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Encyclopedia > Survey township

Survey township, sometimes called Congressional township, as used by the United States Public Land Survey System, refers to a square unit of land, that is nominally six (U.S. Survey) miles (~9.7 km) on a side. Each 36 square mile (~93 km²) township is divided into 36 one-square mile (~2.6 km²) sections, that can be further subdivided for sale, and each section covers exactly 640 acres. To be more precise, the subdivisions of a section are frequently the quarter-section (160 acres) and the quarter-quarter section (40 acres). In the Homestead Act, one quarter-section of land was the amount allocated to each settler. Stemming from this is the expression, "the lower 40", which is the 40 acres on a settler's land that is lowest in elevation, in the direction towards which water drains toward a stream. The townships are referenced by a numbering system that locates the township in relation to a meridian (north-south) and a base line (east-west). The Public Land Survey System (PLSS) is a method used in the United States to survey and identify land parcels, particularly for titles and deeds of rural, wild or undeveloped land. ... This article lists conversion factors between a number of units of measurement. ... Sectioning a township In U.S. land surveying, a section is an area nominally one mile square, containing 640 acres (2. ...


Prior to standardization, some of the Ohio Lands were surveyed into townships of five miles on each side. These are often known as Congressional Townships. The Ohio Lands were the myriad grants, tracts, districts and cessions which make up what is now the U.S. state of Ohio. ...


Survey townships are distinct from civil townships. A survey township is used to establish boundaries for land ownership. A civil township is a form of local government. In states that use both forms, civil townships generally use the boundaries established by survey townships. County lines, especially in Western States, usually follow township lines, and this has lead to the large number of square or rectangular counties in the West, which are agglomerations of townships. Other counties may have county lines that form a Jack-O-Lantern tooth pattern of townships. A civil township is a widely-used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to a county. ... Local governments are administrative offices of an area smaller than a state. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Survey township - definition of Survey township in Encyclopedia (168 words)
In the American Public Land Survey System, a township refers to a unit of land, that is nominally six miles (9.7 km) on a side, usually containing 36 sections.
Survey townships (sometimes referred to as Congressional townships) are distinct from civil townships.
A civil township is a form of local government.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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