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Encyclopedia > Surat
  ?Surat
Gujarat • India
Coordinates: 21°10′N 72°50′E / 21.17, 72.83
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
327 km² (126 sq mi)
• 13 m (43 ft)
District(s) Surat
Population
Density
4,505,000 (2007)
• 12,352 /km² (31,992 /sq mi)
Mayor Ranjitsinh Gilitwala
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 395 0xx
• +0261
• GJ-05

Coordinates: 21°10′N 72°50′E / 21.17, 72.83 Surat pronunciation  (Gujarati: સુરત) is a port city in the Indian state of Gujarat and administrative headquarters of the Surat District. As of 2007, Surat and its metropolitan area had a population of approximately 4 million. It is the second largest city in Gujarat and ninth largest in India.[1] The city is situated on the left bank of the Tapti River, 14 miles from its mouth. A moat indicates the dividing-line between the old city, with its narrow streets and handsome houses, and the newer suburbs, but the city wall has almost disappeared. The city is largely recognized for its textile and diamond businesses. 92% of the world's diamonds are cut and polished in Surat. Surat is also considered a relatively clean city in India. It has one of the highest GDP growth rates in India at 11.5% as of 2008. Surat was the primary port of India during the Mughal era, a distinction it lost to Bombay during the British Raj. [2] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Surat can mean a number of things: Surat is a port city in Gujarat, India. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_Gujarat_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... The divisions of a district. ... Surat is a district in the state of Gujarat with Surat city as the administrative headquarters of this district. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Image File history File links Surat. ... Gujarati (ગુજરાતી GujÇŽrātÄ«; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... India is subdivided into 28 states, 6 union territories and a National Capital Territory. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... Surat is a district in the state of Gujarat with Surat city as the administrative headquarters of this district. ... The Tapti River (also Tapi River) is a river of central India. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy...

Contents

History

Tapi River
Tapi River

Local traditions fix the establishment of the modern city in the last years of the fifteenth century, and in 1514 the Portuguese traveller Duarte Barbosa described it as an important seaport, frequented by many ships from Malabar and various parts of the world. There still is a picturesque fortress on the banks of the river built in 1540. One particular village in the suburbs of Surat is Barbodhan Village, possibly named after the explorer Duarte Barbosa (it derives from "Bab-ul-Aden"—Doorway to Aden, Yemen—where it has strong cultural and trading links). Duarte Barbosa was a Portuguese writer and trader. ... [Land of uncivilised] Bekal Fort Beach, Kerala Malabar (Malayalam: മലബാര്‍ ) is a region of southern India, lying between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea, and derived from the Malayalam word Mala mean Hill and Persian word Bar means Kingdom, and is same as the word meaning of Malayalam. ... Barbodhan is a village in India near Surat. ... Duarte Barbosa was a Portuguese writer and trader. ...


Surat eclipsed Cambay as the major port of western India, as Cambay's harbour had begun to silt up by the end of fifteenth century. Subsequently during the reigns of Mughal emperors Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan it rose to become the chief commercial city of India. An Imperial mint was established at Surat during that time. As the major port on the west coast of India, Surat also served as the port for the Hajj to Mecca. At the end of the 16th century the Portuguese were undisputed masters of the Surat sea trade. In 1608, ships from the British East India Company started docking in Surat, since ir was a trade and transit point. In 1612, the British Captain Best, and after him Captain Downton, overcame Portuguese naval supremacy and obtained an imperial firman establishing a British factory at Surat following the Battle of Swally. The city was made the seat of a presidency under the British East India Company after the great success of the embassy of Sir Thomas Roe to the court of emperor Jehangir. The Dutch also founded a factory. Cambay, also known as Khambhat, is a town in Gujarat state, India. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... n ... Shabuddin Mohammed Shah Jahan (also spelled Shah Jehan, Shahjehan. ... A supplicating pilgrim at Masjid Al Haram, the mosque which was built around the Kaaba (the cubical building at center). ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... Events January 20 - Mathias becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... The naval Battle of Swally took place on 29-30 November 1612 off the coast of Suvali (anglicised to Swally), a village near the city of Surat, Gujarat, India, and was a victory for four British East India Company ships over four Portuguese galleons and 26 barks (rowing vessels with... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... Sir Thomas Roe (or Row) (c. ... Nuruddin Jahangir (August 31, 1569 - October 28, 1627) was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from 1605 until 1627. ...


