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Encyclopedia > Surya
Surya

Surya
God of the sun
Devanagari सूर्य
image = surya .jpg
Affiliation Graha
Consort Saranyu, Ragyi, Prabha and Chhaya
Mount Chariot drawn by seven white horses
/ by seven headed horse
(Charioteer:Aruna)[1]
Planet Sun
This box: view  talk  edit

In Hinduism, Surya (Devanagari: सूर्य, sūrya, lit "the Supreme Light" [2] ) is the chief solar deity, one of the Adityas, son of Kasyapa and one of his wives Aditi[3], of Indra, or of Dyaus Pitar (depending by the versions). He has hair and arms of gold. Surya drives through the heaven in his triumphal chariot harnessed by seven horses or one horse with seven heads [4], which represent the seven chakras. He presides over "Ravi-war" or Sunday. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Saravanan Sivakumar (Tamil : சரவணன் சிவகுமார்) popularly known as Surya (Tamil : சூர்யா) (born on 23 July 1975, Mother Tongue - Tamil), is an Indian actor in the Tamil film industry. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 369 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (775 × 1259 pixel, file size: 109 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This work is copyrighted and unlicensed. ... Graha (from Sanskrit ग्रह gráha -- seizing, laying hold of, holding [1]) is a “cosmic marker of influence” on the living beings of mother Bhumidevi (earth). ... Saranyu is the wife of Surya, and a goddess of the dawn in Hindu mythology, and is sometimes associated with Demeter. ... In Hittite mythology, the son of Kamrusepa and the god of the sea. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Rigveda manuscript in Devanagari (early 19th century) DevanāgarÄ« (देवनागरी — in English pronounced ) (ISCII – IS13194:1991) [1] is an abugida alphabet used to write several Indian languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, Marathi, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Bihari, Bhili, Konkani, Bhojpuri and Nepali from Nepal. ... The Trundholm sun chariot pulled by a horse is believed to be a sculpture illustrating an important part of Nordic Bronze Age mythology. ... In Hinduism, the Adityas are a group of solar deities, sons of Aditi and Kasyapa. ... This article is about the Hindu god Kasyapa. ... In Hinduism, Aditi (Sanskrit - limitless) is a goddess of the sky, consciousness, the past, the future and fertility. ... For other uses, see Indra (disambiguation). ... In vedic religion, Dyaus Pita is the Sky Father, husband of Prthivi and father of Agni and Indra (RV 4. ... For the 1968 stage production, see Hair (musical), for the 1979 film, see Hair (film). ... Look up ARM in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... For other uses, see Chariot (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... In Hinduism and its spiritual systems of yoga and in some related eastern cultures, as well as in some segments of the New Age movement, a chakra (from the Sanskrit word चक्र meaning wheel, circle) is thought to be an energy node in the human body. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In Hindu religious literature, Surya is notably mentioned as the visible form of God that one can see every day. Furthermore, Shaivites and Vaishnavas often regard Surya as an aspect of Shiva and Vishnu, respectively. For example, the sun is called Surya Narayana by Vaishnavas. In Shaivite theology, Surya is said to be one of eight forms of Shiva, named the Astamurti. This article is about the religion Shaivism. ... Vaishnavism is one of the principal traditions of Hinduism, and is distinguished from other schools by its primary worship of Vishnu (and his associated avatars) as the Supreme God. ... For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being (i. ... Narayana (Sanskrit: नारायण; ) or Narayan is an important Sanskrit name for Vishnu and is in many contemporary vernaculars, a common Indian name. ... For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ...


His other names include Vivasvat (Sanskrit: वैवस्वत) (also Visvakarma or Vivasvan), Ravi (lit. "the Fire Bird" [5]), Aditya (lit. the son of Aditi) [6], Pusha (the best Purifier), Divakar (the maker of the day), Savita (the vivifier), Arka (the ray), Mitra (friend) [7], Bhanu (light), Bhaskar (maker of Light) and Grahapati (the Lord of Grahas) [8] . In Hinduism, Aditi (Sanskrit - limitless) is a goddess of the sky, consciousness, the past, the future and fertility. ... In Hinduism, Savitri (also Savitr, Savitar) is a solar deity and one of the Adityas. ... *mitra (Proto-Indo-Iranian, nominative *mitras) was an important Indo-Iranian divinity. ... Graha (from Sanskrit ग्रह gráha -- seizing, laying hold of, holding [1]) is a “cosmic marker of influence” on the living beings of mother Bhumidevi (earth). ...

