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Encyclopedia > Sweetgum
Sweetgum

American Sweetgum leaves with
November fall color in South Carolina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Saxifragales (Hamamelidales)
Family: Hamamelidaceae
Genus: Liquidambar
Species

Liquidambar formosana
Liquidambar orientalis
Liquidambar styraciflua Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongue ferns seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. ... Orders see text Dicotyledons or dicots are flowering plants whose seed contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. ... Families See text The Saxifragales are an order of dicotyledons, typically including the following families: Family Saxifragaceae (saxifrage family) Family Grossulariaceae (gooseberry family) Family Iteaceae Family Pterostemonaceae Family Haloragaceae (gunnera family) Family Penthoraceae Family Tetracarpaeaceae Family Aphanopetalaceae Family Crassulaceae (orpine family) Family Altingiaceae (sweet gum family) Family Paeoniaceae (peony) Family... The Hamemelidales are an order of dicotyledons in the Cronquist system, including the following families: Family Hamamelidaceae (witch-hazel family) Family Cercidiphyllaceae (katsura tree) Family Eupteleaceae Family Platanaceae (plane trees) Family Myrothamnaceae (resurrection bush) These served as the prototype for the subclass Hamamelidae. ... Genera Corylopsis Disanthus Distylium Exbucklandia Fortunearia Fothergilla Hamamelis Liquidambar Loropetalum Parrotia Parrotiopsis Rhodoleia Sinowilsonia Sycopsis Genera Corylopsis (Winter-hazel; about 30 species; east Asia) Disanthus (1 species; east Asia) Distylium (about 10 species; east Asia) Exbucklandia (1 species; southeast Asia) Fortunearia (1 species; eastern China) Fothergilla (2 species; southeastern U...

The sweetgums Liquidambar are a genus in the witch-hazel family Hamamelidaceae, with three species of large deciduous trees, 25-40m tall, with palmately lobed leaves: Genera Corylopsis Disanthus Distylium Exbucklandia Fortunearia Fothergilla Hamamelis Liquidambar Loropetalum Parrotia Parrotiopsis Rhodoleia Sinowilsonia Sycopsis Genera Corylopsis (Winter-hazel; about 30 species; east Asia) Disanthus (1 species; east Asia) Distylium (about 10 species; east Asia) Exbucklandia (1 species; southeast Asia) Fortunearia (1 species; eastern China) Fothergilla (2 species; southeastern U... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... This article is about the biological organisms known as trees. ... In botany, palmate refers to leaves that have veins radiating from the point where the leaf attaches to the petiole (stem). ... This article is about the leaf, a plant organ. ...

They are popular ornamental trees, particularly in warm-temperate areas with hot summers, being some of the most reliable trees for good autumn (fall) colours in these conditions. The Great Wall of China, stretching over 6,700 km, was erected beginning in the 3rd century BC to guard the north from raids by men on horses. ... For the political entity commonly known as Taiwan, see Republic of China. ... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to the Asian portion of Turkey. ... Binomial nomenclature Liquidambar styraciflua American Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), also known as Redgum is a deciduous tree in the United States from southern New York west to southern Missouri and east Texas and south to central Florida, in Mexico from southern Nuevo León south to Chiapas, and in Guatemala. ... World map showing location of North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is the third largest continent in area and in population after Eurasia and Africa. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... State nickname: Lone Star State Other U.S. States Capital Austin Largest city Houston Governor Rick Perry Official languages None Area 696,241 km² (2nd)  - Land 678,907 km²  - Water 17,333 km² (2. ... The United Mexican States or Mexico ( Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México; regarding the use of the variant spelling Méjico, see section The name below) is a country located in North America, bordered to the north by the United States of America, to the southeast by Guatemala and Belize, to... The Republic of Guatemala is a country in Central America, in the south of the continent of North America, bordering both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. ...


The genus was much more widespread in the Tertiary, but has disappeared from Europe due to extensive glaciation in the north and the Alps, which has served as a blockade against southward migration. It has also disappeared from many parts of North America due to climate change, and even from the unglaciated (but nowadays too cold) Russian Far East. There are very many fossil species of Liquidambar, showing its relictual status today. The Tertiary period is one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, from the end of the Cretaceous period about 64 million years ago to the start of the Quaternary period about 1. ... World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ... Glaciation, often called an ice age, is a geological phenomenon in which massive ice sheets form in the Arctic and Antarctic and advance toward the equator. ... The Alps is the collective name for one of the great mountain range systems of Europe, stretching from Austria in the east, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Germany, through to France in the west. ... World map showing location of North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is the third largest continent in area and in population after Eurasia and Africa. ... The term Russian Far East (Russian: Да́льний Восто́к Росси́и; English transliteration: Dalny Vostok Rossii) refers to the extreme south-east parts of Russia, between Siberian Federal District and the Pacific. ... FOSSIL is a standard for allowing serial communication for telecommunications programs under DOS. FOSSIL stands for Fido Opus SEAdog Standard Interface Layer and was made by a group of Fidonet sysops to make their software work on different machines. ...


External links

  • Deterministic Plio-Pleistocene extinctions in the European cool-temperate tree flora. Ecology Letters 6 (7): 646-653, July 2003

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ohio Trees - Sweetgum (472 words)
Sweetgum, native to the lower two-thirds of the Eastern United States and parts of Mexico, is only found naturally in Ohio in its southernmost counties, but is planted throughout most of the state as a shade tree prized for its brilliant fall colors and rapid growth.
Sweetgum has star-shaped leaves that are alternate, five-lobed, finely serrated, on long petioles, and with a shiny dark green color in summer.
Sweetgum, with separate male and female flowers on the same tree (a monoecious species), does not flower or fruit appreciably for the first fifteen or so years of its life.
Sweetgum (344 words)
Sweetgum is easily recognized by its star-shaped leaves and its woody, spiny, ball-like fruit.
Sweetgum is a large tree that reaches 80' to 150' in height.
The bark on the sweetgum tree is gray and deeply furrowed, separated by narrow scaly ridges.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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