During its zenith Surat was popularly viewed as the city of Kubera, the God of Wealth. In 1664 the Maratha leader Shivaji sacked and looted Surat. When Shivaji arrived at Surat, he demanded tribute from the Mughal commander for the small army stationed with him for port security. The tribute was refused and so after Shivaji conquered the city, forces under his command exacted their revenge. Surat was under sack for nearly 3 weeks, in which the army looted wealth from the Mughal & Portuguese trading centers. The plundered wealth was successfully transported south to the rising Maratha Empire before the Mughal Empire at Delhi was alerted. This wealth was used for development & strengthening the Maratha Empire, and, concurrently the decline and fall of the Mughal Empire. Kubera (also Kuvera or Kuber) is the god of wealth and the lord of Uttaradisha in Hindu mythology. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ... Shivaji Bhosle, also known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosle (Marathi: छत्रपती शिवाजीराजे भोसले) (Born:February 19, 1627, Died: April 3, 1680) was the founder of Maratha empire in western India in 1674. ... Russian prince Taking Tribute, by Nicholas Roerich, 1908 (Moscow). ...


The only exception to the looting was the British factory, a fortified warehouse-counting house-hostel, which was successfully defended by Sir George Oxenden. But the prosperity of the factory at Surat received a fatal blow when Bombay was ceded to the British as part of the dowry for Catherine of Braganza's wedding to Charles II in 1662. Shortly afterwards in 1668 another factory was established in Bombay(Mumbai) by the British East India Company. From that date Surat began its relative decline with the rise of British interests in Bombay. This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... Catherine of Braganza (November 25, 1638 – November 30, 1705) (Catherine Henrietta, Portuguese: Catarina Henriqueta de Bragança), was the queen consort of King Charles II of England. ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ...


The city was sacked again by Shivaji in 1670. By 1689 the seat of presidency was moved to Bombay by the British East India Company. Surat's population reached an estimated 800,000 but by the middle of the 19th century the number had fallen to 80,000. Surat was again taken by the British in 1759, and the conquerors assumed the undivided government of the city in 1800.


Since the introduction of British rule, the city and the surrounding district remained comparatively tranquil; and even during the Revolt of 1857 (also known as the first struggle for India's independence) peace was not disturbed, owing in great measure to the loyalty of the leading Muslim families to the British and to the largely mercantile interests of the local population. An engraving titled Sepoy Indian troops dividing the spoils after their mutiny against British rule gives a contemporary view of events from the British perspective. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...


A fire and a flood in 1837 destroyed a great number of buildings. Among the interesting monuments still surviving are the tombs of the English and Dutch merchants and their families, dating to the 17th century, especially those of the Oxenden brothers.

Gaurav Path during the 2006 Floods
Gaurav Path during the 2006 Floods

By the early 20th century, the population had slowly climbed to 119,306 and Surat remained a center of trade and manufacturing, although some of its former industries, such as shipbuilding, were extinct. There were cotton mills, factories for ginning and pressing cotton, rice-cleaning mills and paper mills. Fine cotton goods were woven on hand-looms, and there were special manufactures of silk brocade and gold embroidery (known as zari). The chief trades were organized in guilds. The manufacturing and trading brought an eclectic mix of ethnicities to the city, making Surat's culture unique even in modern times.


In 1992, violent riots took place between Hindus and Muslims, the first and worst of their kind in the modern history of Surat. In 1994, a combination of heavy rains and blocked drains led to water logging in the city. A number of dead street animals and public waste were not removed in time and a plague epidemic spread through the city. This brought the world's attention to the city as evinced by the sanctions on travel and goods exchange put up by a number of countries. The municipal commissioner during that time, S. R. Rao and the people of Surat worked hard in the late 1990s to clean the city up after which it was recognized in many circles as the 'second-cleanest city in India'.


