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Encyclopedia > Surrey
Surrey
Image:EnglandSurrey.png
Geography
Status Ceremonial & Non-metropolitan county
Origin Historic
Region South East England
Area
- Total
- Admin. council
Ranked 35th
1,663 km² (642.1 sq mi)
Ranked 31st
Admin HQ Kingston
(extraterritorially)
ISO 3166-2 GB-SRY
ONS code 43
NUTS 3 UKJ23
Demographics
Population
- Total (2005 est.)
- Density
- Admin. council
Ranked 13th
1,075,600
644/km² (1,668/sq mi)
Ranked 5th
Ethnicity 95.0% White
2.2% S. Asian
Politics

Surrey County Council
http://www.surreycc.gov.uk/
Executive Conservative
Members of Parliament
Districts
  1. Spelthorne
  2. Runnymede
  3. Surrey Heath
  4. Woking
  5. Elmbridge
  6. Guildford
  7. Waverley
  8. Mole Valley
  9. Epsom and Ewell
  10. Reigate and Banstead
  11. Tandridge

Surrey is a county in the South East of England and is one of the Home Counties. The county borders Greater London, Kent, East Sussex, West Sussex, Hampshire, and Berkshire. The county town is Guildford.[1] Surrey County Council sits at Kingston upon Thames, though this is no longer in the administrative county of Surrey and now a part of Greater London. The traditional counties as usually portrayed. ... Surrey is the name of several places: Canada: Surrey, British Columbia United Kingdom: Surrey, England United States of America: Surrey, North Dakota Surrey, Maine Surrey is also shorthand for Surrey County Cricket Club or the University of Surrey This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other... Surry may refer to: Surry, Maine Surry, New Hampshire Surry, Virginia Surry County, North Carolina Surry County, Virginia Surry Nuclear Generating Station, near Newport News, Virginia See also Surrey (disambiguation) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Image File history File links EnglandSurrey. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... The historic counties of England are ancient subdivisions of England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... Area is the measure of how much exposed area any two dimensional object has. ... This is a List of Ceremonial counties of England by Area. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... This is a List of Administrative shire counties of England by Area, that is to say Administrative counties with a two-tier County council structure, not including Administrative counties which are Unitary Authorities. ... Kingston upon Thames, part of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, is an ancient market town where Saxon kings were crowned, and is now a lively suburb of London. ... The ISO 3166-2 codes for the United Kingdom correspond to the nations administrative divisions. ... The Office for National Statistics coding system is a hierarchical code used in the United Kingdom for tabulating census and other statistical data. ... The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is a geocode standard for referencing the administrative division of countries for statistical purposes. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This is a List of Ceremonial counties of England by Population - 2002 mid-year estimates from the Office for National Statistics, unrounded figures published by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister in the Entitlement Notification Reports for Revenue Support Grants [1]. See also: List of Administrative shire counties of... This is a list of non-metropolitan counties of England by population. ... Image File history File links Surrey-coa. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of MPs elected in the UK general election, 2005 to the House of Commons for the Fifty-Fourth Parliament of the United Kingdom at the United Kingdom general election, 2005, arranged by constituency. ... For other persons named Peter Ainsworth, see Peter Ainsworth (disambiguation). ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Sir (Alexander) Paul Beresford (born April 6, 1946 in Levin, New Zealand, educated in Richmond Nelson & Otago Uni) is an English politician and dentist. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Crispin Jeremy Rupert Blunt (born 15 July 1960) is the Conservative Member of Parliament for Reigate. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Jeremy Hunt (born November 1, 1966) is the Conservative MP for Surrey South West and Shadow Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Anne Frances Milton (born November 3, 1955) is a British nurse and politician who has been the Conservative MP for Guildford since 2005. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Christopher Stephen Grayling (born 1 April 1962) is a British politician, and Conservative Member of Parliament for Epsom and Ewell. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Philip Hammond (born 4 December 1955, Epping, Essex) is a British politician. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Michael Andrew Gove (born August 26, 1967) is a Conservative politician, journalist and author in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Humfrey Jonathon Malins CBE (born 31 July 1945) is a British politician, and Conservative Member of Parliament for Woking. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... Ian Colin Taylor MBE (born 18 April 1945) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... David Wilshire (born 16 September 1943, Bristol) is a politician in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ... map File links The following pages link to this file: Surrey User:Morwen/Allnumbered Categories: GFDL images ... Spelthorne is a local government district and borough in Surrey, England. ... Runnymede is a local government district with borough status in the English county of Surrey. ... Surrey Heath is a local government district with borough status in Surrey, England. ... Woking is a large town and local government district with borough status in the west of Surrey in South East England. ... Elmbridge is a borough in Surrey, England. ... Guildford is a local government district with borough status in Surrey, England. ... Waverley is a local government district with borough status in Surrey, England. ... Mole Valley is a local government district in Surrey, England. ... Epsom and Ewell is a local government district with borough status in Surrey, England, covering Epsom and Ewell. ... Reigate and Banstead is a local government district with borough status in east Surrey. ... Tandridge is a local government district in Surrey, England. ... The traditional counties as usually portrayed. ... South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The phrase Home Counties is used to designate the group of English counties which border or surround London. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... The Kent coat of arms For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ... East Sussex is a county in South East England. ... West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering onto East Sussex (with Brighton and Hove), Hampshire and Surrey. ... For other uses, see Hampshire (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A county town is the capital of a county in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... Surrey is a county in southern England, part of the South East England region and one of the Home Counties. ... Kingston upon Thames, part of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, is an ancient market town where Saxon kings were crowned, and is now a lively suburb of London. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ...


Surrey is divided into 11 boroughs and districts: Elmbridge, Epsom and Ewell, Guildford, Mole Valley, Reigate and Banstead, Runnymede, Spelthorne, Surrey Heath, Tandridge, Waverley, Woking. After the elections of 3 May 2007, the Conservatives are in control of nine out of 11 councils in Surrey.[2] Look up Borough in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Elmbridge is a borough in Surrey, England. ... Epsom and Ewell is a local government district with borough status in Surrey, England, covering Epsom and Ewell. ... Guildford is a local government district with borough status in Surrey, England. ... Mole Valley is a local government district in Surrey, England. ... Reigate and Banstead is a local government district with borough status in east Surrey. ... Runnymede is a local government district with borough status in the English county of Surrey. ... Spelthorne is a local government district and borough in Surrey, England. ... Surrey Heath is a local government district with borough status in Surrey, England. ... Tandridge is a local government district in Surrey, England. ... Waverley is a local government district with borough status in Surrey, England. ... Woking is a large town in England, in the west of Surrey. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ...


On 3 August 2007 it was announced that foot-and-mouth disease has been discovered near Guildford[3]. This is the first discovery in the UK since 2001 is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... DEFRA Protection Order centre point. ... DEFRA Protection Order centre point. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

Settlements and communications

See also list of places in Surrey.

