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Encyclopedia > Surtitles

Supertitles or SURTITLESTM (a registered trademark of the Canadian Opera Company[1]) are translated or transcribed lyrics projected above a stage or displayed on a screen, commonly used in opera or other musical performances. The word "surtitle" comes from the French "sur", meaning "over" or "on", and the English word "title", formed in a similar way to the related subtitle. Look up lyrics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... A subtitle can refer to one of two things: an explanatory or alternate title of a book, play or film, in addition to its main title, or textual versions of a film or television programs dialogue that appear onscreen. ...

Surtitles are used either to translate the meaning of the lyrics into the audience's language, or to transcribe lyrics that may be difficult to understand in the sung form. The two possible types of presentation of surtitles are as projected text, or as the electronic libretto system. Titles in the theatre have proven a commercial success in areas such as opera, and are finding increased use for allowing hearing impaired patrons to enjoy theatre productions more fully. Surtitles are used in live productions in the same way as subtitles are used in movie and television productions. For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of...

Projected titles or translations

Generally projected above the theatre's proscenium arch (but, alternately, on either side of the stage), surtitles are usually displayed using a supertitling machine. The text must be prepared beforehand as in subtitles. These machines can be used for events other than artistic performances, when the text is easier to show to the audience than it is to vocalize. A proscenium arch is a square frame around a raised stage area in traditional theatres. ... For other uses, see Subtitle. ...

Surtitles are different from subtitles, which are more often used in film and television presentations. Originally, translations would be broken up into small chunks and photographed onto slides that could be projected onto a screen above the stage, but most companies now use a combination of video projectors and computers. It is generally agreed that the first performance of opera using surtitles was the Canadian Opera Company's January 1983 staging of Elektra. For other uses, see Subtitle. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... The Canadian Opera Company (COC), located in Toronto, Ontario, is the largest opera company in Canada and the sixth largest in North America. ... For information about the 1967 opera based on the 1931 Eugene ONeill play based on the Elektra story, see Mourning Becomes Electra. ...

The surtitle is given an insertion point in the score (piano score)for the surtitle's entry and exit. An operator will push a button at the marked point when following the music.

Electronic libretto system

Many people believe that surtitles can interfere with the enjoyment of a show, because they tend to find themselves following the titles and not giving their full attention to the stage. This problem was solved by the development of an electronic libretto system, which utilizes individual screens placed in front of each seat allowing patrons either to view a translation or to switch them off during the performance. New York's Metropolitan Opera, which installed the patented Met Titles, was the first house in the United States to use this system. The Electronic libretto system is used primarily in opera houses and is a device which presents translations of lyrics into an audiences language or transcribes lyrics that may be difficult to understand in the sung form. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ...