In the second week of August, 2006, a massive flood caused severe damage to the city of Surat. In less than three days, at least 120 people died. More than 4,000 animal carcasses were later hauled out of the mud. Two weeks after the floods, Surat’s diamond-polishing factories were practically empty of workers, who had fled fearing disease. An industry group estimated the losses at $60 million.


On April 29, 2007 Surat's first domestic airport opened for business and it started scheduled flights on May 6, 2007.


Geography

Traffic Circle Near Ichchhanath

Surat is a port city situated on the banks of the Tapti river (though the port has disappeared because of the damming of the river Tapti, the nearest port is now in Hazira which falls in the metropolitan area of Surat). The city is located at 21.17° N 72.83° E.[3] It has an average elevation of 13 meters. The Surat district is surrounded by Bharuch, Narmada (North), Navsari and Dang (South) districts. To the west is the Gulf of Cambay. The climate is tropical and the monsoon is abundant (about 2500 mm a year). Bharuch is a city and a municipality in Bharuch district in the state of Gujarat, India. ... Narmada is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India. ... , Navsari (Gujarati: નવસારી) is a city and a municipality in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... Look up dang in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Gulf of Cambay (also the Gulf of Khambat) is an inlet of the Arabian Sea along the west coast of India, in the state of Gujarat. ...

  • Area: 327km²

Climate

  • Winter Temperature: Max 31 °C, Min 12 °C
  • Summer Temperature: Max 42 °C, Min 24 °C
  • Rainfall (mid-June to mid-September): 931.9 mm
  • Lowest Recorded Temperature: 6.5 °C
  • Highest Recorded Temperature: 48 °C

Economy

Surat is famous for its diamond industry and textile industry, along with silk and chemicals. It is at the heart of India's thriving diamond-polishing industry, which in 2005 cut 92% of the world's diamond pieces and earned India $15 billion in exports. Gujarati diamond cutters emigrating from East Africa established the industry in 1901 and by the 70s Surat-based diamond cutters began exporting stones to the US for the first time. Though much of the polishing work takes place on small weight stones, Surat's workshops have set their eyes on the lucrative market for finishing larger, pricier stones in the future. It is a major production centre for synthetic textiles in India.


Government and Politics

The Surat Municipal Corporation is responsible for the city's civic infrastructure as well as carrying out associated administrative duties. SMC has highest budget-money in India.


Transportation

Flyover cutting through Surat's textile district.

Surat's infrastructure is improving steadily. The city has recently seen the completion of a large number of road projects, particularly the elevated roads, or flyovers in the diamond and textile zones of the city. This has significantly cut down the commuting time for many people traveling to the diamond and textile districts. One of the very few "Multi-Layer Flyovers in India is nearing completion in Surat. The Varachcha Flyover of Surat is India's longest flyover under city municipal limits in the four lane category. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2576x1932, 874 KB) Surat Photograph taken December 2005 by S.K.Desai Flyover originating at railway station traversing through Surats textile district I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2576x1932, 874 KB) Surat Photograph taken December 2005 by S.K.Desai Flyover originating at railway station traversing through Surats textile district I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Overpass in East Potomac Park, Washington, D.C. Flyover in Miami Beach, Florida An overpass (In UK, most Commonwealth countries flyover) is a bridge, road or similar structure that crosses over another road. ...


The Golden Quadrilateral highway system pases through Surat. The city is connected to the National Highway 8 through a 16 k.m. connector highway. The National Highway 8 corridor is one of the most industrially developed areas in the country and Surat is one of the most industrially active cities that connects to it. National highway 6, also known as Surat - Kolkata Highway, starts from Hazira and connects the city to Dhule, Nagpur, Raipur, Sambalpur, Kharagpur and Kolkata. Map showing the Golden Quadrilateral and other National Highways The Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) is the largest express highway project in India launched by Sri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, former prime minister of India. ... The Network of National Highways in India National Highway 8 is the major commercial artery that connects Mumbai with New Delhi. ... National Highway 6, commonly referred to as NH_6, is an busy freeway that runs through of south Gujarat, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Jharkhand and West bengal state in India. ... Hajira INA is a town and a industrial notified area in Surat district in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... , Dhule (Marathi : धुळे) is a city and a municipal council in Dhule district in northwestern part of Maharashtra state, India. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... , Raipur   (Hindi: रायपुर) is the capital city of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. ... , Sambalpur is a city in the western region of Orissa. ... Kharagpur is a town in India. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ...


