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Encyclopedia > Suprematism

This term is not to be confused with supremacism. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Triumphalism. ...

Black Square (Malevich, 1913)
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Black Square (Malevich, 1913)
Black Circle (Malevich, 1913)
Black Circle (Malevich, 1913)

Suprematism is an art movement focused on fundamental geometric forms (squares and circles) which formed in Russia in 1913. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (820x812, 41 KB) Summary Kasimir Malevich, Black Square, 1913, Oil on Canvas, State Russian Museum, St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (820x812, 41 KB) Summary Kasimir Malevich, Black Square, 1913, Oil on Canvas, State Russian Museum, St. ... Self-portrait, 1933 Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (Казимир Северинович Малевич, Polish Malewicz, Ukrainian transliteration Malevych, German Kasimir Malewitsch), (February 12, 1878 – May 15, 1935) was a painter and... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Black Circle (Malevich, 1917). ... Black Circle (Malevich, 1917). ... Self-portrait, 1933 Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (Казимир Северинович Малевич, Polish Malewicz, Ukrainian transliteration Malevych, German Kasimir Malewitsch), (February 12, 1878 – May 15, 1935) was a painter and... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


When Kasimir Malevich originated Suprematism in 1913 he was an established painter having exhibited in the Donkey's Tail and the Blaue Reiter exhibitions of 1912 with cubo-futurist works. The proliferation of new artistic forms in painting, poetry and theatre as well as a revival of interest in the traditional folk art of Russia were a rich environment in which a Modernist culture was being born. Self-portrait, 1933 Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (Казимир Северинович Малевич, Polish Malewicz, Ukrainian transliteration Malevych, German Kasimir Malewitsch), (February 12, 1878 – May 15, 1935) was a painter and... Donkeys Tail (Russian: ) was a Russian artistic group created from the most radical members of the Jack of Diamonds group. ... Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) was a group of expressionist artists that was established in Munich in 1911. ... Cubo-Futurism was a variation of Cubism that developed in Russia in 1913. ... Modernism is a term which covers a variety of political, cultural and artistic movements rooted in the changes in Western society at the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century. ...


In his book The Non-Objective World, Malevich described the inspiration which brought about the powerful image of the black square on a white ground:

'I felt only night within me and it was then that I conceived the new art, which I called Suprematism'.

Malevich also ascribed the birth of Suprematism to the Victory Over the Sun, Kruchenykh's Futurist opera production for which he designed the sets and costumes in 1913. One of the drawings for the backcloth shows a black square divided diagonally into a black and a white triangle. Because of the simplicity of these basic forms they were able to signify a new beginning. El Lissitzkys poster for a post-revolutionary production of the opera. ... Aleksei Eliseevich Kruchenykh (Russian: Алексей Елисеевич Крученых; last name also spelled Kruchonykh) (1886 - 1968) was perhaps the most radical poet of Russian Futurism. ... El Lissitzkys poster for a post-revolutionary production of the Victory Over the Sun. ...


He created a Suprematist 'grammar' based on fundamental geometric forms; the square and the circle. In the 0.10 Exhibition in 1915, Malevich exhibited his early experiments in Suprematist painting. The centrepiece of his show was the Black square on white, placed in what is called the golden corner in ancient Russian Orthodox tradition ; the place of the main icon in a house.


Another important influence on Malevich were the ideas of Russian mystic-mathematician P D Ouspensky who wrote of Peter D. Ouspensky (1878 - 1947), (Pyotr Demianovich Ouspenskii, also Uspenskii or Uspensky) was born in Moscow and died in England. ...


'a fourth dimension beyond the three to which our ordinary senses have access', (Gooding, 2001).

