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Encyclopedia > Survivalism

Survivalism is a commonly used term for the subculture or movement of people anticipating and making preparations for a future disruption in local, regional or worldwide social or political order. Survivalists often prepare for this anticipated disruption by learning skills (e.g., emergency medical training), stockpiling food and water, or building structures that will help them to survive (e.g., an underground shelter). The specific preparations made by survivalists depends on the nature of the anticipated disruption, some of the most commonly anticipated being: Look up survivalism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... It has been suggested that Fallout Shelter be merged into this article or section. ...

  1. Natural disasters, such as tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes, blizzards, and severe thunderstorms.
  2. A disaster brought about by the activities of mankind: chemical spills, release of radioactive materials, war.
  3. General collapse of society, resulting from the unavailability of electricity, fuel, food, and water.
  4. Widespread chaos, or some other unexplained apocalyptic event.

Contents

Mount Pinatubo eruption, 1991 A natural disaster is according to or provided by nature. ... This article is about the weather phenomenon. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ... This article is about the winter storm condition. ... A shelf cloud associated with a heavy or severe thunderstorm over Enschede, The Netherlands. ... A chemical substance is any material substance used in or obtained by a process in chemistry: A chemical compound is a substance consisting of two or more chemical elements that are chemically combined in fixed proportions. ... Radioactive decay is the set of various processes by which unstable atomic nuclei (nuclides) emit subatomic particles. ... For other uses, see War (disambiguation). ... Look up Apocalypse in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

History

The roots of the modern survivalist movement in the United States and Britain can be traced to several sources, including government policies, religious beliefs, and writers warning of social or economic collapse.

A Duck & Cover movie poster

The Cold War era government Civil Defense programs promoted public atomic bomb shelters, personal fallout shelter, and training for children, such as the Duck and Cover films. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints directs its members to store a year's worth of food for themselves and their families. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (958x1326, 224 KB) Summary Executive Office of the President, NSRB, Civil Defense Office, 1950. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (958x1326, 224 KB) Summary Executive Office of the President, NSRB, Civil Defense Office, 1950. ... Copy of Survival Under Atomic Attack issued by the Cleveland office of Civil Defense. ... The old United States civil defense logo. ... The old United States civil defense logo. ... A sign pointing to an old fallout shelter in New York City. ... Duck and Cover was a suggested method of personal protection against the effects of a nuclear detonation which the United States government taught to generations of United States school children from the late 1940s into the 1980s. ... For other uses, see Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (disambiguation). ...


1970s

Writers such as Howard Ruff warned about socioeconomic collapse in his 1974 book Famine and Survival in America. Ruff's book was published during a period of rampant inflation in the wake of the 1973 oil crisis. Most of the elements of survivalism can be found there, including advice on storage of food. The book also championed the notion that precious metals, such as gold (as in South African Krugerrands) and silver, have an intrinsic worth that makes them more usable in the event of a socioeconomic collapse than other currency. Ruff later published milder variations on the same themes, such as How to Prosper During the Coming Bad Years, a best-seller in 1979. Howard J. Ruff is a long time financial advisor and writer of The Ruff Times. ... The 1973 oil crisis began in earnest on October 17, 1973, when the members of Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC, consisting of the Arab members of OPEC plus Egypt and Syria) announced, as a result of the ongoing Yom Kippur War, that they would no longer ship petroleum... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ...


Newsletters and books on the topic of survival followed the publication of Ruff's first book. In 1975, Kurt Saxon began publishing a newsletter called The Survivor, which combined Saxon's editorials with reprints of old 19th century and early 20th century writings on various pioneer skills and old technologies. Kurt Saxon used the term "survivalist" to describe the movement, and he claims to have coined the term. Around the same time, survival bookseller and author Don Stephens in Washington (author of The Survivor's Primer & Up-dated Retreater's Bibliography, 1976) popularized the term "retreater" to describe the movement, referring to preparations to leave the cities to a rural retreat when society breaks down. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... A family of Russian settlers in the Caucasus region, ca. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ...


For a time in the 1970s, the terms "survivalist" and "retreater" were used interchangeably. The term "retreater" eventually fell out of favor. [1] Another important newsletter in the 1970s was the Personal Survival Letter published by Mel Tappan, who also authored the books Survival Guns and Tappan on Survival. These newsletters functioned as important networking tools for the movement before the information age. Mel Tappan was the editor of Personal Survival (P.S.) Newsletter and the books Survival Guns and Tappan on Survival. He also wrote a column on survival guns for the Guns and Ammo magazine. ...


1980s

Interest in the first wave of the survivalist movement peaked in the early 1980s, on the momentum of Ruff's How to Prosper During the Coming Bad Years and the publication in 1980 of the book Life After Doomsday by Bruce D. Clayton. Clayton's book, coinciding with a renewed arms race between the United States and Soviet Union, marked a shift in emphasis in preparations made by survivalists away from economic collapse, famine, and energy shortages which were concerns in the 1970s, to nuclear war. Bruce D. Clayton is a noted fire ecologist as well as being the author of several books of interest within the survivalist movement. ... U.S. and USSR/Russian nuclear weapons stockpiles, 1945-2006. ... Nuclear War is a card game designed by Douglas Malewicki, and originally published in 1966. ...