Surrey has a population of approximately one million people. The historic county town was Guildford, although the county administration was moved to Newington in 1791 and to Kingston upon Thames in 1893. The county council's headquarters have been outside the county's boundaries since 1 April 1965 when Kingston and other areas were included within Greater London by the London Government Act 1963.[4] Recent plans to move the offices to a new site in Woking have now been abandoned.[5] Due to its proximity to London there are many commuter towns and villages in Surrey, the population density is high and the area is more affluent, on average, than other parts of the UK. Surrey is the most densely populated shire county in England, and the most densely populated ceremonial county after Greater London, the metropolitan counties and Bristol. Much of the north east of the county forms part of the Greater London Urban Area.[6] In the west, there is a conurbation straddling the Hampshire/Surrey border, including in Surrey Camberley and Farnham. This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the ceremonial county of Surrey, England. ... A county town is the capital of a county in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... Newington is a place in the London Borough of Southwark. ... Kingston upon Thames, part of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, is an ancient market town where Saxon kings were crowned, and is now a lively suburb of London. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... The London Government Act 1963 was an Act of the UK parliament which led to the official recognition of the conurbation known as Greater London. ... , See Woking (borough) for the administrative district. ... A shire county or non-metropolitan county in England, is an administrative county which is not a metropolitan county. ... The six metropolitan counties shown within England The metropolitan counties are a type of county-level subnational entity in current use in England. ... The Greater London Urban Area is the conurbation based around London in the South East of England. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... , Camberley is a town in Surrey, England, situated 31 miles (50 km) south west of central London, in the corridor between the M3 and M4 motorways. ... This article is about the English town. ...


Most English counties have nicknames for people from that county, such as a Tyke from Yorkshire and a Yellowbelly from Lincolnshire; the traditional nickname for people from Surrey is 'Surrey Capon', as it was well known in the later Middle Ages as the county where chickens were fattened up for the London meat markets. Tyke can refer to: A Mixed-breed dog The Yorkshire dialect or a Yorkshireman A child The rapper or hip-hop musician name Tyke This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Look up Yorkshire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The term Yellowbelly might refer to: A Yellowbelly (Lincolnshire) Yellowbelly (band), Texas The golden perch, an Australian fish, also called callop The Yellowbelly Rockcod — a fish (Notothenia coriiceps) The Yellowbelly Slider — an aquatic turtle found in the south-eastern United States The Eastern Yellowbelly Racer — a snake (Coluber constrictor flaviventris... Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in the east of England. ... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or of a poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ...


Physical geography

Box Hill, Surrey
Box Hill, Surrey
The tower on the top of Leith Hill the highest point in Surrey
The tower on the top of Leith Hill the highest point in Surrey

Surrey contains a good deal of mature woodland (reflected in the official logo of Surrey County Council, a pair of interlocking oak leaves). Among its many notable beauty spots are Box Hill, Leith Hill, Frensham Ponds, Newland's Corner and Puttenham & Crooksbury Commons. It is the most wooded county in Great Britain, with 22.4% coverage compared to a national average of 11.8%[7] and as such is one of the few counties to not include new woodlands in their strategic plans. Box Hill has the oldest untouched area of natural woodland in the UK, one of the oldest in Europe. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Box Hill is the name of several places, including: Box Hill, Surrey, England (scene of an important section of Jane Austens novel Emma) Box Hill, Wiltshire, Wiltshire, England - between Bath and Chippenham, through which Box Tunnel was bored. ... Download high resolution version (600x1439, 142 KB)Leith Hill Tower on the top of Leith Hill was built in 1765 by Richard Hull with the intention, it is said, of raising the hill above 1,000 feet. ... Download high resolution version (600x1439, 142 KB)Leith Hill Tower on the top of Leith Hill was built in 1765 by Richard Hull with the intention, it is said, of raising the hill above 1,000 feet. ... Leith Hill to the south west of Dorking, Surrey, England, reaches 294 metres (965 feet) above sea level, the highest point on the North Downs, and is either the highest or second highest point in south-east England, depending on whether one counts Walbury Hill near Newbury, Berkshire, which is... Limber Pine woodland, Toiyabe Range, central Nevada Biologically, a woodland is a treed area differentiated from a forest. ... Template:Mtnbox dfdftopo There are fdof the same name about 1. ... Leith Hill to the south west of Dorking, Surrey, England, reaches 294 metres (965 feet) above sea level, the highest point on the North Downs, and is either the highest or second highest point in south-east England, depending on whether one counts Walbury Hill near Newbury, Berkshire, which is... , Frensham is just off the A287, 20km south west of Guildford. ... Newlands Corner is an area of natural beauty near Guildford in Surrey, England. ... Crooksbury Common Puttenham & Crooksbury Commons lie to the south of the Hogs Back which runs between Farnham and Guildford in Surrey, England. ...


Much of Surrey is in the Green Belt and is rolling downland, the county's geology being dominated by the chalk hills of the North Downs. Agriculture not being intensive, there are many commons and access lands, together with an extensive network of footpaths and bridleways including the North Downs Way, a scenic long-distance path. Accordingly, Surrey provides much in the way of rural leisure activities, with a very large horse population. Towards the north of the county, the land is largely flat around Staines and bi-sected by the River Thames. In city planning, the Green Belt is a concept for controlling metropolitan growth introduced around London, England by minister of housing Duncan Sandys via a Government Circular. ... A downland is an area of open chalk upland. ... Geology of the South East, Chalk is light green (6) A cross-section , showing the Wealden Dome, and relating it to the towns of Kent The North Downs are a ridge of chalk hills located in south east England that stretch for 120 miles (190 km) from Hampshire through Surrey... Common land, or just common, is frequently used to describe a parcel of land, usually near the centre of towns and villages, which is thought to be owned in common by all the members of the community. ... In the United Kingdom, rights of way are paths on which the public have a legally-protected right to travel. ... The North Downs Way is a long-distance path in southern England. ... Long-distance trails (or long-distance tracks, paths, footpaths or greenways) are trails or footpaths covering large distances, typically 50 km or more, used for rambling (that is, hiking or backpacking). ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Staines is a Thames-side town in the Spelthorne borough of Surrey and part of the London Commuter Belt of South East England. ... Several places exist with the name Thames, and the word is also used as part of several brand and company names Most famous is the River Thames in England, on which the city of London stands Other Thames Rivers There is a Thames River in Canada There is a Thames...


The highest point in Surrey is Leith Hill near Dorking at 965 ft (294 m) above sea level. Surrey boasts a further three points above 800 feet. Leith Hill to the south west of Dorking, Surrey, England, reaches 294 metres (965 feet) above sea level, the highest point on the North Downs, and is either the highest or second highest point in south-east England, depending on whether one counts Walbury Hill near Newbury, Berkshire, which is... Dorking is a market town at the foot of the North Downs approximately 25 miles south of London, in Surrey in England. ...


