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Encyclopedia > Swiss Reformed Church

The Reformed branch of Protestantism in Switzerland was started in Zurich by Huldrych Zwingli and spread within a few years to Basle (Johannes Oecolampadius), Berne (Berchtold Haller and Niklaus Manuel), St. Gall (Joachim Vadian), to cities in Southern Germany and via Alsace (Martin Bucer) to France. The Protestant Reformation in Switzerland was promoted initially by Huldrych Zwingli, who gained the support of the magistrate and population of Zürich in the 1520s. ... Huldrych (or Ulrich) Zwingli (January 1, 1484 – October 11, 1531) was the leader of the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland, and founder of the Swiss Reformed Churches. ... Johannes Oecolampadius or Oekolampad (1482 - November 24, 1531) was a German religious reformer, whose real name was Hussgen or Heussgen (changed to Hausschein and then into the Greek equivalent). ... Martin Bucer (or Butzer) (1491 - 1551) was a German Protestant reformer. ...

After the early death of Zwingli in 1531, his work was continued by Heinrich Bullinger, the author of the Second Helvetic Confession. The French-speaking cities Neuchatel, Geneva and Lausanne changed to the Reformation ten years later under William Farel and John Calvin coming from France. The Zwingli and Calvin branches had each their theological distinctions, but in 1549 under the lead of Bullinger and Calvin they came to a common agreement in the Consensus Tigurinus (Zurich Consent), and 1566 in the Second Helvetic Confession. Events January 26 - Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake-- thousands die October 1 - Battle of Kappel - The forces of Zürich are defeated by the Catholic cantons. ... Heinrich Bullinger Heinrich Bullinger (July 18, 1504 - September 17, 1575) was a Swiss reformer, the successor of Huldrych Zwingli as head of the Zurich church. ... Helvetic Confessions, the name of two documents expressing the common belief of the Reformed churches of Switzerland. ... William Farel William Farel (Guillaume Farel, 1489-1565) was a French evangelist, and a founder of the Reformed Church in the cantons of Neuchâtel, Berne and Geneva, and the Canton of Vaud Switzerland. ... John Calvin (July 10, 1509 – May 27, 1564) was an important French Christian theologian during the Protestant Reformation and is the namesake of the system of Christian theology called Calvinism. ... Events July - Ketts Rebellion Francis Xavier arrives in Japan. ...

Organizationally, the Reformed Churches in Switzerland remained separate units until today, being cantonal. The German part more in the Zwingli tradition, in the French part more in the Calvin tradition. They are governed synodically and their relation to the respective canton (in Switzerland, there are no church-state regulations on country-level) ranges from independent to close collaboration, depending on historical developments.

A distinctive of the Swiss Reformed churches in Zwingli tradition is their historically almost symbiotic link to the state (cantons) which is only loosening gradually in the present.

After the 18th century pietism arouse internal movements that in same cases has generated free churches, like the Free Church of Geneva. Pietism was a movement within Lutheranism, lasting from the late-17th century to the mid-18th century. ...

In 1920 was founded the Federation of Swiss Protestant Churches (Schweizerischer Evangelischer Kirchenbund, Fédération des Eglises protestantes de Suisse, Federazione delle Chiese evangeliche della Svizzera), with 22 member churches — 20 cantonal churches and 2 free churches (Free Church of Geneva and the Evangelical-Methodist Church of Switzerland), to serve as a legal umbrella before the federal government and represent the church in International relations.

Reformed Cantonal Churches of Switzerland

  • Chiesa Evangelica Riformata del Ticino-Evangelical-Reformed Church of the Canton of Ticino
  • Eglise evangelique reformee du Canton de Vaud-Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Vaud
  • Eglise Protestante de Geneve-Protestant Church of Geneva
  • Eglise reformee evangelique du canton de Neuchatel-Reformed-Evangelical Church of the Canton Neuchatel
  • Eglise reformee evangelique du Valais-Reformed Evangelical Church of Valais
  • Evangelisch-reformierte Kirche des Kantons Basel-Landschaft-Evangelical-Reformed Church of the Canton Basel-Landschaft
  • Evangelisch-reformierte Kirche des Kantons Basel-Stadt-Evangelical-Reformed Church of the Canton Basel-Stadt
  • Evangelisch-reformierte Kirche des Kantons Freiburg-Evangelical-Reformed Church of the Canton of Freiburg
  • Evangelisch-Reformierte Kirche des Kantons Luzern-Evangelical-Reformed Church of the Canton of Lucerne
  • Evangelisch-reformierte Kirche des Kantons Schaffhausen-Evangelical-Reformed Synod of the Canton of Schaffhausen
  • Evangelisch-reformierte Kirche des Kantons St. Gallen-Evangelical-Reformed Synod of the Canton of St. Gallen
  • Evangelisch-reformierte Kirche Kanton Solothurn-Reformed Church Canton of Solothurn
  • Evangelisch-reformierte Kirchen Bern-Jura-Solothurn-Evangelical Reformed Churches of the Canton Bern-Jura-Solothurn
  • Evangelisch-reformierte Kirchengemeinde des Kantons Zug-Evangelical-Reformed Church of the Canton of Zug
  • Evangelisch-reformierte Landeskirche beider Appenzell-Evangelical-Reformed Church of Appenzell
  • Evangelisch-reformierte Landeskirche des Kantons Aargau-Protestant Reformed Church of the Canton Aargau
  • Evangelisch-reformierte Landeskirche des Kantons Graubuenden-Evangelical-Reformed Church of the Canton of Graubuenden
  • Evangelisch-reformierte Landeskirche des Kantons Zuerich-Evangelical-Reformed Church of the Canton Zurich
  • Evangelisch-reformierter Kirchenverband der Zentralschweiz-Evangelical - Reformed Church - Association of Central Switzerland
  • Evangelischer Kirchenrat des Kantons Glarus-Evangelical Synod of the Canton of Glarus
  • Evangelischer Kirchenrat des Kantons Thurgau-Protestant Church of Thurgau