1990s-present

Interest in the movement peaked again in 1999 in its second wave, triggered by fears of the Y2K computer bug. Although extensive efforts were made to rewrite computer programming code in response, some people nonetheless anticipated widespread power outages, food and gasoline shortages, and other emergencies to occur. The Year 2000 problem (also known as the Y2K problem, the millennium bug, and the Y2K Bug) was the result of a practice in early computer program design that caused some date-related processing to operate incorrectly for dates and times on and after January 1, 2000. ...


The third and most recent wave of the Survivalist movement began after the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York in 2001 and similar attacks in Bali, Spain, and London. This resurgence of interest in survivalism appears to be as strong as the first wave in the 1970s. The fear of a war or jihad against the West, combined with an increase in awareness of environmental disasters and global climate change, energy shortages resulting from peak oil, coupled with the vulnerability of humanity after the 2004 tsunami in the Indian Ocean and Hurricane Katrina on the U.S. Gulf Coast and avian influenza has once again made survivalism popular. Preparedness is once more paramount in the concerns of many people, who now seek to stockpile or cache supplies, gain useful skills, develop contacts with others of similar outlooks and gather as much advice and information as possible. This article is becoming very long. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... This article is about the state. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the Indonesian island. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Jihad (disambiguation). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 450,000 years For current global climate change, see Global warming. ... For other uses, see Peak oil (disambiguation). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... The Gulf of Mexico is a major body of water bordered and nearly landlocked by North America. ... Avian influenza (also known as bird flu, avian flu, influenzavirus A flu, type A flu, or genus A flu) is a flu (influenza) due to a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. ...


Many books have been published in the past few years offering survival advice for various potential disasters, ranging from an energy shortage and crash to nuclear or biological terrorism. In addition to reading the 1970s-era books on survivalism, blogs (such as SurvivalBlog) and Internet forums are popular ways of disseminating survivalism information. Online survival websites discuss survival vehicles, survival retreats, and emerging threats, and list survivalist groups- [2]. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... SurvivalBlog is a daily weblog or blog edited by survivalist author and lecturer James Wesley Rawles, the author of the novel Patriots: Surviving the Coming Collapse. ...


Common preparations

Common preparations sometimes include preparing a clandestine or defensible 'retreat' or 'safe place' (Bug Out Location or BOL) and stockpiling non-perishable food, water, water-purification equipment, clothing, seed, defensive weapons, ammunition, and agricultural equipment. Some survivalists do not make such extensive preparations but instead incorporate a "Be Prepared" outlook into their everyday life. Be Prepared is the motto of the Scout Movement. ...


Many survivalists also have a bag of gear that is often referred to as a Bug Out Bag (BOB), holding basic necessities and useful items weighing anywhere up to as much as the owner can carry. A Bug-Out Bag is a portable kit containing all of the items one would require to survive for seventy two hours after evacuating from a disaster. ...


Survivalists aim to remain self-sufficient for the duration of the breakdown of social order, or perhaps indefinitely if the breakdown is predicted to be permanent (a "Third Dark Age"), a possibility popularized in the 1960s by Roberto Vacca of the Club of Rome. Survivalists allow for the contingency that they cannot prevent this breakdown, and prepare to survive in small communal groups ("group retreats") or "covenant communities." An autarky is an economy that limits trade with the outside world, or an ecosystem not affected by influences from the outside, and relies entirely on its own resources. ... The Club of Rome is a global think tank that deals with a variety of international political issues. ...


Changing concerns and preparations

Survivalists' concerns and preparations have changed over the years. During the 1970s, survivalists feared economic collapse, hyperinflation, and famine, and prepared by storing food and constructing "retreats" in the country which could be farmed. Some survivalists stockpiled precious metals and barterable goods (such as common caliber ammunition) because they assumed that paper currency would become worthless. During the early 1980s, nuclear war became a common fear, and some survivalists constructed fallout shelters. Certain figures in this article use scientific notation for readability. ... <nowiki>Insert non-formatted text hereBold text</nowiki>A famine is a social and economic crisis that is commonly accompanied by widespread malnutrition, starvation, epidemic and increased mortality. ... Food caches, Hooper Bay, Alaska, 1929. ... A precious metal is a rare metallic element of high, durable economic value. ... A 19th-centure example of barter: A sample labor for labor note for the Cincinnati Time Store. ... A sign pointing to an old fallout shelter in New York City. ...


In 1999, many people purchased electric generators, water purifiers, and several months or years worth of food in anticipation of widespread power outages because of the Y2K computer-bug. Instead of moving or making such preparations at home, many people also make plans to remain in their current locations until an actual breakdown occurs, when they will-in survivalist parlance- "bug out" or "get out of Dodge" to a safer location. The year 2000 problem (also known as the Y2K problem and the millennium bug) was a flaw in computer program design that caused some date-related processing to operate incorrectly for dates and times on and after January 1, 2000. ... A bug-out vehicle (BOV) is a vehicle that the owner keeps prepared in the event of the need for an emergency evacuation. ...


