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Encyclopedia > Survivor (TV series)
The logo for the first American Survivor season, Survivor: Borneo
The logo for the first American Survivor season, Survivor: Borneo

Survivor is a popular reality television game show format produced in many countries throughout the world. In the show, contestants are isolated in the wilderness and compete for cash and other prizes. The show uses a progressive elimination, allowing the contestants to vote off a tribe member, until only one final contestant remains and wins the title of "Sole Survivor". The format for Survivor was created in 1992 by Charlie Parsons, and the first production of it was the Swedish show Expedition: Robinson in 1997. Look up survivor in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Survivor is an American version of the Survivor reality television game show based on the Swedish television series Expedition Robinson originally created in 1992 by Charlie Parsons. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 524 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1048 pixel, file size: 119 KB, MIME type: image/png) permission was given to me by the author to license these works under the gfdl Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 524 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1048 pixel, file size: 119 KB, MIME type: image/png) permission was given to me by the author to license these works under the gfdl Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document... // This article is about the genre of TV shows. ... Quiz show redirects here. ... Charlie Parsons is the bassist for West-Coast rock legends - The Hookares. ... Expedition: Robinson was a popular Swedish reality television program, that debuted in 1997. ...

Contents

Concept history

The creation of the Survivor concept, although credited to Charlie Parsons, was actually conceived by Bob Geldof's Planet 24 television company. It initially failed to attract the attention of any of the major broadcasters in Britain or the United States and was eventually sold to the Swedish television company Strix Television as Expedition Robinson (alluding to Robinson Crusoe). After some public debate and putting the show on hold a few weeks while removing a few scenes, making it a bit more politically correct, it became a major hit when it debuted in 1997 in Sweden. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Robert Frederick Xenon Geldof[1], KBE[2], known as Bob Geldof (born 5 October 1951) [3], is an Irish singer, songwriter, actor and political activist. ... Planet 24 was a television production company. ... Expedition: Robinson was a popular Swedish reality television program, that debuted in 1997. ... For other uses, see Robinson Crusoe (disambiguation). ...


The initial U.S. series was a huge ratings success in 2000 and, along with ABC's prime-time game show Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, sparked a reality-television revolution. The popularity of these shows prompted networks to push sitcoms and conventional drama series aside and rushed their own reality shows into development. Even the Fox Network, which had vowed never to air a reality show again just months earlier following media outrage surrounding its Who Wants to Marry a Multi-Millionaire? program, broke its promise and launched several competitors of its own. Survivor's second season, in the winter/spring of 2001, drew even larger audiences. Subsequent U.S. versions have attracted smaller but still substantial audiences. There have also been British and Australian versions of the show in 2001 and 2002 respectively. Both were considered ratings failures. Indeed in Britain, its failure was a national joke (though ratings for the UK series were considerably lower than ITV had hoped for, it still regularly attracted six to eight million viewers, a decent rather than huge audience, but enough for ITV to commission a second series which appeared a year later). TF1 France has produced seven seasons of Koh-Lanta, a French version of Survivor, and a Japanese version was also produced for four installments which achieved some success.[1] Broadcast rights for the American version have been sold to various broadcasters and is viewed in many countries around the world. The first ever Celebrity Survivor, made in Australia, attained moderate ratings. This article is about the American broadcast network. ... In the United States, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire (also known simply as Millionaire) is a television game show which offers a maximum prize of $1,000,000 (originally lump sum; now annuitized) for correctly answering 15 successive multiple-choice questions of increasing difficulty. ... // This article is about the genre of TV shows. ... A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company is a television network in the United States. ... Who Wants to Marry a Multi-Millionaire? was a Fox network reality TV show in which multi-millionaire Rick Rockwell asked Darva Conger to marry her. ... This is a list of television-related events in 2001. ... The year 2002 in television involved some significant events. ... For other uses, see ITV (disambiguation). ... Celebrity Survivor, also known promotionally as Celebrity Survivor: Vanuatu and Australias Celebrity Survivor, is an Australian television series currently screening on the Seven Network and based on the popular reality television show Survivor. ...


Format

The following description of the show is based primarily on the American version of Survivor, though the general format applies to all international versions. Survivor is an American version of the Survivor reality television game show based on the Swedish television series Expedition Robinson originally created in 1992 by Charlie Parsons. ...


