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Encyclopedia > Susquehanna River
Susquehanna River
Susquehanna River near Chesapeake Bay
Country USA
States Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York
Major cities Harrisburg, PA, Wilkes-Barre, PA, Scranton, PA, Binghamton, NY
Length 444 mi (715 km)
Watershed 27,500 mi² (71,225 km²)
Discharge at Conowingo Dam, MD
 - average 40,080 ft³/s (1,135 /s)
 - maximum 410,000 ft³/s (11,610 /s)
 - minimum 2,990 ft³/s (85 /s)
Discharge elsewhere
 - Danville, PA 29,000 ft³/s (821 /s)
Source Otsego Lake
 - location Cooperstown, Otsego County, New York, USA
 - coordinates 42°42′02″N 74°55′10″W / 42.70056, -74.91944
 - elevation 1,180 ft (360 m)
Mouth Chesapeake Bay
 - location Havre de Grace, Harford County, Maryland, USA
 - coordinates 39°32′35″N 76°04′32″W / 39.54306, -76.07556
 - elevation ft (0 m)
Major tributaries
 - right West Branch, Juniata River
The Susquehanna watershed

The Susquehanna River (originally "Sasquesahanough" per the 1612 John Smith map) is a river located in the northeastern United States. At approximately 444 mi (715 km) long, it is the longest river on the American east coast and the 16th longest in the United States. The Susquehanna forms from two main branches, with the North Branch, which rises in upstate New York often regarded as an extension of the main branch. The shorter West Branch, which rises in western Pennsylvania, is sometimes regarded as the principal tributary, joining the North Branch near Northumberland in central Pennsylvania. The river drains 27,500 square miles (71,225 km²), covering nearly half of the land area of Pennsylvania and portions of New York and Maryland. The drainage basin includes portions of the Allegheny Plateau region of the Appalachian Mountains, cutting through water gaps in the lateral mountain ridges in a broad zigzag course to flow across the rural heartland of southeastern Pennsylvania and northeastern Maryland. The river empties into the northern end of the Chesapeake Bay, the ria of the Susquehanna, providing half of the freshwater inflow for the entire Chesapeake Bay. Image File history File links Picture of the Susquehanna_River from the Susquehanna State Park in Maryland Photo by Derek Ramsey (Ram-Man) File links The following pages link to this file: User:Ram-Man Susquehanna River ... The Chesapeake Bay - Landsat photo The Chesapeake Bay where the Susquehanna River empties into it. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... NY redirects here. ... Location in Dauphin County and state of Pennsylvania Coordinates: , Country United States Commonwealth Pennsylvania County Dauphin Incorporated 1791 Charter 1860 Government  - Mayor Stephen R. Reed (D) Area  - City  11. ... Nickname: The Diamond City Motto: Pattern After Us Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Luzerne Founded Incorporated  Borough  City 1769  1806  1871 Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Leighton (D) Area    - City  7. ... The City of Scranton is the county seat of Lackawanna CountyGR6 in Northeastern Pennsylvania, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 76,415 (2003 estimate: 74,320). ... Binghamton is a city located in the Southern Tier of New York in the United States. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... km redirects here. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... The Conowingo Dam (also Conowingo Hydroelectric Plant, Conowingo Hydroelectric Station) is a large hydroelectric dam in the Lower Susquehanna River. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Danville is a borough located in Montour County, Pennsylvania, of which it is the county seat. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Otsego Lake is a small lake located in Otsego County, New York in the USA and is a source of the Susquehanna River. ... Cooperstown is a village in Otsego County, New York and is the County Seat. ... Otsego County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... NY redirects here. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... The Chesapeake Bay - Landsat photo The Chesapeake Bay where the Susquehanna River empties into it. ... Location in Maryland Coordinates: County Harford County Incorporated 1785 Mayor John P. Correri, Jr. ... Harford County is a county located in the northeastern region of the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... The West Branch Susquehanna River is one of the two principal branches, along the with North Branch, of the Susquehanna River in the northeastern United States. ... The Juniata River is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 90 miles (145 km long), in central Pennsylvania in the United States. ... Image File history File links Susq. ... Events January 20 - Mathias becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... John Smith (1580–June 21, 1631), was an English soldier, sailor, and author. ... This bridge across the Danube River links Hungary with Slovakia. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... km redirects here. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... NY redirects here. ... The West Branch Susquehanna River is one of the two principal branches, along the with North Branch, of the Susquehanna River in the northeastern United States. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Northumberland is a borough located in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. ... The Allegheny Plateau is a large, dissected plateau area in southern New York, western Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and eastern Ohio. ... Appalachians in North Carolina The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. ... Water gap is a term geologists use to describe a notch which flowing water has carved into a mountain. ... A zigzag is a pattern made up of many small corners at an acute angle, tracing a path between two parallel lines; it can be described as both jagged and fairly regular. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... The Chesapeake Bay - Landsat photo The Chesapeake Bay where the Susquehanna River empties into it. ... Georges River, in the southern suburbs of Sydney (Australia) is a ria, or drowned river valley. ...