Religious beliefs

Other survivalists have more specialized concerns, often related to an adherence to apocalyptic religious beliefs. Some New Agers anticipate a forthcoming arrival of catastrophic earth changes and prepare to survive them. A small percentage of evangelical Christians hold to an interpretation of Bible prophecy known as a post-tribulation rapture, in which Christians will have to go through a seven-year period of war and dictatorship known as the "Great Tribulation." Jim McKeever helped popularize survival preparations among this branch of evangelical Christians with his 1978 book Christians Will Go Through the Tribulation, and How To Prepare For It (ISBN 0-931608-02-3). For other uses, see Apocalypse (disambiguation). ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... The term Earth Changes describes a belief prevalent in certain segments of the New Age movement. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The word evangelicalism often refers to... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... For other uses, see Prophecy (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      In Christian eschatology, the Post Tribulation... In Christian eschatology, the Tribulation is a period of immense suffering, greater than anything before in history, which some claim will occur before the end of the world. ...


The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has an official policy of food storage for its members. Some smaller religious sects have also been known for their belief in a coming apocalypse and the adoption of some survivalist practices. Among the best known of these groups were the Branch Davidians, an offshoot of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. For other uses, see Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (disambiguation). ... The Branch Davidians are a religious sect which originated from a schism in 1955 from the Davidian Seventh Day Adventists, themselves former members of the Seventh-day Adventist Church who were disfellowshipped during the 1930s. ... The Seventh-day Adventist (abbreviated Adventist[1]) Church is a Christian denomination which is distinguished by its observance of Saturday, the seventh day of the week, as the Sabbath. ...


Mainstream emergency preparations

People who are not part of survivalist groups or apocalyptic-oriented religious groups also make preparations for emergencies. This can include, depending on the location, preparing for earthquakes, floods, power outages, blizzards, avalanches, wildfires, nuclear power plant accidents, hazardous material spills, tornadoes, and hurricanes. These preparations can be as simple as following Red Cross and FEMA recommendations by keeping a first aid kit, shovel, and extra clothes in the car, or maintaining a small kit of emergency supplies in the home and car, containing emergency food, water, a space blanket and other essentials. A flood (in Old English flod, a word common to Teutonic languages; compare German Flut, Dutch vloed from the same root as is seen in flow, float) is an overflow of water, an expanse of water submerging land, a deluge. ... Power Outage is an episode of The WB drama series, Charmed. ... The toe of an avalanche in Alaskas Kenai Fjords. ... For other uses, see Wildfire (disambiguation). ... A nuclear power station. ... HAZMAT is an abbreviation of “Hazardous Material”. Hazardous materials are any substances (solids, liquids, or gases) that are dangerous to the well-being of humans, animals, or the environment. ... The Anarchist Black Cross was originally called the Anarchist Red Cross. The band Redd Kross was originally called Red Cross. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... New FEMA seal The Federal Emergency Management Agency or FEMA is an agency of the United States government dedicated to swift response in the event of disasters, both natural and man-made. ...


Current Survivalist Organizations

Alpha Rubicon

Alpha rubicon[3] is an international online disaster-preparedness community. The site updates its survival/preparedness information each month. The articles on the public side of the site are accessible to the general public and are researched and written by group members. The group's motto is "Facta Non Verba" (Deeds, Not Words), which emphasizes its insistence on provable, reproducible results with regard to the information included in the articles on the website. Alpha-Rubicon draws its membership from the U.S. government, physicians, homemakers, farmers, and others from divergent walks of life.


Alpha-Rubicon emphasizes preparedness for families on an everyday basis, rather than the more mainstream survivalist approach of "bugging out" to a "retreat" during a disaster or emergency. Additionally, the group includes job loss, extended family illnesses, and financial emergencies among the "survival situations" that can and should be planned and prepared for.


Alpha-Rubicon members are encouraged to contribute both monetarily and in kind to service and charitable organizations both within the U.S. and abroad.


Zombie Squad

Zombie Squad is a disaster preparation community. The efforts are focused towards promoting the importance of emergency preparation awareness and working with local communities around the globe to teach them what is needed to survive whatever crisis may come along like natural disasters or man made disasters. Zombie Squad also supports other local and international disaster relief organizations/charities. The tongue-in-cheek nature of also preparing for zombies helps draw a younger crowd that would perhaps otherwise not consider survival preparation. Site traffic for both the main page and the forums increases noticeably when high-profile zombie movies such as 2005's Land of the Dead are announced or released, attesting to the effectiveness of the zombie-metaphor as a hook. The official logo of the Zombie Squad organization. ... Sarcasm is the making of remarks intended to mock the person referred to (who is normally the person addressed), a situation or thing. ... This article is about the undead. ... Land of the Dead (also known as George A. Romeros Land of the Dead) is the fourth in George A. Romeros Dead Series started by Night of the Living Dead, which continued with the sequels Dawn of the Dead and Day of the Dead. ...


Numerous survival groups also exist on the internet and can be found on any search engine. These sites are free and have many sources of information. People use these groups as a tool to locate others in their areas that share the same ideas.