1916 Suprematism (Supremus No. 58) Museum of Art, Krasnodar
1916 Suprematism (Supremus No. 58) Museum of Art, Krasnodar

Some of the titles to paintings in 1915 express the concept of a non-euclidian geometry which imagined forms in movement, or through time; titles such as: Two dimensional painted masses in the state of movement. These give some indications towards an understanding of the Suprematic compositions produced between 1915 and 1918. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (820x820, 84 KB) La bildo estas kopiita de wikipedia:ro. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (820x820, 84 KB) La bildo estas kopiita de wikipedia:ro. ... 19th century photo depicting Kuban Cossacks obelisk in Krasnodar Krasnodar (Russian: ) is a city in Southern Russia on the Kuban River. ...


The Supremus group which, in addition to Malevich included Aleksandra Ekster, Olga Rozanova, Nadezhda Udaltsova, Ivan Kliun, Liubov Popova, Nina Genke-Meller, Ivan Puni and Ksenia Boguslavskaya met from 1915 onwards to discuss the philosophy of Suprematism and its development into other areas of intellectual life. Supremus (1915) - group of Avant-garde artists, such as Aleksandra Ekster, Nina Genke-Meller, Liubov Popova, Olga Rozanova, Ivan Puni, Nadezhda Udaltsova, Varvara Stepanova, Ksenia Boguslavskaya and the others,- that was led by the Father of Suprematism Kazimir Malevich. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Olga Rosanova or Rozanova (1886-1918) - Russian Avant-garde artist (Suprematist, Neo-Prmitivist, Cubo-Futurist). ... Nadezhda Udaltsova (1886-1961)- Russian Avant-garde artist( Cubist, Suprematist) ... Ivan Kliun (1870 - 1942) was a Russian suprematist painter. ... Liubov Sergeyevna Popova (Любовь Сергеевна Попова) 1889-1924. ... Nina Genke-Meller, or Nina Henke-Meller, (1893 - 1954) was a Ukrainian avant-garde artist, (Suprematist), designer, graphic artist and scenographer. ... Ivan Puni Velemir Khlebnikov reads poetry to Ksenia Boguslavskaya, 1915 Ivan Puni or Puny (Jean Pougny) (1894-1956) was a Russian avant-garde artist. ... Ivan Puni Velemir Khlebnikov reads poetry to Ksenia Boguslavskaya, 1915 Ksenia or Kseniya Boguslavskaya (1892-1972) - Russian avant-garde artist (Futurist, Suprematist) poet and interior decorator. ...


This development in artistic expression came about when Russia was in a revolutionary state, when ideas were in ferment and the old order was being swept away. By 1920 the state was becoming authoritarian and limiting the freedom of artists. Bold text:This article applies to political ideologies. ...

Self-Portrait (Detail). Malevich, 1933)
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Self-Portrait (Detail). Malevich, 1933)

From 1918 the Russian avant-garde experienced the limiting of their artistic freedoms by the authorities and in 1934 the doctrine of Socialist Realism became official policy, and prohibited abstraction and divergence of artistic expression. Malevich nevertheless retained his main conception. In his self-portrait of 1933 he represented himself in a traditional way — the only way permitted by Stalinist cultural policy — but signed the picture with a tiny black-over-white square. Kazimir Malevich: Self portrait (thumbnail, detail) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Kazimir Malevich: Self portrait (thumbnail, detail) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Beat the white with the Red wedge, a 1919 lithograph by Lissitzky The Russian avant-garde is an umbrella term used to define the large, influential wave of modern art that flourished in Russia from approximately 1890 to 1930 - although some place its beginning as early as 1850 and its... Roses for Stalin, Boris Vladimirski, 1949 Socialist realism is a teleologically-oriented style of realistic art which has as its purpose the furtherance of the goals of socialism and communism. ... Self Portrait is a 1970 double album by Bob Dylan. ... Stalinism is a brand of political theory, and the political and economic system implemented by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union. ...