Contents

Description

Rising as the outlet of Otsego Lake in Cooperstown, New York, the north branch of the river runs west-southwest through dairy country, receiving the Unadilla River at Sidney and the Chenango in downtown Binghamton. At Athens in northern Pennsylvania, just across the New York state line, it receives the Chemung from the northwest and makes a right angle curve between Sayre and Towanda to cut through the Endless Mountains in the Allegheny Plateau. It receives the Lackawanna River southwest of Scranton and turns sharply to the southwest, flowing through the former anthracite industrial heartland in the mountain ridges of northeastern Pennsylvania, past Wilkes-Barre, Berwick, Bloomsburg, and Danville. It receives the smaller West Branch from the northwest at Northumberland, just above Sunbury. Otsego Lake is a small lake located in Otsego County, New York in the USA and is a source of the Susquehanna River. ... Cooperstown is a village in Otsego County, New York and is the County Seat. ... The Unadilla River in New York State flows from south of Utica to the Village of Sidney where it flows into the Susquehanna River, which eventually empties into the Chesapeake Bay, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean. ... Sidney in the U.S. state of New York] may refer to two places, both within Delaware County. ... The Chenango River is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 90 mi (145 km) long, in central New York in the United States. ... Binghamton is a city located in the Southern Tier of New York in the United States. ... Athens Township is the name of some places in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania: Athens Township, Bradford County, Pennsylvania Athens Township, Crawford County, Pennsylvania This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Chemung River (shuh-MUHNG) is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 45 mi (72 km) long, in south central New York and northern Pennsylvania in the United States. ... Towanda is a borough located in Bradford County, Pennsylvania. ... The Endless Mountains are a chain of mountains in northeastern Pennsylvania. ... The Allegheny Plateau is a large, dissected plateau area in southern New York, western Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and eastern Ohio. ... The Lackawanna River is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 35 mi (56 km) long, in northeastern Pennsylvania in the United States. ... The City of Scranton is the county seat of Lackawanna CountyGR6 in Northeastern Pennsylvania, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 76,415 (2003 estimate: 74,320). ... Nickname: The Diamond City Motto: Pattern After Us Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Luzerne Founded Incorporated  Borough  City 1769  1806  1871 Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Leighton (D) Area    - City  7. ... Berwick is a borough located in Columbia County, Pennsylvania, 27 miles (43 km) southwest of Wilkes Barre. ... Bloomsburg is a town in Columbia County, Pennsylvania, 40 miles (64 km) southwest of Wilkes Barre along the Susquehanna River. ... Danville is a borough located in Montour County, Pennsylvania, of which it is the county seat. ... Northumberland is a borough located in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. ... Map of Northumberland County, Pennsylvania highlighting Sunbury Sunbury is a city in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. ...