Surat is connected to the national railway system through the Western Railways. It is connected to Mumbai and beyond to south India. There are also links to New Delhi, Ahmedabad, Vadodara and other cities to the north. The Surat Railway Station is in the eastern-central part of the city near major hotels and business houses. There is also a connection to the Central Railways through Udhana Junction and the Tapti line. There are numerous daily trains that travel to the north, south and east throughout the day. Passenger trains range from local trains that stop at all stations on the way to express trains like the August Kranti Rajdhani Express. In addition, there are plenty of goods trains that move the goods produced by the city to the rest of the country and beyond, and bring supplies into the city. , Bombay redirects here. ... , This article is about the capital city of India. ... , Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: अहमदाबाद ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of 56 lakhs (5. ... , Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા,Marathi:बडोदा)  ), also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ...


Till May 2006 Surat was the only city in the world with a population of over 4 million people without a functioning airport. Construction of Surat Airport was suspended due to technical reasons in 2004. The new airport finally became functional with Surat-Delhi IA flight on 6th May 2007. Currently daily flights are also operated to Ahmedabad and Jaipur. Future flights will connect Surat with other major cities in India like Kandla, Kolkata, Mumbai and Bangalore. The page wrongly redirected to Khambhat - Cambay. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ...


On the 22nd of August, SMSS bus service was opened by the city Mayor Dr. Kanubhai Mavani. It is considered one of the best city bus services in India. These buses have an LCD screen in the front giving details about the journey. The conductor uses an electronic machine to print out the tickets. The bus stops are relatively modern and comfortable. The bus service is general is relatively hi-tech and modern, which is rare in Indian cities.


Surat is expected to get BRTS, Bus Rapid Transit System, by 2010.


Surat has its own port which is used for shipping freight. A plan to connect Surat with Mumbai, Goa, Dubai, Bhavnagar through ferry services is moving forward.


Surat-Bhavnagar ferry service is a much awaited service by the citizens. This would help Surat connect with the Saurashtra region of Gujarat state reducing commuting time by at least 6 hours.


Demographics

The population of Surat according to new city limits is 4,539,358.[4] Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. Surat has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 70%. In Surat, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Besides Gujarati another big community is Oriya. Around 30% of the total population are Oriya. Many people come from Orissa in search of jobs. Surat also has a small number of Parsis, Armenians and Jews. Languages Gujarati Religions Hinduism, Islam, Zoroastrianism (see Parsis), Jainism, Christianity Gujarati people (Gujarati: ગુજરાતી લોકો GujÇŽrātÄ« loko), or Gujaratis, is an umbrella term used to describe traditionally Gujarati-speaking Indo-Aryan people who can trace their ancestry to the Gujarat region in India. ... Oriya is the official language of the Indian state of Orissa. ... Oriya is the official language of the Indian state of Orissa. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... a person from Pars (the middle-Persian word for Fars), a region now within the geographical boundaries of Iran, and is roughly the original homeland of the Persian people. ...


Because of presence of unauthorized residential buildings and shanty towns which bring difficulties in counting the residents of these areas, combined with the explosive growth in population (mostly through migration) it is generally believed that as of 2007 about 4.8 million people live within the Surat Urban Development Authority(SUDA) area. However, SUDA also covers a 5k.m. radius in addition to the official city limits and thus covers villages and towns that lie outside the Municipal area. Joe Slovo shanty town in Langa on the Cape Flats simmers after a fire (Cape Town, South Africa) Shanty town near Tijuana, Mexico. ...


Culture and festivals

Surat is well known in India for its unique Surti cuisine. Some unique dishes of Surat include Surti Ghari, Locho, Surti Undhiyu, Rasawala Khaman, Cold coco, Surti Chinese. Many of the popular dishes of Gujarat originated in this region. Contrary to popular belief, Surti cuisine is not as sweet as the stereotypical Gujarati food, and is quite spicy. Surti may refer to: A member of the Gujarati people. ...


