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Encyclopedia > Surplus killing

Surplus killing is the behavior predators exhibit when they kill more prey than they can immediately use. They may partially consume, cache, or abandon intact prey. This behavior has been observed in zooplankton, damselfly naiads, predaceous mites, weasels, wolves, orcas, red foxes, spotted hyenas, spiders, brown bear, lynx, and mink. This snapping turtle is trying to make a meal of a Canada goose, but the goose is too wary. ... Photomontage of plankton organisms Plankton is the aggregate community of weakly swimming but mostly drifting small organisms that inhabit the water column of the ocean, seas, and bodies of freshwater. ... Families Amphipterygidae Calopterygidae - Demoiselles Chlorocyphidae - Jewels Coenagrionidae - Pond Damselflies Dicteriadidae - Barelegs Euphaeidae - Gossamerwings Hemiphlebidae - Reedlings Isosticidae - Narrow-wings Lestidae - Spreadwings Lestoididae Megapodagrionidae - Flatwings Perilestidae - Shortwings Platycnemidae - Brook Damselflies Platystictidae - Forest Damselflies Polythoridae - Bannerwings Protoneuridae - Pinflies Pseudostigmatidae - Forest Giants Synlestidae - Sylphs The Damselfly (Suborder Zygoptera) is an insect in the Order... --65. ... Families Tetranychidae - Spider mites Eriophyidae - Gall mites Sarcoptidae - Sarcoptic Mange mites The mites and ticks, order Acarina or Acari, belong to the Arachnida and are among the most diverse and successful of all the invertebrate groups, although some way behind the insects. ... Species Mustela africana Mustela altaica Mustela erminea Mustela eversmannii Mustela felipei Mustela frenata Mustela kathiah Mustela lutreola Mustela lutreolina Mustela nigripes Mustela nivalis Mustela nudipes Mustela putorius Mustela sibirica Mustela strigidorsa Mustela vison Weasels are mammals in the genus Mustela of the Mustelidae family. ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... Binomial name Orcinus orca Linnaeus, 1758 Orca range (in blue) The Orca or Killer Whale (Orcinus orca) is not a whale, but the largest species of the oceanic dolphin family (Delphinidae). ... Binomial name Vulpes vulpes Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Vulpes fulva, Vulpes fulvus The Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the most familiar of the foxes. ... Binomial name Crocuta crocuta (Erxleben, 1777) The Spotted Hyena (Crocuta crocuta) is the largest and best-known member of the hyena family. ... Diversity 111 families, 40,000 species Suborders Mesothelae Mygalomorphae Araneomorphae  See Table of Families Wikispecies has information related to: Spiders A South-American Argiope Spiders are predatory invertebrate animals with two body segments, eight legs, no chewing mouth parts and no wings. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The range of the lynx. ... An American Mink, Mustela vison, in the wild. ...

It is likely that this is a survival mechanism; the selection for aggressiveness toward prey being an evolutionary development toward becoming a more successful hunter. Survival may refer to: Survival skills Survival kit Survivalism Survival, a studio album by Grand Funk Railroad Survival (album), a Bob Marley reggae album Survival (Doctor Who), an episode of Doctor Who Survival (television), a British wildlife television program Survival International a charity Survival Festival, Australia This is a disambiguation... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and make it easier to understand, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The peacock – a classic example of morphological development through sexual selection in the theory of evolution In biology, evolution is the change in the heritable traits of a population over successive generations, as determined by shifts in the allele frequencies of genes. ...

Most cases of surplus killing occur when the prey is disadvantaged in some fashion, under those conditions, the predator's energy expenditure and risk are low. Risk is a concept which relates to human expectations. ...


  • Jennifer L. Maupin and Susan Reichert, Superfluous killing in spiders.
  • High Country News, Zachary Smith, Wolf pack wiped out for ‘surplus killing’.
  • RayDerPhan, Killer whales hunting young seals (video).



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