Harrisburg, with the state capitol dome from across the Susquehanna River

Downstream from the confluence of its branches it flows south past Selinsgrove, where it is joined by its Penns Creek tributary, and cuts through a water gap at the western end of Mahantongo Mountain. It receives the Juniata River from the northwest at Duncannon, then passes through its last water gap, through Blue Mountain Pennsylvania, just northwest of Harrisburg. It passes downtown Harrisburg (where it is nearly a mile wide), the largest city on the lower river, and flows southeast across South Central Pennsylvania, forming the border between York and Lancaster counties, as well as receiving Swatara Creek from the northeast. It crosses into northern Maryland approximately 30 miles (50 km) northeast of Baltimore, where it is joined by Octoraro Creek. Finally the river enters the northern end of the Chesapeake Bay at Havre de Grace, where Concord Point Light was built in 1827 to accommodate the increasing navigational traffic.[1] Download high resolution version (1200x900, 610 KB)Harrisburg, Pennsylvania at dusk Harrisburg, with the state capitol dome from across the Susquehanna River Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL, Pollinator 06:42, Dec 25, 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this... Download high resolution version (1200x900, 610 KB)Harrisburg, Pennsylvania at dusk Harrisburg, with the state capitol dome from across the Susquehanna River Image copyleft: Image taken by me, released under GFDL, Pollinator 06:42, Dec 25, 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this... Location in Dauphin County and state of Pennsylvania Coordinates: , Country United States Commonwealth Pennsylvania County Dauphin Incorporated 1791 Charter 1860 Government  - Mayor Stephen R. Reed (D) Area  - City  11. ... Borough Logo Selinsgrove is a borough in Snyder County, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Penns Creek is a tributary of the Susquehanna River in central Pennsylvania in the United States. ... Mahantongo is an early American Indian name meaning where we had plenty of meat to eat or was so designated by the Delaware Indians Lenape as plenty of meat or good hunting grounds. ... The Juniata River is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 90 miles (145 km long), in central Pennsylvania in the United States. ... Duncannon is a borough located in Perry County, Pennsylvania. ... Blue Ridge Mountains, Shining Rock Wilderness Area Appalachian Mountain system The Blue Ridge is a mountain chain in the eastern United States, part of the Appalachian Mountains, forming their eastern front from Georgia to Pennsylvania. ... Location in Dauphin County and state of Pennsylvania Coordinates: , Country United States Commonwealth Pennsylvania County Dauphin Incorporated 1791 Charter 1860 Government  - Mayor Stephen R. Reed (D) Area  - City  11. ... South Central Pennsylvania is a region of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania that includes the fourteen counties of Adams, Cumberland, Dauphin, Franklin, Huntingdon, Juniata, Lancaster, Lebanon, Mifflin, Northumberland, Perry, Schuylkill, Snyder, and York. ... York County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, known as the Garden Spot of America since the 18th century, is located in the southeastern part of the state of Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... Swatara Creek is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 60 mi (97 km) long, in east central Pennsylvania in the United States. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... Nickname: Motto: The Greatest City in America,[4] Get in on it. ... Octoraro Creek is the last significant tributary of the Susquehanna River. ... Location in Maryland Coordinates: County Harford County Incorporated 1785 Mayor John P. Correri, Jr. ... Concord Point Light is a lighthouse in Havre De Grace, Maryland overlooking the point where the Susquehanna River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, an area of increasing navigational traffic at the time it was built in 1827. ...

See also: List of cities and towns along the Susquehanna River

. ...

Geology

Geologically, the river is extremely ancient, often regarded as the oldest or second oldest major system in the world. It is far older than the mountains through which it turns - the flow of the ancient Susquehanna was so strong that it was able to cut through the mountains even as they were forming from the collision of Africa and North America some 300 million years ago. Remarkably, the river's age means that it actually predates the Atlantic Ocean.[citation needed] This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Appalachians in North Carolina The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a vast system of mountains in eastern North America. ...