Canton Ticino or Ticino (German: (help· info)) is the southernmost canton of Switzerland. ... The Canton of Vaud is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German: (help· info) //, Italian: Ginevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland, situated where Lake Geneva (French Lac Léman) flows into the Rhône River. ... Neuchâtel (German: Neuenburg) is a city in Switzerland which is the capital of the Canton of Neuchâtel. ... The Valais (also known in German as Wallis) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland in the south-western part of the country, in the Pennine Alps around the valley of the Rhone River from its springs to Lake Geneva. ... Location within Switzerland Basel (British English traditionally: Basle and more recently Basel , German: Basel , French: Bâle , Italian and Spanish: Basilea ) is Switzerlands third most populous city (166,563 inhabitants (2004); 690,000 inhabitants in the conurbation stretching across the immediate cantonal and national boundaries made Basel Switzerlands... Location within Switzerland Basel (British English traditionally: Basle and more recently Basel , German: Basel , French: Bâle , Italian and Spanish: Basilea ) is Switzerlands third most populous city (166,563 inhabitants (2004); 690,000 inhabitants in the conurbation stretching across the immediate cantonal and national boundaries made Basel Switzerlands... Freiburg city from Schlossberg Freiburg im Breisgau is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, in the Breisgau region, on the western edge of the southern Black Forest (German: Schwarzwald) with about 214,000 inhabitants. ... Location within Switzerland View of the city from Lake Lucerne Another view across Lake Lucerne The Lion Monument Lucerne (German: (help· info)) is a city in Central Switzerland with a population of 60,274 (December 31, 2003), capital of the Canton of Lucerne. ... Schaffhausen is a city in northern Switzerland; it has an estimated population of 33,527 as of March 31, 2005. ... Location within Switzerland St. ... The city of Solothurn is the capital of the Canton of Solothurn in Switzerland. ... Location within Switzerland The city of Bern, English traditionally Berne (Bernese German Bärn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ... Jura may be: A mountain chain on the French-Swiss border, see Jura mountains A French département, see Jura (département) A Swiss canton, see Canton of Jura A Scottish island, see Jura, Scotland A subterranean river, see Jura river A place in Afghanistan, see Jura, Afghanistan A given... The city of Solothurn is the capital of the Canton of Solothurn in Switzerland. ... Zug : also the name of a character from childrens series TUGS Location within Switzerland Zug, capital of the Swiss canton of that name, is a picturesque little town at the northeastern corner of the lake of Zug, and at the foot of the Zugerberg (3255 ft. ... Appenzell (or Appenzellerland) is a region in the northeast of Switzerland, entirely surrounded by the Canton of St. ... For other uses, see Aargau (disambiguation). ... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... Glarus is the capital of the Canton of Glarus, Switzerland. ... Thurgau (Thurgovia) is a canton of Switzerland. ...


  • Federation of Swiss Protestant Churches

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  Results from FactBites:
Religion Universe: REFORMED/PRESBYTERIAN CHURCHES (1257 words)
From their beginnings Reformed churches have had a vision of a reconstituted Christian unity.* In the view of the Reformed leaders, the failure to achieve consensus* with the Lutherans was a tragedy, which Lutheran-Reformed dialogue* in the 20th century has sought to overcome.
Reformed churches were among the first to respond to the initiatives which led ultimately to the founding of the WCC.
As churches of Presbyterian and Congregational polity sought union, in 1970 the 11th assembly of the International Congregational Council and the 20th general council of the Alliance of Reformed Churches united, to form the World Alliance of Reformed Churches* (Presbyterian and Congregational).
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