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Encyclopedia > Syed Hussein Alatas
Syed Hussein Alatas was a founding member of the Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Gerakan), which performed relatively successfully in the 1969 general elections.
Syed Hussein Alatas was a founding member of the Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Gerakan), which performed relatively successfully in the 1969 general elections.

Syed Hussein Alatas (September 17, 1928January 23, 2007) was a Malaysian academician and former politician. He was once Vice-Chancellor of the University of Malaya in the 1980s, and formed the Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Gerakan). Syed Hussein wrote several books, the most famous being The Myth of the Lazy Native. Image File history File links Gerakan_celebrate_after_1969_election. ... Image File history File links Gerakan_celebrate_after_1969_election. ... Parti Gerakan Logo The Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Malaysian Peoples Movement Party in English) formed on 24th March 1968, is a liberal party in Malaysia. ... The Malaysian general election of 1969 was the third general election since independence, held in West Malaysia (Malaya) on May 10, 1969, and in East Malaysia later in the month. ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A Vice-Chancellor (commonly called the VC) of a university in the United Kingdom, other Commonwealth countries, and some universities in Hong Kong, is the de facto head of the university. ... The University of Malaya (or Universiti Malaya in Malay; commonly abbreviated as UM) is the oldest university in Malaysia, and is situated on a 750 acre (3. ... Parti Gerakan Logo The Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Malaysian Peoples Movement Party in English) formed on 24th March 1968, is a liberal party in Malaysia. ...

Contents

Early life

Syed Hussein was born in Bogor, Indonesia.[1] Puncak pass area, looking north towards Bogor over extensive tea plantations Bogor is a city in West Java with a population of approximately 800,000 people in CBD area and 2,000,000 in suburban area, bringing a total of 3 million population. ...


Political career

Syed Hussein was among several intellectuals who formed Gerakan in 1968 as an offshoot of the defunct Labour Party. Gerakan was relatively successful in the 1969 general election, where it campaigned on a platform of social justice and the reduction or elimination of Bumiputra privileges outlined by Article 153 of the Constitution. Gerakan held a victory rally in the capital of Kuala Lumpur to celebrate. However, it deviated from its planned route into Malay areas of the city, where party members jeered at the Malays. Although an apology was issued the following day, the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a major component of the ruling Alliance coalition government, held a retaliatory rally. This rally soon degenerated into outright rioting after Malay participants killed passing Chinese motorcyclists. At least 180 people were killed during the subsequent riots (although other estimates put it substantially higher). As a result, a state of emergency was declared, and Parliament was suspended; it did not reconvene until 1971. [2] 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The Malaysian general election of 1969 was the third general election since independence, held in West Malaysia (Malaya) on May 10, 1969, and in East Malaysia later in the month. ... Bumiputra or Bumiputera (from Sanskrit Bhumiputra; translated literally, it means sons of the Earth; Malay, translated literally, it means princes of the Earth), is an official definition widely used in Malaysia, embracing ethnic Malays as well as other indigenous ethnic groups such as the Orang Asli in Peninsular Malaysia and... In 2005, UMNO Youth Chief Hishamuddin Hussein brandished the keris (traditional Malay dagger) in defense of ketuanan Melayu, the social contract and Article 153. ... Nickname: KL Motto: Maju dan makmur (Malay: Peace and progress) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Country Malaysia State Federal Territory Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Mayor Ruslin Hasan Area    - City 243. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... UMNO Flag The United Malays National Organisation, or UMNO, (Malay: Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu), is the largest political party in Malaysia and a founding member of the Barisan Nasional coalition, which has ruled the country uninterruptedly since its independence. ... Barisan Nasional (National Front or BN) is a political coalition in Malaysia. ... The Malaysian Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...


When Gerakan joined the Alliance coalition government in 1972, Syed Hussein left to help form Pekemas (Parti Keadilan Masyarakat Malaysia, or Social Justice Party of Malaysia), based on similar principles that Gerakan had been formed on. [3] However, the party collapsed in 1978 due to massive defections to the Democratic Action Party (DAP). Barisan Nasional (National Front or BN) is a political coalition in Malaysia. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Democratic Action Party (DAP) logo The Democratic Action Party (DAP, Parti Tindakan Demokratik in Malay) is Malaysias largest secular and Socialist opposition party. ...


