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surface-to-air missile ( SAM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. It is a type of anti-aircraft system.
SAMs can be deployed from fixed installations or mobile launchers. The smallest SAMs are capable of being carried and launched by a single person.
Akash Missile - India Arrow - Israel Aster - United Kingdom Bloodhound - United Kingdom CLAWS HUMRAAM (this is a ground-launched version of the AIM-120 AMRAAM AAM) MEADS - US/Germany/Italy MIM-3 Nike Ajax - United States MIM-14 Nike Hercules - United States MIM-23 Hawk - United States MIM-72 Chaparral FAADS MIM-104 Patriot - United States MIM-146 ADATS - United States Nike Zeus - United States BAe Blindfire Rapier - United Kingdom RIM-2 Terrier - United States Navy RIM-7 Sparrow - United States Navy RIM-24 Tartar - United States Navy RIM-66 Standard Missile-1 - United States Navy RIM-67 Standard Missile-2 - United States Navy RIM-156 Standard Missile-2ER - United States Navy RIM-161 Standard Missile-3 - United States Navy Roland - France / Germany SA-1 'Guild' - USSR SA-2 'Guideline' - USSR SA-3 'Goa' - USSR SA-4 'Ganef' - USSR SA-5 'Gammon' - USSR SA-6 'Gainful' - USSR SA-8 'Gecko - USSR SA-10 'Grumble' - USSR SA-11 'Gadfly' - USSR SA-12A 'Gladiator'/SA-12B 'Giant' - USSR SA-15 'Gauntlet' - USSR SA-17 'Grizzly' - USSR SA-19 'Grisom' - USSR SA-20 'Triumf' - Russia Sea Cat - United Kingdom Sea Dart - United Kingdom Sea Slug - United Kingdom Sea Wolf - United Kingdom Trishul missile - India Hongqi-9 - People's Republic of China
There are different types of radar guidance:
Patriot, SA-10, SA-12 and SA-20 utilise track-via-missile radar guidance. SA-1, SA-2, SA-3, SA-6 and SA-15 utilise radar command guidance. SA-5 utilises radar command guidance with terminal active radar homing. SA-4, SA-11 and SA-17 utilise radar command guidance with terminal semi-active radar homing. SA-8 utilises semi-autonomous command line-of-sight guidance ( SACLOS).
IR-guided SAMs Anza - Pakistan Chaparral - United States (this is a ground-launched version of the AIM-9 Sidewinder AAM) Enzian - Germany (WW2) FIM-43 Redeye - United States FIM-92 Stinger - United States Hongqi-7 - People's Republic of China Igla - Russia Mistral - France RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missile - United States (this missile is a derivative of the AIM-9 Sidewinder and the FIM-92 Stinger). SA-7 'Grail' - USSR SA-9 'Gaskin - USSR SA-13 'Gopher' - USSR SA-14 'Gremlin' - USSR SA-16 'Gimlet' - USSR SA-18 'Grouse' - USSR