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Encyclopedia > Surrogacy

Surrogacy is an arrangement whereby a woman agrees to become pregnant for the purpose of gestating and giving birth to a child for others to raise. She may be the child's genetic mother (the more traditional form of surrogacy), or she may be implanted with someone else's fertilized egg (gestational surrogacy). Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about human pregnancy in biological females. ... Birth is the process in animals by which an offspring is expelled from the body of its mother. ... This article is about the general scientific term. ... Categories: Biology stubs ... A gestational carrier is a woman who carries a pregnancy for another woman. ...



The word surrogate, from Latin subrŏgare (to substitute), means appointed to act in the place of. Surrogate (from Lat. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ...

There is a tendency now to limit the term 'surrogacy' to only mean gestational surrogacy, i.e. those services where both ovum donation and gestational carrier services are done together. [citation needed] A gestational carrier is a woman who carries a pregnancy for another woman. ... An egg donor is a woman who provides usually several eggs (ova, oocytes) for another person or couple who want to have a child. ...

Who chooses surrogacy?

Surrogacy is a method of assisted reproduction. Reproductive technology is a term for all current and anticipated uses of technology in human and animal reproduction, including: cloning (see human cloning for the special case of human beings) artificial wombs genetic engineering artificial insemination embryo transfer in vitro fertilization intracytoplasmic sperm injection hormone treatment to increase fertility sperm...

In some cases it is the only available option for a couple who wish to have a child that is biologically related to them. Changing attitudes towards illegitimacy have led to fewer women having to go through the difficulties of international adoption. The choices for childless couples were made easier by two men who joined forces in the early 1980s. An attorney named Noel Keane is generally recognized as the mastermind behind surrogate motherhood. However, it was not until he developed an association with a physician named Warren J. Ringold, MD in the city of Dearborn, Michigan that the program was suddenly perceived with much more legitimacy. Prior to the association of these two men, couples were doing their own artificial insemination procedures with items such as turkey basters. Illegitimacy is the status that was once commonly ascribed to individuals born to parents who were not married. ... International adoption refers to adopting a child from a foreign country. ...

Dr. Ringold agreed to perform all of the artificial inseminations, and the clinic grew rapidly thus catching the eye of Morley Safer and 60 Minutes in the early part of 1981. Even though Keane and Ringold took a great deal of criticism from the more conservative elements of the press and politicians, they eventually prevailed and were instrumental in the passage of laws that protected the entire concept of surrogate mothers. They went state by state seeking political acceptance. Now less then 25 years later, the idea of a surrogate mother is totally acceptable for most people. More importantly laws protecting the contractual relationships exist in almost every state. Although Mr. Keane died a few years ago, he and Ringold remained close friends and associates until the end and Dr. Ringold remains very proud of his role in advancing this very important area of reproductive science. This article is about the CBS news magazine. ...

Emotional issues

Research carried out by the Family and Child Psychology Research Centre at City University, London, UK in 2002 showed surrogate mothers rarely had difficulty relinquishing rights to a surrogate child and that the commissioning mothers showed greater warmth to the child than mothers conceiving naturally.[citation needed] This article is about the concept. ... City University London is a British university based at Northampton Square in Clerkenwell, London (). Its official name is The City University. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Shrybman Law Offices, P.C. - Surrogacy Solutions (948 words)
Surrogacy is essentially a contract for the service of a woman to carry a baby to term.
In surrogacy, the baby is born as the child of at least one member of the couple, and sometimes both.
Arrange the surrogacy in a state where it is legal and the laws of your state may not matter.
Surrogacy Review: Legal Definitions & Fees (511 words)
Surrogacy, from the legal perspective, is defined as having a woman carry a child through pregnancy on the behalf of another couple.
Traditional Surrogacy is where the child born for the intend couple is genetically related to the intended father and is the biological child of the surrogate.
This type of surrogacy is achieved when the eggs of the intended mother are mixed with the sperm of the intended father, fertilized and finally implanted into a woman, the gestational surrogate.
  More results at FactBites »



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