Extremist groups

Some survivalists take a militaristic approach and have an uncommonly strong concern about government involvement in their affairs. This is most common (though still rare compared to the total population) in rural parts of the Western United States, where a world view occasionally develops that growing interference from the federal government and the United Nations (perceived to be, or to be aiming for, a world government), is best countered through distancing oneself from society, adopting a survivalist stance, and the acquisition of suitable small arms. However, not all who take military matters into their own hands are survivalists. Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... This article describes the government of the United States. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... It has been suggested that World Federation be merged into this article or section. ...


Kurt Saxon, who besides publishing a survival newsletter is also the author of a book on improvised weapons, The Poor Man's James Bond, is perhaps the best known proponent of this approach to survivalism. Saxon's writings on survival tend toward social Darwinism, with survivalism defined by Saxon as "Looking out for #1" and a need to be sufficiently armed to defend one's refuge and belongings from hungry people who might demand that others share them if society breaks down. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Poor Mans James Bond is a four book series originally intended for the survivalist-minded, written by somewhat controversial writer Kurt Saxon. ... Social Darwinism is the idea that Charles Darwins theory can be extended and applied to the social realm, i. ...


Such a militaristic approach is not shared by many survivalists, and is indeed condemned by many survivalists. Nevertheless, its prominence in popular depictions results in the term "survivalism" being sometimes used interchangeably with right-wing reactionarism. In particular, the mainstream media tends to label militants and miscellaneous extremists as "survivalists". In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ...


A small portion of survivalists hold racist or white supremacist beliefs. For instance, The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord in Arkansas, which adhered to the Christian Identity religion had extensive ties to the white supremacist movement. Its leaders were arrested in a government raid and faced extensive criminal charges in 1985. This box:      Racism has many definitions, the most common and widely accepted is that members of one race are intrinsically superior or inferior to members of other races. ... The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord, commonly known as the CSA, was a radical organization formed in 1971 in the small community of Elijah in northern Arkansas. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... // For the general identity of an individual with certain core essential religious doctrines, see Christianity. ... White supremacy is the variety of white nationalism that believes the white race should rule over other races. ...


Government preparedness efforts and training

Some governments have encouraged citizens to prepare for emergency situations, including a situation which would result in breakdown of the infrastructure. An earlier civil defense effort in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s fell into disrepair by the 1970s. These included the designation of structures as official fallout shelters, and duck and cover drills in schools. A booklet released by the office of the Executive Office of the President of the United States shortly after the start of the cold war called Survival Under Atomic Attack depicts the nature of the early civil defense initiatives. The old United States civil defense logo. ... A sign pointing to an old fallout shelter in New York City. ... Duck and Cover was a suggested method of personal protection against the effects of a nuclear detonation which the United States government taught to generations of United States school children from the late 1940s into the 1980s. ... The Executive Office of the President consists of the immediate staff of the President of the United States, as well as multiple levels of support staff. ... Copy of Survival Under Atomic Attack issued by the Cleveland office of Civil Defense. ...


The U.S. government civil defense program was minimal during the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, despite efforts by a few including Christian Dominionist writer Gary North to lobby the government to resume civil defense efforts and build fallout shelters. Gary North co-wrote a book, Fighting Chance to advocate for the return of the civil defense program. A renewal of U.S. government interest in preparedness and training did not happen until after the September 11th attacks and Hurricane Katrina. See: Community Emergency Response Team (CERT). Gary North For the bisexual rights activist, see Gary North (journalist) Gary North is a writer and publisher from the Christian Reconstruction movement. ... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... In the United States a Community Emergency Response Team (CERT), sometimes known as a Neighborhood Emergency Response Team (NERT), or Neighborhood Emergency Team (NET), is a group of volunteer emergency workers who have received basic training in disaster preparedness, disaster fire suppression, basic disaster medical operations, light search and rescue...


Official government preparedness training has often been ridiculed or discounted by those in the survivalist movement. This goes in particular for the 1950s/1960s era duck and cover drills. One main tenet of the survivalist movement has been that people should prepare on their own or with like-minded people, not rely on the government to take care of them in emergencies. On the other hand, there is a growing body of thought in favor of community based efforts, widespread involvement in CERTs, and working together with first responders. Many of those in favor of this approach reject the term "survivalist" [4] because they see preparing in conjunction with government agencies, and preparing completely apart from the government, as two separate things; also because they emphasize that they do not anticipate any permanent or long-term breakdown of society which they say survivalists do. First responder is a term used by national authorities for local law enforcement, local Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs), local firemen and fire rescue. ...


Other groups related to survivalism

Adherents of the back-to-the-land movement, which has been sporadically popular in the United States, especially in the 1930s inspired by Helen and Scott Nearing, and more recently in the 1970s, as exemplified by The Mother Earth News magazine, share many of the same interests in self-sufficiency and preparedness with survivalists. They differ from most survivalists in that they have a greater interest in ecology, and sometimes the counterculture, than most survivalists do. The Mother Earth News was, as a result, widely read by survivalists as well as back-to-the-landers during that magazine's early years, and there was some overlap between the two movements. Today, the phrase back-to-the-land movement usually refers to a North American social phenomenon of the 1960s and 1970s. ... The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the World Depression. ... Helen Knothe Nearing (1904-1995) and Scott Nearing (1883-1983) and were well known American back-to-the-landers who wrote extensively about their experience living what they termed the good life. Scott was a trained economist and former college professor (he had lost his position due to his anarchist... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The Mother Earth News is a magazine published in the United States, founded in 1970 by John Shuttleworth and Jane Shuttleworth. ... For the journal, see Ecology (journal). ... During the 1960s the term underground acquired a new meaning in that it referred to members of the so-called counterculture, i. ...


