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Encyclopedia > Swedish Livonia

Livonia was a dominion of Sweden from the 1620s until 1721. Swedish Livonia, which constituted the southern part of Estonia and northern part of Latvia, represented the conquest of nearly all of what was Polish Livonia and was completed by 1629. Even if Livonia and the city of Riga was under Swedish control the territory was not formally ceded until the Treaty of Oliva in 1660, where the minor part retained by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was renamed Inflantia. The Dominions of Sweden or Svenska besittningar were territories that historically came under control of the Swedish Crown, but never became fully integrated with Sweden. ... Events and Trends Permanent Dutch settlement of New York Bay and the Hudson River. ... // Events Pope Innocent XIII becomes pope Johann Sebastian Bach composes the Brandenburg Concertos April 4 - Robert Walpole becomes the first prime minister of Britain September 10 - Treaty of Nystad is signed, bringing an end to the Great Northern War November 2 - Peter I is proclaimed Emperor of All the Russias... Livonia (Latvian: Livonija; Estonian: Liivimaa; German: Livland; Swedish: Livland; Polish: Inflanty; Russian: Лифляндия or Lifljandija) once was the land of the Finnic Livonians, but came in the Middle Ages to designate a much broader territory controlled by the Livonian Order on the eastern coasts of the Baltic Sea in present-day... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... Map of Latvia Coordinates: Founded 1201 Mayor Aivars Aksenoks Area    - City 307. ... Treaty of Oliwa. ... // Events January 1 - Colonel George Monck with his regiment crosses from Scotland to England at the village of Coldstream and begins advance towards London in support of English Restoration. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about the region in Europe. ...


Governors-General

The dominion was ruled by appointed Governors-General, but retained its own diet. A Governor-General, or Generalguvernör, was appointed by the Swedish monarch as a form of viceroy, with both civil and military jurisdiction, over parts of the Swedish Realm, from the 17th century to the early 19th century, when constitutional changes made the office obsolete. ... In politics, a Diet is a formal deliberative assembly. ...

Sweden in turn ceded Livonia to Russia at the Treaty of Nystad in 1721. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Events January 1 - In the Gregorian calendar, January 1 is declared as the first day of the year, instead of March 25. ... Events March 1 - writs were issued in February 1628 by Charles I of England that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date. ... Baron Johan Skytte (Nyköping 1577 – Söderåkra March 25, 1645), Swedish politician. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... The name Bengt Oxenstierna may refer to several different people, among them the following: Bengt Oxenstierna (1591-1643), Swedish Privy Councillor, Governor-General of Ingria and Swedish Livonia; Bengt Gabrielsson Oxenstierna (1623-1702), President of the Royal Swedish Chancellery. ... Events Moses Amyrauts Traite de la predestination is published Curaçao captured by the Dutch Treaty of Polianovska First meeting of the Académie française The witchcraft affair at Loudun Jean Nicolet lands at Green Bay, Wisconsin Opening of Covent Garden Market in London English establish a settlement... Herman Wrangel Herman Wrangel (1584 or 1587-1643) was a Swedish soldier and politician of Baltic German extraction. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... Gustaf Horn (1592-1657) Count Gustaf Horn (October 22, 1592 - May 10, 1657) was a Swedish soldier and politician, appointed Privy Councilor in 1625, Field Marshal in 1628, Governor General of Livonia in 1652 and Lord High Constable in 1653. ... // Events April 6 - Dutch sailor Jan van Riebeeck establishes a resupply camp for the Dutch East India Company at the Cape of Good Hope, and founded Cape Town. ... Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie with his spouse Maria Eufrosyne of Pfalz-Zweibrücken, the sister of King Charles X of Sweden. ... Events March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ... Count Axel Lillie (1603-1662) was a Swedish soldier and politician. ... Events January 6 - The fifth monarchy men unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London. ... Events March 19 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle murder him while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River. ... Events January 27 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed II to Mustafa II (1695-1703) July 17 - The Bank of Scotland is founded by an Act of Parliament of the old Scottish Parliament. ... Erik Dahlberg in Suecia Antiqua et Hodierna Erik Dahlberg Count Erik Dahlberg, (1625-1703) (also Dahlbergh) was a Swedish soldier, field marshall and engineer who was born of peasant stock in Stockholm, Sweden, but rose to the level of titled nobility due to his military abilities. ... The year 1696 had the earliest equinoxes and solstices for 400 years in the Gregorian calendar, because this year is a leap year and the Gregorian calendar would have behaved like the Julian calendar since March 1500 had it have been in use that long. ... Events March 8 - William III died; Princess Anne Stuart becomes Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... The Treaty of Nystad (1721), signed at the present-day Finnish town of Uusikaupunki (Swedish Nystad), ended the Great Northern War, in which Russia received the territories of Estonia, Livonia and Ingria, as well as much of Karelia and Tsar Peter I of Russia replaced King Frederick I of Sweden... // Events Pope Innocent XIII becomes pope Johann Sebastian Bach composes the Brandenburg Concertos April 4 - Robert Walpole becomes the first prime minister of Britain September 10 - Treaty of Nystad is signed, bringing an end to the Great Northern War November 2 - Peter I is proclaimed Emperor of All the Russias...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
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In 1389 the Swedish nobles forced Albert of Mecklenburg to renounce the throne, which was given to Margaret I, Queen of Denmark and Norway.
In 1709 the Swedish army was routed by Russian forces at the Battle of Poltava, marking the collapse of Sweden and its replacement by Russia as the Baltic’s dominant power.
Swedish opposition to the Vietnam War damaged relations with the United States in the late 1960s and 1970s; many young American opponents of the war received political asylum in Sweden.
Livonia (1308 words)
During the Livonia Wars[?] (1558-1582) the Livonia Confederation was dissolved.
In 1655 the Swedish army entered the territory of the Duchy and the Swedish - Polish war (1655 - 1660) begun.
Duke Jacob was captured by Swedish army in 1658-1660.
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