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Encyclopedia > Surigao del Norte

Surigao del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. Its capital is Surigao City. The province consists of three major islands—Dinagat Island, Siargao Island, and Bucas Grande Island—in the Philippine Sea, and a small region at the northernmost tip of the island of Mindanao. This mainland portion borders Agusan del Norte, and Surigao del Sur to the south. Map of the Philippines showing the regions and provinces (click for larger version). ... For a municipality in the province of Davao Oriental, see Caraga, Davao Oriental Caraga is an Administrative Region of the Philippines, on the northeastern portion of the island of Mindanao. ... A region (Filipino: Rehiyon) is an administrative subdivision in the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines and one of the three island groups in the country, with Luzon and Visayas being the other two. ... Surigao City is a 2nd class city in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Dinagat Island is a small island in the Philippines, located on the south side of Leyte Gulf in the province of Surigao del Norte. ... Great surfing spot called Cloud 9. ... The Philippine Sea is a part of the western Pacific Ocean bordered by the Philippines and Taiwan to the west, Japan to the north, the Marianas to the east and Palau to the south. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines and one of the three island groups in the country, with Luzon and Visayas being the other two. ... Agusan del Norte is a province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. ... Surigao del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Caraga region in Mindanao. ...


Surigao del Norte is the northernmost of the Mindanao provinces and is an important transportation route between Visayas and Mindanao. Numerous ferries cross the Surigao Strait between Surigao and the island of Leyte carrying vehicles and passengers between Liloan in Southern Leyte and Surigao City. Map of the Philippines showing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao Visayas is one of the three island groupings in the Philippines along with Luzon and Mindanao. ... Surigao Strait is a body of water in the Philippines located between the islands of Mindanao and Leyte. ... Leyte (pronounced LAY-teh or LAY-tee) is an island in the Visayas group of the Philippines. ... Liloan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Southern Leyte, Philippines. ... Southern Leyte is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. ...

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
Province of Surigao del Norte
Region: Caraga (Region XIII)
Capital: Surigao City
Founded:
Population:
2000 census—481,416 (27th smallest)
Density—176 per km² (47th highest)
Area: 2,739.0 km² (48th largest)
Languages: Surigaonon
Governor: Robert Lyndon S. Barbers (2004-2007)
Image:Ph_locator_map_surigao_del_norte.png

Contents

Image File history File links Ph_seal_surigao_del_norte. ... A region (Filipino: Rehiyon) is an administrative subdivision in the Philippines. ... For a municipality in the province of Davao Oriental, see Caraga, Davao Oriental Caraga is an Administrative Region of the Philippines, on the northeastern portion of the island of Mindanao. ... Surigao City is a 2nd class city in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino or Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines. ... A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino or Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines. ... A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... A barangay also known as barrio (Filipino: baranggay , pronounced as ba-rang-gai, gai as in guy) is the smallest local government unit in the Philippines and is the native Filipino term for a village,barrio, district, ward or town. ... The House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan in Filipino) is the lower chamber of the Congress of the Philippines. ... Surigaonon is a local Philippine language spoken in the province of Surigao del Norte, and some portion of Agusan del Norte especially those towns near the Mainit Lake. ... Image File history File links Ph_locator_map_surigao_del_norte. ...


People and culture

Surigao is home to the Mamanwa ethnic tribe. Their dances are showcased in a local festival called "Bonok-Bonok", held at the feast of San Nicolas de Toletino which is held annually on September 10. The Bonok-Bonok depicts the native folks' merry-making to show gratitude to pagan gods for bountiful harvest and good health. September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ...


A collection of ancient archaeological diggings like burial coffins jars and antique Chinese kitchen wares unearthed in Panhutungan, Placer is on public display at the Surigaonon Heritage Mini-Museum located at the Boulevard in Surigao City. Surigao City is a 2nd class city in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ...


Demographic

The Surigaonon is of rich Malay stock with a sprinkling of Chinese, Japanese and Arab heritage. European and American influences are also evident in the culture. With a population of almost 450,000 the lines between stocks can not be accurately distinguished. It has been suggested that Malayan race be merged into this article or section. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are a large and heterogeneous ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ... This article is about the continent. ...