Ernest Callenbach's 1975 novel Ecotopia, about the secession of the Pacific Northwest from the United States to form a new country based on environmentalism, named the political party governing the new country the Survivalist Party. However in his 1981 sequel to the book, Ecotopia Emerging, he qualified that choice of name by having the party leader state that the name Survivalist referred to the survival of the planet's ecosystems, not to people who prepare for an economic or political collapse. Ernest Callenbach (born April 3, 1929) is an American writer. ... Ecotopia: The Notebooks and Reports of William Weston is the title of a seminal book by Ernest Callenbach, published in 1975. ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... The historic Blue Marble photograph, which helped bring environmentalism to the public eye. ...


People outside the survivalist movement in third world countries or as a lifestyle choice have criticized survivalists, arguing that a scenario of socioeconomic collapse is unlikely. Others who do anticipate and advocate preparation for response to a serious depletion of non-renewable resources are critical of survivalists on the grounds that their approach engenders paranoia and suspicion in contrast with preservationist approaches that increase cooperation and increase the likelihood of long-term sustainability. Advocates of nuclear disarmament are critical of survivalists in general and preparations to survive nuclear war in particular, on the grounds that, attempting to survive a nuclear war is neither possible nor desirable. Autonomy is the condition of something that does not depend on anything else. ... A preservationist generally refers to one who wishes to preserve a historic structure from demolition or degradation. ... U.S. and USSR/Russian nuclear weapons stockpiles, 1945-2006 Nuclear disarmament is the proposed dismantling of nuclear weapons, particularly those of the United States and the Soviet Union (later Russia) targeted on each other. ...


In fiction

Novels

Earth Abides by George R. Stewart (1949), deals with one man who finds most of civilization has been destroyed by a plague. Slowly a small community forms around him as he struggles to start a new civilization and preserve knowledge and learning. Earth Abides, a 1949 science fiction novel by Berkeley English professor George R. Stewart, won the inaugural International Fantasy Award in 1951. ... George R. Stewarts books about U.S. highways were based on his cross-country drives in 1924, 1949 and 1950. ...


John Wyndham's 1951 novel The Day of the Triffids is the story of the survival of a small group of people in a post-apocalyptic world dominated by carnivorous plants. John Wyndham (July 10, 1903 – March 11, 1969) was the pen name used by the often post-apocalyptic British science fiction writer John Wyndham Parkes Lucas Beynon Harris. ... The Day of the Triffids is a post-apocalyptic novel (categorised by author Brian Aldiss as a cosy catastrophe) written in 1951 by the English science fiction author John Wyndham. ...


Philip Wylie's novel Tomorrow (1954) is the story of two American cities weathering a nuclear attack. One was prepared with an extensive civil defense plan while the other was not. Philip Gordon Wylie (May 12, 1902 - October 25, 1971) was a U.S. author and writer. ...


Lord of the Flies by William Golding (1954). A group of boys aged 6 to 12 are the only ones to survive a plane crash on a deserted island. With no adults, they are left to form their own society with no survival knowledge or tools. For other uses, see Lord of the Flies (disambiguation). ... Sir William Gerald Golding (19 September 1911 – 19 June 1993) was a British novelist, poet and Nobel Prize for Literature laureate best known for his novel Lord of the Flies. ...


Alas, Babylon by Pat Frank (1959) is a story dealing with life in Florida after a nuclear war with the USSR. Alas, Babylon is a novel by Pat Frank published in 1959. ... Pat Frank (May 5, 1907 – October 12, 1964) is the pen name of the American novelist Harry Hart Frank. ...


Hatchet is a novel that follows the life of a teenage boy as he survives in the Canadian wilderness after the plane he was on crashes. Hatchet is a 1987 Newbery Honor award-winning wilderness survival novel written by Gary Paulsen. ... A separate article is about the punk band called The Adolescents. ... For other uses, see Wilderness (disambiguation). ...


Dies the Fire, the first book in the Emberverse Series of post-apocalyptic fiction by alternate history author S.M. Stirling. The story takes shape in a universe where electricity, guns, explosives, internal combustion engines, and steam power no longer work. More books follow in the series and flesh out the story-line in a survivalist post-Change world of agriculture, clan-based life and conflict. Dies the Fire is a post-apocalyptic 2004 novel by alternate history author S. M. Stirling. ... Stephen Michael Stirling is an American science fiction and fantasy author. ... Stephen Michael Stirling is a Canadian-American science fiction and fantasy author. ...