Tribes

The show strands between 16 to 20 strangers in a remote location and divided into two to four teams called tribes. Depending on the season, tribes are usually given a minimal number of tools with which to survive: commonly, this has included a machete, water canteens, and a special water well created for the show. This well holds brackish water that the players need to boil prior to drinking, forcing tribes to make fire on their own or to win (as a reward) the tools to make fire. Tribes are encouraged to build shelters to protect themselves from the elements and to forage on the local flora and fauna for nourishment. In some seasons, tribes have started with food supplies (typically rice) provided by the show, while other seasons have given the tribes no additional help at the start of the game. modern factory-made Machete For other uses, see Machete (disambiguation). ... Brackish redirects here. ...


Initial tribe divisions have been made in several ways over the years. Early seasons tended to feature tribes divided based on a roughly equal distribution of age and gender within each tribe. Several seasons have featured tribes split by gender, age, and/or racial background. Divisions are generally made in advance by production, however, three seasons have had the tribes selected in various manners by one or more contestants after the game starts. Tribes are given unique names and identifying colors which are used on tribe flags, challenge courses, on-screen text and various other items.


Each player is given a buff, an elastic ring of material generally patterned with the logo for the current season, that can be worn as an armband, headband, tube top, or mini skirt. Players are required to wear a buff with the color of their tribe in a visible location at all times, allowing the audience to identify tribal affiliation. Upon switching tribes (due to a merge or tribe switch), players are required to give up their old buff and obtain a new one in the new tribe's color. A Survivor contestant wearing a buff. ... Avng woman in a tube top A tube top (British: boob tube) is a shoulderless, sleeveless tube that wraps the torso (not reaching higher than the armpits). ... The miniskirt is a skirt whose hemline is a ways above the knees (generally from ten to twenty centimetres above knee-level). ...


The producers have generally made sure that all players will not back out prior to being stranded, and will generally have backup players ready to go if one does drop out, but in the case of Survivor: Fiji, one contestant backed out the night before day one of the game. Since producers were not prepared for this turn of events, Fiji was the first season to feature an odd number of players, and subsequently required the production team to alter how the tribes would initially be divided.[2]


Challenges

During the course of the game, players compete as tribes or individually in contests called challenges. Challenges consist of endurance, problem solving, teamwork, dexterity, and/or will power, and are usually designed to fit the theme of the current season. A common style of challenge is a race through a series of obstacles to collect puzzle pieces which then must be assembled after all pieces have been collected. Challenges have also included "gross food" challenges (including foods eaten by the local population), and knowledge quizzes about the locale or players. Many seasons also include during individual challenges: a 'loved one' challenge where a family member, friend or significant other of each player participates or is part of the challenge reward; the 'Survivor Auction' in which contestants bid against each other on luxury items and strategic advantages; a challenge in which the winning contestant receives a car; and a challenge that includes components of previous challenges from that season. Endurance challenges typically require tribe members to stay balanced on a small perch or support their own weight in a precarious position for as long as possible. The degree of difficulty may be progressively increased during the course of an endurance challenge in order to arrive at a winner faster. Some challenges have had the tribes compete at their own beaches by constructing a shelter or an SOS signal. The results are then judged by an expert and the winning tribe notified by the receipt of a package dropped from a plane or delivered by boat. Look up Endurance in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Problem solving forms part of thinking. ... Teamwork is the concept of people working together cooperatively, as in a sports team. ... A little dexterity is helpful in working with knitting needles Look up dexterity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Willpower. ...


Players are notified of when and where challenges are to take place via special messages left at a location near camp, dubbed 'treemail' (a portmanteau of "tree" and either "mail" or "e-mail") by competitors, due to the fact that the messages were delivered to a basket hanging from a tree in Survivor: Borneo. These messages nearly always include a rhyme which gives hints to the nature of the challenge and sometimes include props that may be useful for the upcoming challenge, allowing tribes and players to attempt to form a strategy prior to the challenge. In some cases, the tribes have been given equipment to practice with or information they need to memorize prior to the challenge. A portmanteau (IPA: ) is a word or morpheme that fuses two or more words or word parts to give a combined or loaded meaning. ... For other uses, see Mail (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Survivor: Pulau Tiga was the first installment of the popular United States reality show Survivor. ...