Contents

Depictions

Sometimes Surya has two hands with a lotus in each of them; sometimes four with a lotus, chakra, a conch and the fourth hand makes the gesture of protection. [9] For the Naruto jutsu, see Chakra (Naruto). ...


Surya Namaskara, or the "Sun salutation"

A well-known Hindu mode of worship of the devotional movements of Surya is done at the rising of the Sun, known as Sūrya namaskāra (Sun Salutation). Ten yogic postures are assumed in successive flowing movements to complete one namaskar. Twelve sacred Hindu mantras uttered and for each mantra one complete namaskar is done. Ancient practice is to do 108 namaskaras a day. It is considered most auspicious by Hindus to do this. This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Lord Vishnu Devotional movements refers to various forms of Hinduism in India that co-exist with differing doctrines and practices. ... SÅ«rya namaskāra (Salute to the Sun), also commonly called Surya Namaskar, is a vitalising exercise, commonly used as a warm up to more demanding activity. ...


The 12 mantras for surya namaskara:

  1. ॐ मित्राय नमः aum mitrāya namah
  2. ॐ रवये नमः aum ravayé namah
  3. ॐ सूर्याय नमः aum sūryāya namah
  4. ॐ भानवे नमः aum bhānavé namah
  5. ॐ खगय नमः aum khagāya namah
  6. ॐ पुष्णे नमः aum pushné namah
  7. ॐ हिरण्यगर्भाय नमः aum hiranyagarbhāya namah
  8. ॐ मारिचाये नमः aum mārichāyé namah
  9. ॐ आदित्याय नमः aum ādityāya namah
  10. ॐ सावित्रे नमः aum sāvitré namah
  11. ॐ आर्काय नमः aum ārkāya namah
  12. ॐ भास्कराय नमः aum bhāskarāya namah

The mantra frequently recited to praise the Surya comes from the Rig Veda, Book 1 Hymn 35: The Rig Veda ऋग्वेद (Sanskrit ṛc praise + veda knowledge) is the earliest of the four Hindu religious scriptures known as the Vedas. ...

आ कृष्णेन् रजसा वर्तमानो निवेशयन्न अमृतं मर्त्यं च ।
हिरण्ययेन सविता रथेना देवो याति भुवनानि पश्यन ॥
Throughout the dusky firmament advancing, laying to rest the immortal and the mortal,
Borne in his golden chariot he cometh, Savitar, God who looks on every creature.[citation needed]

The Gayatri Mantra is also associated with Surya. Another hymn associated with Surya is the Aditya Hridayam, recited by the great sage Agastya to Rama on the warfield before the fight with Ravana. Gayatri (gāyatrī) is the feminine form of gāyatra, a Sanskrit word for a song or a hymn. ... The Aditya Hridayam, is a hymn associated with the Sun or Surya and was recited by the great sage Agastya to Rama on the battlefield before fighting with Ravana. ... In Hinduism, Agastya (अगस्त्य in devanagari, pronounced /É™ gÉ™s tyÉ™/) is a legendary Vedic sage or rishi. ... Rama ( in IAST, in DevanāgarÄ«) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... A depiction of Ravana, Hindu rakshasa King of Lanka In Hinduism, Ravana (Devanagari: रावण, Telugu: రావణాసురుడు IAST ; sometimes transliterated as Raavana or Ravan or Revana) is the principal antagonist of Rama in the Hindu epic, the Ramayana. ...


Surya's religious role and mythic relationships

Surya Yantra

In Hindu religious literature, Surya is notably mentioned as the visible form of God that one can see every day. Furthermore, Shaivites and Vaishnavas often regard Surya as an aspect of Shiva and Vishnu, respectively. For example, the sun is called Surya Narayana by Vaishnavas. In Shaivite theology, Surya is said to be one of eight forms of Shiva, named the Astamurti. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 598 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (882 × 884 pixel, file size: 61 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This work is copyrighted and unlicensed. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 598 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (882 × 884 pixel, file size: 61 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This work is copyrighted and unlicensed. ... This article is about the religion Shaivism. ... Vaishnavism is one of the principal traditions of Hinduism, and is distinguished from other schools by its primary worship of Vishnu (and his associated avatars) as the Supreme God. ... For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being (i. ... Narayana (Sanskrit: नारायण; ) or Narayan is an important Sanskrit name for Vishnu and is in many contemporary vernaculars, a common Indian name. ... For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ...