Robert A. Heinlein used survivalism as a theme in much of his science fiction. Farnham's Freehold (1964) begins as a story of survivalism in a nuclear war. Tunnel in the Sky (1955) explores issues of survivalism and social interactions in an unfamiliar environment. Heinlein also wrote essays such as How to be a Survivor [5] which provide advice on preparing for and surviving a nuclear war. Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... Farnhams Freehold is a science fiction tale set in the near future by Robert Heinlein. ... Tunnel in the Sky is a science fiction book written by Robert Heinlein and published in 1955. ...


Lucifer's Hammer by Jerry Pournelle and Larry Niven (1977) is about a cataclysmic comet hitting the Earth, and various groups of people struggling to survive the aftermath in southern California. Their similarly themed "Footfall" (1985) is about aliens bombarding Earth using controlled meteorite strikes to exterminate life. Lucifers Hammer is a post-apocalyptic science fiction novel by Larry Niven and Jerry Pournelle, first published in 1977. ... Jerry Eugene Pournelle, Ph. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Footfall is a 1985 science fiction novel written by Larry Niven and Jerry Pournelle. ...


The Postman by David Brin (1985) is set in a time after a massive plague and political fracture result in a complete collapse of society. It gives a very unflattering portrayal of survivalists as one of the causes behind the collapse. The quasi-survivalist "Holnist" characters are despised by the remaining population. The Holnists follow a totalitarian social theory idolizing the powerful who enforce their perceived right to oppress the weak. For other uses, see Postman (disambiguation). ... Glen David Brin, Ph. ...


Patriots: Surviving the Coming Collapse by James Wesley Rawles[6] (the editor of SurvivalBlog) is a novel about a full-scale socio-economic collapse and subsequent invasion of the US, which a review has called "a survival manual dressed as fiction." One of the most popular survivalist novels, it had circulated in an earlier draft form as shareware and had nearly 90,000 downloads in the mid-1990s, well before the Internet became heavily populated. The subject of this article may not satisfy the notability guideline for Biographies. ... SurvivalBlog is a daily weblog or blog edited by survivalist author and lecturer James Wesley Rawles, the author of the novel Patriots: Surviving the Coming Collapse. ...


Edward Abbey's 1980 novel Good News is about small bands of people in the Phoenix, Arizona area trying to fend off the rise of a military dictatorship after the collapse of the economy and government. The Survivalist is the title of a series of paperback novels by Jerry Ahern. Edward Paul Abbey (January 29, 1927 - March 14, 1989) was an American author and essayist noted for his advocacy of environmental issues and criticism of public land policies. ... Good News is a 1980 novel by Edward Abbey. ... The Survivalist is the generic title of Jerry Aherns long-lived series of pulp novels, which are often considered the earliest example of pure survivalist fiction[1]. // Background Ahern produced twenty-seven novels in numbered sequence, plus two un-numbered novels which fit between 15/16 and 21/22... Jerry Ahern (born in 1946) is a science fiction author best known for his post apocalyptic series The Survivalist. ...


Television programs

Two made-for-TV movies made during the 1980s, The Day After in the US and Threads in the UK, portray a nuclear war and its aftermath of social chaos and economic collapse. Both movies were, at the time, among the most controversial ever made for television. This article is about the 1983 TV movie about nuclear war. ... Threads is a BBC television docu-drama film about a nuclear attack on the United Kingdom. ...


"24" is a TV series about a federal agent named Jack Bauer and his attempts foil terrorist plots in Los Angeles. During Season 2 Jack's daughter, Kim Bauer, is on the run from the law and finds shelter with a survivalist. For other uses, see 24 (disambiguation). ... }} Jack Bauer is the fictional protagonist of the American television series 24, in which he has trained and worked in various capacities as a government agent, including US Army Delta Force, LAPD SWAT, and finally the Counter Terrorist Unit (CTU) Los Angeles. ... Kimberly Kim Bauer is a fictional character played by Elisha Cuthbert on the television series 24. ...


Jericho (2006) is a TV series that portrays a small town in Kansas after a series of nuclear explosions across the United States. In the series, the character Robert Hawkins uses his prior planning and survival skills in preparation of the attacks. Most of the episodes center around the sudden collapse of American society resulting in a six way split of the country. The town usually must fight an outside enemy in order to preserve their food and supplies. This article is about the CBS television drama. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article contains a trivia section. ...


Lost, a group of crash survivors are stranded on an island with little food and only the remains of the aircraft and baggage to survive with. Over the course of the series, the survivors adapt to life on the jungle isle while some even welcome it. One of the main characters of the series, John Locke, appears to be a survivalist even before the events of the crash, both carrying knives with him as baggage, hunting and tracking skills, and was part of a pseudo-survivalist commune earlier in life. LOST redirects here. ... For other persons named John Locke, see John Locke (disambiguation). ... // Computer music Tracking is the art of creating tracking modules for the computer representation of music. ...


The BBC TV series Survivors from 1975-1977 suggested a UK view of survivalism with a small band of survivors emerging from a biological apocalypse. Following the success of the new series of Dr Who the BBC are rumoured to be looking at Terry Nation's other works and are considering a remake of the show.[7]. For other uses, see Survivors (disambiguation). ...


