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Encyclopedia > Swedish Ingria

Ingria, or Ingermanland, was a dominion of Sweden from 1580 to 1595 and then again from 1617 to 1719, when it was ceded to Russia in the Treaty of Nystad. The Dominions of Sweden or Svenska besittningar were territories that historically came under control of the Swedish Crown, but never became fully integrated with Sweden. ... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... Events January 30 - William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet is performed for the first time May 24 - Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ... Events January 23 - The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire April 25 - Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe Prussia conducts Europes first systematic census Ongoing events Great Northern War (1700-1721) Births November 30 - Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales (d. ... The Treaty of Nystad (1721), signed at the present-day Finnish town of Uusikaupunki (Swedish Nystad), ended the Great Northern War, in which Russia received the territories of Estonia, Livonia and Ingria, as well as much of Karelia and Tsar Peter I of Russia replaced King Frederick I of Sweden...


It consisted of the area along the basin of the river Neva, between the Gulf of Finland, the Narva River, Lake Peipsi in South-West, and Lake Ladoga in North-East. Bordering to Swedish Karelia by the followed the Sestra (Rajajoki /Systerbäck) rivulet in North-West. Нева Length 74 km Elevation of the source 4 m Average discharge 2,600 m³/s Area watershed 282,000 km² Origin Lake Ladoga Mouth Gulf of Finland Basin countries Russia River Neva (Нева́) is a 74 km long Russian river flowing from the Lake Ladoga (Ладожское Озеро - Ladozhskoye Ozero... The Baltic Sea The Gulf of Finland is an arm of the Baltic Sea that extends between Finland (to the north) and Estonia (to the south) all the way to the city of Saint Petersburg in Russia, where the river Neva drains into it. ... Narva river is a river which flows at the border of Estonia and Russia. ... Lake Peipsi (Estonian: Peipsi järv, Russian: Чудское озеро(Chud Lake), German: Peipus-See) is a large lake, on the border between Estonia and Russia in Eastern Europe. ... Map of Scandinavia Lake Ladoga (Russian: Ладожское озеро, Finnish: Laatokka) is the largest lake in Europe, located in Karelia and Leningrad Oblast in northwestern Russia (since WWII), near the border to Finland. ... Finnish Karelia, historically also Swedish Karelia or Carelia, is a historical province in eastern Finland. ... ...


Ingria fell to Sweden in the 1580s, was returned to Russia by the Treaty of Teusina (1595), and again ceded to Sweden in the Treaty of Stolbovo (1617). Sweden's interest of the territory was strategical: as a buffer zone against Russian attacks on the Karelian Isthmus and present-day Finland; and Russian trade was to pass through Swedish territory. In addition, Ingria became the destination for Swedish deportees. Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century Decades: 1530s 1540s 1550s 1560s 1570s - 1580s - 1590s 1600s 1610s 1620s 1630s Years: 1580 1581 1582 1583 1584 1585 1586 1587 1588 1589 1590 Events and Trends The beginnings of the Golden Age of Literature in England Categories: 1580s ... Events January 30 - William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet is performed for the first time May 24 - Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library. ... After nearly two months of negotiations, representatives from Sweden and Russia, met at the (now derelict) village of Stolbovo, south of Lake Ladoga, February 27, 1617, to sign a peace treaty to end the Ingrian War. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ... A buffer zone is any area that serves the purpose of keeping two or more other areas distant from one another, for whatever reason. ... See Karelia (disambiguation) for other meanings of the name Karelia. ...


Ingria remained sparsely populated. In 1664 the population was counted to 15,000. Swedish attempts to introduce Lutheranism were met with repugnance by the Orthodox peasantry obliged to attend Lutheran services; converts were promised grants and tax reductions, but Lutheran gains were most of all due to voluntary resettlements from Savonia and Finnish Karelia. Ingria was enfeoffed to noble militaries and state officials, bringing their own Lutheran servants and workmen. Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... Lutheranism - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Russian Orthodox Church (Русская Православная церковь) is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... Savonia, Savolax or Savo, is a historical province in the south of Finland. ... Finnish Karelia, historically also Swedish Karelia or Carelia, is a historical province in eastern Finland. ... The Swedish nobility (Adeln) was historically a privileged class in Sweden. ...


In the early 1700s the area was reconquered by Russia in the Great Northern War after a bare century in Swedish possession. On the place of the Swedish town Nyen close to the Neva river's estuary at the Gulf of Finland, the new Russian capital Saint Petersburg was founded in 1703. Events and Trends The Bonneville Slide blocks the Columbia River near the site of present-day Cascade Locks, Oregon with a land bridge 200 feet high. ... The Swedish Victory at Narva, 1700 by Gustaf Cederström, painted 1910 Battle of Poltava as painted by Denis Martens the Younger in 1726 The Great Northern War was the war fought between a coalition of Russia, Denmark-Norway and Saxony-Poland (from 1715 also Prussia and Hanover) on one... Nyen (Skantsen, Nyenskans, in Finnish: Nevanlinna, also Skantsi) was a Swedish fortress built in 1611 at the mouth of the Neva river in Swedish Ingria. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Events February 2 - Earthquake in Aquila, Italy February 4 - In Japan, the 47 samurai commit seppuku (ritual suicide) February 14 - Earthquake in Norcia, Italy May 27 - Founding of St Petersburg in Russia May 26 - Portugal joins Grand Alliance July 29-31 - Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the...


Governors-General

Main article: Governor-General in the Swedish Realm A Governor-General, or Generalguvernör, was appointed by the Swedish monarch as a form of viceroy, with both civil and military jurisdiction, over parts of the Swedish Realm, from the 17th century to the early 19th century, when constitutional changes made the office obsolete. ...

Baron Carl Carlsson Gyllenhielm (1574-1650) was a Swedish soldier and politician. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ... The name Bengt Oxenstierna may refer to several different people, among them the following: Bengt Oxenstierna (1591-1643), Swedish Privy Councillor, Governor-General of Ingria and Swedish Livonia; Bengt Gabrielsson Oxenstierna (1623-1702), President of the Royal Swedish Chancellery. ... Events Moses Amyrauts Traite de la predestination is published Curaçao captured by the Dutch Treaty of Polianovska First meeting of the Académie française The witchcraft affair at Loudun Jean Nicolet lands at Green Bay, Wisconsin Opening of Covent Garden Market in London English establish a settlement... Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... Simon Grundel-Helmfelt (1617–1677) was a Swedish field marshal, most notable for the overwhelming victory he won despite being heavily outnumbered at the Battle of Lund. ... Events May 25 - Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth. ... Events The English Test Act was passed. ... Events August 10 - Treaty of Nijmegen ends the Dutch War. ... Events March 4 - Charles II of England grants a land charter to William Penn for the area that will later become Pennsylvania. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ingria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (728 words)
Historically Ingria (Finnish: Inkeri, Russian: Izhora, Swedish: Ingermanland) comprises the area along the basin of the river Neva, between the Gulf of Finland, the Narva River, Lake Peipsi in the south-west, and Lake Ladoga in the north-east.
Ingria never formed a state; the Ingrians can hardly be said to have been a nation, although their "nationality" was recognized in the Soviet Union, and as an ethnos the Ingrians dying out together with their language.
Ingria became a Swedish dominion in the 1580s, was returned to Russia by the Treaty of Teusina (1595), and again ceded to Sweden in the Treaty of Stolbova (1617).
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