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Encyclopedia > Swallow's Nest (Crimea)

Coordinates: 44.430727° N 34.12825° E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

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Overlooking the cape of Ai–Todor, the romantic Swallow's Nest castle is situated on top of a 40-metre (130 ft) high Aurora Cliff.
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Looking toward Yalta and distant Bear Mountain, the Swallow's Nest is one of the Neo-Gothic châteaux fantastiques near Yalta; it was built in 1912.

Swallow's Nest (Russian: Ласточкино гнездо, Lastochkino gnezdo; Ukrainian: Ластівчине гніздо, Lastivchyne hnizdo, Crimean Tatar: Qarılğaç yuvası) is a mock-medieval castle near Yalta, in Crimea, Ukraine. It was built between 1911–1912 near Gaspra, on top of 40-meter (130 ft) high Aurora Cliff, to a Neo-Gothic design by the Russian architect Leonid Sherwood[1]. The castle overlooks Ai–Todor cape of the Black Sea, accessible from the Atlantic Ocean, and is located near the remnants of the Roman castrum of Charax.[2] Swallow's Nest is one of the most spectacular visitor attractions in Crimea. A foot (plural: feet) is any of several old units of distance or length, measuring around a quarter to a third of a meter. ... Yalta (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a city in Crimea, southern Ukraine, on the north coast of the Black Sea. ... It has been suggested that Neo-gothic architecture be merged into this article or section. ... Crimean Tatar language (Qırımtatar tili, Qırımtatarca), also known as Crimean (Qırım tili, Qırımca) and Crimean Turkish (Qırım Türkçesi) is the language of the Crimean Tatars. ... Broadway Tower, England The folly at Wimpole Hall, England High Service Water Tower (1895), Lawrence, Massachusetts. ... Yalta (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a city in Crimea, southern Ukraine, on the north coast of the Black Sea. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... Gaspra (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a spa town in Crimea, Ukraine. ... It has been suggested that Neo-gothic architecture be merged into this article or section. ... Map of the Black Sea. ...


The building is compact in size (20 m long by 10 m wide; 65 ft by 33 ft).[3] Its original design envisioned a foyer, guest room, stairway to the tower, and two bedrooms on two different levels within the tower. The interior of the guest room is decorated with wooden panels; the walls of the rest of the rooms are stuccoed and painted.[3] An observation deck rings the building, providing a view of the sea, and Yalta's distant shoreline.


The first building on the Aurora Cliff was constructed for a Russian general circa 1895.[4] [5] The first structure he built was a wooden cottage romantically named the "Love Castle".[6] Later on, the ownership of the cottage passed to A. K. Tobin, a court doctor to the Russian Tsar. Monomakhs Cap symbol of Russian autocracy, the crown of Russian grand princes and tsars Czar and tzar redirect here. ...


In 1911, Baron von Steinheil, a Baltic German noble who had made a fortune extracting oil in Baku, acquired the timber cottage and within a year had it replaced by the current building.[4] The Scottish baronial and Neo-Moorish styles had been introduced in the Crimea in the 1820s by Edward Blore, the architect of the Alupka Palace (1828-46). Compared to Alupka and Koreiz, Swallow's Nest is closer in style to German architectural follies, such as Neuschwanstein, Babelsberg, and Stolzenfels, although its precarious setting on the cliffs by the sea-side may also suggest the Belém Tower. Baron is a specific title of nobility or a more generic feudal qualification. ... The Baltic Germans (German: Deutsch-Balten, Deutschbalten, sometimes incorrectly Baltendeutsche), were ethnically German inhabitants of the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea which forms today the countries of Estonia and Latvia. ... Municipality: Baku Area: 1000 km² Altitude: -28 m Population: 2,074,300 census 2003 Population density: 1280 persons/km² Postal Code: +99450 Area code: 012 Municipality code: BA Latitude: 41° 01 52 N Longitude: 21° 20 25 E Weather types: 9 of 11 Mayor: Hajibala Abutalybov The Baku region. ... Craigievar Castle in Aberdeenshire, completed in 1626, shows the origin of the style. ... Arc de Triomf, Barcelona, 1888. ... Buckingham Palace as completed by Blore in 1850. ... Alupka (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a resort town in Crimea, Ukraine, situated 17 km to the west of Yalta. ... Koreiz (Ukrainian: Кореїз, Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a townlet in the Yalta region of Crimea. ... Neuschwanstein seen from the Marienbrücke. ... Castle of Babelsberg with the river Havel as one part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Observatory on the Babelsberg UEFA Womens Cup final Potsdam-Babelsberg or short Babelsberg is the largest district of the city of Potsdam, Germany today. ... Belém Tower Belém Tower, or Torre de Belém, is a 5-storey fortified lighthouse located in the Belém district of Lisbon, Portugal. ...


