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Encyclopedia > Swietenia
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
How to read a taxobox
Swietenia
Swietenia sp., probably Swietenia macrophylla, planted in Hawaii
Swietenia sp., probably Swietenia macrophylla, planted in Hawaii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Sapindales
Family: Meliaceae
Genus: Swietenia
Species

See text. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 336 × 599 pixels Full resolution (1268 × 2260 pixel, file size: 430 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Tab. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta—liverworts Anthocerotophyta—hornworts Bryophyta—mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta—rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta—zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta—clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta—trimerophytes Pteridophyta—ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta—seed ferns Pinophyta—conifers Cycadophyta—cycads Ginkgophyta—ginkgo Gnetophyta—gnetae Magnoliophyta—flowering plants... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are the dominant and most familiar group of land plants. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families See text Sapindales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants. ... Genera See text The Meliaceae, or the Mahogany family, is a flowering plant family of mostly tropical trees and shrubs in the order Sapindales, characterised by alternate, usually pinnate leaves without stipules and by syncarpous, usually bisexual flowers borne in panicles, cymes, spikes, or clusters. ...

Swietenia is a genus of trees in the mahogany family Meliaceae. It occurs in the Neotropics, from southern Florida, the Caribbean, Mexico and Central America south to Bolivia. It is usually taken to consist of three species, geographically separated. They are medium-sized to large trees growing to 20-45 m tall, and up to 2 m trunk diameter. The leaves are 10-30 cm long, pinnate, with 3-6 pairs of leaflets, the terminal leaflet absent; each leaflet is 5-15 cm long. The leaves are deciduous to semi-evergreen, falling shortly before the new foliage grows. The flowers are produced in loose inflorescences, each flower small, with five white to greenish-yellowish petals. The fruit is a pear-shaped five-valved capsule 8-20 cm long, containing numerous winged seeds about 5-9 cm long. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 3646 KB) Summary Swietenia sp. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1944x2592, 3646 KB) Summary Swietenia sp. ... An example of Mahogany The name mahogany is used when referring to numerous varieties of dark-colored wood, originally the wood of the species Swietenia mahagoni, sometimes referred to as Spanish or Cuban Mahogany. ... Genera See text The Meliaceae, or the Mahogany family, is a flowering plant family of mostly tropical trees and shrubs in the order Sapindales, characterised by alternate, usually pinnate leaves without stipules and by syncarpous, usually bisexual flowers borne in panicles, cymes, spikes, or clusters. ... A biogeographic region, that extends from Mexico southwards to Tierra del Fuego, and also includes the Caribbean islands. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... West Indian redirects here. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... “Foliage” redirects here. ... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off) and is typically used in reference to trees or shrubs that lose their leaves seasonally. ... A Silver Fir shoot showing three successive years of retained leaves In botany, an evergreen plant is a plant which retains its leaves year-round, with each leaf persisting for more than 12 months. ... A Phalaenopsis flower Rudbeckia fulgida A flower, (<Old French flo(u)r<Latin florem<flos), also known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). ... Red clover inflorescence (spike) An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers on a branch of a plant. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ...

Species
  • Swietenia humilis - Pacific Coast Mahogany. Pacific coast of Central America and Mexico.
  • Swietenia macrophylla - Honduras Mahogany. Atlantic coast of Central America, South America south to Bolivia.
  • Swietenia mahagoni - West Indian Mahogany. Caribbean, southern Florida.

The three species are poorly defined biologically, in part because they hybridise freely. Binomial name Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq. ... Binomial name Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq. ...


Uses

The genus is famed as the supplier of mahogany, at first yielded by Swietenia mahagoni, a Caribbean species, which has almost been exterminated as a tree, surviving in the wild mostly as a shrub. These days almost all mahogany is yielded by the mainland species, Swietenia macrophylla. A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ...


Note that a somewhat comparable wood is yielded by the related African genus Khaya. This is traded as African mahogany, and is the only other wood widely accepted as a mahogany. Species See text Khaya is a genus of seven species of trees in the mahogany family Meliaceae, native to tropical Africa and Madagascar. ...


Swietenia mahagoni is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree in southern Florida, and similarly S. macrophylla in Hawaii. Binomial name Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq. ... An ornamental plant is a plant species or cultivar that is grown indoors, or in gardens and parks for its amenity value, or for beauty (in its end use), rather than commercial or other value. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The fruits of the Swietenia macrophylla are called Sky fruit, because they seem to hang upwards from the tree. The Sky fruit concentrate is sold as a natural remedy that is said to improve blood circulation and skin. It is also said to have Viagra-like qualities regarding erectile dysfunction. Consumption of the Sky fruit concentrate is approved by Malaysia Ministry of Health. // ...


CITES

All species of Swietenia are CITES-listed. Swietenia timber that crosses a border needs its paperwork in order. International environmental organizations such as Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth, and Rainforest Action Network have focused on Swietenia so as to expose illegal traffic in the wood, notably from Brazil. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an international agreement between Governments, drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of the World Conservation Union (IUCN). ... Greenpeace protest against Esso / Exxon Mobil. ... Friends of the Earth is an international network of environmental organizations in 70 countries. ... The Rainforest Action Network (RAN) is an environmental organization based in San Francisco, California, USA. The organization was founded by Randy Hurricane Hayes in 1985. ...


External links

  • DANIDA factsheet: Swietenia humilis (pdf file)
  • DANIDA factsheet: Swietenia macrophylla (pdf file)
  • DANIDA factsheet: Swietenia mahagoni (pdf file)
  • Floridata factsheet: Swietenia mahagoni
  • Árboles de Centroamérica: Swietenia humilis (pdf Spanish)
  • Árboles de Centroamérica: Swietenia macrophylla (pdf Spanish)
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Swietenia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Swietenia mahagoni, Mahogany (204 words)
Swietenia mahagoni is the rare and very expensive species of wood that has been used to construct fine furniture for hundreds of years.
Mahogany traditionally came from Central and South America where it was first observed in 1595 by a carpenter accompanying Sir Walter Raleigh on his explorations of the "New World".
Swietenia mahagoni is a Florida native that ironically is becoming a rare find in the wild due to land development, but is increasingly found as a street and yard tree in the southern portions of the state.
Mahogany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (275 words)
The name mahogany was first used for wood of Swietenia mahagoni, later also for the wood of the closely related Swietenia macrophylla.
This wood is famed for its use in making furniture (see Chippendale) as easy to work, stable in use, and displays a beautiful reddish sheen when polished.
The name "mahogany" is also widely used for that of the African genus Khaya (closely related to Swietenia), more correctly African mahogany.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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