There are two types of Challenges: Reward Challenges and Immunity Challenges.

  • In Reward Challenges, the contestants compete for luxuries that are not essential for survival but make their lives easier and/or more enjoyable. Examples of rewards have included food, flint, matches, rain gear, and even short trips away from camp.
  • In Immunity Challenges, the contestants compete for immunity from an elimination ceremony known as Tribal Council. When the game is in its tribal stage, the tribe that wins immunity does not take part in Tribal Council. Following the merger of the two tribes, the individual who wins immunity cannot have votes cast against him or her. (see Tribal Council for more details)

There have been several combined 'Reward/Immunity' challenges. These have come in two approaches:

  • A tribe can be given both a reward and immunity for winning. This usually occurs in the first immunity challenge, as there is no reward challenge during the premiere episode. Usually flint or matches are given to the tribe which wins Immunity.
  • In cases where there are more than two tribes, the reward may be given to the first place tribe, and immunity to all but the last place tribe.
  • In later seasons, when there are two tribes left, there have been challenges which result in both tribes going to Tribal Council (one after another), but with the winning tribe getting an additional reward, such as a meal, while they watch the proceedings of the other tribe's Tribal Council.

Prior to the merge, all challenges are between tribes, resulting in tribal rewards and immunities. After the merge, contestants compete in challenges on an individual basis. Individual rewards have often included the option to select one or more other tribe members to participate in the reward. After merging, there have been reward challenges where two or more teams are created from the remaining players, with the winning team reaping the reward benefits.


In recent seasons of the US version, a special message, held in a bottle or by host Jeff Probst, has been given to the winners or the losers of the challenge, with instructions to either read the note immediately after the challenge, or to hold the note unread until Tribal Council. These notes have provided additional instructions to the tribe that holds it, such as deciding to avoid Tribal Council but requiring the tribe to move to a less desirable beach, or to vote off a second player immediately after voting off a first player at Tribal Council.


When one tribe has more players than the other tribe, but not more than twice their numbers, it must designate players to sit out of tribal challenges so that equal numbers compete. Any player who sits out a reward challenge cannot sit out the following immunity challenge. When one tribe is more than twice as large as the other tribe (which only occurred twice, during Survivor: Palau) the larger tribe must choose different players to participate in the immunity challenge than those that participated in the previous reward challenge. Survivor: Palau is the tenth installment of the reality hit Survivor. ...


The challenges are usually held in a 3 day cycle - one day for the reward challenge, one day of rest, and one day for the immunity challenge and Tribal Council.


Merges, Tribe Switches, and Dissolves

In seasons which start with more than two tribes, there is typically a dissolve of the tribes down into two tribes, typically after the second or third Tribal Council. When there are 8 to 10 players left in the game, the separate tribes merge into a single tribe. From this point, Challenges are won on an individual basis. In general, after the merge has been announced, the members of the newly merged tribe collocate to a single camp. The merged tribe also selects a new tribe name and designs a new tribal flag with materials provided by production. There was no technical merge in Palau, as the Koror tribe had "conquered" the Ulong tribe by winning every tribal immunity challenge, leaving Ulong with only one member. This one member was then absorbed by Koror with no subsequent tribe name change.


Often, there has been a Tribe Switch at some point before the merge. In this, the members of each tribe are swapped around, typically not redistributing the tribal numbers. The mechanism for the Tribe Switch has varied from a random shuffle to a schoolyard pick by two tribe 'captains'. There has also been a Tribe Switch accomplished by allowing players to 'mutiny' from their present tribe to join the other. This process typically defeats many early alliances and strategies, and has cost some players the game while saved other players from being eliminated early.


Hidden immunity idol

In the most recent of the US versions, a one-shot hidden immunity idol was made available. This idol, typically a small object that fits with the theme of the Survivor location, is hidden near camp or located on Exile Island, with cumulative clues given to a select player (in Guatemala) or to exiled players (otherwise) as to its location. Once found, the player that possesses the idol may keep it or transfer it to another player prior to the start of Tribal Council, and it may not be stolen from that player. The player is not required to show this idol to other players, though may use it as a bargaining chip for alliance and voting purposes. Other players may discover the ownership of the idol via any means within the rules of the game, including peeking into other player's personal possessions. Normally, only one idol is ever in play, but in Survivor: Fiji and in Survivor: China, two hidden immunity idols were made available to the players (one located at each camp). The hidden immunity idol can only be used up until and including the Tribal Council of the final 4 players except in Fiji where it was able to be used up until and including the final 5 Tribal Council.