Survivor (2000-present) is a reality television game show which places a group of contestants in remote location and awards a prize to the one which lasts the longest. Generally, the game is structured such that a player's social skills are more important to winning than survival skills. This article is about general format of the international television show. ... // This article is about the genre of TV shows. ... Quiz show redirects here. ...


In the HBO TV series Six Feet Under, one of the characters' (George Sibley) delusions manifests itself as a form of survivalism, and he becomes terrified that a number of apocalyptic or damaging events, ranging from nuclear war and the disappearance of water to earthquakes, are imminent and takes precautions against it, much to the horror of his wife- who realises that it is beyond cautious and is becoming obsessive. For other uses, see HBO (disambiguation). ... For the death metal band, see Six Feet Under (band). ... The following are a list of descriptions for characters on the HBO television series, Six Feet Under which aired from 2001–2005 for five seasons. ...


Films

The 1962 movie Panic in the Year Zero starring Ray Milland, Jean Hagen, Frankie Avalon and Mary Mitchel portrays the Baldwin family's attempt to flee the Los Angeles area for a rural location after a nuclear war between the US and the USSR. [8] The 1970 movie No Blade of Grass starring Nigel Davenport, based on the book by John Christopher, features an apocalyptic scenario in England. [9] Ray Milland (January 3, 1905 or 1907 – March 10, 1986) was an Oscar-winning Welsh actor and director who worked primarily in the United States. ... Jean Hagen (August 3, 1923 - August 29, 1977) was an Oscar-nominated American film actress. ... Francis Thomas Avallone (born September 18, 1939 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) was an American actor and teen idol in the 1950s and early 1960s. ... Nigel Davenport (born 23 May 1928) is an English actor. ... Samuel Youd (born April 16, 1922) is a British science fiction author. ...


Deliverance, both the 1970 novel and the 1972 film adaptation, feature elements of survivalism, and one of the main characters, Lewis Medlock (played in the film by Burt Reynolds), is a self-proclaimed survivalist, who at one point briefly explains his apocalyptic worldview: "Machines are going to fail, and the system is going to fail. And then...survival. Who has the ability to survive. That's the game, survival." This article is about the film. ... Burton Leon Reynolds, Jr. ...


Both Dawn of the Dead and the 2004 remake deal with survival in a zombie-apocalypse scenario. In the 1983 made for TV movie Packin' it In, the main character Gary Webber (Richard Benjamin) moves his family from suburban L.A. to the wilderness of Oregon. The family moves in to a small rural community where most of the residents are survivalists. In the 1983 film The Survivors, Robin Williams plays a man who becomes obsessed with the survivalist culture after being robbed. Walter Matthau costars as Williams' more level-headed companion. The 1984 movie Red Dawn portrays Colorado high school students who take to the hills after a fictional invasion of the US by the Soviet Union. The students survive with supplies gathered at the beginning of the invasion, by hunting, and by ambushing Soviet patrols and supply convoys. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Dawn of the Dead is a 2004 horror film reimagining of George A. Romeros 1978 film of the same name. ... For other persons named Robin Williams, see Robin Williams (disambiguation). ... Walter Matthau (October 1, 1920 – July 1, 2000) was an Academy Award-winning American comedy actor best known for his role as Oscar Madison in The Odd Couple and his frequent collaborations with fellow Odd Couple star Jack Lemmon. ... For other uses, see Red dawn (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... In military tactics, to patrol, or conduct a patrol, is to conduct reconnaissance of a designated area or route. ... Material (from the French matérial for equipment or hardware, related to the word material) is a term used in English to refer to the equipment and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management. ... For other uses, see Convoy (disambiguation). ...


In the Tremors film and television franchise the character Burt Gummer (Michael Gross) is a self-admitted survivalist. In the first film he and his wife are preparing for social upheaval. Later in the series Burt shifts his focus towards the "graboids" that infest the soil of his home valley. Tremors is a 1990 comedic monster film about a group of people from a small Nevada town fighting subterranean worm-creatures dubbed Graboids. It was directed by Ron Underwood, and stars Kevin Bacon, Fred Ward, Finn Carter, Michael Gross and Reba McEntire. ... Michael Gross (born June 21, 1947, in Chicago, Illinois) is a television and movie actor who plays both comedic and dramatic roles. ...


The Postman, a movie based upon the above mentioned novel, depicts a post-apocalyptical future in America in which a survivalist militia preys on weaker communities. For other uses, see Postman (disambiguation). ...


In Mad Max, a global oil shortage causes a total socioeconomic collapse and depopulation. The few scattered survivors in the Australian Outback are depicted fighting for survival, with precious "guzzoline" as their main object. For other uses, see Mad Max (disambiguation). ... For the restaurant chain, see Outback Steakhouse; for the station wagon, see Subaru Outback. ...


In Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) John Connor's mother, Sarah Connor stores weapons in an underground shelter in the desert, as instructed by Kyle Reese, John's father, in preparation for an apocalypse precipitated by computerized machines. Terminator 2: Judgment Day (commonly abbreviated T2) is a 1991 movie directed by James Cameron and starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, and Robert Patrick. ... Sarah Connor (born Sarah J. Connor) (1965 - 1997) is a fictional character, the heroine in the first two entries in the Terminator film series and the upcoming TV series Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles. ... Kyle Reese (2008–2029/1984), played by Michael Biehn, is the main fictional character and hero of the first Terminator film, father of John Connor, and brief lover to Sarah Connor. ...


