FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Sustrans" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Sustrans
Canal boat decked in Sustrans logo

Sustrans is a British charity which promotes sustainable transport. The charity is currently working on a number of practical projects to encourage people to walk, cycle and use public transport, to give people the choice of "travelling in ways that benefit their health and the environment".[1] Sustrans' flagship project is the National Cycle Network, which has created 16,000 km (10,000 miles) of signed cycle routes throughout the UK, although about 70% of the network is on previously existing, mostly minor roads where motor traffic will be encountered. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,304 × 3,072 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,304 × 3,072 pixels, file size: 2. ... This article is about charitable organizations. ... Girl on a bicycle in a car free area in Frankfurt Sustainable transport is a phrase which was coined in the late 20th century to describe all forms of transport which minimise emissions of carbon dioxide and pollutants. ... For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ... Mass transit redirects here. ... The first section of the NCN to be built was the Bristol and Bath Railway Path, opened in 1984. ... KM, Km, or km may stand for: Khmer language (ISO 639 alpha-2, km) Kilometre Kinemantra Meditation Knowledge management KM programming language KM Culture, Korean Movie Maker. ... Segregated cycle facilities may consist of a separate road, track, path or lane that is designated for use by cyclists and from which motorised traffic is generally excluded. ...


As well as the National Cycle Network, Sustrans is working on Safe Routes to Schools, Safe Routes to Stations, Home Zones (liveable neighbourhoods) and other practical responses to transport and environmental challenges.[2] Sustrans administers over 1500 volunteer Rangers who monitor over 60% of the National Cycle Network and contribute to the maintenance and promotion of the routes. Sustrans also works to promote cycling both for recreational and utility purposes, for example, by working with local authorities to organise cycling events and holding information and merchandise stalls at fairs and festivals.[3] The idea of Safe Routes to School is to encourage children to walk or cycle to school. ... Home Zone is a term used in the United Kingdom for a residential street or group of streets that are designed using principles similar to those of living streets, primarily to meet the interests of the local community, whether on foot, cycling, or in a car, enabling the street to...

Sustrans' first ever route follows a disused railway though a green corridor in Bristol.

Contents

The Sustrans cycleway between Bristol and Bath, England. ... The Sustrans cycleway between Bristol and Bath, England. ...

History

Sustrans was formed in Bristol in July 1977 as Cyclebag by a group of cyclists and environmentalists, motivated by emerging doubts about the desirability of over dependence on the private car, following from the 1973 oil crisis, and the almost total lack of any specific provision for cyclists in most British cities, in contrast to some other European countries.[4] This article is about the English city. ... The historic Blue Marble photograph, which helped bring environmentalism to the public eye. ... The 1973 oil crisis began in earnest on October 17, 1973, when the members of Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC, consisting of the Arab members of OPEC plus Egypt and Syria) announced, as a result of the ongoing Yom Kippur War, that they would no longer ship petroleum...


A decade earlier the Beeching Axe had closed many British railways that the government considered to be underused and too costly. One such railway was the former Midland Railway line between central Bristol and Bath, which had been closed in favour of the more direct, former Great Western Railway between the cities. Sustrans leased part of this route with the help of Avon County Council (Bristol and Bath were then part of the County of Avon) and turned it into their first route, the Bristol & Bath Railway Path.[4] Further success has followed by preventing a number of groups of railway enthusiasts rebuilding old unused railway lines in a number of locations. Many railway lines were closed as a result of the Beeching Axe The Beeching Axe is an informal name for the British Governments attempt in the 1960s to reduce the cost of running the British railway system. ... This article is about the historical British railway company. ... This article is about the English city. ... , Bath is a small city in Somerset, England most famous for its historic baths fed by three hot springs. ... The original Bristol Temple Meads station, first terminus of the GWR, is the building to the left of this picture The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company, linking South West England, the West Country and South Wales with London. ... Northavon Bristol Kingswood Woodspring Wansdyke Bath The County of Avon was a short-lived administrative county in the west of England, named after the River Avon which ran through it. ... The Bristol & Bath Railway Path, looking towards Bristol from the former Mangotsfield railway station The Bristol & Bath Railway Path is a 13-mile off road cycleway that forms part of National Cycle Network National Cycle Route 4. ...