The use of the idol by a player to become immune has changed through the seasons:

  • In Guatemala, the player with the idol was required to show the idol prior to the vote in order to become immune. The other members of the tribe were then not allowed to vote for this player.
  • In both Panama and Cook Islands, the player with the idol was required to show the idol after the vote to become immune. If the idol holder had received the most number of votes, the player with the next largest number of votes was then immediately voted out. If the idol holder was tied with the most votes with another player, that player was also immediately voted out (based on the events during the final 4 Tribal Council of Cook Islands).
  • In Fiji and China, the player with the idol was required to show it after the votes are cast, but before they are revealed by the host. The idol could be given to another player at this time, allowing that player to use the idol if they so desired. The resolution remained the same as with Panama and Cook Islands. According to an interview with host Jeff Probst, this change achieved a "happy medium" of the previous idol/immunity mechanisms.[3]

During Guatemala, the hidden immunity idol was not returned to the game after its use. While the idol was never played during the Panama or Cook Islands seasons, interviews revealed that after use the idol would have been put back on Exile Island. In Fiji, the idol was replaced after its use with a new series of clues to its location.


Exile Island

Exile Island is a concept that started in Survivor: Panama, and was used in its successors Survivor: Cook Islands and Survivor: Fiji. A selected player is 'exiled' to a small island within boating distance of the main tribe camps, typically for at least a day following a reward challenge and returning immediately for the following immunity challenge. The player selected may be either the first loser of an immunity challenge (as was the case in Survivor: Palau), or may be a person selected by either the winning or the losing tribe or the reward winner (during individual challenges). Survivor: Palau is the tenth installment of the reality hit Survivor. ...


Once selected, the exiled contestant is immediately taken to the island by boat. On the island, there are few tools to survive on, typically a water canteen, a machete, and a limited amount of shelter. The two main disadvantages of being on Exile Island are the lack of food and water, which can weaken a player and make them less effective in challenges, and the isolation from other contestants, which can cause a player to become 'out of the loop' and weaken their position in their tribe. Contestants are often sent to Exile Island for one of these strategic reasons.


The person exiled receives a consolation prize of sorts - a clue to the hidden immunity idol, which may or may not be located on the island.


Tribal Council

Tribal Council is held at the end of each episode. Here, the tribemates vote one person out of their tribe. The first time any player visits Tribal Council, they are asked to take a torch and light it from the fire pit omnipresent at every Council. It is stated that "This is part of the ritual of Tribal Council because fire represents life. As long as you have fire, you are still in this game. When your fire's gone, so are you": a metaphor used commonly within the show's theme. If the formation of the Jury has started, they are asked to silently enter and watch the proceedings. The players are then questioned by the host, who often provokes revealing details from them of events and interactions since the tribe's previous tribal council. Immediately prior to the vote, if a player has been awarded individual immunity through an immunity challenge, he is then asked if he wants to transfer that to another player. Whoever has the immunity after this possible exchange cannot be voted out.


The players then vote for another player in secret and explain their vote at the voting confessional, and the player who receives the most votes must leave the game. Players cannot vote for themselves. Players are also required to write legibly, and to avoid the use of uncommon nicknames. During the Tribal Council portion of the episode as aired, these votes and confessionals are not all shown; this is done to maximize the suspense of the pending vote tally. However, the vote of each tribe member is revealed during the credits and the ousted player's confessional. When the votes are read, the order that the votes are pulled has also usually been manipulated by production to extract the most suspense from the players during the tally. Once the vote tally has exceeded the majority needed, the host will stop the vote tally, pronouncing that player is eliminated from the game, keeping the remaining votes in secret to the players themselves.


As described previously, the player(s) with the Hidden Immunity Idol(s) are offered the chance to play the idol at specific points during this process.


The eliminated player's torch is extinguished (also dubbed as snuffing), and the host declares "The tribe has spoken" and "It's time for you to go." The player then exits the Tribal Council area and delivers some final words that air at the end of the episode. The remaining tribe members are then told to return to camp with their torches; in some seasons, this has allowed a tribe access to a source of fire, while in other seasons, the tribe is not allowed to return to camp with their torches lit if they do not yet have their own source of fire or method of starting one.