An aria (Italian for air; plural: arie or arias in common usage) in music was originally any expressive melody, usually, but not always, performed by a singer. ... The Aria di sorbetto, or sherbet aria, was a convention of Italian opera in the early nineteenth century. ... Below is a list of terms used in musical terminology which are likely to occur on printed or sheet music. ... The term Bel Canto may refer to: Belcanto, a vocal technique; or Bel Canto, a novel by Ann Patchett. ... A breeches role (also pants role or trouser role) is a role in which an actress appears in male clothes (breeches being tight-fitting knee-length pants, the standard male garment at the time breeches roles were introduced). ... A burletta (Italian, meaning little joke), also sometimes burla or burlettina, is a musical term generally denoting a brief comic Italian (or, later, English) opera. ... A Cabaletta is form of aria within 19th century Italian opera. ... In music, a cadenza (Italian for cadence) is, generically, an improvised or written-out ornamental passage played or sung by a soloist or soloists, usually in a free rhythmic style, and often allowing for virtuosic display. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Musical terminology. ... A castrato is a male soprano, mezzo-soprano, or alto voice produced either by castration of the singer before puberty or one who, because of an endocrinological condition, never reaches sexual maturity. ... For the piece of music known as Cavatina or Theme from The Deer Hunter, see Cavatina (song) Cavatina (Italian diminutive of cavata, the producing of tone from an instrument, plural cavatine) is a musical term, originally a short song of simple character, without a second strain or any repetition of... The chest register is generalized to be the range of vocal notes below middle C (C4). ... A report in The Etude of July 1931 on the Vienna Opera House banning claquing Claque (French for clapping) is, in its origin, a term which refers to an organized body of professional applauders in French theatres. ... Coloratura is an old word meaning colouring. ... A Comprimario is a secondary role in an opera or singing. ... Convenienze (literally, conveniences) were the rules relating to the ranking of singers (primo, secondo, comprimario) in 19th-century Italian opera, and the number of scenes, arias etc. ... Coup de glotte or shock of the glottis is a term used in the theory of singing technique to describe a particular method of emitting or opening a note by an abrupt physical mechanism of the glottis, or false vocal chords (membranes situated above the true vocal chords in the... The da capo aria was a musical form prevalent in the Baroque era. ... For other senses of this word, see diva (disambiguation). ... The German Fach (pl. ... Falsetto (Italian diminutive of falso, false) is a singing technique that produces sounds that are pitched higher than the singers normal range, in the treble range. ... Fioritura is the name given to the flowery, embellished vocal line found in many arias from nineteenth-century opera. ... Look up Gesamtkunstwerk in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The head register is generalized to be the range of vocal notes above middle C (C4). ... InterMezzo is a distributed file system written for Linux, distributed with a GPL licence. ... Kammersänger or Kammersängerin (or Ks. ... A leitmotif (pronounced ) (also leitmotiv; lit. ... Antonio Ghislanzoni, nineteenth century Italian librettist. ... Literaturoper (literature opera, plural Literaturopern) is opera with music composed for a pre-existing text, as opposed to an opera with a libretto written specifically for the work. ... The Mad Scene was a popular convention of Italian and French opera in the early decades of the nineteenth century. ... Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ... A Melodramma is an Italian term for opera which was used in the 19th century. ... A monodrama (also Solospiel in German; solo play) is a theatrical melodrama in which there is only one character. ... Messa di voce (Italian, placing the voice) is a musical technique that involves a gradual crescendo and decrescendo while sustaining a single pitch. ... New York State Theater, Lincoln Center, home of the New York City Opera Bolshoi Theatre. ... Passaggio is a singing term used to describe the pitch range at which a singers voice breaks or switches over from ones chest voice (natural singing voice) to ones head voice or falsetto (generally for males). ... Portamento is a musical term currently used to mean pitch bending or sliding, and in 16th century polyphonic writing refers to a type of musical ornamentation. ... Look up Prima donna in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The prompter in an opera house gives the singers the opening words of each phrase a few seconds early. ... Recitative, a form of composition often used in operas, oratorios, and cantatas (and occasionally in operettas and even musicals), is melodic speech set to music, or a descriptive narrative song in which the music follows the words. ... Regietheater (in English, directors opera; more commonly producers opera) is a term that refers to the modern (essentially post-WWII) practice of allowing a director or producer such freedom in devising the way a given opera is staged that not only may the composers specific stage directions... Répétiteur (Fr. ... Sitzprobe is a term used in opera and musical theater to describe a seated rehearsal where the singers sing with the orchestra, focusing attention on integrating the two groups. ... Soprano C, sometimes called High C, is the C two octaves above Middle C It is named because it is considered the highest usable note of the soprano, particularly for choral singers (although some can go higher; Mozarts Der Hölle Rache, the Queen of the Night aria from... Spinto is a vocal term used to characterize a soprano or tenor voice of a weight between lyric and dramatic that is capable of handling large dramatic climaxes at moderate intervals. ... Sprechgesang and sprechstimme (German for spoken-song and spoken-voice) are musical terms used to refer to an expressionist vocal technique that falls between singing and speaking. ... Squillo (Italian for ring) is a resonant, trumpet-like ringing sound in voice of opera singers. ... Stagione (Italian season) is an organizational system for presenting opera, often used by large companies. ... Tenor C is the C one octave above Middle C. It is also known as C5. ... In music, tessitura (Italian: texture) is a range of pitches compared to the instrument for which it was intended to be used. ... In music, timbre, or sometimes timber, (from Fr. ... Vibrato is a musical effect where the pitch or frequency of a note or sound is quickly and repeatedly raised and lowered over a small distance for the duration of that note or sound. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Supertitle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (301 words)
Supertitles or surtitles are commonly used in opera or other musical performances.
It is generally agreed that the first performance of opera using surtitles was the Canadian Opera Company's January 1983 staging of Elektra.
There are a number of people who believe that surtitles can interfere with the enjoyment of a show, because people tend to find themselves following the titles and not giving their full attention to the stage.
Guardian Unlimited | The Guardian | Can you hear me? ENO war of words (400 words)
The move to surtitles has horrified the triumvirate that ran the company in the 1980s.
"Surtitles are," said David Pountney, one of the three, "a celluloid condom inserted between the audience and the immediate gratification of understanding."
Surtitles as a tool are vital if ENO is to continue this mission and continue to attract audiences.
  More results at FactBites »



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