FACTOID # 18: Alaska spends more money per capita on elementary and secondary education than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Supreme Court of New South Wales

The Supreme Court of New South Wales is the highest state court for the Australian State of New South Wales. It has unlimited jurisdiction within the state in civil matters, and hears the most serious criminal matters. Whist the Supreme Court is the highest New South Wales court in the Australian court hierarchy, an appeal by special leave can be made to the High Court of Australia. A trial at the Old Bailey in London as drawn by Thomas Rowlandson and Augustus Pugin for Ackermanns Microcosm of London (1808-11). ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... Capital Sydney Government Const. ... In law, jurisdiction (from the Latin jus, juris meaning law and dicere meaning to speak) is the practical authority granted to a formally constituted legal body or to a political leader to deal with and make pronouncements on legal matters and, by implication, to administer justice within a defined area... In the common law, civil law refers to the area of law governing relations between private individuals. ... Criminal law (also known as penal law) is the body of statutory and common law that deals with crime and the legal punishment of criminal offenses. ... There are two broad levels within the hierarchy of Australian courts, the federal level and the state and territory level. ... High Court entrance The High Court of Australia is the final court of appeal in Australia, the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy. ...

Contents

History

The first Supreme Court of New South Wales was established by the Letters Patent dated 2 April 1814. They are known as the Second Charter of Justice. That charter provided that there should be a Supreme Court constituted by a Judge appointed by the King's commission and two Magistrates. The charter also created the Governor's Court and the Lieutenant-Governor's Court. The jurisdiction of the Governor's Court and the Supreme Court extended to Van Diemans Land (the former name for Tasmania). All three courts were concerned with civil matters only. Capital Hobart Government Const. ...


Legislation to establish a new supreme court for both New South Wales and Van Diemans Land was prepared in London by James Stephen, counsel to the Colonial Office, and Francis Forbes, Chief Justice of Newfoundland and Chief Justice-designate of New South Wales. Consequently Letters Patent establishing the New South Wales Supreme Court were sealed on 13 October 1823, and proclaimed in Sydney on 17 May 1824. They are known as the Third Charter of Justice. James Stephen (30 June 1758-10 October 1832) was an English lawyer, associated with the abolitionist movement. ... The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet official in charge of managing the various British colonies. ... Sir Francis Forbes (1784- on 8 November 1841) was a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Newfoundland, and the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales. ... Letters Patent by Queen Victoria creating the office of Governor-General of Australia Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of an open letter issued by a monarch or government granting an office, a right, monopoly, title, or status to someone or some entity such as... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia with a metropolitan area population of over 4. ...


This charter provided that there should be a Chief Justice for the colony of New South Wales in the Island of New Holland (as the continent of Australia was then known), as well as other judges, a registrar, a prothonotory, a master, and a Keeper of Records and such other Officers as may be necessary for the administration of Justice in the colony.


The charter also established the office of sheriff. Look up Sheriff in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The charter gave precedence to the Chief Justice over all other subjects except the Governor (or acting Governor) of the colony. A governor or governour (archaic) is a governing official, usually the executive (at least nominally, to different degrees also politically and administratively) of a non-sovereign level of government, ranking under the Head of state; furthermore the title applies to officials with a similar mandate as representatives of a chartered...


The charter also allowed the Court to admit persons to be barristers, attorneys, proctors or solicitors as the case may be. Previously, a person had to be admitted as such in the United Kingdom. However, ex-convicts where not permitted to be admitted.


In 1840, the Parliament of New South Wales established a separate equity division in the court. Limited jurisdiction in divorce cases was granted in 1873 and full Admiralty jurisdiction was added in 1911. The Supreme Court, in 1970, was one of the last Common Law jurisdictions in the world to fuse Equity and Common Law, although these continue as the historic names for the two divisions of the court. This process began in the United Kingdom with the passage of the Judicature Acts in 1873. 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Parliament of New South Wales consists of the Governor of New South Wales, the New South Wales Legislative Council and the New South Wales Legislative Assembly. ... The Court of Chancery, London, early 19th century This article is about concept of equity in Anglo-American jurisprudence. ... Admiralty law (usually referred to as simply admiralty and also referred to as maritime law or Law of the Sea) is a distinct body of law which governs maritime questions and offenses. ... The Court of Chancery, London, early 19th century This article is about concept of equity in Anglo-American jurisprudence. ... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... The Judicature Acts are two Acts of Parliament in the United Kingdom, the Supreme Court of Judicature Act 1873 (36 & 37 Vict. ...


Structure and Jurisdiction

The court now operates under the Supreme Court Act 1970, although provisions on the appointment and removal of judicial officers were incorporated into the state's Constitution in 1992. The court consists of 47 judges, including the Chief Justice, the President of the Court of Appeal, 9 Judges of Appeal, the Chief Judge in Equity and the Chief Judge in Common Law. 4 Associate Judges deal with pre-trial motions and non-jury trials. The Chief Justice usually sits in the Court of Criminal Appeal while the President sits in the Court of Appeal.