History

British and Roman Surrey

The Roman road Stane or Stone Street runs through Surrey
The Roman road Stane or Stone Street runs through Surrey

Before Roman times the area today known as Surrey was very probably governed by the Atrebates tribe centred at Calleva Atrebatum in the modern county of Hampshire. They were known to have controlled the southern bank of the Thames from Roman documents describing the nature of tribal relations between them and the powerful Catuvellauni on the north banks. In about 42AD King Cunobelinus or Cynfelin ap Tegfan of the Catuvellauni died and war broke out between his sons and between King Verica of the Atrebates. The Catuvellauni invaded the Atrebatean lands, probably crossing the River Thames near modern Staines where the river could be forded. The Atrebates were defeated in the conflict, their capital captured and their lands made subject to the Catuvellauni now led by Togodumnus ruling from Camulodunum. Verica fled to Gaul and appealed for Roman aid. The Atrebates were allies with Rome during their invasion of Britain in 43AD. The territory of Surrey was traversed by Stane Street and other less well known Roman roads. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Stane Street is the modern name given to an important Roman road in England that linked London to the Roman town of Regnum (near modern Chichester). ... The Atrebates (meaning settlers) were a Belgic tribe of Gaul and Britain before the Roman conquests. ... Categories: Stub | Archaeological sites in Britain | Berkshire | Hampshire | Roman sites in England ... For other uses, see Hampshire (disambiguation). ... Several places exist with the name Thames, and the word is also used as part of several brand and company names Most famous is the River Thames in England, on which the city of London stands Other Thames Rivers There is a Thames River in Canada There is a Thames... The Catuvellaunii (meaning probably good in battle) were one of the Celtic tribes living in the British Isles, before the Roman invasion of Britain. ... Cunobelinus (also written Kynobellinus, Cunobelin) was a historical king of the Catuvellauni tribe of pre-Roman Britain. ... Cunobelinus (also written Kynobellinus, Cunobelin) was a historical king of the Catuvellauni tribe of pre-Roman Britain. ... Verica (early 1st century AD) was a British client king of the Roman Empire in the years preceding the Claudian invasion of 43 AD. From his coinage, he appears to have been king of the Atrebates tribe and a son of Commius. ... Staines is a Thames-side town in the Spelthorne borough of Surrey and part of the London Commuter Belt of South East England. ... Togodumnus was a historical king of the British Catuvellauni tribe at the time of the Roman conquest. ... This article is about the town in England. ... Gaul (Latin: ) was the name given,in ancient times, to the region of Western Europe comprising present-day northern Italy, France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Events Aulus Plautius, with 4 legions, landed on Britain. ... Stane Street is the modern name given to an important Roman road in England that linked London to the Roman town of Regnum (near modern Chichester). ...


After the Romans left Britain in c.410AD the territory of modern Surrey was officially part of Britannia Prima but was probably ruled by the successor realm of the Atrebates tribe. It has long been speculated that Guildford may have been the Astolat of Arthurian renown, however the legendary city is more likely to have been Calleva (modern day Silchester), the capital of the Atrebates, which resisted the Anglo-Saxons for many years. Events Alaric I deposes Priscus Attalus as Roman Emperor. ... Britannia Prima was one of the provinces of Roman Britain created c. ... The Atrebates (meaning settlers) were a Belgic tribe of Gaul and Britain before the Roman conquests. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... Astolat is a legendary city of Great Britain which is named in Arthurian legends. ... A bronze Arthur in plate armour with visor raised and with jousting shield wearing Kastenbrust armour (early 15th century) by Peter Vischer, typical of later anachronistic depictions of Arthur. ... Silchester is a village and civil parish in Hampshire, UK. At the 2001 census it had a population of 918. ... The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging toRaedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ...


The Saxon tribes and the sub-kingdom

From around 480 AD Saxons from the south and Jutes from east invaded and began settling in the area and establishing a sub-kingdom probably with Middle Saxon overlords. At this time the area was sparsely populated and almost entirely forested. There was a local truce recorded in c.500 (possibly as a result of the Battle of Badon Hill) and only north and east Surrey were retained by the Anglo-Saxons. The westward expansion into British territory continued from c.550AD with some local British communities becoming marooned within the confines of Saxon Surrey, probably around Walton-on-Thames. From 568 the eastern border of Surrey and Kent is agreed and marked by a ditch. Local tribes named Æschingas, Godhelmingas (around Godalming), Tetingas (around Tooting), Woccingas (between Woking and Wokingham), Basingas (the Blackwater Valley) and Sonningas (around Sonning) are known to have existed. The Middlesex Guildhall at Westminster Middlesex is one of the 39 historic counties of England and was the second smallest (after Rutland). ... In the Battle of Mount Badon (Latin Mons Badonicus, Welsh Mynydd Baddon) Romano_British and Celts inflicted a severe defeat on an invading Anglo-Saxon army sometime in the decade before or after 500. ... The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging toRaedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ... Walton-On-Thames is a town in the Elmbridge borough of Surrey in South East England. ... Events April 1 - King Alboin leads the Lombards into Italy; refugees fleeing from them go on to found Venice. ... Godalming Hundred was formed as a Hundred of the Shire of Surrey sometime after 825 when Wessex annexed the south eastern provinces of Surrey, Sussex, Kent and Essex (with Middlesex). ... , Tooting is a suburb in the London Borough of Wandsworth in south London. ... , See Woking (borough) for the administrative district. ... It has been suggested that Wokingham (borough) be merged into this article or section. ... The Basingas were an Anglo-Saxon tribe who settled in the Loddon Valley in approximately 700. ... The River Blackwater is a tributary of the River Loddon and, indirectly, of the River Thames. ... The River Thames near Sonning. ...


