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Encyclopedia > Swamp
A freshwater swamp in Florida.
A freshwater swamp in Florida.
A small swamp in the Hawkesbury River, New South Wales.
A small swamp in the Hawkesbury River, New South Wales.

A swamp is a wetland that features temporary or permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hammocks, or dry-land protrusions, and covered by aquatic vegetation, or vegetation that tolerates periodical inundation.[1] The water of a swamp may be fresh water or salt water. A swamp is also generally defined as having no substantial peat deposits.[2] Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... A swamp is a wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water vegetated with woody plants (trees and shrubs). ... Image File history File links Florida_freshwater_swamp_usgov_image. ... Image File history File links Florida_freshwater_swamp_usgov_image. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 3. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Slogan or Nickname: First State, Premier State Motto(s): Orta Recens Quam Pura Nites (Newly Risen, How Brightly You Shine) Other Australian states and territories Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004... Small Text A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ... Hardwood Hammocks Hammocks are dense stands of hardwood trees that grow on natural rises of only a few inches in the land. ... For the village on the Isle of Wight, see Freshwater, Isle of Wight. ... Salt water may refer to: Saline water, water containing dissolved salts Brine, water saturated or nearly saturated with salt Brackish water, water that is saltier than fresh water, but not as salty as sea water Seawater, water from a sea or ocean Saline (medicine), a solution of sodium chloride in... Peat in Lewis, Scotland Peat is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation matter. ...


In North America, swamps are usually regarded as including a large amount of woody vegetation, but elsewhere this may not necessarily apply, such as in African swamps dominated by papyrus. By contrast a marsh in North America is a wetland without woody vegetation, or elsewhere, a wetland without woody vegetation which is shallower and has less open water surface than a swamp. A mire (or quagmire) is a low-lying wetland of deep, soft soil or mud that sinks underfoot. Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. ... Papyrus plant Cyperus papyrus at Kew Gardens, London Papyrus is an early form of paper produced from the pith of the papyrus plant, Cyperus papyrus, a wetland sedge that was once abundant in the Nile Delta of Egypt. ... This article is about marsh, a type of wetland. ...

Contents

Geology

Swamps are generally characterized by very fast-moving waters, often rich in tannins from decaying vegetation. They are usually associated with adjacent rivers or lakes. In some cases, rivers become lakes for a distance. Swamps are features of areas with very low topographic relief, although they may be surrounded by mountains. A bottle of tannic acid. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... Blowdown Lake in the mountains near Pemberton, British Columbia A lake (from Latin lacus) is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land. ... Topography, a term in geography, has come to refer to the lay of the land, or the physiogeographic characteristics of land in terms of elevation, slope, and orientation. ...


Ecology

Swamps are characterized by rich biodiversity and specialized organisms. For instance, southeastern U.S. swamps, such as those mentioned above, feature trees such as the Bald cypress and Water tupelo, which are adapted to growing in standing water, and animals such as the American alligator. A common species name in biological nomenclature is the Latin palustris, meaning "of the swamp". Examples of this are Quercus palustris (pin oak) and Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern). Binomial name Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Daudin, 1801) American Alligator range map The American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) is one of the two living species of Alligator, a genus within the family Alligatoridae. ... The hierarchy of scientific classification. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Binomial name Quercus palustris Muenchh. ... Classes Psilotopsida Equisetopsida Marattiopsida Pteridopsida (Polypodiopsida) this dnt make sense A fern is any one of a group of about 20,000 species of plants classified in the phylum or division Pteridophyta, also known as Filicophyta. ...


Draining

Swamps were historically often drained to provide additional land for agriculture, and to reduce the threat of diseases born by swamp insects and similar animals. Swamps were generally seen as useless and even dangerous. This practice of swamp draining is nowadays seen as a destruction of a very valuable ecological habitat type of which large tracts have already disappeared in many countries.


Famous examples

In Iraq

The Tigris-Euphrates river system is a large swamp and river system in southern Iraq, inhabited in part by the Marsh Arabs. It was partly drained by Saddam Hussein in the 1990s in retaliation against the Shiite tribes' revolt against his dictatorship. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Marsh Arabs are the inhabitants of the lowlands of southern Iraq, the former Mesopotamia, whose families have lived in the area for thousands of years. ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq and Chairman of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council from 1979 until his overthrow by US forces in 2003. ... Shi‘as (the adjective in Arabic is شيعى shi‘i; English has traditionally used Shiite) which mean follower in Arabic make up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%-35% of all Muslim. ...

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x838, 499 KB)Cypress Swamp at Highlands Hammock State Park. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x838, 499 KB)Cypress Swamp at Highlands Hammock State Park. ... Binomial name Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich. ... A CCC structure at Highlands Hammock State Park Cypress Swamp at Highlands Hammock State Park Red-shouldered hawk at Highlands Hammock Highlands Hammock State Park is a 4,896-acre park four miles west of Sebring in Highlands County, Florida. ...