Vivasvat (Surya) had three queens - Saranya (also called Sanjna or Sangya), Ragyi and Prabha. Ragyi had a son named Revanta or Raivata while Sangya was the mother of Vaivasvata Manu or Sraddhadeva Manu ( the seventh i.e. present Manu) , the twins Yama Dev (the Lord of Death) & his sister Yami ( associated with the river Yamuna). Surya is the father of the twins known as the Ashwins, divine horsemen and physicians to the Devas, from Sanranya. Once, Sangya being unable to bear the extreme radiance of Surya created a superficial entity from her shadow called Chhaya and instructed her to act as Surya's wife in her absence. Chhaya mothered two sons - Savarni Manu( the eighth i.e. next Manu) and Shani Dev (the planet Saturn), while the names of her daughters were Tapti(goddess of river Tapti) and Vishti.[10] In Hinduism, Saranya is a goddess of the dawn and wife of either Surya or Vivasvat, with whom she is the mother of the Asvins, Manu, Yama and Yami. ... Revanta (Stone), Vardhana, Sarnath, U.P (After the frontispiece of Iconography of Revanta by B. N. Sharma) Revanta, is a minor hindu-deity. ... In Hindu mythology, Vaivasvata Manu (also Manu Vaivasvate) is one of the 14 Manus. ... In Hinduism, Manu is a title accorded the progenitor of humankind, first king to rule this earth, who saves mankind from the universal flood. ... A modern depiction of Yamarajas Court, by Dominique Amendola Tibetan Dharmapala at the Field Museum in Chicago 19th century kagamibuta netsuke depicting Enma This article is about the deity Yama. ... Yamuna personified as a goddess, riding a tortoise For other uses, see Yami (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with the nearby Jamuna River a tributary of the Meghna River, which is sometimes confused both in older historical literature, and by translations of the local dialects. ... The Ashvins ( possessor of horses, horse tamer, cavalier, dual ) are divine twin horsemen in the Rigveda, sons of Saranya, a goddess of the clouds and wife of either Surya in his form as Vivasvat. ... For other uses, see Deva (disambiguation). ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... In Hinduism, Manu is a title accorded the progenitor of humankind, first king to rule this earth, who saves mankind from the universal flood. ... Shani (also spelled Śani)(Sanskrit: शनि) is one of the Navagraha which are the nine primary celestial beings in Hindu astrology (that is, Vedic astrology), Shani is embodied in the planet Saturn. ... The Tapti River is a river of central India. ...


In Ramayana, he is described as father the Monkey King Sugriva, who helped Rama and Lakshmana defeat the demon king Ravana. He also trains Hanuman as his guru. The Suryavanshi dynasty of kings, Rama being one of them, also claims descent from him. For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... In Hinduism, Sugriva was the younger brother of Vali. ... Rama ( in IAST, in Devanāgarī) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... Lakshaman (far left) with Rama (centre), Sita (far right) and Hanuman (kneeling) - Bhaktivedanta Manor Hare Krishna temple, Watford, England Lakshmana (Sanskrit: लक्ष्मण; IAST Lakṣmaṇa) was the brother and close companion of Rama, and himself a hero in the famous epic Ramayana. Within Hindu tradition Lakshmana is considered to be... A depiction of Ravana, Hindu rakshasa King of Lanka In Hinduism, Ravana (Devanagari: रावण, Telugu: రావణాసురుడు IAST ; sometimes transliterated as Raavana or Ravan or Revana) is the principal antagonist of Rama in the Hindu epic, the Ramayana. ... This article is about a divine entity in Hinduism. ... Suryavanshi are people belonging to the Suryavansha, or dynasty of the Sun. According to legend, the Suryavanshis are descended from Surya, the Hindu Sun God. ...