In 661 the sub-kingdom took Mercia as its overlord. In 675 Surrey became one of the last portions of England to convert to Christianity when its sub-King Frithuwold and his son were baptised. The name of the area at this time is recorded as Sudergeona or "southern region". In 685 Surrey changed allegiance and took Wessex as its overlord. In 690 the western border of Surrey was settled with Wessex; the tribal territories of the Sonningas became part of Berkshire and the Basingas became part of Hampshire. In 705 Surrey was transferred from the Middle Saxon diocese of London to the West Saxon diocese of Winchester. After 771 Surrey came under the rule of Offa of Mercia and was so until 823 when Surrey reverted to Wessex and so remained. Some historians have also speculated that the Nox gaga and the Oht gaga tribes listed in the Mercian Tribal Hidage refers to two distinct groups living in Surrey. They were valued together at 7,000 hides. Events Caliph Ali Ben Abu Talib is assassinated. ... The Kingdom of Mercia at its greatest extent (7th to 9th centuries) is shown in green, with the original core area (6th century) given a darker tint. ... Events The abbey of Abingdon, England is founded Aldhelm made abbot Aethelred succeeds his brother Wulfhere as king of Mercia Births Deaths Wulfhere, king of Japan - Temmu Emperor of Japan (672-686) Categories: 675 ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic... Frithuwold (or more correctly Friþuwold) was a Mercian sub-king of Surrey in England. ... Events Umayyad caliph Marwan I (684-685) succeeded by Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (685-705) Justinian II succeeds Constantine IV as emperor of the Byzantine Empire Sussex attacks Kent, supporting Eadrics claim to the throne held by Hlothhere Pope Benedict II succeeded by Pope John V Cuthbert consecrated... For the helicopter, see Westland Wessex. ... Beginning of Wu Zetians Zhou Dynasty in China. ... For the helicopter, see Westland Wessex. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Hampshire (disambiguation). ... Alternate meaning: Area code 705 Events End of the short-lived Zhou Dynasty in China Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik succeeded by al-Walid I ibn Abd al-Malik. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Diocese of Winchester forms part of the Province of Canterbury in England. ... Events December 4 - Austrasian King Carloman dies, leaving his brother Charlemagne king of the now complete Frank kingdom (Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne Emperor of the Franks at Rome on Christmas Day, 800). ... Offa (died July 26/29, 796) was the King of Mercia from 757 until his death. ... Events Crete is conquered from the Byzantines by the Saracens. ... For the helicopter, see Westland Wessex. ... The Tribal Hidage is a list of territorial assessments in Anglo-Saxon England which lists regions and the number of hides those regions contained. ... The hide was a variable unit of land area used in medieval England, defined according to its arable yield and taxable potential rather than its exact dimensions. ...


Sub Kings and Eorldermen of Surrey

  • Frithuwold (c.673 - 675)
  • Frithuric (675 - c.686)

an unknown series of sub regulus until; Frithuwold (or more correctly Friþuwold) was a Mercian sub-king of Surrey in England. ...

  • Brorda (c.775)

an unknown series of Eorldermen until;

  • Wulfherd (c.823)
  • Huda (c.853)

an unknown series of Eorldermen until;

  • Æðelwerd (late 10th century)
  • Æðelmær (? - 1016) son

The West Saxon shire

The territory of Surrey was formally annexed by Wessex in 860 and became a Shire under the same model as the other counties of Wessex. It is around this time that the wars between the Ænglecynn and the Danes reach their height with Surrey becoming the arena for a number of key battles; most notably at the Battle of Ockley in 851 and the Battle of Farnham in 894. Events First attack on Constantinople by Swedish Vikings (the Rus, see Varangians). ... Events Vikings plunder London Charles the Bald, Louis the German and Lothar meet in Meersen Oldest known mention of the Andaman Islands Garcia Iñiguez succeeds his father Iñigo Arista as king of Navarra Births Deaths March 7 - Nominoe, Duke of Brittany Categories: 851 ... Births Deaths Events Northumbrians and East Angles swear allegiance to Alfred the Great. ...


After the death of King Alfred the Great in 899 his son, King Eadweard I was crowned on the King's Stone at Kingston upon Thames. The use of this stone before 902 is unknown but it seems likely that it would have been something of ancient spiritual or political significance. After him another six kings of England from the House of Wessex were crowned here, the last being Æþelræd II in 978. Alfred (also Ælfred from the Old English: ÆlfrÄ“d //) (c. ... Events Edward the Elder becomes King of England. ... Edward the Elder (Old English: Ä’adweard se Ieldra) (c. ... The Coronation Stone is an ancient stone block, located next to the Guildhall in Kingston upon Thames, a suburb of London, England. ... Kingston upon Thames, part of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, is an ancient market town where Saxon kings were crowned, and is now a lively suburb of London. ... Events Births Deaths Categories: 902 ... The House of Wessex refers to the family that ruled a kingdom in southwest England known as Wessex. ... Ethelred II (c. ... Events Badìa Fiorentina, an abbey in Italy, is founded by Willa, Margravine of Tuscany. ...


In 1011 it is recorded that Surrey was over-run by Danish forces led by Canute the Great before all of England submitted to them in 1016. Canute (or Cnut) I, or Canute the Great (Old Norse: Knútr inn ríki, Danish: Knud den Store, Norwegian: Knut den mektige, Swedish: Knut den store) (ca. ... George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine-Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ...


In 1035, Canute died and during the uncertainty that followed the heirs of former Anglo-Saxon rulers attempted to restore the House of Wessex to the throne of Ænglalond. Ælfred Æþling the younger of the two heirs (his older brother being the future Eadweard III) landed on the coast of Sussex with a Norman mercenary body guard and attempted to make his way to London. In the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle there is an account of this fateful encounter:
The House of Wessex refers to the family that ruled a kingdom in southwest England known as Wessex. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Norman conquests in red. ... The initial page of the Peterborough Chronicle. ...

"As Ælfred and his men approached the town of Guildford in Surrey, thirty miles south-west of London, they were met by the powerful Earl Godwin of Wessex, who professed loyalty to the young prince and procured lodgings for him and his men in the town. The next morning, Godwin said to Ælfred: "I will safely and securely conduct you to London, where the great men of the kingdom are awaiting your coming, that they may raise you to the throne." This he said in spite of the fact that the throne was already occupied by the son of Knud, Harold Harefoot, and he was actually in league with King Harold to lure the young prince to his death."
Hog's Back seen from the North Downs Way, Puttenham
"Then the earl led the prince and his men over the hill of Guildown (called today The Hog's Back and is the route of the A31), which is to the west of Guildford, on the road to Winchester, not London. Perhaps the prince had insisted on continuing his journey to his original destination, his mother’s court in Winchester, in any case, Godwin repeated his tempting offer; showing the prince the magnificent panorama from the hill both to the north and to the south, he said: "Look around on the right hand and on the left, and behold what a realm will be subject to your dominion." Ælfred then gave thanks to God and promised that if he should ever be crowned king, he would institute such laws as would be pleasing and acceptable to God and men. At that moment, however, he was seized and bound together with all his men. Nine tenths of them were then murdered. And since the remaining tenth was still so numerous, they, too, were decimated."
"Ælfred was tied to a horse and then conveyed by boat to the monastery of Ely. As the boat reached land, his eyes were put out. For a while he was looked after by the monks, who were fond of him, but soon after he died, probably on February 5, 1036."

Interestingly, during the 1920s the remains of several hundred soldiers, probably Normans, were found to the west of Guildford. They were bound and had been executed. The grave was dated to c.1040. It is likely that they were the guards of poor Prince Ælfred. , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... Godwin (sometimes Godwine) (c. ... Harold I Harefoot (c. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 2. ... The Hogs Back is the name given to that part of the North Downs in Surrey between Farnham, Surrey in the west and Guildford in the east. ... The North Downs Way is a long-distance path in southern England. ... , Puttenham Priory Puttenham is a village in Surrey, England just south of the Hogs Back which is the chalk ridge of the North Downs. ... The Guildown is an old name for a long hill to the west of Guildford in Surrey now known locally as the Hogs Back because of its visual appearance. ... The Hogs Back is the name given to that part of the North Downs in Surrey between Farnham, Surrey in the west and Guildford in the east. ... The A31 is a major trunk road in England running south west from Guildford in Surrey along the Hogs Back. ... Winchester is a historic city in southern England, with a population of around 40,000 within a 3 mile radius of its centre. ...