The most popular eating spots are roadside kiosks, called "laaris" or "rekdis". In the cooler winter months, Suratis converge at river Tapi's banks to eat Ponk; it is a roasted cereal that is available only in this part of the world. Ponk as it is popularly know in Surat, India and surrounding areas is as variety of roasted millet available only in this part of the world. ...


All major Indian festivals are celebrated in Surat. Diwali and Ganesh Chaturthi are celebrated with great enthusiasm. The kite-flying festival of Makar Sankranti is very popular in the city. It is also well known for the celebration of Chandi Padvo which usually occurs around October and is celebrated in Surat alone. This day comes after one of the two biggest full moon days of the Hindu calendar year, "Sharad Purnima". On this day, Surtis buy almost 100 tons of Ghari and other Surati delicacies, then head to Dumas where they have dinner and a late night snack under the full moon-lit sky. Diwali, or Deepawali, (also called Tihar and Swanti in Nepal) (Markiscarali) is a major Indian and Nepalese festive holiday, and a significant festival in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism. ... Lord Ganesh Shiva Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST: , sanskrit: गणेश चतुर्थी) (Ganesh Festival) is a day on which Lord Ganesha, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his devotees. ... Makara Sankranti is a mid-winter Hindu festival of India and Nepal. ...


Education

Schools in Surat are either "municipal schools" (run by the SMC) or private schools (run by trusts or individuals), which in some cases receive financial aid from the government. The schools are affiliated either with the Gujarat State Board or the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) boards. Gujarati or English is the usual language of instruction. The government run public schools lack many facilities, but are the only option for poorer residents who cannot afford the more expensive private schools. A majority of residents prefer private schools because of better infrastructure and the use of English as a medium of instruction.


Under 10+2+3 format, student go through primary and secondary schooling in the first ten years and then two years of higher secondary education. That is followed by a three years college typically for commerce, arts and science degrees. Generally engineering degree course takes four years while medicine takes about five and half years or more. Most colleges in the city are affiliated with the Veer Narmad South Gujarat University.


There is a medical college and four engineering colleges including the prestigious Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat(SVNIT formerly SVRCET or SVR, among the 19 NIT's of India) which is under the HRD. Other notable institutions are Sarvajanik College of Engineering and Technology(SCET), C K Pithawala College of Engineering and Technology (CKPCET), Government Engineering College, Sir K.P. College of Commerce, MTB Arts and PT Science colleges, V.T. Choksi Sarvajanik College of Education, SMIMER (Surat Municipal Institute of Medical Education & Research), Dr.S & S.S. Gandhi College of Polytechnic Engineering, Majuragate Surat. Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat (NIT Surat) is one of the 20 National Institutes of Technology (NITs) established in India in June 1961. ... The Sarvajanik College of Engineering and Technology (SCET) in Surat, Gujarat, is an engineering college part of the South Gujarat University system located on the banks of the Tapti River. ...


Media

Gujaratmitra, one of the oldest and most respected dailies of the country, is the most popular daily newspaper of Surat & South Gujarat. Besides Gujaratmitra, Gujarat Samachar, Sandesh, Divyabhaskar and Commodity World are the other Surat dailies. Local editions of these newspapers are published in Gujarati. Loktej was the first Hindi daily published from Surat. Rajasthan Patrika and Savera are now the top Hindi daily newspaper from Surat. The national dailies Indian Express, The Times of India and Mid Day are the most popular English-language newspapers.DNA is a new addition to the list of English dailies available in Surat. Rajasthan Patrika is a Hindi language daily newspaper published from Jaipur and other major cities in Indian state of Rajasthan and form major Indian cities such as Banglore,Surat,Ahmedabad, Chennai, Kolkata and Hubli. ... The Indian Express is an Indian newspaper started by Ram Nath Goenka, and is published from New Delhi. ... The Times of India (TOI) is a leading English-language broadsheet daily newspaper in India. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ...