Some 95 percent speaks Surigaonon as a major dialect. Influences of the Cebuano and Boholano dialects with a Tausug accent can be traced. A few speak Waray and Tagalog. A majority of the people are able to speak English. Cebuano, also known as Sugboanon, is an Austronesian language spoken in the Philippines by about 18,000,000 people and is a subgroup or member of Bisaya, Visayan and Binisayâ. The name came from the Philippine island of Cebu, with the Spanish suffix -ano meaning native, of a place, added... Boholano is a dialect that is spoken on the island of Bohol. ... Tausug is spoken in Sulu province in the Philippines It is a member of the Visayan language family. ... Wáray-Wáray (commonly spelled as Waray-Waray; also referred to as Winaray or L(in) eyte-Samarnon) is a language spoken in the provinces of Samar, Northern Samar, Eastern Samar, Leyte (eastern portion), and Biliran in the Philippines. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major language of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


The dominant religion is Roman Catholic. Other religions include Aglipayan and Protestant. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Philippine Independent Church, officially the Iglesia Filipina Independiente (IFI) in Spanish, is a Christian denomination belonging to the Roman Catholic tradition. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ...


Geography

Political

Surigao del Norte is subdivided into 27 municipalities and 1 city. A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino or Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines. ...


City

Surigao City is a 2nd class city in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ...

Municipalities

Yet, no one ever thought that such a name would be given to a city Alegria which was created by Republic Act No. ... Bacuag is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Background Basilisa is located along the western border of Dinagat Island of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Claver is a 4th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Del Carmen is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Dinagat is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... General Luna is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Gigaquit is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Libjo is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Loreto is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Mainit is a 4th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Malimono is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Pilar is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Placer is a 4th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... San Benito is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... San Francisco is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... San Isidro is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... San Jose is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Santa Monica is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Sison is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Socorro is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Tagana-an is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Tubajon is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ... Tubod is a 5th class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. ...

Physical

Mangrove is the major theme in the coastal areas of the province. The salt-water loving trees form interminable marine forests covering 175 square kilometres along the coasts of the mainland and the islands of Siargao and Dinagat. The province also boosts a variety of marine ecosystems like the lush seagrass beds and coral reefs which are relatively healthy and intact, supporting a rich diversity of marine flora and fauna.


Many who are interested in game fishing and spearfishing will enjoy its bountiful seas along the tuna route. Over 23 different species are caught the whole year round. Marlin, tuna, lapu-lapu, mollusks, crabs, even squids, stingrays and octopuses can be bought fresh and cheap from the fish vendors and fishermen.


The unique "mancono" (ironwood) forests of Dinagat are still one of the watersheds most productive resources. By its nature, it is a slow growing and adapted to a mineralized soil. It must be carefully managed for sustained productivity.


The province also has many caves and tunnels in its islands. Some are half-submerged in water most of the time and could be accessed only during low tides like the Suhoton Cave at Bucas Grande Island.


Its biggest islands are usually mountainous and rich in minerals. Nonoc Island has one of the world's largest deposits of nickel, while Dinagat Island has major reserves of chromite. The smaller ones either rest on sand and gravel or have a limestone base bonded by boulders, reefs and sandbars. Some islets like those in Del Carmen in Siargao Island are actually nothing more than a cluster of rock formations jutting out from the sea crowned with shrubs and coconut trees. There are also springs, lagoons, caves, waterfalls, mangroves, marshes and whirlpools which are more appealing to all nature lovers.


Surigao del Norte is a mosaic of islands at the rim of the Asian continental shelf. It is perched at the north-eastern tip of Mindanao and faces that abysmal canyon known as the Philippine Deep. It is bounded on the north and east by the vast Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Provinces of Agusan del Norte and Surigao del Sur, and on the west by the historic Surigao Strait.


The province has an area of 2,740 square kilometers which is roughly equivalent to 9.67 percent of the total land area of Northern Mindanao. It embraces within its domain 27 municipalities and a component city.


Surigao City, the provincial capital is dubbed as the "Gateway to Mindanao". The ferry landing terminal in Lipata links Mindanao to Luzon through Eastern Visayas. It annually showcases in full regalia its distinct cultural heritage through the Bonok-Bonok Maradjao Karadjao" Festival. It is a provincial city that offers a respite from the busting metropolitan life.


On the Northern side of the province is Siargao and Bucas Grande Islands. These island paradises are famous for their long stretch of sugar-fine beaches, perfect surf, vast mangrove forest, and deep waters teeming with a plethora of marine life.