Academic career

Syed Hussein's academic career began at the Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka publishing house, where he worked as head of the research department from 1958 onwards. He began lecturing part-time in philosophy at the University of Malaya in 1960, and served as the Head of the Cultural Division at the University's Department of Malay Studies from 1963 to 1967. He served as the Head of the Department of Malay Studies in the National University of Singapore from 1967 to 1988, before quitting to form Gerakan. He returned to academia as the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Malaya in 1988, before becoming a professor at the Centre for General Studies in the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia in 1995. He later transferred to the Department of Anthropology and Sociology in 1997, before becoming principal research fellow at the Institute of the Malay World and Civilisation of the same university in 1999. [4] Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka or DBP is a government body that responsible to coordinate the use malay language in Malaysia and Brunei. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... The University of Malaya (or Universiti Malaya in Malay; commonly abbreviated as UM) is the oldest university in Malaysia, and is situated on a 750 acre (3. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... University Cultural Centre The National University of Singapore (Abbreviation: NUS; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: Xīnjiāpō Guólì Dàxué; Abbreviated 国大; Malay: Universiti Nasional Singapura; Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் ேதசிய பல்கலைக்கலகம்) is Singapores oldest university, and remains the largest in the country in terms of student enrolment and curriculum offered. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (National University of Malaysia) was established in May 1970. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


Syed Hussein has authored a substantial number of books, many of them on corruption. [5]


The Myth of the Lazy Native

In 1966, Syed Hussein began pondering the question of why Western colonialists had, for four centuries, considered the natives of the Malay archipelago to be generally lazy, since Europeans had not arrived until the 17th century. His research eventually produced The Myth of the Lazy Native, a book which was published in 1977. In the book, he cited one instance of a "denigrating" view of the natives, when a German scientist suggested that Filipinos made their oars from bamboo so they could rest more frequently: "If they happen to break, so much the better, for the fatiguing labour of rowing must necessarily be suspended till they are mended again." Syed Hussein criticised such beliefs in the book as ranging "from vulgar fantasy and untruth to refined scholarship." He also asserted that "[t]he image of the indolent, dull, backward and treacherous native has changed into that of a dependent one requiring assistance to climb the ladder of progress". [5] World map depicting Malay Archipelago The Malay Archipelago is a vast archipelago located between mainland Southeastern Asia (Indochina) and Australia. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... The physicist Albert Einstein is probably the most famous scientist of our time. ... An oar is an implement used for water-borne propulsion. ... Diversity Around 91 genera and 1,000 species Subtribes Arthrostylidiinae Arundinariinae Bambusinae Chusqueinae Guaduinae Melocanninae Nastinae Racemobambodinae Shibataeinae See the full Taxonomy of the Bambuseae. ...


Death

Syed Hussein died after a fall in his home on January 23, 2007. The cause of death was later declared to be a heart attack.[1] January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... A myocardial infarction occurs when an atherosclerotic plaque slowly builds up in the inner lining of a coronary artery and then suddenly ruptures, totally occluding the artery and preventing blood flow downstream. ...


Bibliography

  • Reflections on the Theories of Religion (1963)
  • The Sociology of Corruption (1968)
  • Thomas Stamford Raffles: Schemer or Reformer? (1972)
  • Modernization and Social Change in Southeast Asia (1972)
  • Intellectuals in Developing Societies (1977)
  • The Myth of the Lazy Native (1977)
  • The Problem of Corruption (1986)
  • Corruption: Its Nature, Causes and Functions (1990)
  • "Corruption" in Oxford Companion to World Politics OUP New York (1993)
  • "Social Sciences" in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World Vol 4 OUP New York (1995)
  • Corruption and the Destiny of Asia (1999) [5]
  • Cita Sempurna Warisan Sejarah (2000) [6]

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b Syed Hussein Alatas dies. (Jan. 24, 2007). Malaysia Today.
  2. ^ Means, Gordon P. (1991). Malaysian Politics: The Second Generation, pp. 7 – 9. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-588988-6.
  3. ^ George, K. (2005). "Champion of the downtrodden". Retrieved Feb. 14, 2006.
  4. ^ Ismail, Faezah. "Intellectual captivity of freedom". Retrieved Feb. 20, 2006.
  5. ^ a b c Faezah, Ismail. "Revisiting 'The Myth of the Lazy Native'". Retrieved Feb. 19, 2006.
  6. ^ Fernandes, Bruno "Compte-rendu analytique et extraits de l'ouvrage" Review in french and malasian, in the Anales de desclasificación. Retrieved June. 10, 2006.

Further reading

  • Syed Alatas Mansion
  • Tourism Penang

 
 

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