In the United States

The most famous swamps in the United States are the Everglades, Okefenokee Swamp and the Great Dismal Swamp. The Okefenokee is located in extreme southeastern Georgia and extends slightly into northeastern Florida. The Great Dismal Swamp lies in extreme southeastern Virginia and extreme northeastern North Carolina. Both are National Wildlife Refuges. Another swamp area, Reelfoot Lake of extreme western Tennessee, was created by the New Madrid earthquake of 1812. Caddo Lake, the Great Dismal and Reelfoot are swamps that are centered at large lakes. Swamps are often called bayous in the southeastern United States, especially in the Gulf Coast region. Map of the Everglades ecoregion as delineated by the WWF. Satellite image from NASA. The yellow line encloses two ecoregions, the Everglades and the South Florida rocklands. The South Florida rocklands ecoregion includes the Florida Keys and offshore islands and two patches within the Everglades. ... Canal Diggers Trail in early spring. ... The Great Dismal Swamp is located in southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina in the United States on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... National Wildlife Refuge is a designation for certain protected areas of the United States managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. ... Reelfoot Lake is a shallow natural lake located in the extreme northwest portion of Tennessee, United States of America, just south of the Kentucky line. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Seismic map New Madrid Seismic Zone - USGS The New Madrid Seismic Zone, also known as the Reelfoot Rift or the New Madrid Fault Line, is a major seismic zone, located in the mideastern United States. ... Caddo Lake, viewed from a point near Uncertain Caddo Lake is a 25,400 acre (103 km²) lake and wetland located on the border between Texas and Louisiana, in northern Harrison County and southern Marion County in Texas and western Caddo Parish in Louisiana. ... Big Cypress Bayou in Jefferson, Texas off of U.S. Route 59. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ...


Heraldry

A swamp appears in the coat of arms of Gesturi, Italy. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Gesturi is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Medio Campidano in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 60 km north of Cagliari and about 20 km northeast of Sanluri. ...


List of major swamps

Africa

Lake Bangweulu is a large but shallow lake in northern Zambia. ... The Okavango Delta is home to many elephants and other creatures. ... Sudd Swamp from space, May 1993. ... The Niger Delta, the delta of the Niger River in Nigeria, is a densely populated region sometimes called the Oil Rivers because it was once a major producer of palm oil. ...

Asia

Asmat Swamp is a wetland on the southern coast of New Guinea, located within what is now the Indonesian province of Papua. ... The Vasyugan Swamp is the largest swamp in the world, occupying 53,000 sq. ...

North America

The Great Black Swamp roughly covered the black area within the green shaded counties. ... The Great Dismal Swamp is located in southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina in the United States on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. ... Great Pocomoke Swamp or Cypress Swamp, is located on the Delmarva Peninsula in South Delaware and Southeastern Maryland. ... Canal Diggers Trail in early spring. ... Reelfoot Lake is a shallow natural lake located in the extreme northwest portion of Tennessee, United States of America, just south of the Kentucky line. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Limberlost Swamp once existed in Indiana, across 13,000 acres (53 km²) of Adams County and Jay County. ... Honey Island swamp is one of the least-altered river swamps in the United States. ... The Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge is located in Morris County, New Jersey, about 26 miles west of Manhattans Times Square. ...

South America

Lahuen Ñadi is a wetland in the Los Lagos Region of southern Chile, located between Puerto Montt and Puerto Varas. ... The Pantanal is the world’s largest wetland area, a flat landscape, with gently sloping and meandering rivers. ... View of the delta from space (ISS, 2003) The Paraná Delta is the delta of the Paraná River in Argentina. ...

See also

Nymphaea alba, a species of water lily. ... Lütt-Witt Moor, a bog in Henstedt-Ulzburg in northern Germany. ... Hydrogen sulfide (hydrogen sulphide in British English), H2S, is a colorless, toxic, flammable gas that is responsible for the foul odor of rotten eggs and flatulence. ... This article is about marsh, a type of wetland. ... Natural gas rig Natural gas is a gas produced by the anaerobic decay of organic material. ... Muck is a soil made up primarily of humus from drained swampland. ... Peat in Lewis, Scotland Peat is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation matter. ... An Atlantic coastal salt marsh in Connecticut. ... The term slough (in the UK, pronounced to rhyme with cow; In the US, pronounced slew) has several meanings related to wetland or aquatic features that seem to derive from local experience. ... Small Text A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ... For other uses, see Will-o-the-wisp (disambiguation). ...

References

  1. ^ Swamp (from glossary webpage of the United States Geological Survey)
  2. ^ Swamp (from the glossary of the Environmental Health Center, National Safety Council)

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Nature Conservancy in New York - Eastern: Great Swamp (746 words)
For the 40,000+ residents who live near the swamp and the more than one million people who depend on it for drinking water, the Great Swamp is a vital natural resource.
Thus, conservation of the Great Swamp and enhancement of the local quality of life depend on development and economic growth that are compatible with the environment and consistent with community goals.
While red hardwood maple swamp is the most dominant community within the Great Swamp, there is a wide occurrence of floodplain forest and shrub swamp communities, as well as rare inland Atlantic white cedar swamp several very rare, high quality fen communities.
EPA > Wetlands > Wetland Types > Swamps (601 words)
Swamps are characterized by saturated soils during the growing season, and standing water during certain times of the year.
Swamps may be divided into two major classes, depending on the type of vegetation present: shrub swamps, and forested swamps.
Bottomland hardwood swamp is a name commonly given to forested swamps in the south central United States.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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