In the Mahabharata, princess Kunti receives instruction for a mantra from sage Durvasa by which reciting she is able to summon any god and bear a child with him. Unable to believe the power of this mantra she tries to summon Surya. When Surya appears, she is overawed and requests him to go back, but Surya is compelled to fulfil the mantra before returning. Surya magically causes Kunti to bear a child immediately so that she, an unmarried princess, would not be subject to questions from the king or his court. Kunti discards this child, Karna, who grows up to become one of the central characters in the great battle of Kurukshetra. For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... In Hinduism, Princess Kunti is the mother of the Pandavas. ... In Tibet, many Buddhists carve mantras into rocks as a form of devotion. ... Look up sage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In Hinduism, Durvasa (दुर्वास) is an ancient sage, who was known for his short temper. ... Karna (Sanskrit: कर्ण written Karṇa in IAST transliteration) is one of the central figures in Hindu epic Mahabharata. ... Kurukshetra  (Hindi: कुरुक्षेत्र) is the name of a city in the present-day Indian state of Haryana हरियाणा. The name literally means Land of the Kaurava after the Kuru clan. ...

Surya at Konarak Temple
Surya at Konarak Temple

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (878 × 585 pixel, file size: 159 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image was copied from wikipedia:fr. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (878 × 585 pixel, file size: 159 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This image was copied from wikipedia:fr. ... The Konark temple, widely known not only for its architectural grandeur but also for the intricacy and profusion of its sculptural work, is situated on the west coast of Orissa, India. ...

In astrology

In Vedic astrology Surya is considered a mild malefic, on account of his hot, dry nature. Surya represents soul, will power, fame, the eyes, general vitality, courage, kingship, father, highly placed persons and authority. He is exalted in the sign Mesha (Aries) and is in his fall in the sign Tula (Libra). The strongest placement for Surya is directly overhead in the 10th house, and on the angles, (the 1st, 4th and 7th houses). Surya is lord of three nakshatras or lunar mansions: Krittika, Uttara Phalguni and Uttara Ashadha. Surya has the following associations: the colors copper or red, the metals gold or brass, the gemstone ruby, the direction east and the season of summer. Jyotisha (, in Hindi and English usage Jyotish; sometimes called Hindu astrology, Indian astrology, and/or Vedic astrology) is the Hindu system of astrology, one of the six disciplines of Vedanga, and regarded as one of the oldest schools of ancient astrology to have had an independent origin, affecting all other... A nakshatra (Devanagari: नक्षत्र) or lunar mansion is one of the 27 or 28 divisions of the sky, identified by the prominent star(s) in them, that the Moon passes through during its monthly cycle, as used in Hindu astronomy and astrology. ... The nakshatra corresponding to the open star cluster Pleiades is known as Krittika in Indian Astrology. ...


Temples

There are Surya temples all across the country. The most famous one is World Heritage Site of the Sun Temple, Konark, Orissa. Besides Konark, there is also another sun temple in Orissa called Biranchi khetra (Biranchi Narayan Temple) in Buguda, Ganjam District. There is a sun temple in Modhera,Gujarat, created by king Bhimdev of Solanki dynasty and Arasavalli, Andhra Pradesh. There are temples of Surya in cluster of Navagraha temples in Tamil Nadu and Assam. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... , Buguda is a town and a notified area committee in Ganjam district in the state of Orissa, India. ... The Sun Temple, Modhera (Gujarat) was built in 1026 AD by King Bhimdev of the Solanki dynasty and is dedicated to Lord Surya, the Sun God of Hinduism. ... For the English cricketer, See Vikram Solanki The Solanki or Chalukya is a Hindu Gurjar,Rajput dynasty of India, who ruled the kingdom of Gujarat from the 10th to the 13th centuries. ... Arasavalli is the ancient Hindu temple situated near Srikakulam town of Andhra Pradesh in South India. ... Andhra redirects here. ... Navagraha temples are temples devoted to the nine (nava) major celestial bodies (Grahas) of Hindu astronomy. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... , Assam (  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ...


See also

Within Hinduism a large number of personalities, or forms, are worshipped as murtis. ... A solar deity is a deity who represents the Sun. ... In Hinduism, the s are a group of solar deities, sons of Aditi and Kashyapa. ... The Trundholm sun chariot pulled by a horse is believed to be a sculpture illustrating an important part of Nordic Bronze Age mythology. ... Sūrya namaskāra (Salute to the Sun), also commonly called Surya Namaskar, is a vitalising exercise, commonly used as a warm up to more demanding activity. ... In Hindu astrology, the Navagraha are the nine chief celestial beings: Surya (Sun) Chandra (Moon) Chevaai (Mars) Budhan (Mercury) Guru (Jupiter) Shukran (Venus) Shani (Saturn) Rahu (Head of Demon Snake) Ketu (Tail of Demon Snake). ...