After the Anglo-Saxon restoration through the accession of Eadweard III in 1042 Surrey remained unmolested until the Norman Conquest in 1066. Few remains of either the ancient British, the Roman, or the Saxon periods in Surrey exist. Stone Street and Ermine Street have left some vestiges, and Roman relics, of no great interest, have been found at various places. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Bayeux Tapestry depicting events leading to the Battle of Hastings The Norman Conquest of England was the conquest of the Kingdom of England by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy), in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and the subsequent Norman control of England. ...


Medieval Surrey

Hundreds of Surrey c.825 - 1889

In 1088, William II granted William de Warenne the title of Earl as reward for Warenne's loyalty during the rebellion that followed the death of William the Bastard. The chief subsequent event connected with it was the signing of the great charter at Runnymede, and other public events were mostly intertwined with the history of the metropolis. However, Guildford Castle was captured by forces supporting Prince Louis of France in 1216, and in June 1497 the county was overrun by as many as 15,000 Cornish rebels heading for London. This would have been the first Brythonic army to move through Surrey for nearly 900 years. There was a brief battle just outside Guildford at Gil Down before the Cornish rebels marched north east through Banstead and right across Wallington and Brixton Hundreds as far as Blackheath in Kent where they were eventually routed by an English army. Image File history File links Hundreds. ... Image File history File links Hundreds. ... William de Warenne was the name of four English noblemen, all related, and all also Earl of Surrey. ... Arms of the Warrens of Surrey The Earldom of Surrey was first created in 1088 for William de Warenne. ... William I ( 1027 – September 9, 1087), was King of England from 1066 to 1087. ... Magna Carta Magna Carta (Latin for Great Charter, literally Great Paper), also called Magna Carta Libertatum (Great Charter of Freedoms), is an English charter originally issued in 1215. ... Louis VIII the Lion (5 September 1187 – 8 November 1226) reigned as King of France from 1223 to 1226. ... // Prince Louis of France, the future King Louis VIII, invades England in the First Barons War Henry III becomes King of England. ... The Cornish Rebellion of 1497 was a popular uprising in 1497 by the tin miners of Cornwall in the south west of Britain. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... Banstead is a town in Surrey, England, on the border with Greater London. ... Wallington was an ancient hundred in the north east of the county of Surrey, England. ... Brixton was an ancient hundred in the north east of the county of Surrey, England. ... Blackheath is a suburb of London, divided between the London Borough of Lewisham and the London Borough of Greenwich. ... The Kent coat of arms For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ...


Specimens of monastic buildings of early English date occur in Chertsey Abbey, Waverley Abbey and Newark Priory. These were all destroyed during the Reformation. It was also the home of the Merton Priory from 1114 until 1538. From the Saxon period up until Victorian times Surrey was divided into the 14 hundreds of Blackheath, Brixton, Copthorne, Effingham Half-Hundred, Elmbridge, Farnham, Godalming, Godley, Kingston, Reigate, Tandridge, Wallington, Woking and Wotton. Chertsey Abbey, dedicated to St Peter, was a Benedictine monastery located at Chertsey in the English county of Surrey. ... Waverley Abbey was the first Cistercian abbey in England, founded in 1128 by William Giffard, bishop of Winchester. ... King Henry VIII of England. ... Merton Priory was founded in 1114 by Gilbert a sheriff of Henry I. By 1117 the foundation was colonised by canons from the Augustinian priory at Huntingdon and re-sited close to the River Wandle. ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... A hundred is an administrative division, frequently used in Europe and New England, which historically was used to divide a larger region into smaller geographical units. ... Blackheath was an ancient hundred in the north west of the county of Kent, England. ... Brixton was an ancient hundred in the north east of the county of Surrey, England. ... Copthorne is in the centre of the hundreds of Surrey Copthorne was a hundred in what is now Surrey, England. ... Effingham is in the centre of the hundreds of Surrey Effingham was a half hundred[1] in what is now Surrey, England. ... Elmbridge is in the north of the hundreds of Surrey Elmbridge was a hundred in what is now Surrey, England. ... Farnham is in the west of the hundreds of Surrey Farnham was a hundred in what is now Surrey, England. ... Godalming Hundred was formed as a Hundred of the Shire of Surrey sometime after 825 when Wessex annexed the south eastern provinces of Surrey, Sussex, Kent and Essex (with Middlesex). ... Godley was a hundred in what is now Surrey, England. ... Kingston is to the north of the Surrey hundreds Kingston was a hundred in what is now Surrey, England. ... Reigate is to the south of the Surrey hundreds Reigate was a hundred in what is now Surrey, England. ... Tandridge is to the west of the Surrey hundreds Tandridge was a hundred in what is now Surrey, England. ... Wallington was an ancient hundred in the north east of the county of Surrey, England. ... Woking is in the centre of the Surrey hundreds The Great Barn, Wanborough lay within the Woking hundred Woking was a hundred in what is now Surrey, England. ... Wotton is to the south of the Surrey hundreds Wotton was a hundred in what is now Surrey, England. ...


Modern history

The arms granted to Surrey County Council in 1934 and used until 1974
The arms granted to Surrey County Council in 1934 and used until 1974

The modern county of Surrey was formed in 1889 when the Provisional Surrey County Council first met. At that time, and until later local government reorganisation, it comprised Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum (Chief Magistrate), a High Sheriff, and a county council consisting of 19 aldermen and 57 councillors. This assumed the responsibilities of the now defunct Shire Court and Hundred Courts. The new county of Surrey was reduced in size with the loss of areas in the north east bordering the City of London which became part of the new County of London and today form the London Boroughs of Lambeth, Southwark and Wandsworth. Penge was lost to neighbouring Kent in 1899. It subsequently became part of Greater London in 1965, and forms part of the London Borough of Bromley. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Surrey is a county in southern England, part of the South East England region and one of the Home Counties. ... Flag of a Lord-Lieutenant The title Lord-Lieutenant is given to the British monarchs personal representatives around the United Kingdom. ... A magistrate is a judicial officer. ... The High Sheriff is, or was, a law enforcement position in Anglosphere countries. ... An alderman is a member of a municipal legislative body in a town or city with many jurisdictions. ... A councillor is a member of a council (such as a city council), particularly in the U.K. and its former colonies. ... Shire Court or Shire Moot was an Anglo-Saxon institution dating back to the earliest days of English society. ... Motto: Domine dirige nos Latin: Lord, guide us Shown within Greater London Sovereign state United Kingdom Constituent country England Region Greater London Status sui generis, City and Ceremonial County Admin HQ Guildhall Government  - Leadership see text  - Mayor John Stuttard  - MP Mark Field  - London Assembly John Biggs Area  - City  1. ... The County of London was an administrative county and ceremonial county of England from 1889 to 1965. ... The London Borough of Lambeth is a London borough in South London, England and forms part of Inner London. ... The London Borough of Southwark is a London borough in London, England. ... The London Borough of Wandsworth is a London borough in South West London, England and forms part of Inner London. ... Penge is a place in the London Borough of Bromley. ... The London Borough of Bromley is a London Borough of outer southeast London, England. ...