Dinagat Island, situated on the north-eastern part of the province is a Shangri-La of adventurers. Its caves, rock formations and mountain lakes provide a perfect ambiance for the thrill seeker and highly-strung individuals. It is also the seat of the greatest and historic Battle of Surigao Strait during the World War II and the entry point of the American Liberation forces before the momentous return of Gen. Douglas MacArthur in Leyte.


The Panhutongan and Amoslog archeological excavations in Placer would give a glimpse of the origins of the province and its people. Such is the image of Surigao del Norte. It is a montage of history and unspoiled beauty. An untouched eden warmed by smiles of people with unquenching thirst for an exuberant lifestyle.


History

In 1538, the eastern coast of Mindanao which included the present province of Surigao del Norte was visited by a Portuguese explorer Francisco de Castro, who found the place inhabited by the Caraga tribe who were believed to be of Visayan origin. Events Treaty of Nagyvarad. ...


Five years later, a Spaniard Ruy Lopez de Villabos landed in the same region, His navigator, Bernardo de la Torre, named it "Cesaria Caroli" in honor of the reigning Spanish Monarch, Carlos V. The name however, never persisted since the Spaniards preferred to name the area "Caraga" after its chief inhabitants.


The Jesuit Missionaries in 1597 tried to evangelize the people of Butuan (Agusan) and Caraga (Surigao), with much difficulty and intermittent success. They were followed in 1622 by the Augustinian Recollects who established parishes in Tandag and Bislig in 1642. The Recollects Stayed until 1875, then secular priests took over, followed by the Benedictine Monks from 1893 to 1908.


The ancient district of Caraga, which was established in 1609 comprised all of Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, the Northern part of Davao Oriental and Eastern Misamis Oriental.


In 1860, six military districts were established in Mindanao. Surigao and Agusan, including the territory lying between Butuan and Caraga Bays, formed the third district called the East district which was changed in 1870 to "Distrito de Surigao". There are many versions regarding the meaning of Surigao. Like Sulo, which means current or Sulog, Surigao probably came from the Spanish word Surgir, meaning swift water or current.


By the end of the Spanish rule in 1897, the two Agusan provinces had been organized as a single politico-military comandancia named "Butuan", within the administrative jurisdiction of Surigao. On May 15, 1901, a civil government was established in the province of Surigao. Prudencio Garcia, Sr. was appointed Civil Governor and Roman Vasquez as the Municipal President of the town of Surigao.


The territorial expanse of the Surigao Province was further reduced in 1911 when the politico-military commandancia of Butuan, then a sub-province of Surigao was created into a separate province of Agusan with Butuan as its capital.


On May 23, 1942, the Japanese forces under Colonel Yoshie arrived in Surigao from Butuan. They formally took control of the town on May 28, 1942 under Lt. Ichichara.


Liberation from the Japanese rule dawned on September 9, 1944. American planes started their campaign by bombing the town in the early morning. It was followed by a strafing of all Japanese warships docked at the Surigao wharf, which came to transport fresh troops and supplies to their forces in Leyte. No less than fifty warships were sunk by the raiding American bomber planes. After the attack, not a single Japanese ship was seen afloat.


On April 12, 1945, peace and democracy completely reigned in Surigao and the whole province. It was during the liberation period that Surigao experienced an economic boom. This was brought about by the operation of the Mindanao Mother Lode Mines, Inc., extracting gold in Barrio Mabuhay. The operation attracted people from the neighboring towns resulting in the phenomenal growth of population.


Such a transition caused the conversion of some of her barrios into towns. Barrio Malimono, a fishing barrio on the west became a municipality on July 31, 1956 by virtue of Executive Order No. 195. Barrio Anao-aon, another fishing village, became a municipality on May 24, 1957 as per Executive Order No. 249. Likewise, Sison, an agricultural barrio, became a municipality on September 15, 1959 per Executive Order No. 357. Barrios near the newly created municipalities were relinquished respectively.


On September 18, 1960, pursuant to the Republic Act 2736 dated June 19, 1960, the province of Surigao was divided into Surigao del Norte and Surigao del Sur. The town of Surigao became a city on August 30, 1970 pursuant to RA 6134. Atty. Pedro R. Espina became the first City Mayor.


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Provincial Profile of Surigao Del Norte (1160 words)
The provinces of Agusan del Norte and Surigao del Sur border the province to the south.
Mainland Surigao del Norte is a cradle of civilization of the province.
Surigao del Norte is a mosaic of varied landscapes at the rim of the Asian continental shelf.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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