Before the end of the last ice age, the Susquehanna was a much longer river. The Chesapeake Bay constituted its lower valley before it was flooded by rising waters at the conclusion of the Pleistocene, a formation known as a ria. The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) is part of the geologic timescale. ... Georges River, in the southern suburbs of Sydney (Australia) is a ria, or drowned river valley. ...


Pollution

Satellite photo of the Susquehanna (upper left) where it empties into Chesapeake Bay (center)
Satellite photo of the Susquehanna (upper left) where it empties into Chesapeake Bay (center)

The environmental group American Rivers named the Susquehanna "America's Most Endangered River for 2005" due to the excessive pollution it receives. Most of the pollution in the river is due to excess animal manure, agricultural runoff, urban and suburban stormwater, and raw or inadequately treated sewage. In 2003 the river alone contributed 44% of the nitrogen, 21% of the phosphorus, and 21% of the sediment flowing into the Chesapeake Bay. Pennsylvania may be subject to EPA sanctions if it does not reduce its pollution in the watershed by 2010. [1] It was designated as one of the American Heritage Rivers in 1997. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1476x1476, 925 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Chesapeake Bay Susquehanna River Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1476x1476, 925 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Chesapeake Bay Susquehanna River Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... EPA redirects here. ... American Heritage Rivers are designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency to receive special attention (coordinating efforts of multiple governmental entities) to further three objectives: natural resource and environmental protection, economic revitalization, and historic and cultural preservation. ...


Historic importance

The river has played an enormous role throughout the history of the United States. Before European conquest, the Susquehannock, an Iroquoian tribe lived along the river and gave the Susquehanna its name. In the 17th century, it was inhabited largely by the Lenape, forming roughly the western boundary of their inhabited territory, known as Lenapehoking. In the 18th century, William Penn, the founder of the Pennsylvania Colony, negotiated with the Lenape to allow white settlement in the colony between the Delaware River and the Susquehanna. Local legend claims that the name of the river comes from an Indian phrase meaning "mile wide, foot deep," referring to the Susquehanna's unusual dimensions, but while the word is Algonquian, it simply means "muddy current."[2][3] Susquehannock The Susquehannock people were natives of areas adjacent to the Susquehanna River and its tributaries from the southern part of what is now New York, through Pennsylvania, to the mouth of the Susquehanna in Maryland at the north end of the Chesapeake Bay. ... The Iroquoian languages are a Native American language family. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Map showing the Lenapehoking region. ... William Penn William Penn (October 14, 1644 – July 30, 1718) founded the Province of Pennsylvania, the English North American colony that became the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... A map of the Province of Pennsylvania. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas) The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... The Algonquian (also Algonkian) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (the two Algic languages that are not Algonquian are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California). ...


In the late colonial times, the river became an increasingly important transportation corridor with the discovery of anthracite coal by Necho Allen in its upper reaches in the mountains. In 1792, the Union Canal was proposed linking the Susquehanna and the Delaware along Swatara Creek and Tulpehocken Creek. In the 19th century, the river became the scene of the growth of industrial centers. Anthracite coal Anthracite (Greek Ανθρακίτης, literally a form of coal, from Anthrax [Άνθραξ], coal) is a hard, compact variety of mineral coal that has a high luster. ... The Union Canal was towpath canal that existed in southeastern Pennsylvania in the United States during the 19th century. ... Tulpehocken Creek (known locally as the Tully) is a tributary of the Schuylkill River, approximately 24 mi (40 km) long, in southeastern Pennsylvania in the United States. ...

