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Encyclopedia > Surface to air missile

A surface-to-air missile (SAM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. It is a type of anti-aircraft system.


SAMs can be deployed from fixed installations or mobile launchers. The smallest SAMs are capable of being carried and launched by a single person.

Contents

Radar-guided SAMs

 Crotale battery
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French Air Force Crotale battery
  • Akash Missile - India
  • Arrow - Israel
  • Aster - United Kingdom
  • Bloodhound - United Kingdom
  • CLAWS
  • HUMRAAM (this is a ground-launched version of the AIM-120 AMRAAM AAM)
  • MEADS - US/Germany/Italy
  • MIM-3 Nike Ajax - United States
  • MIM-14 Nike Hercules - United States
  • MIM-23 Hawk - United States
  • MIM-72 Chaparral FAADS
  • MIM-104 Patriot - United States
  • MIM-146 ADATS - United States
  • Nike Zeus - United States
  • BAe Blindfire Rapier - United Kingdom
  • RIM-2 Terrier - United States Navy
  • RIM-7 Sparrow - United States Navy
  • RIM-24 Tartar - United States Navy
  • RIM-66 Standard Missile-1 - United States Navy
  • RIM-67 Standard Missile-2 - United States Navy
  • RIM-156 Standard Missile-2ER - United States Navy
  • RIM-161 Standard Missile-3 - United States Navy
  • Roland - France / Germany
  • SA-1 'Guild' - USSR
  • SA-2 'Guideline' - USSR
  • SA-3 'Goa' - USSR
  • SA-4 'Ganef' - USSR
  • SA-5 'Gammon' - USSR
  • SA-6 'Gainful' - USSR
  • SA-8 'Gecko - USSR
  • SA-10 'Grumble' - USSR
  • SA-11 'Gadfly' - USSR
  • SA-12A 'Gladiator'/SA-12B 'Giant' - USSR
  • SA-15 'Gauntlet' - USSR
  • SA-17 'Grizzly' - USSR
  • SA-19 'Grisom' - USSR
  • SA-20 'Triumf' - Russia
  • Sea Cat - United Kingdom
  • Sea Dart - United Kingdom
  • Sea Slug - United Kingdom
  • Sea Wolf - United Kingdom
  • Trishul missile - India
  • Hongqi-9 - People's Republic of China

There are different types of radar guidance:

  • Patriot, SA-10, SA-12 and SA-20 utilise track-via-missile radar guidance.
  • SA-1, SA-2, SA-3, SA-6 and SA-15 utilise radar command guidance.
  • SA-5 utilises radar command guidance with terminal active radar homing.
  • SA-4, SA-11 and SA-17 utilise radar command guidance with terminal semi-active radar homing.
  • SA-8 utilises semi-autonomous command line-of-sight guidance (SACLOS).

IR-guided SAMs

  • Anza - Pakistan
  • Chaparral - United States (this is a ground-launched version of the AIM-9 Sidewinder AAM)
  • Enzian - Germany (WW2)
  • FIM-43 Redeye - United States
  • FIM-92 Stinger - United States
  • Hongqi-7 - People's Republic of China
  • Igla - Russia
  • Mistral - France
  • RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missile - United States (this missile is a derivative of the AIM-9 Sidewinder and the FIM-92 Stinger).
  • SA-7 'Grail' - USSR
  • SA-9 'Gaskin - USSR
  • SA-13 'Gopher' - USSR
  • SA-14 'Gremlin' - USSR
  • SA-16 'Gimlet' - USSR
  • SA-18 'Grouse' - USSR

Laser-guided SAMS

Visually-guided SAMS

See also:

External links


List of missiles

Air-to-air missile (AAM) | Surface-to-air missile (SAM) | Cruise missile | Anti-ship missile (AShM) | Anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) | Wire-guided missile
Ballistic missile | Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) | Submarine launched ballistic missile (SLBM) | Anti-ballistic missile (ABM) | Anti-satellite weapon




 
 

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