In the event of a tie, a predetermined tiebreaker is held and continues until there is a clear winner. There have been many tiebreaking formats over the years, including relying on past votes, quiz tiebreakers, drawing coloured rocks from a bag and participation in a head-to-head challenge between those tied. In all cases, the loser is eliminated.


In the very rare case that a tribe prior to the merge is down to two players, as in Survivor: Palau, those two will also perform the fire-starting challenge to determine who is to leave the game. This has only happened once to date. Survivor: Palau is the tenth installment of the reality hit Survivor. ...


Very rarely, a player may decide to quit the game. While this is disapproved of by the crew and contestants, the player's wish is granted, for whatever reasons.


In very rare cases when players are forced out of the game due to injury, or completely leave the game on their own terms outside of Tribal Council, Tribal Council is usually not held, with the other tribe(s) being informed of the player's departure if still before the merge. However, in the case of Survivor: Fiji, there was still an immunity challenge and subsequent elimination of a player after another player's injuries required him to leave the game just prior to that challenge.


The Jury

All eliminated players except, generally, the Final 9, leave the game altogether. The remaining players who leave the game, excluding the final two or three who will go on to the final vote, form the "jury," a group of people who vote to determine the winner of the game. Once the Jury starts to form, the members are present at every Tribal Council, but are not allowed to speak or interact with the players still in the game; they are only there to observe the questioning and voting that occurs. Jury members are sequestered until the end of the final Tribal Council, and are not allowed to discuss their voting or issues with the remaining contestants, with other jury members, or the final players in order to prevent any possible cooperation or collusion from subgroups within the jury. This restriction continues through the game and up until the reveal of the winner of the game.


End of the game

The last two challenges (starting on the third to last day of the competition) before the Final Tribal Council have always followed a similar pattern:


Prior to the second-to-last challenge, the players are usually treated to a small food reward (a hearty breakfast or similar meal) for making it this far. The second-to-last challenge tends to be an extremely grueling, multi-part challenge, and usually is the most elaborate challenge of the entire season. A Tribal Council is held to vote off one player at this point.


Prior to the last challenge, the remaining players partake in a memorial activity appropriate for the theme of the show, where they pay respect to the players who have been eliminated previously. This usually leads directly into the last challenge, which tends to focus on balance and endurance and which can last from minutes to almost half a day. In most seasons, with three players participating, winning immunity on this challenge allows that player to select whom he or she wants to go with to the Final Tribal Council, significantly improving their chance at winning the competition. Because of this, the challenges tend to allow players to talk and try to make last-minute deals, giving up immunity for assurance of being taken to the Final Two. A Tribal Council is then held to vote off the last eliminated player. Only the person with Immunity may vote since the other two votes cancel each other out. At this point, the game is no longer in the remaining players' control, as the next day they face the Final Tribal Council where their fate will be decided.


A similar pattern is used when there are three contestants attending the Final Tribal Council. The endurance challenge was held with the final four players left in the game, preventing one person from taking an unliked person to the Final Tribal Council with them."[4] It is possible that a tie may occur this way, but the method of resolving it is unknown.


Final Tribal Council

On the last day of the competition, the surviving players generally either clean up, tear down, or burn down their camp as a tribute to surviving to the end of the game. They then make their way to the final Tribal Council.


During the final Tribal Council, the following events generally occur, though parts may be edited to fit within the time limitation for the show:

  • Each of the final players makes an introductory statement to the jury about why they are deserving of the jury's vote.
  • Each jury member, in turn, can ask each of the final players a question, which that player must respond to. In some cases, the juror may only be making a short speech which requires no answer but is meant to throw the player off guard.
  • Each final player makes a closing statement, allowing them to respond generally to the jury's question and again explain why they would be the most deserving winner. There was no closing statement in Cook Islands or Fiji.
  • Each jury member then votes for one of the final players, indicating which player he or she wants to win the game.

After this vote, the container with the votes is taken away by the host. The players are told that the vote will be revealed during the live finale, and secures them until the live finale of the show when the votes are revealed and the winner is announced.