Monument at the site of Gen. Clinton's dam at the source of the Susquehanna River on Otsego Lake in Cooperstown, New York
Monument at the site of Gen. Clinton's dam at the source of the Susquehanna River on Otsego Lake in Cooperstown, New York

In 1779 General James Clinton led an expedition down the Susquehanna after making the upper portion navigable by damming up the river's source at Otsego Lake, allowing the lake's level to rise, and then destroying the dam and flooding the river for miles downstream. This event is described by James Fenimore Cooper in the introduction to his popular novel The Pioneers. At Tioga, New York, Clinton met up with General John Sullivan's forces, who had marched from Easton, Pennsylvania. Together on August 29, they defeated the Tories and Indians at the Battle of Newtown (near today's city of Elmira, New York). This became known as the "Sullivan-Clinton Campaign" or the "Sullivan Expedition." Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 515 pixelsFull resolution (1679 × 1080 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 515 pixelsFull resolution (1679 × 1080 pixel, file size: 1. ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... James Clinton (August 9, 1733 – September 22, 1812) was a American Revolutionary War soldier who obtained the rank of major general. ... Cooper portrait by John Wesley Jarvis, 1822 James Fenimore Cooper (September 15, 1789 – September 14, 1851) was a prolific and popular American writer of the early 19th century. ... The Pioneers: The Sources of the Susquehanna is one of the Leatherstocking Tales, a series of five novels by American writer James Fenimore Cooper. ... Tioga is a town located in Tioga County, New York. ... General John Sullivan John Sullivan (b. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Northampton Government  - Mayor Philip B. Mitman Area  - City  4. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Tory (disambiguation). ... The Battle of Newtown (29 August 1779) was the only major battle of the Sullivan Expedition, an armed offensive led by Gen. ... Location in Chemung County in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York County Chemung County Government  - Mayor John S. Tonello (D) Area  - City  7. ... The Sullivan Expedition, also known as the Sullivan-Clinton Expedition, was a campaign led by Major General John Sullivan and General James Clinton against Loyalists (Tories) and the four nations of the Iroquois who had sided with the British in the American Revolutionary War. ...


Conflicting land claims by Pennsylvania and Connecticut to the Wyoming Valley along the Susquehanna led to the founding of Westmoreland County, Connecticut and the Pennamite Wars, which eventually led to the territory being ceded to Pennsylvania. Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... A lesser-known Wyoming Valley exists in western New York in Wyoming County, where the valley of Oatka Creek is commonly known as the Wyoming Valley and includes the villages of Wyoming and Warsaw. ... Westmoreland County was a county in Connecticut in the present day area of Wyoming Valley, Pennsylvania, until it was ceded to Pennsylvania in 1784. ... The Pennamite Wars, fought between 1769 and 1799, were a series of military clashes for control of the Wyoming Valley in northeastern Pennsylvania. ...


During the American Civil War's 1863 Gettysburg Campaign, the commander of the Department of the Susquehanna, Union Major General Darius N. Couch resolved that Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia would not cross the Susquehanna. He positioned militia units under Maj. Granville Haller to protect key bridges in Harrisburg and Wrightsville, as well as nearby fords. Confederate forces approached the river at several locations in Cumberland and York counties, but were recalled on June 29 when Lee chose to concentrate his army to the west. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Meade and Lee of Gettysburg Gettysburg Campaign (through July 3); cavalry movements shown with dashed lines. ... The Department of the Susquehanna was a military department created by the United States War Department during the Gettysburg Campaign of the American Civil War. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Darius N. Couch Darius Nash Couch (July 23, 1822 – February 12, 1897) was a United States Army officer, naturalist, and a Union general in the American Civil War. ... // This article is about the Confederate general. ... Some Confederate soldiers The Confederate States Army (CSA) was organized in February 1861 to defend the newly formed Confederate States of America from military action by the United States government. ... The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War in the eastern theater. ... Lebanese Kataeb militia A Militia is an organization of citizens to provide defense, emergency or paramilitary service, or those engaged in such activity. ... Granville Owen Haller (January 31, 1819 – May 2, 1897) was a noted Indian fighter and U.S. Army military officer, as well as a wealthy antebellum businessman in the Seattle, Washington, area. ... Wrightsville is a borough located in York County, Pennsylvania. ... Cumberland County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania and is one of four counties comprising the greater Harrisburg metropolitan area. ... York County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1972, the remnants of Hurricane Agnes stalled over the New York-Pennsylvania border, dropping as much as 20 inches (50.8 cm) of rain on the hilly lands. Much of that precipitation was received into the Susquehanna from its western tributaries, and the valley suffered disastrous flooding. Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, was among the hardest hit communities. The Chesapeake Bay received so much fresh water that it killed much of the marine life. Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hurricane Agnes was the first tropical storm and first hurricane of 1972 Atlantic hurricane season. ... Nickname: The Diamond City Motto: Pattern After Us Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Luzerne Founded Incorporated  Borough  City 1769  1806  1871 Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Leighton (D) Area    - City  7. ... The Chesapeake Bay - Landsat photo The Chesapeake Bay where the Susquehanna River empties into it. ...