Reforms in local government in 1965 further changed the borders of the county. The areas that now form the London Boroughs of Croydon, Kingston, Merton, Sutton and that part of Richmond south of the River Thames were made part of Greater London. The area that is now Spelthorne was acquired from the county of Middlesex. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames is the oldest of the Royal Boroughs in England and Wales, with great historical interest. ... The London Borough of Merton is a London borough in south west London. ... The London Borough of Sutton is a London borough in outer southwest London. ... The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames is a London borough in South West London and part of Outer London. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... Spelthorne is a local government district and borough in Surrey, England. ... The Middlesex Guildhall at Westminster Middlesex is one of the 39 historic counties of England and was the second smallest (after Rutland). ...


The 1974 local government reforms caused Gatwick Airport and some surrounding land to be transferred to West Sussex. Under the Local Government Act 1972 Horley and Charlwood were transferred, however fierce local opposition led to a reversal of this under the Charlwood and Horley Act 1974. Gatwick Airport (IATA Airport Code: LGW, ICAO Airport Code: EGKK) is Londons second airport and the second largest airport in the UK after Heathrow. ... West Sussex is a county in the south of England, bordering onto East Sussex (with Brighton and Hove), Hampshire and Surrey. ... The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c. ... Horley is a town in Surrey, England, situated south of the twin towns of Reigate, and Redhill and immediately to the north of Gatwick Airport. ... Charlwood is a small village in southeastern Surrey, on the northwest perimeter of Gatwick Airport. ... The Charlwood and Horley Act 1974 (1974 c. ...


Economy

Surrey is a prosperous county with a service based economy closely tied to that of London.


This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Surrey at current basic prices published (pp.240-253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.[8]

Year Regional Gross Value Added[9] Agriculture[10] Industry[11] Services[12]
1995 12,177 116 2,414 9,647
2000 19,811 103 3,288 16,420
2003 22,790 99 3,394 19,297

Waste management

Albury landfill
Albury landfill

There are two active landfill sites in Surrey. One is at Albury near Guildford. This site is managed by SITA. There is an incinerator at Slyfield Industrial Estate in north Guildford. There is a proposal to locate another one at Martyr's Lane, Woodham. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2304, 3188 KB) Suzanne Knights, my photo, July 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2304, 3188 KB) Suzanne Knights, my photo, July 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Albury is a village and civil parish in the borough of Guildford in Surrey, England, about four miles south-east of Guildford town centre. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... Sita is a major waste management company and subsidiary of SUEZ. Sita is one of the largest waste management companies in the UK and owns a number of incineration plants. ... This article needs cleanup. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... Woodham can refer to: Woodham, Buckinghamshire, England Woodham, County Durham, England This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Major towns

See List of places in Surrey

The largest town in Surrey is Guildford with 66,773; Woking is a close second with a population of 62,796. The third largest town is Ewell with 39,994 people to the north of the county and the fourth is Camberley with 30,155 people in the west of the county. Towns with between 25,000 and 30,000 are Ashford, Epsom, Farnham and Redhill.[13] This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the ceremonial county of Surrey, England. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... , See Woking (borough) for the administrative district. ... Note that Temple Ewell is in Kent Ewell is a town in the borough of Epsom and Ewell in Surrey, close to the southern boundary of Greater London. ... , Camberley is a town in Surrey, England, situated 31 miles (50 km) south west of central London, in the corridor between the M3 and M4 motorways. ... Ashford is a town in the Surrey borough of Spelthorne in England. ... Epsom is a town in the borough of Epsom and Ewell in Surrey, England, to the south of Greater London. ... This article is about the English town. ... Redhill is a town in the borough of Reigate and Banstead, Surrey, England and is part of the London commuter belt. ...


Education

See also List of schools in the South East of England#Surrey and Category:Education in Surrey.

The University of Surrey is a public university in Guildford, England. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... Royal Holloway, University of London, England (Copyleft by Seabhcan This image is not licensed under the GFDL. It is under a non-commercial-use only licence. ... Royal Holloway, University of London, England (Copyleft by Seabhcan This image is not licensed under the GFDL. It is under a non-commercial-use only licence. ... Affiliations 1994 Group University of London ACU AMBA Website http://www. ... Statistics Population: 12,000 (inc. ... Affiliations 1994 Group University of London ACU AMBA Website http://www. ... Statistics Population: 12,000 (inc. ... The following is a partial list of currently operating schools in the South East region of England. ...

Places of interest

Significant landscapes in Surrey include Box Hill just north of Dorking; the Devil's Punch Bowl at Hindhead; Frensham Common is home to a variety of plant, animal and birdlife; Frensham Great Pond houses assorted sailing activities whilst Frensham Little Pond provides places for picnics. Leith Hill to the south west of Dorking is the highest point in south-east England. Witley Common is heathland south of Godalming and is run by the National Trust and Surrey Hills is an area of outstanting natural beauty (AONB). Template:Mtnbox dfdftopo There are fdof the same name about 1. ... Dorking is a market town at the foot of the North Downs approximately 25 miles south of London, in Surrey in England. ... The Devils Punch Bowl is a large natural amphitheatre, and a popular beauty spot near Hindhead, Surrey, in the United Kingdom. ... Hindhead is a village on the A3 road in Surrey, about 10 miles south-west of Guildford. ... , Frensham is just off the A287, 20km south west of Guildford. ... , Frensham is just off the A287, 20km south west of Guildford. ... Leith Hill to the south west of Dorking, Surrey, England, reaches 294 metres (965 feet) above sea level, the highest point on the North Downs, and is either the highest or second highest point in south-east England, depending on whether one counts Walbury Hill near Newbury, Berkshire, which is... Dorking is a market town at the foot of the North Downs approximately 25 miles south of London, in Surrey in England. ... Witley Common is an area of woodland and heath, close to Witley, Surrey, in the United Kingdom. ... The Pepperpot, Godalmings former town hall. ... Many countries have an organisation called The National Trust or something similar. ... The Surrey Hills is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) in Surrey, England. ... Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is a United Kingdom. ...