The court hears very serious cases such as murder and treason, civil cases involving more than $750 000 and civil matters such as wills, injunctions, Admiralty. The court's work at first instance is divided between the Common Law Division, which hears civil, criminal and administrative law matters and the Equity Division which hears equity, probate, commercial, admiralty and protective matters. The court includes the Court of Appeal and the Court of Criminal Appeal which hear appeals from the District Court and the Local Court and from single judges sitting in the Common Law or Equity Divisions. The Court of Appeal also hears appeals from the Land and Environment Court of New South Wales and a number of administrative tribunals. The District Court of New South Wales has jurisdiction to hear most indictable offences (except murder and treason). ... There are over 160 Local Courts in NSW. Local Court cases are heard by a magistrate without a jury. ...


The Court of Appeal and the Court of Criminal Appeal are respectively the highest civil and criminal courts in the state. To appeal to the High Court of Australia from the Court of Appeal or the Court of Criminal Appeal, special leave must be granted by the High Court. High Court entrance The High Court of Australia is the final court of appeal in Australia, the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy. ...


Although the Constitution of Australia borrows extensively from the Constitution of the United States, appeals from state supreme courts to the High Court are not limited to matters in which a federal question arises and the Constitution empowers the Federal Parliament to make laws vesting state courts with federal jurisdiction. Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme... Federal question jurisdiction is a term used in the United States law of civil procedure to refer to the situation in which a United States federal court has subject matter jurisdiction to hear a civil case because the plaintiff has alleged a violation of the Constitution, laws, or treaties of... Parliament House Canberra: The main entrance and the flag The Parliament of Australia is the legislative branch of Australia. ...

The Supreme Court Building
The Supreme Court Building

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2249x1656, 828 KB) Summary The Supreme Court of New South Wales building in Sydney, taken in November 2005 by me. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2249x1656, 828 KB) Summary The Supreme Court of New South Wales building in Sydney, taken in November 2005 by me. ...

Chief Justices of New South Wales

Sir Francis Forbes (1784- on 8 November 1841) was a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Newfoundland, and the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... James Dowling was the Chief Justice of New South Whales and was present at the trial of the Myall Creek Massacre. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Sir Alfred Stephen Sir Alfred Stephen (August 20, 1802 - October 15, 1894) was an Australian judge and chief justice of New South Wales. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... Military Badge of the Order of the Bath The Most Honourable Order of the Bath is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. ... 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... MARTIN James (Sir) Born: 14 May 1820 Middleton, Cork, Ireland Died: 4 November, 1886 Potts Point, Sydney, Nsw Australia father: John Martin Mother: Mary Ann Hennessy arrived Sydney NSW Australia with parents on the John Barry 6 November, 1821. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... (Redirected from 12 November) November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... November 27 is the 331st day (332nd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... Doctor of Laws (Latin: Legum Doctor, LL.D) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Sir Kenneth Whistler Street, K.C.M.G., K.St. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... HRH The Duke of Gloucester is Grand Prior of the Venerable Order of Saint John. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... Rt Hon Dr H V Evatt Herbert Vere Evatt (April 30, 1894 - November 2, 1965), Australian jurist and politician (popularly known as Doc Evatt or H V Evatt) was born in Maitland, New South Wales, to a working-class family of Anglo-Irish origin. ... Doctor of Laws (Latin: Legum Doctor, LL.D) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire (Military division) The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... HRH The Duke of Gloucester is Grand Prior of the Venerable Order of Saint John. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Sir John Kerr Alternative meanings: John Kerr (disambiguation). ... Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, wearing on her left shoulder the Order of Australias Sovereign Badge. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... HRH The Duke of Gloucester is Grand Prior of the Venerable Order of Saint John. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Laurence Whistler Street is an Australian Jurist. ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... HRH The Duke of Gloucester is Grand Prior of the Venerable Order of Saint John. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Justice Anthony Murray Gleeson (1938- ) QC AC is the Chief Justice of the High Court of Australia; the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy. ... Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, wearing on her left shoulder the Order of Australias Sovereign Badge. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... James Jacob Spigelman AC QC (born 1 January 1946) is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales, the highest court in the State of New South Wales, Australia, which forms part of the Australian court hierarchy. ... Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia, wearing on her left shoulder the Order of Australias Sovereign Badge. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...

References

  • First Charter of Justice 2 April 1787
  • Second Charter of Justice 2 April 1814
  • Third Charter of Justice 13 October 1823
  • Constitution Act 1902, Part 9 The Judiciary
  • Supreme Court Act 1970
  • Supreme Court - Our History. Lawlink NSW. Retrieved on 28 May 2005.
  • Chief Justices of New South Wales - Law and History 2: LawlinkNSW

  Results from FactBites:
 
Supreme Court of New South Wales - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (208 words)
The Supreme Court of New South Wales is the superior court for the Australian State of New South Wales.
The Supreme Court consists of a Trial Division and an Appeal Division.
The court was established on 17 May 1824 by Royal Letters Patent.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m