In 1979, the river was the scene of the most serious nuclear power accident in U.S. history at Three Mile Island southeast of Harrisburg. Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... A nuclear power station. ... Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station consists of two nuclear reactors, each with its own containment building and cooling towers. ...


In June 2006, significant portions of the river system were affected by the Mid-Atlantic Flood of June 2006, a flood caused by a stalled jet stream-driven storm system. The most significantly affected area in the Susquehanna river basin was in and around the Binghamton, NY region, where flooding exceeded historical records and forced the evacuation off thousands of residents and the destruction of significant amounts of property and infrastructure. For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Binghamton is a city in upstate New York in the United States. ...


Rowing

The Susquehanna River has become the home for various college crew teams, most notably Binghamton University, Susquehanna University, and University of Scranton. Overlooking center of campus. ... The University of Scranton is a private, co-educational Jesuit university, located in Scranton, Pennsylvania, in the northeast region of the state. ...


Trivia

Joseph Smith, Jr. ... Photograph of Oliver Cowdery found in the Library of Congress, taken in the 1840s Oliver Hervy Pliny Cowdery[1] (3 October 1806 – 3 March 1850) was the primary participant with Joseph Smith, Jr. ... The Archangel Michael by Guido Reni wears a late Roman military outfit in this 17th century depiction An angel is a supernatural being found in many religions. ... For the hip-hop producer with the same name, see John the Baptist (producer). ... Harmony Township is a township located in Susquehanna County, Pennsylvania. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Port Deposit is a town in Cecil County, Maryland, United States. ... Cooperstown is a village in Otsego County, New York and is the County Seat. ... Bainbridge, New York is the name of a village and a town in Chenango County, New York: Village of Bainbridge Town of Bainbridge This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Defiance, Ohio is an anticapitalist, largely acoustic punk (typically referred to as folk-punk) band from Bloomington, Indiana. ...

Bridges, ferries, canals and dams

See also: List of crossings of the Susquehanna River
See also: List of dams and reservoirs of the Susquehanna River

The Susquehanna River has always loomed large in the transportation history of the United States. Prior to the 1818 opening of the Port Deposit Bridge, the river formed a barrier between the northern and southern states, crossable only by ferry. The earliest dams were constructed to support ferry operations in low water. The presence of many rapids in the river meant that while commercial traffic could navigate down the river in the spring thaws, nothing could move up. This led to the construction of two different canal systems on the Susquehanna, the first by the Proprietors of the Susquehanna Canal and later the Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal. The canals required additional dams to provide canal water and navigation pools. As the industrial age progressed, bridges replaced ferries, and railroads replaced canals, often built right on top of the canal right of way along the river. Many canal remnants can be seen in Havre de Grace, Maryland, along US Route 15 in Pennsylvania, and in upstate New York at various locations. . ... The Susquehanna River, in the Mid Atlantic States of the USA, has a collection of dams. ... Ruins of piers of Susquehanna River Bridge from western shore The Port Deposit Bridge (also known as the Susquehanna River Bridge or Rock Run Toll Bridge) was the earliest bridge crossing of the Susquehanna River below Columbia, Pennsylvania, providing the first reliable link between the northern and southern United States. ... Location in Maryland Coordinates: County Harford County Incorporated 1785 Mayor John P. Correri, Jr. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ...