Manicured landscapes can be seen at Claremont Landscape Garden, south of Esher. The gardens here date from 1715. There is also Winkworth Arboretum south east of Godalming which was created in the 20th century. Wisley is home to the royal horticultural society gardens. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Royal Horticultural Societys garden at Wisley in the English county of Surrey south of London, is one of the three most visited paid gardens in the United Kingdom alongside Kew Gardens and Alnwick Garden. ... Claremont Landscape Garden, just outside Esher, United Kingdom, is one of the earliest surviving gardens of its kind - still featuring its original 18th century layout. ... Esher is a town in the Surrey borough of Elmbridge in South East England near the River Mole. ... Winkworth Arboretum is a National Trust-owned arboretum in Surrey, England. ... The Pepperpot, Godalmings former town hall. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


Surrey has important country houses such as Clandon Park, an 18th century Palladian mansion in West Clandon to the east of Guildford. Nearby there is Hatchlands Park in East Clandon, east of Guildford, was built in 1758 with Robert Adam interiors and a fine keyboard collection. Polesden Lacey south of Great Bookham is a regency villa with extensive grounds. On a smaller scale, Oakhurst Cottage in Hambledon near Godalming is a restored 16th century worker's home. Furthermore there is a museum the Rural Life Centre, Tilford which remembers this time. Clandon Park is an 18th-century Palladian mansion just outside Guildford, Surrey, in the United Kingdom. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... A villa with a superimposed portico, from Book IV of Palladios I Quattro Libri dellArchitettura, in a modestly priced English translation published in London, 1736. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... Built in 1758 for Admiral Boscawen and set in a beautiful Repton park offering a variety of park & woodland walks, Hatchlands Park contains splendid interiors by Robert Adam, decorated in appropriately nautical style. ... East Clandon is a village and parish in Surrey, England on the A246 between the towns of Guildford to the west and Leatherhead to the east. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... Robert Adam Robert Adam (3 July 1728 - 3 March 1792) was a Scottish architect, interior designer and furniture designer, born in Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland. ... Polesden Lacey Polesden Lacey is an Edwardian house at Great Bookham, near Dorking, Surrey, England and a National Trust property. ... Statistics Population: About 10,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TQ1354 Administration District: Mole Valley D.C. Shire county: Surrey Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Surrey Historic county: Surrey Services Police force: Surrey Police Ambulance service: South East Coast Post office... The Regency style of architecture refers primarily to buildings built in Britain during the period in the early 19th century when George IV of the United Kingdom was still Prince Regent, and also to later buildings following the same style. ... Oakhurst Cottage is a tiny 16th-century cottage in Hambledon, Surrey, in the United Kingdom. ... Hambledon, Surrey, in the United Kingdom, is a small and scattered village, tucked away amongst fields and woodland. ... The Pepperpot, Godalmings former town hall. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... The Rural Life Centre is in Tilford, Surrey near Farnham in southern England. ...


The county is linked with the River Wey and the Wey and Godalming Navigations. Dapdune Wharf in Guildford commemorates this and is home to a restored Wey barge, the Reliance. Furthermore on the River Tillingbourne, Shalford Mill is an 18th century water-mill which may be visited. The River Wey in Surrey is one of the Waterways in the United Kingdom and a tributary of the River Thames. ... The Godalming Navigation near Godalming National Trust sign showing canal This canal was one of the first rivers in England to be made navigable. ... Dapdune Wharf Dapdune Wharf is a former wharf on the Wey and Godalming Navigations in Guildford, England. ... , For other places with the same name, see Guildford (disambiguation). ... River Tillingbourne running through the Albury estate The River Tillingbourne runs along the south side of the North Downs joining the River Wey at Guildford. ... Shalford Mill is an 18th century watermill, in Shalford, Surrey, in the United Kingdom. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


There are many typical English villages including Holmbury St Mary which lies in an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, close to the Greensand Way and North Downs Way. It was developed in the 19th century and still has a mainly Victorian character as on the whole no new building is allowed. The youth hostel, constructed in the village in 1935, was the first purpose-built by the Youth Hostels Association. A small village near Abinger in the Mole Valley district of Surrey, England. ... An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is an area of countryside with significant landscape value in England, Wales or Northern Ireland, that has been specially designated by the Countryside Agency on behalf of the United Kingdom government. ... The Greensand Way is long distance walk running from Haslemere in Surrey to Hamstreet near Ashford in Kent for a distance of 169km/105 miles. ... The North Downs Way is a long-distance path in southern England. ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Youth hostel in Rome. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... YHA is an initialism or abbreviation for Youth Hostels Association, for example that of England, Wales, and Australia. ...

Runnymede where the Magna Carta was signed

Historically Runnymede at Egham should not be overlooked. This is the site of the signing of the Magna Carta in 1215. Waverley and Chertsey Abbeys were very significant in medieval Surrey. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Runnymede is a water-meadow alongside the River Thames in the English county of Surrey. ... Magna Carta Magna Carta (Latin for Great Charter, literally Great Paper), also called Magna Carta Libertatum (Great Charter of Freedoms), is an English charter originally issued in 1215. ... Runnymede is a water-meadow alongside the River Thames in the English county of Surrey. ... Statistics Population: 12,000 (inc. ... Magna Carta Magna Carta (Latin for Great Charter, literally Great Paper), also called Magna Carta Libertatum (Great Charter of Freedoms), is an English charter originally issued in 1215. ... A certified copy of the Magna Carta March 4 - King John of England makes an oath to the Pope as a crusader to gain the support of Innocent III. June 15 - King John of England was forced to put his seal on the Magna Carta, outlining the rights of landowning... Waverley Abbey was the first Cistercian abbey in England, founded in 1128 by William Giffard, bishop of Winchester. ... Chertsey Abbey, dedicated to St Peter, was a Benedictine monastery located at Chertsey in the English county of Surrey. ...


Guildford Cathedral is a post-war cathedral built from bricks made from the clay hill on which it stands. Guildford Cathedral claims to be the only cathedral to be built on a new site in the southern Province of England since the Reformation. Guildford was made a diocese in its own right in 1927, and work on its new cathedral, designed by Sir Edward Maufe, began nine years later. ...


Brooklands Museum recognises the motoring past of Surrey. The county is also home to Thorpe Park, a sister theme park of Alton Towers; and Chessington World of Adventures; and Legoland Windsor. Brooklands was a motor racing circuit built near Weybridge in Surrey, England. ... Thorpe Park is a theme park in the United Kingdom. ... Alton Towers is one of the United Kingdoms most famous theme parks. ... Chessington World of Adventures is a family theme park and zoo located in South-West London, England. ... Model of Trafalgar Square within Legoland Windsor. ...


Culture, arts and sport

Brooklands was the first ever oval style race track built for cars.
Brooklands was the first ever oval style race track built for cars.

