0-6797-5140-8
  • A psychobiographical chapter on Plath's loss of her father, and the effect of that loss on her personality and her art, is contained in William Todd Schultz's Handbook of Psychobiography (Oxford University Press, 2005).

The year 2003 in film involved some significant events. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... Movie poster of Sylvia Sylvia is a 2003 British motion picture that tells a biographical story of romance between Sylvia Plath, a prominent American poet and Ted Hughes, an English poet. ... Gwyneth Kate Paltrow (born September 27, 1972[1]) is an Academy Award-winning American actress and singer. ... Erica Wagner is the author of several books, including a collection of short stories, Gravity, and Ariel’s Gift: Ted Hughes, Sylvia Plath, and the Story of Birthday Letters. ... Jillian Becker, novelist, prize-winning story-writer, critic, journalist, lecturer, is best known internationally as a writer, researcher, and authority on the subject of terrorism. ... Janet Malcolm Janet Malcolm (born 1934) is an American writer and journalist on the staff of The New Yorker magazine. ...

External links

Persondata
NAME Plath, Sylvia
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION American poet, novelist, short story writer, and essayist
DATE OF BIRTH October 27, 1932
PLACE OF BIRTH Boston, Massachusetts, United States
DATE OF DEATH February 11, 1963
PLACE OF DEATH London, England

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sylvia Plath, Blackbird (117 words)
Sylvia Plath is widely recognized as one of the most important American poets of the twentieth century.
Plath died in London in 1963, and is buried in the churchyard at Heptonstall, West Yorkshire.
In 2000, The Unabridged Journals of Sylvia Plath, edited by Karen V. Kukil, was published by Anchor Books, and in 2004 HarperCollins Publishers issued Ariel: The Restored Edition: A Facsimile of Plath's Manuscript, Reinstating Her Original Selection and Arrangement, with a foreword by Frieda Hughes.
Sylvia Plath - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1576 words)
Since her suicide, Sylvia Plath has risen to iconic status and is considered to be one of the best poets of her generation.
Plath was born in the Jamaica Plain section of Boston to a German father and an Austrian-American mother.
Plath is buried in the churchyard at Heptonstall, West Yorkshire.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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