Today, there are over two hundred bridges crossing the Susquehanna. The sole remaining ferry, at Millersburg, Pennsylvania, is a seasonal tourist attraction. The canals are gone or are part of historical parks, and dams are related to power generation or recreation. Perhaps the most famous of the bridges, the Rockville Bridge, crosses the river from Harrisburg, Pennsylvania to Marysville, Pennsylvania. The Rockville Bridge, when constructed, was the longest stone masonry arch bridge in the world. It was built by the Pennsylvania Railroad in the early 1900s, replacing an earlier iron bridge. Millersburg is a borough located in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. ... The Rockville Bridge is said to be the longest stone arch railroad viaduct in the world. ... Location in Dauphin County and state of Pennsylvania Coordinates: , Country United States Commonwealth Pennsylvania County Dauphin Incorporated 1791 Charter 1860 Government  - Mayor Stephen R. Reed (D) Area  - City  11. ... Marysville is a borough located in Perry County, Pennsylvania. ... Stone masons have existed since the dawn of civilization, constructing some of the most long lasting ancient monuments, artifacts and cities. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 1893 map The Pennsylvania Railroad (AAR reporting mark PRR) was an American railroad that was founded in 1846 and merged in 1968 into Penn Central Transportation. ...


See also

This is a list of rivers in the U.S. state of Maryland: Anacostia River Antietam Creek Back River River Big Pipe River Catoctin River Chester River Choptank River Christina River Deer River Dividing River Elk River Gunpowder River Jones Falls Little Choptank River Little Monocacy River Little Pipe River... This is a list of rivers in the state of New York in the United States. ... This is a list of rivers in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania Allegheny River Clarion River Conemaugh River Delaware River Juniata River Lehigh River Monongahela River Ohio River Schuylkill River Susquehanna River West Branch Susquehanna River Youghiogheny River See also List of rivers in the United States This list...

Notes

  1. ^ Two Lights on the Hill. Retrieved on 2006-12-28.
  2. ^ Kelton, Dwight H. Indian Names of Places Near the Great Lakes. (Detroit, MI: Detroit Free Press Printing Company, 1888).
  3. ^ c.f. Anishinaabe language azhashkijiwan "be a muddy current"
  4. ^ "The Restoration of the Aaronic and Melchizedek Priesthoods"

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Anishinaabe language or the Ojibwe group of languages or Anishinaabemowin in Eastern Ojibwe syllabics) is the third most commonly spoken Native language in Canada (after Cree and Inuktitut), and the fourth most spoken in North America (behind Navajo, Cree, and Inuktitut). ...

External links

Online maps and aerial photos

Mouth or other endpoint (Chesapeake Bay) The Chesapeake Bay - Landsat photo The Chesapeake Bay where the Susquehanna River empties into it. ...

Source (Otsego Lake) Otsego Lake is a small lake located in Otsego County, New York in the USA and is a source of the Susquehanna River. ...

Susquehanna River system
Maryland | Pennsylvania | New York | Counties | Municipalities | Crossings | Dams
Streams shown as: Major tributaries • subtributaries • (subsubtributaries)

  Results from FactBites:
 
River Basins - Did You Know? (522 words)
The Susquehanna is the largest river lying entirely within the United States that drains into the Atlantic Ocean.
River is one of four major bird migration flyways in North America, critical for threatened neo-tropical migrant species.
The Arakawa River in Japan is the "sister river" to the Potomac.
Susquehanna Arks (767 words)
Conversely, a small river village in the mouth of the Susquehanna River, at the head of the Chesapeake Bay would be born, Port Deposit Maryland.
The relationship between the “Up River” entrepreneurs and Port Deposit would generate untold wealth and prosperity for many of their citizens in the years to come and would greatly contribute to the early development of the United States as a nation.
When the freshet (the mass melting of snow in the river) finally happened, the river ark crew must be ready to leave on short notice or else they might lose the higher tide and increased current needed to move the ark past certain points in the river.
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