Since the city has the largest synthetic textile manufacturing center in India, there is an exclusive textile newspaper called Textile Graph. It is published, since 1994, in Gujarati and Hindi languages from Surat. The Textile Directory of Surat (5th. edition) comprising business information of textile traders and industry in & around Surat is also published by Textile Graph.


Most cable service providers have local television channels as well. Satellite TV DTH services are provided by DISH TV and TATA SKY.


Surat has its very own, exclusive website MyCitySurat which gives everyone a platform to express their views on current events, views, grivences. It serves as a real time city directory which gets updated by the users directly. The best part about it is that users/visitors can interact directly on that and all activities are being monitored to avoid entry of fake/false information. The objective of this is to add little Comfort and Profit in routine life of MyCitySurat.


Broadband Internet connection is also available in the city.Key broadband service providers in MyCitySurat are BSNL, TATA INDICOM, RELIANCE COMMUNICATIONS, YOU BROADBAND. Wi-Fi connectivity is available at many cafes around town.


Radio

In the year of 2007, Surat has four FM Radio stations. They play Hindi as well as English music till late night


[a] Radio City 91.1


[b] Radio Mirchi 98.3


[c] My FM 94.3


[d] Big FM 92.7


and National Radio "Vividh Bharti" has been there since long long time.


Sports

Surat has many sports facilities, the majority of them dedicated to cricket. The Lalbhai Contractor Stadium and the Pithawala Cricket stadiums have facilities for hosting cricket matches. In addition, Surat has an Indoor Stadium, used to host events like badminton & table tennis. This stadium is one of the best indoor stadiums in the country. It has modern facilities and the capacity of 7000 seats. In Aug 2006 the 3rd Asian gymnastics championship was held in Surat. There are few sports clubs also which provide many types of indoor and outdoor games. There is the Surat Tennis Club near Athwalines, and the Surat City Gymkhana.


Places of Interest

Mini Eiffel Tower at Parle Point

Dutch Garden- The ancient Dutch gardens, the Dutch cemetery and Makaipul, the ancient original port from where the ships sailed to other parts of the world are other attractions.


Old Fort- The Old Fort was built by Muhammed Tughlak in the 14th century to fortify the defence against the Bhils. It is now used for Municipal Offices.


Sardar Patel Museum- About a hundred years old this museum has a collection of over 10,000 specimens of arts and crafts.


Rangupavan- It is an open air theater with a 18 meters by 10.5 meters stage and a capacity of around 4000 spectators. This is one of the biggest theaters in the country. Rangupavan has been lately closed down by the owners.


Dumas & Hajira- Dumas 16 km from Surat and Hajira 28 km from Surat are well known health resorts on a creek of the Arabian Sea. Hajira has two wells with water rich in iron and sulphur. The pleasant Hazira beach is fringed by feathery casurina trees.

Gaurav Path, Piplod
Gaurav Path, Piplod

Gaurav Path- One of the most happening places of Surat. It was built by Surat Municipal Corporation.



Choppati- It's also a very popular place in the city. It has a large garden and provides Indian fastfood like Paav Bhajee and Paani puri.


Vansada National Park- It is situated in Valsad district and is a home to leopards, tigers, panthers and wild boars. The best time to visit is between October and March.


JOY n JOY- It is situated around 30km Away from Surat, on the Ahemadabad highway. It have different types of rides.


Water Fun Park- It is situated in Hazira Road 16 km away from Surat City, is popular during summer weekends. It is also called છબ છબા છબ. *


Beaches- There are a number of beaches near Surat. Only 16 km away, Dumas is a popular resort with locals. Hajira is 28 km from the city and Ubhrat is 42 km out, while Tithal is 108kn away and only five km from Valsad on the Mumbai to Vadodara train line. Twenty-nine km south of Surat, Navsari has been a headquarters for the Parsi community since the earliest days of their settlement in India. Udvada, only 10 km north of Vapi, the station for Daman, has the oldest Parsi sacred fire in India. It is said that the fire was brought from Persia to Diu, on the opposite coast of the Gulf of Cambay, in 700 AD. Sanjan, in the extreme south of the state, is the small port where the Parsis first landed. A pillar marks the spot. Hajira INA is a town and a industrial notified area in Surat district in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... , Navsari (Gujarati: નવસારી) is a city and a municipality in the Indian state of Gujarat. ...