The first known record of cricket was in Guildford, Surrey (see History of English cricket to 1696). Currently, the Surrey County Cricket Club represents the historic county of Surrey, although its largest ground, The Oval, which was once in Surrey, has been made part of Greater London. Surrey has numerous football teams (mainly non-League) including Woking F.C., Kingstonians, AFC Wimbledon, Weybridge F.C. and Guildford City F.C.. Fair use of an image from: www. ... Fair use of an image from: www. ... Brooklands was a motor racing circuit built near Weybridge in Surrey, England. ... This is a history of cricket from its origins up to the time when it became a major English sport towards the end of the 17th century. ... Surrey County Cricket Club (SCCC) is an English first-class cricket team, based at The Oval cricket ground in south London. ... The British Isles are divided into the following traditional counties (also vice counties or historic counties). ... The famous gasometers, which are now listed buildings. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... This article is written from a fans point of view, rather than a neutral point of view. ... Kingstonian Football Club are an English, semi-professional football club that are playing in the Isthmian League First Division South for the 2006-07 season. ... Wimbledon (full name AFC Wimbledon) is a semi-professional English football club, affiliated to both the London and Surrey FAs, and representing the area of Wimbledon in south London. ... Guildford City F.C. (formerly Guildford United and A.F.C. Guildford) are a football club based in Guildford, Surrey, England. ...


Surrey in film and books

Sculpture of a Wellsian martian tripod in Woking
Sculpture of a Wellsian martian tripod in Woking

Surrey has been mentioned in literature: in the Harry Potter series, Harry's only living relatives, the Dursleys, live in Little Whinging, a fictional town located in Surrey. The character Ford Prefect from The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy claimed to be from Guildford in Surrey, but in actuality he was from a small planet somewhere in the vicinity of Betelguese. Interestingly much of the central plot of Good Omens by Neil Gaiman and Terry Pratchett takes place in Dorking. Surrey was mentioned often in Aldous Huxley's novel Brave New World. Much of H. G. Wells's 1898 novella The War of the Worlds is set in Surrey with many specific towns and villages identified. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 1489 KB) Summary A sculpture of a Martian tripod from H. G. Wells War of the Worlds, in Woking, Surrey. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 1489 KB) Summary A sculpture of a Martian tripod from H. G. Wells War of the Worlds, in Woking, Surrey. ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... , See Woking (borough) for the administrative district. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... Harry James Potter is a fictional character and the main protagonist of J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter fantasy series of books. ... The Dursleys or the Dursley family are fictional characters in the Harry Potter book series written by J. K. Rowling. ... Little Whinging, Surrey, England, is a fictitious town to the south of London, described in the Harry Potter series of novels. ... David Dixon as Ford Prefect in Episode One of the TV adaptation of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... The cover of the first novel in the Hitchhikers series, from a late 1990s printing. ... Betelgeuse (Alpha (α) Orionis) is a semiregular variable star located 427 light-years away. ... Good Omens: The Nice and Accurate Prophecies of Agnes Nutter, Witch (1990) is a fantasy novel written in collaboration between Terry Pratchett and Neil Gaiman. ... Neil Richard Gaiman () (born November 10, 1960) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ... Terence David John Pratchett OBE (born April 28, 1948, in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, England[1]) is an English fantasy author, best known for his Discworld series. ... For other uses, see Brave New World (disambiguation). ... Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... The War of the Worlds (1898), by H.G. Wells, is an early science fiction novella which describes an invasion of England by aliens from Mars. ...


Interestingly the late Poet Laureate Sir John Betjeman mentions Camberley in his poem "A Subaltern's Lovesong". Sir John Betjeman (28 August 1906 – 19 May 1984) was a British poet and writer on architecture. ... , Camberley is a town in Surrey, England, situated 31 miles (50 km) south west of central London, in the corridor between the M3 and M4 motorways. ...


The county has also been used as a film location. Part of the movie The Holiday was filmed in Surrey, Kate Winslet's character Iris lived there and Cameron Diaz's character Amanda switched houses with her as part of a home exchange. In the 1976 film The Omen scenaes at the cathedral were filmed at Guildford Cathedral.[14] The film I Want Candy follows two hopeful lads from Leatherhead trying to break into the movies. Surrey woodland represented Germany in the opening scene of Gladiator starring Russell Crowe was filmed at Tilford near Farnham in Surrey.[15] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Kate Elizabeth Winslet (born October 5, 1975) is a five time Academy Award-nominated Emmy Award-nominated BAFTA, Grammy and Screen Actors Guild Award winning English actress. ... Cameron Michelle Diaz (born August 30, 1972) is an American actress and former fashion model. ... This article is about the 1976 film. ... Guildford Cathedral claims to be the only cathedral to be built on a new site in the southern Province of England since the Reformation. Guildford was made a diocese in its own right in 1927, and work on its new cathedral, designed by Sir Edward Maufe, began nine years later. ... I Want Candy is a 2007 British comedy from Ealing Studios. ... For other uses of this name, see Leatherhead (disambiguation). ... Gladiator is a 2000 historical action drama film. ... Russell Ira Crowe (born April 7, 1964) is a New Zealand-Australian[1] actor. ... Tilford is a small village about four miles South of Farnham in Surrey, England. ...


alittle off the subject of film and books, it is worth noting to any music fans out there that the lead singer of Reuben lives in surrey and workes in a chip shop, in the county as well!


County Emergency Services

Surrey is served by these emergency sevices.

Surrey Police is the Home Office police force the county of Surrey in the south of England The force is lead by Chief Constable Bob Quick and has its headquarters at Mount Browne, Guildford, Surrey. ... As of 1st July the NHS Ambulance Services Trusts of Kent, Surrey and Sussex are being joined together to form a new South East Coast Ambulance Service . ... Surrey Ambulance Service is the ambulance service for the County of Surrey, England. ... Sussex Ambulance Service was the ambulance service for the County of Sussex in England until July 1, 2006, when it was succeeded by a South East Coast Ambulance Service also covering Surrey and Kent. ... Kent Ambulance Service was the ambulance service for the County of Kent in England until July 1, 2006, when it was succeeded by a South East Coast Ambulance Service also covering Surrey and Sussex. ... Is the local Emergency Fire & Rescue service for the County of Surrey, England. ...

References

  1. ^ Guildford Borough Council Website--"Henry III confirmed Guildford's status as the county town of Surrey in 1257". Retrieved on 2007-02-12.
  2. ^ BBC news
  3. ^ "Farm infected with foot-and-mouth", BBC News, 2007-03-08. 
  4. ^ Vision of Britain
  5. ^ Surrey County Council press release January 17, 2006
  6. ^ National Statistics - Usual resident population
  7. ^ http://www.surreycc.gov.uk/sccwebsite/sccwspages.nsf/LookupWebPagesByTITLE_RTF/Surrey's+woodlands?opendocument
  8. ^ http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_economy/RegionalGVA.pdf
  9. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  10. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  11. ^ includes energy and construction
  12. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
  13. ^ Surrey County Council population listings
  14. ^ Church fears return of Omen curse. The Observer (2004-06-04). Retrieved on 2007-08-31.
  15. ^ Gory glory in the Colosseum. KODAK: In Camera (July 2000). Retrieved on 2006-12-31.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 4 is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

References


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