Prizes

The player chosen as Sole Survivor receives a cash prize of $1,000,000 (prior to taxes).[1] The Sole Survivor also receives a car provided by the show's sponsor, except in Survivor: Cook Islands. In a few seasons, the final players have also agreed to play for the tribe flag or other representative object from camp.


In addition, the final five or six contestants may have the opportunity to compete for a car. The winner of this challenge has never won the game.


Every player receives a stipend for participating on Survivor depending on how long he or she lasts in the game. In most seasons, the runner-up receives $100,000, and third place wins $85,000. Sonja Christopher, the first player voted off in Survivor: Borneo, received $2,500.[5] The stipend was increased for Survivor: All-Stars. The known prizes for Survivor: All-Stars were as follows: 2nd = $250,000; 3rd = $125,000; 4th = $100,000. Tina Wesson, the first player voted off in Survivor: All-Stars, received $25,000. In Survivor: Fiji, the two runners-up received US$100,000 each, and Yau-Man received US$60,000 for his 4th place finish.[6] The prizes for other seasons with more than sixteen contestants are unknown. A stipend is a form of payment or salary, such as for an internship or apprenticeship. ...


All players also receive an additional $10,000 for their appearance on the reunion show.[7]


There have also been five additional prizes given out, outside of the usual mechanics of the show:

  • In Survivor: All-Stars:
    • Rob Mariano won the in-game car reward as part of a challenge. Given the option to select a player to join him in a makeshift drive-in movie theater, he selected Amber Brkich to join him. Jeff Probst later revealed to the two at their reward that because Rob had selected Amber, Amber also received a car (though one of lesser value).
    • At the reunion, Amber, as the Sole Survivor, was then asked to select one of the other All-Stars to receive a car, and she selected Shii Ann Huang.
  • In Survivor: America's Tribal Council, Rupert Boneham was selected by a popularity poll of Survivor viewers to win $1,000,000.
  • In Survivor: Panama, Cirie Fields was selected by a popularity poll of Survivor viewers to win a car.
  • In Survivor: Cook Islands, Ozzy Lusth was selected by a popularity poll of Survivor viewers to win a car.

Survivor: All-Stars is the eighth installment of the popular television reality show Survivor. ... Cirie Fields (born July 18, 1970) was a contestant on Survivor: Panama. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...

Game rules

  • Conspiring to split winnings will result in immediate expulsion from the game.
  • Except for the occasional challenges which involve wrestling or limited combat, any physical violence between players will result in immediate expulsion from the game.
  • At Tribal Council, players are not permitted to vote for themselves, nor can they spoil their ballots or decline to cast a vote. Players must also show who they voted for to the camera inside the voting booth.
  • Contestants must abide by U.S. law as well as local law. Breaking any of these laws will result in immediate removal from the game.
  • Contestants may not skip any tribal councils, nor can they refuse to participate in an immunity or reward challenge, unless the game offers them the opportunity to do so.
  • Tribe members may not raid or visit the campsite of another tribe unless they are doing so as part of an immunity challenge, reward challenge or tribal merger activity with the other tribe. They also cannot visit the TV crew compound. Exceptions to this rule have been made, as a result of accident or challenge victories.
  • If a contestant becomes seriously injured or sick, the player, fellow contestants, or even the crew filming the players may call in a medical team for help. In some cases, the player can be treated at their camp, but the player may also be deemed unable to participate further by the medical team and is then taken from camp to a medical facility, and removed from the game.
  • Depending on which country the show takes place in, contestants may be barred from killing certain forms of plant or animal life.

International Versions

The Survivor format has been adapted for numerous international versions of the show.

Country Show Name Broadcast years
Australia Australian Survivor 2002
Australia Celebrity Survivor 2006
Bulgaria Survivor BG 2006 — present
Czech Republic Trosečník 2007
Israel Survivor 2007 — present
South Africa Survivor South Africa 2006 — present
United Kingdom Survivor 20012002
United States Survivor 2000 — present

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Celebrity Survivor, also known promotionally as Celebrity Survivor: Vanuatu and Australias Celebrity Survivor, is an Australian television series currently screening on the Seven Network and based on the popular reality television show Survivor. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Survivor BGs first season logo. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Survivor South Africa is a spin-off from the popular US reality television series Survivor, which itself was a spin-off from the Swedish Expedition Robinson. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Survivor was a television series. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Survivor is an American version of the Survivor reality television game show based on the Swedish television series Expedition Robinson originally created in 1992 by Charlie Parsons. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...

