FACTOID # 3: South Carolina has the highest rate of violent crimes and aggravated assaults per capita among US states.
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 


FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:



(* = Graphable)



Encyclopedia > Suspensory muscle of the duodenum

The suspensory muscle of the duodenum is the proper name of what is commonly known as the ligament of Treitz, and it refers to tissue that connects the duodenum of the small intestines to the diaphragm. It is also known as the suspensory ligament of the duodenum. In anatomy of the digestive system, the duodenum is a hollow jointed tube connecting the stomach to the jejunum. ... Diagram showing the small intestine In biology the small intestine is the part of the gastrointestinal tract between the stomach and the large intestine (colon). ... In the anatomy of mammals, the diaphragm is a shelf of muscle extending across the bottom of the ribcage. ...


It arises from the connective tissue around the stems of the celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery and inserts into the third and fourth portions of the duodenum and frequently into the duodenojejunal (DJ) flexure (between the duodenum and the jejunum) as well. Composed of a slip of skeletal muscle from the right crus of the diaphragm and a fibromuscular band of smooth muscle from the third and fourth parts of the duodenum, when it contracts, it has the effect of opening the DJ flexure and permitting the flow of chyme. Connective tissue is one of the four types of tissue in traditional classifications (the others being epithelial, muscle, and nervous tissue. ... The celiac trunk is the first major branch of the abdominal aorta. ... The superior mesenteric artery arises from the anterior surface of the aorta, just inferior to the origin of the celiac trunk, and supplies the intestine from the duodenum and pancreas to the left colic flexure. ... Diagram of the Human Intestine In anatomy of the digestive system, the jejunum is the central of the three divisions of the small intestine and lies between the duodenum and the ileum. ... Chyme is the liquid substance found in the stomach before passing through the pyloric valve and entering the duodenum. ...

While commonly referred to as a ligament, it is officially both a suspensory muscle and a suspensory ligament due to its composition and function.

Clinical significance

This muscle/ligament is an important anatomical landmark of the duodenojejunal junction, used to divide the GI tract into an upper portion and a lower portion. Human heart and lungs, from an older edition of Grays Anatomy. ... For the Physics term GUT, please refer to Grand unification theory The gastrointestinal or digestive tract, also referred to as the GI tract or the alimentary canal or the gut, is the system of organs within multicellular animals which takes in food, digests it to extract energy and nutrients, and...

It is an especially important landmark to note when looking at the bowel for the presence of malrotation of the gut, a syndrome often suspected in young children when they have episodes of recurrent vomiting. Visualizing a normal location of the ligament of treitz in radiological images is critical in ruling out malrotation of the gut in a child; it is abnormally located when malrotation is present.

External links



Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m