Dutch Cemetry- Located near Kataragam Gate, this impressive mausoleum is that of Baron Adrian Van Reede who passed away in 1691. A massive Dome, beautiful pillars and the huge gallery make it a very outstanding monument.


Science City- Located near to Citylight area. It is developing by SMC and it will be most attractive place for tourist in near future.


Administrative Legends

Preceded by
Dr Kanubhai Mavani
City Mayor
1991 – 2003
Succeeded by
Ranjitsinh Gilitwala
Preceded by
Unknown
City Fire Department Head
2003 – Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Unknown
City Police Department Head
2003 – mr. rms brar
Succeeded by
R.M.S. Brar

A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
  1. ^ Some 108 million people live in India's largest cities. CityMayors.com. Retrieved on 2007-10-17.
  2. ^ Uncommon Brilliance. Time Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-10-17.
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Surat
  4. ^ MID-YEAR POPULATION ESTIMATES. Surat Municipal Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-10-17.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Website of Surat Municipal Corporation
  • New York Times Article on Surat
  • Cleaning Up The Plague City Suryadevara Ramachandra Rao gives Surat a new look, making it India’s second cleanest city


India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... Gandhinagar   (Gujarati: ગાંધીનગર, Hindi: गाँधीनगर) is the capital of Gujarat State, India. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1058x749, 65 KB) Summary Gujarat State (India) with district boundries and city marks - Self Made - w:User:Miljoshi - December 2005 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Gujarat User:Miljoshi ... , Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: अहमदाबाद ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of 56 lakhs (5. ... , Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા,Marathi:बडोदा)  ), also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... , Rajkot   (2005 pop. ... , Jamnagar is a city and a municipal corporation in Jamnagar district in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... , Bhavnagar (Gujarati: , Hindi: , ) is a city in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... Junagadh is a city, in Junagadh District, in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... The Indian state of Gujarat was created in 1960 out of the 17 northern districts of former Bombay state: Ahmedabad, Amreli, Banaskantha, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Dang, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kheda, Kutch, Mehsana, Panchmahal, Rajkot, Sabarkantha, Surat, Surendranagar, and Vadodara. ... Ahmedabad district is surrounded by Mehsana, Sabarkantha, and Gandhinagar districts to the north, Kheda district to the east, the Gulf of Cambay and Bhavnagar district to the south, and Surendranagar district to the west. ... Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat Amreli District is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India. ... District of central Gujarat Anand District is an administrative district of Gujarat state in western India. ... Banaskantha is a district in Northeast of Gujarat state of India. ... Bharuch (also known as Broach) is a district in south Gujarat state in India. ... Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat Bhavnagar is a peninsular district of Western Gujarat. ... Dahod District is located in Gujarat state, it contains the city of Dahod. ... Districts of South Gujarat Dang (also known as The Dangs) is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India. ... Gandhinagar district is an administrative division of Gujarat, India whose headquarters are at Gandhinagar, the state capital. ... Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat Jamnagar District is located in state of Gujarat, India. ... Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat The district of Junagadh is located on the Kathiawar peninsula in western Gujarat, with the city of Junagadh as its administrative headquarters. ... Districts of central Gujarat Kheda District has a population of 2,024,216 of which 20. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Districts of Northern Gujarat Mehsana District is located in Gujarat. ... Narmada is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India. ... Districts of South Gujarat Navsari is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India, with its headquarters at Navsari city. ... Districts of central Gujarat Panchmahal, also Panch Mahal, is a district in the western India, in the eastern portion of Gujarat state. ... Districts of Northern Gujarat The Patan District of India is located in northern Gujarat. ... Porbandar is also a district in the state of Gujarat, India. ... Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat Rajkot is a district in the Indian state of Gujarat with the administrative headquarters of Rajkot city. ... Districts of Northern Gujarat Sabarkantha is a district in Northeast of Gujarat state of India. ... Surat is a district in the state of Gujarat with Surat city as the administrative headquarters of this district. ... Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat Surendranagar is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India. ... Districts of central Gujarat Vadodara District is a district in the eastern part of the state of Gujarat in western India. ... Districts of South Gujarat Valsad is a district in the western Indian state of Gujarat. ... On 1960-05-01, Gujarat was created out of the 17 northern districts of former State of Bombay. ... Governors of Gujarat See Also Gujarat Governors of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Gujarat | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... This article lists the Chief Ministers of Gujarat state in chronological order. ... This is a list of famous and notable people who can trace their ancestry to Gujarat, India. ... The Gujarat state of western India has four National Parks and twenty-one Wildlife Sancturies. ... As per the 2001 census there are 36 cities or urban agglomerations in India with a population of 1 million or more. ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... , Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: अहमदाबाद ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of 56 lakhs (5. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... , Amritsar (Punjabi: , Hindi: ), meaning: The Ocean of the Nectar of Immortality,[1] is the administrative headquarter of the Amritsar District in Punjab, India. ... , Asansol (Bengali: ), a coal-mining-industrial centre, is the second largest city [1] in West Bengal, after Kolkata. ... , For other uses, see Aurangabad. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bhopal (disambiguation). ... Madras redirects here. ... , Coimbatore (Tamil: ), also known as Kovai (Tamil: ), is a major industrial city in India and the second largest city in the state of Tamil Nadu. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , Faridabad,   (Hindi: फरीदाबाद) is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. ... , Ghaziabad   (Hindi: गाज़ियाबाद, Urdu: غازی آباد) is an industrial city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... This article is about a city in India. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर ,Marathi:इंदूर)  , a large city in the Malwa region of Central India is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... , Jabalpur (Hindi: जबलपुर) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर), also popularly known as the pink city, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... , Jamshedpur   (जमशेदपुर in Devanagari) is a city located in the state of Jharkand in India, founded by the late Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. ... , Kanpur   (Hindi: कानपुर, Urdu: کان پور, spelled as Cawnpore before 1948) is one of the most populous cities in the north India and the most populous within the state of Uttar Pradesh. ... The urban agglomeration (UA) of Kochi (pronunciation?·i; Malayalam: കൊച്ചി [Kocci]); formerly known as Cochin) is the largest UA in the Indian state of Kerala. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... , Kakinada   is a city and a municipal corporation in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... For the district of the same name, see Ludhiana District. ... , Madurai   (Tamil: , IPA: ) is a city and a municipal corporation with a city population of 922,913 according to 2001 census. ... , Meerut (Hindi: मेरठ, Urdu: میرٹھ) IPA:   is a city and a municipal corporation in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... , Nashik (Marathi: ) ( ) or Nasik (Marathi: ) is a city in Indias Maharashtra state. ... , Navi Mumbai (Marathi: नवी मुंबई, IAST: ), formerly known as New Bombay, is a twin city of Mumbai, India. ... For other uses, see Patna (disambiguation). ... For the sport which developed into badminton, see Poona (sport). ... , Rajkot   (2005 pop. ... Get the information of Kakinada at http://www. ... For other uses, see Thane (disambiguation). ... , Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા,Marathi:बडोदा)  ), also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... , Varanasi (Sanskrit: वाराणसी VārāṇasÄ«, IPA:  ), also known as Benares (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA: ), or Kashi (Hindi: ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Vijayawada ( ) (విజయవాడ) literally translates to The Place of Victory. It is also known as Bezawada. ... , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Surat - World Wikia (1766 words)
Surat may be described as the diamond capital of India, and three-quarters of the world’s diamonds are given brilliance and sparkle by cutting and polishing in the city of Surat.
Surat is also one of the major centers of textile manufacturing.
Surat is a historical city of India and was an important sea port during the period of the Mughal Empire and the British Raj.
Surat - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3613 words)
Surat was again taken by the British in 1759, and the conquerors assumed the undivided government of the city in 1800.
Surat is a port city situated on the banks of the Tapti river (though the port has disappeared because of the damming of the river Tapti, the nearest port is now in Hazira which falls in the metropolitan area of Surat).
The Surat district is surrounded by Bharuch, Narmada (North), Navsari and Dang (South) districts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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