In the early 1980s when unemployment rose, the organisation took advantage of government schemes to provide temporary employment to build similar 'green routes'. British Waterways collaborated with Sustrans to improve towpaths along some canals and this resulted in greatly increased use of the towpaths, especially by cyclists. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... British Waterways sign near Gas Street Basin on the BCN. British Waterways is a government body sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA) and the Scottish Executive in the United Kingdom. ... A towpath on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal A towpath is a road or track that runs alongside the banks of a river, canal or other inland waterway. ... For other uses, see Canal (disambiguation). ...


In 1983 the charity Sustrans was founded, which currently has eleven directors who are also the trustees, members, and board members of the charity, and are chosen by the existing board. There is also an Executive Board currently composed of the Chief Executive and one of the two Company Secretaries.[5]


By the early 1990s Sustrans had a growing supporter base and the Network of national routes was emerging. In 1995 they were granted UK£43.5 million from the Millennium Lottery Fund[6] allowing them to extend the National Cycle Network to smaller towns and rural areas, as well as launch the Safe Routes to Schools project, based on earlier state projects in Denmark. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... A play here! sign outside a newsagent, incorporating the National Lotterys logo of a stylised hand with crossed fingers which emulates a smiling face. ... The idea of Safe Routes to School is to encourage children to walk or cycle to school. ...


The organisation is now working to introduce Safe Routes to Stations and Home Zones among other projects.


Funding

The National Cycle Network was the first project to receive Millennium Commission funding in 1995. Sustrans currently has many sources of funding, and in the 2004/05 financial year Sustrans income was £23.6 million. Of this, £2.1 million came from the donations of supporters. £8.5 million came from the Department for Transport, and a further £2.5 million from the National Opportunities Fund, specifically for the Safe Routes projects. Additional funding comes from charitable grants and trusts, local government and income from the sales of maps and books.[7] GBP redirects here. ... In the United Kingdom, the Department for Transport is the government department responsible for the transport network. ...


National Cycle Network

The National Cycle Network was officially opened in June 2000,[8] though 5000 miles had already been completed, and some routes had been open for over a decade. In 2005 the network reached 10,000 miles.[9] In urban areas almost 20% of the network is free from motor-traffic, though these sections can account for up to 80% of use. The more rural parts of the network see less motor traffic and are used primarily for leisure cycling. Sustrans has a number of opponents within the heritage railway movement and those promoting the expansion of the modern railway network to reduce motor travel. Some within these movements suggest that users of these rural routes actually increase motor travel in gaining access to these routes with cyles carried on vehicle roof racks etc. Sustrans have been accused of being unapproachable on route sharing; E.g. allowing a single track railway adjacent to a cycle path on a double track railway formation. The first section of the NCN to be built was the Bristol and Bath Railway Path, opened in 1984. ... “Miles” redirects here. ...


Sustrans estimate that in 2005 the network carried 232,000,000 journeys by all classes of non-motorised users.[10] The data collected by Sustrans to compile their monitoring reports, from traffic counters and user surveys, shows that National Cycle Network usage is predominantly urban, and mainly on traffic-free sections. Furthermore, the surveys show that only 35% of usage on urban sections of the NCN is for leisure purposes.


Connect2

Main article: Connect2

Sustrans launched the 'Connect2' project in August 2006 in a bid to win £50 million from the Big Lottery's 'Living Landmarks; The People's Millions' Competition. It is one of six projects competing for the grant, with the winning project to be finally decided by a public vote on television in December 2007.


Connect2 is a UK-wide project that aims to improve local travel in 79 communities by creating new walking and cycling routes for the local journeys that people make every day. By building bridges and new crossings over barriers such as busy roads, rivers and railway lines, Connect2 would connect people to the places they want to go. Each crossing would link to a network of walking and cycling routes and to schools, shops, work, green spaces, hospitals and other essential locations.