See also

Expedition: Robinson was a popular Swedish reality television program, that debuted in 1997. ... An obstacle courses is a series of challenging physical obstacles an individual or team must navigate usually while being timed. ...

References

  1. ^ TBS Japan
  2. ^ Jeff Probst Talks "Survivor:Fiji". Retrieved on 2007-01-12.
  3. ^ "The Slug" - Jeff Probst Talks "Survivor: Fiji"
  4. ^ Returning Shows. Retrieved on 2007-09-21.
  5. ^ Senior Women Web
  6. ^ He lost a million, won our hearts on 'Survivor'. Retrieved on 2007-05-15.
  7. ^ Survivor's Lindsey Discusses Fame, Fortune, and the AIDS Benefit Reality News Online

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

United Kingdom Season #1 (2001)

  • Waddell, Dan. Survivor: Trust No One: The Official Inside Story of TV's Toughest Challenge. London: Carlton, [December,] 2001.

United Kingdom Season #2: Survivor: Panama (2002)

  • Waddell, Dan. Survivor: Panama. London: Carlton, [June,] 2002.

United States Season #1: Survivor: Pulau Tiga, Borneo (2000)

  • Boesch, Rudy, and Jeff Herman. The Book of Rudy: The Wit and Wisdom of Rudy Boesch. No location: Adams Media Corporation, 2001.
  • Burnett, Mark, with Martin Dugard. Survivor: The Ultimate Game: The Official Companion Book to the CBS Television Show. New York: TV Books, 2000.
  • Hatch, Richard. 101 Survival Secrets: How to Make $1,000,000, Lose 100 Pounds, and Just Plain Live Happily. New York: Lyons Press, 2000.
  • Lance, Peter. Stingray: Lethal Tactics of the Sole Survivor: The Inside Story of How the Castaways were Controlled on the Island and Beyond. Portland, Oregon: R.R. Donnelley, 2000.

United States Season #2: Survivor: The Australian Outback (2001)

  • Burnett, Mark. Dare to Succeed: How to Survive and Thrive in the Game of Life. No location: Hyperion, 2001.
  • Survivor II: The Field Guide: The Official Companion to the CBS Television Show. New York: TV Books, 2001.
  • ChillOne, The. The Spoiler: Revealing the Secrets of Survivor. Lincoln, Nebraska: iUniverse, 2003.

United States Season #9: Survivor: Vanuatu -Islands of Fire (2004)

  • Burnett, Mark. Jump In!: Even If You Don't Know How to Swim. New York: Ballantine Books, 2005.

Various Seasons, esp. United States 1-6

  • Survivor Lessons, edited by Matthew J. Smith and Andrew F. Wood. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2004.
  • Wright, Christopher J. Tribal Warfare: Survivor and the Political Unconscious of Reality Television (Series: Critical Studies in Television). Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2006.

External links

  • Survivor Africa
  • Survivor Bulgaria
  • Survivor Finland
  • Survivor France
  • Survivor Pakistan
  • Survivor Poland
  • Survivor South Africa
  • Survivor Spain
  • Survivor United States

  Results from FactBites:
 
Survivor (TV series) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4332 words)
Survivor, based on the successful Swedish show Expedition: Robinson, is commonly considered the mother of reality TV because it was the first highly-rated and profitable reality show on broadcast television.
Survivor: America's Tribal Council was held four days later, and a second million-dollar prize was awarded to Rupert Boneham for being voted by the viewers as their favorite contestant (making him the only player in the show's history to win a million dollars on the show without actually being the "sole survivor").
Survivor Amazon reunion was to be at Wollman Rink, but it was moved indoors to the Ed Sullivan Theater at the last minute due to inclement weather.
Survivor (UK TV series) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1205 words)
The first series was filmed on the island of Pulau Tiga in the South China Sea, which was the site of the first American Survivor series.
The series was perceived as being not very popular with UK viewers, despite gaining more viewers for the main one hour show than Big Brother, a reality tv 'hit'.
The second series, known as Survivor: Panama, was filmed on two islands in the Bocas del Toro archipelago of Panama.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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