In the film Cast Away, a FedEx employee is stranded on a deserted island, requiring his skills to survive. For other uses, see Castaway (disambiguation). ... Federal Express redirects here. ... The article on Mount Desert Island, an island off the coast of Maine, redirects here. ...


Many zombie movies feature aspects of post-apocalyptic survivalism in the characters' attempts to survive an undead plague. Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 28 Days Later (2002) 28 Weeks Later (2007) After Death (1988) (Zombie 4: After Death) The Aftermath (1982) Alien Dead...


Games and other formats

Fallout is a role-playing video game set in a post-nuclear apocalypse world, 70 years after a global nuclear war. The gameplay is centered around the character's own survival instinct and skills, and communities of survivalists. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The antagonist of The Ghostway by Tony Hillerman is a survivalist who finances his preparations for nuclear war by working as a hit man. Sean Kennedy's Tales From the Afternow follows a character who lives in the wasteland of post-nuclear holocaust America and must live his life by the survivalist creed to survive in the dangerous lands. The Zombie Survival Guide is a survival handbook written by Max Brooks; despite the title, the book has a serious tone. It deals with the implications of various levels of zombie outbreaks. Tony Hillerman (born May 27, 1925) is an award-winning American author of detective novels and non-fiction works. ... A hitman (alternately, hit man) is a hired assassin, often by organized crime. ... Sean Kennedy (spoken without irony): I am The Fucking Man Sean Kennedy (born on October 22, 1973) is a Canadian writer, internet radio and TV personality and an outspoken anti-Scientologist. ... Sean Kennedy (spoken without irony): I am The Fucking Man Sean Kennedy (born on October 22, 1973) is a Canadian writer, internet radio and TV personality and an outspoken anti-Scientologist. ... Nuclear Holocaust is the concept of the eradication of the human race through the means of Nuclear warfare. ... Zombie Survival Guide: Complete Protection from the Living Dead (ISBN 1400049628) is a book written by Max Brooks and published in 2003. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the undead. ...


In Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, a mission involves stealing a harvester from a survivalist farm. The survivalists are portrayed as extremely violent and aggressive individuals. Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas is the fifth video game in the Grand Theft Auto series. ...


In Sid Meier's Alpha Centauri the Spartan Federation faction is run by a survivalist. “SMAC” redirects here. ...


The concept album Year Zero by industrial rock group Nine Inch Nails, based around a theme of a hypothetical oppressive US government in the year 2022, contains a single entitled "Survivalism" and the group named Art is ressistance. Year Zero (also known as Halo 24) is the sixth Nine Inch Nails studio album, released on April 16, 2007 in Europe, April 17 in the United States, and April 25, 2007 in Japan. ... Nine Inch Nails (abbreviated as NIN) is an American industrial rock band, founded in 1988 by Trent Reznor in Cleveland, Ohio. ...


See also

  • Survival kits: a packaged collection of emergency survival equipment such as a basic shelter tent, fire-starting tools, first- aid supplies, and food.
  • SurvivalBlog: A daily survivalist blog

Survival kit is a package of basic tools and supplies prepared in advance as an aid to survival in an emergency. ... SurvivalBlog is a daily weblog or blog edited by survivalist author and lecturer James Wesley Rawles, the author of the novel Patriots: Surviving the Coming Collapse. ...

External links

  • SurvivalBlog A daily blog on survival and preparedness topics
  • SurvivalistBooks.com This site includes a survivalist group finder service for those seeking to find, start or join a local group.
  • REFUGE JC Refuge's blog on maintaining a systematic, common-sense approach to crisis preparedness.
  • AlphaRubicon.com An international online disaster-preparedness community.
  • le-projet-olduvai A survivalist site in France
  • AusSurvivalist An Australian site devoted to survivalism from an Australian point of view.
  • Systemkollaps A Swedish survivalist blog
  • Ludlow Survivors Group A UK survivalism discussion forum
  • Survival Netzwerk A survivalist site in Germany
  • Survival Bill Forums A Canadian survivalism discussion forum
  • The Survivalist Blog The Daily Web Log of Survivalism, Preparedness, and Self-Sufficiency.

Classic survival books

The text of some classic survival books and other writings from the 1950s through the 1980s can be found online:


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Aircraft Combat Survivability Education Web Site (309 words)
m Office is offering a short course in aircraft combat survivability from 14 to 17 April, 2008, at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA The aircraft combat survivability discipline is dedicated to enhancing the survivability and effectiveness of aircraft that fly in man-made hostile environments.
A viable, cost-effective technology for enhancing survivability is available, a methodology exists for assessing survivability, an extensive survivability infrastructure has been developed, testing for survivability is mandated, quantified requirements on the survivability of US military aircraft are routinely specified, and education in survivability is available.
The fundamentals of the combat survivability discipline are applicable to manned aircraft, uninhabited air vehicles (UAVs), and guided/cruise missiles that fly in a man-made hostile environment, as well as civilian aircraft that may be attacked by terrorists.
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