If successful, it is estimated that Connect2 would pass within half a mile of:

  • 3,280,000 people
  • 1,426,000 households
  • 1,355 schools
  • 500,000 pupils
  • 57 of the most deprived boroughs in the UK

giving the benefits:

  • 61.5 million trips a year are expected to made on the routes
  • 79,500 tonnes of CO2 could potentially be saved per annum if each of the journeys had replaced a car trip
  • £135 million of funding in total will be generated by Connect2
  • 116 local authorities are working to deliver Connect2

The official Sustrans Connect2 website contains information on all schemes and is inviting members of the public to sign up so that they can be contacted with more information on the TV vote in December 2007. http://www.sustransconnect2.org.uk


More information on the Big Lottery's 'Living Landmarks; The People's Millions' Programme is available on their website. http://www.biglotteryfund.org.uk/prog_livinglandmarks


See also

This mountain bicycle features oversized tires, a sturdy frame, front shock absorbers, and handlebars oriented perpendicular to the bikes axis Bicycle may also refer to Bicycle Playing Cards. ... A type of touring bicycle Bicycle touring is a leisure travel activity which involves touring, exploring or sightseeing by bicycle. ... Bicycle trial rider Bike trials is a form of mountain biking derived from motorcycle trials. ... Challenge riding is a form of cycling where the riders challenge themselves rather than each other. ... A cyclist is a person who engages in cycling whether as a sport or rides a bicycle for recreation or transportation. ... List of cycleways is a link page for any cycleway anywhere in the world. ... Mountain biker riding in the Arizona desert. ... Offroad cycling is a sport where bicycles (and unicycles!) are ridden outside of standard grounds, for example on narrow mountain trails. ... Bicycle racers at the 2005 Rund um den Henninger-Turm in Germany Road bicycle racing is a popular bicycle racing sport held on roads (following the geography of the area), using racing bicycles. ... Cycleway, Bicycle street and Pedestrian/Cyclist bridge in Nuremberg, Germany Segregated cycle facilities may consist of separate roads, tracks, paths or lanes designated for use by cyclists and from which motorised traffic is generally excluded. ... Girl on a bicycle in a car free area in Frankfurt Sustainable transport is a phrase which was coined in the late 20th century to describe all forms of transport which minimise emissions of carbon dioxide and pollutants. ... Track cycling is a bicycle racing sport usually held on specially-built banked tracks or velodromes (but many events are held at older velodromes where the track banking is relatively shallow) using track bicycles. ...

External links

Websites for specific routes:

References

  1. ^ Sustrans, 2005. "About Our Work." Accessed 2005-12-20.
  2. ^ Sustrans, 2005. "Our Projects." Accessed 2005-12-20.
  3. ^ Sustrans, 2005. "Events." Accessed 2005-12-20.
  4. ^ a b Sustrans, 2002. The Official Guide to the National Cycle Network. 2nd ed. Italy: Canile & Turin. ISBN 1-901389-35-9. Relevant section reproduced here.
  5. ^ Sustrans Ltd. & PriceWaterHouseCoopers LLP, 2005. "Annual Report for the year ending March 2005." Accessed 2005-12-20.
  6. ^ Sustrans, 2005. "Celebratory Events in 2005." Accessed 2005-12-20.
  7. ^ Sustrans Ltd. & PriceWaterHouseCoopers LLP, 2005. "Annual Report for the year ending March 2005." Accessed 2005-12-20.
  8. ^ Cycle-n-sleep, 2005. "Sustrans." Accessed 2005-12-20.
  9. ^ Sustrans, 2005. "Celebratory Events in 2005." Accessed 2005-12-20.
  10. ^ Sustrans, 2006. "National Cycle Network Route User Monitoring Report to end of 2005." Accessed 2007-05-03.

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m