References

  1. ^ The Book of Hindu Imagery: Gods, Manifestations and Their Meaning By Eva Rudy Jansen p. 65
  2. ^ Graha Sutras By Ernst Wilhelm , Published by Kala Occult Publishers ISBN 0970963645 p.49
  3. ^ http://www.mahabharataonline.com/translation/mahabharata_01066.php
  4. ^ The Book of Hindu Imagery: Gods, Manifestations and Their Meaning By Eva Rudy Jansen p. 65
  5. ^ Graha Sutras By Ernst Wilhelm , Published by Kala Occult Publishers ISBN 0970963645 p.49
  6. ^ Graha Sutras By Ernst Wilhelm , Published by Kala Occult Publishers ISBN 0970963645 p.50
  7. ^ Graha Sutras By Ernst Wilhelm , Published by Kala Occult Publishers ISBN 0970963645 p.50
  8. ^ Graha Sutras By Ernst Wilhelm , Published by Kala Occult Publishers ISBN 0970963645 p.51
  9. ^ The Book of Hindu Imagery: Gods, Manifestations and Their Meaning By Eva Rudy Jansen p. 65
  10. ^ Padma Purana - Chap Srishtikhand, section 8

Padma Purana (Devanagari: पद्म पुराण), one of the major eighteen Puranas, a Hindu religious text, is divided into five parts. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Surya
Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Rig Veda ऋग्वेद (Sanskrit ṛc praise + veda knowledge) is the earliest of the four Hindu religious scriptures known as the Vedas. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Within Hinduism a large number of personalities, or forms, are worshipped as murtis. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Within Hinduism a large number of personalities, or forms, are worshipped as murtis. ... It has been suggested that Shri Vidya be merged into this article or section. ... For the Vedic river, see Saraswati River. ... For other uses, see Lakshmi (disambiguation). ... In the Hindu religion, SatÄ« (Devanagari: सती, the feminine of sat true) or Dākshāyani is the Goddess of marital felicity and longevity; she is worshipped particularly by ladies to seek the long life of their husbands. ... For the Harry Potter character, see Parvati Patil. ... In Hinduism, Durga (Sanskrit: ) is a form of Devi, the supreme goddess. ... Lakshmi is a common aspect of Shakti Shakti meaning force, power or energy is the Hindu concept or personification of Gods female aspect, sometimes referred to as The Divine Mother. Shakti represents the active, dynamic principles of feminine power. ... Kali (Sanskrit ) is a goddess with a long and complex history in Hinduism. ... Lord Rama (center) with wife Sita, brother Lakshmana and devotee Hanuman. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Mahavidyas (Great Wisdoms) are aspects of Devi in Hinduism. ... Navadurga, which literally means nine Durgas, constitute, according to Hindu mythology, the manifestation of Durga in nine different forms. ... Matrikas, that is, the mothers, are a band of divinities, which always appear in a group. ... Image File history File links HinduSwastika. ... Within Hinduism a large number of personalities, or forms, are worshipped as murtis. ... For other uses, see Deva (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being (i. ... For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... Rama ( in IAST, in DevanāgarÄ«) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... For other uses, see Ganesha (disambiguation). ... Murugan (also Murugan) (Tamil: ) is a popular Hindu deity amongst Tamil Hindus. ... This article is about a divine entity in Hinduism. ... For other uses, see Indra (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Veda redirects here. ... The Upanishads (उपनिषद्, Upanişad) are part of the Hindu Shruti scriptures which primarily discuss meditation and philosophy and are seen as religious instructions by most schools of Hinduism. ... Purana (Sanskrit: , meaning tales of ancient times) is the name of an ancient Indian genre (or a group of related genres) of Hindu or Jain literature (as distinct from oral tradition). ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... Bhagavad Gīta भगवद्गीता, composed ca the fifth - second centuries BC, is part of the epic poem Mahabharata, located in the Bhisma-Parva chapters 23–40. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Hindu mythology is a term used by modern scholarship for a large body of Indian literature that details the lives and times of legendary personalities, deities and divine incarnations on earth interspersed with often large sections of philosophical and ethical discourse. ... The ancient Sanskrit epics, the Ramayana and Mahabharata, laid the cornerstone for much of Hindu religion. ...

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