In 1914, von Steinheil sold the building to P. G. Shelaputin to be used as a restaurant.[4] For a short time after the Russian Revolution of 1917, the building was used only as a tourist attraction. In the 1930s, the building was used by a reading club of the nearby Zhemchuzhina ("Pearl") resort.[7] The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political events in Russia, involving first the overthrow of the system of autocracy, and then the overthrow of the liberal Provisional Government (Duma), resulting in the establishment of the Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ... A tourist attraction is a place where tourists, foreign and domestic, normally visit. ...


In 1927, Swallow's Nest survived a serious earthquake rated at 6 to 7 on the Richter scale.[7] The building was not damaged, except for some small decorative items that were thrown into the sea along with a small portion of the cliff. However, the cliff itself developed a huge crack. For a long time Swallow's Nest was closed to the public due to the damage suffered in that quake. The building remained closed for almost forty years. Richter magnitude test scale (or more correctly local magnitude ML scale) assigns a single number to quantify the size of an earthquake. ...


Renovation was started in 1968. The project involved restoration of a small portion of the castle and the addition of a monolithic console concrete plate to strengthen the cliff.[7] Since 1975, an Italian restaurant has operated within the building. Swallow's Nest was also featured in several Soviet films. It was used as the setting of Desyat Negrityat, the Soviet screen version of Agatha Christie's And Then There Were None. A 1987 poster for the movie. ... Agatha Mary Clarissa, Lady Mallowan, DBE (15 September 1890 – 12 January 1976), also known as Dame Agatha Christie, was an English crime fiction writer. ... And Then There Were None (also known as Ten Little Indians and originally as Ten Little Niggers) is a detective novel by Agatha Christie first published in 1939. ...


References and notes

  1. ^ His father Vladimir Sherwood was responsible for the State Historical Museum on Red Square.
  2. ^ Swallow's Nest, Ukraine (English). MSN Encarta. Retrieved on September 18, 2006.
  3. ^ a b Vlasenko, Petro. "‘Lastochkino gnezdo’ palace of 1912" (Russian). Monuments of architecture of Ukrainian SSR. Retrieved on September 16, 2006.
  4. ^ a b c Restaurant, «Lastochkino gnezdo» - History (English). Restaurant, «Lastochkino gnezdo». Retrieved on September 16, 2006.
  5. ^ The general's name is still not determined.
  6. ^ «Lastochkino gnezdo» palace of 1912 (English). GeoCities. Retrieved on September 16, 2006.
  7. ^ a b c «Lastochkino gnezdo» (Russian). Travel to Ukraine. Retrieved on September, 16, 2006.
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Swallow's Nest (Crimea)

State Historical Museum, as seen from Red Square The State Historical Museum of Russia is a museum of Russian history located at one end of Red Square in Moscow. ... For other uses, see Red Square (disambiguation). ... Encarta is a digital multimedia encyclopedia published by Microsoft Corporation. ... Yahoo! GeoCities is a free webhosting service founded by David Bohnett and John Rezner in late 1994 as Beverly Hills Internet. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

External links

  • lastochka.com.ua - Website of the Restaurant, Lastochkino gnezdo (English)/(Russian)
  • crimea.ru - Site containing information about the castle (Russian)
  • partenit.ru - Scenic photogallery of the castle (Russian)
  • kulichki.com - Photogallery of the castle and its neighbouring area (Russian)
  • gocrimea.com - Photogallery of the castle (Russian)

 
 

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