External links and References:

  • Kasimir Malevich, The Non-objective World. English translation, Paul Theobald and Company, 1959
  • Camilla Gray, The Russian Experiment in Art, Thames and Hudson, 1976
  • Mel Gooding, Abstract Art, Tate Publishing, 2001
Russian art movements
Stroganov School | Peredvizhniki | Abramtsevo Colony | Russian Symbolism | Mir iskusstva | Cubo-Futurism | Suprematism | Constructivism | Russian avant-garde | Socialist realism | Nonconformism
Western art movements
Renaissance · Mannerism · Baroque · Rococo · Neoclassicism · Romanticism · Realism · Pre-Raphaelite · Academic · Impressionism · Post-Impressionism
20th century
Modernism · Cubism · Expressionism · Abstract expressionism · Abstract · Neue Künstlervereinigung München · Der Blaue Reiter · Die Brücke · Dada · Fauvism · Art Nouveau · Bauhaus · De Stijl · Art Deco · Pop art · Futurism · Suprematism · Surrealism · Minimalism · Post-Modernism · Conceptual art

The Russian culture is rooted in the early East Slavic culture. ... Stroganov School (Строгановская школа in Russian) is a conventional name of one of the Russian icon-painting schools of the late 16th - early 17th century. ... Peredvizhniki (Передвижники, in Russian) - the Russian artists-realists entering into Company of mobile art exhibitions (1870-1923). ... The Abramtsevo Colony is a late 19th century estate in Russia, about 50 miles north of Moscow, that became a center for artistic activity. ... Mikhail Nesterovs painting Vision to Youth Bartholomew (1890) is often taken as a starting point of Russian Symbolism. ... Miriskusniki tended to idealize the 18th century as the quintessential Age of Art. ... El Lissitzkys poster for a post-revolutionary production of the Victory Over the Sun. ... Tatlin Tower. ... Beat the white with the Red wedge, a 1919 lithograph by Lissitzky The Russian avant-garde is an umbrella term used to define the large, influential wave of modern art that flourished in Russia from approximately 1890 to 1930 - although some place its beginning as early as 1850 and its... Roses for Stalin, Boris Vladimirski, 1949 Socialist realism is a teleologically-oriented style of realistic art which has as its purpose the furtherance of the goals of socialism and communism. ... The term Soviet Nonconformist Art refers to art produced in the former Soviet Union from 1953-1986 (after the death of Stalin until the advent of Perestroika and Glasnost) outside of the rubric of Socialist Realism. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... Mannerism is the term used to describe the artistic style that arose in mid-16th century. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... North side of the Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo - carriage courtyard: all the stucco details sparkled with gold until 1773, when Catherine II had gilding replaced with olive drab paint. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... Romanticism was an artistic and intellectual movement that originated in late 18th century Western Europe. ... Realism in the visual arts and literature is the depiction of subjects as they appear in everyday life, without embellishment or interpretation. ... Persephone, by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. ... Birth of Venus, Alexandre Cabanel, 1863 Academic art is a style of painting and sculpture produced under the influence of European academies or universities. ... Impressionism was a 19th century art movement that began as a loose association of Paris-based artists who began publicly exhibiting their art in the 1860s. ... A Hundred Years of Independence by Henri Rousseau Post-Impressionism is a term applied to painting styles of the late 19th and early 20th centuries — after Impressionism. ... Modern art is a general term used for most of the artistic production from the late 19th century until approximately the 1970s. ... Woman with a guitar by Georges Braque, 1913 Cubist house in Prague Cubism was a 20th century avant-garde art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in music and literature. ... The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893) which inspired 20th century Expressionists Portrait of Eduard Kosmack by Egon Schiele Rehe im Walde by Franz Marc Elbe Bridge I by Rolf Nesch On White II by Wassily Kandinsky, 1923. ... This USPS stamp illustrates Pollocks drip technique. ... Black square by Kazimir Malevich Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses color and form in a non-representational or subjective way. ... The Neue Künstlervereinigung München, abbreviated NKVM, (German:Munich New Artists Association) formed in 1909 in Munich. ... Cover of Der Blaue Reiter almanac. ... Die Brücke (The Bridge) was a group of German expressionist artists formed in Dresden in 1905. ... DaDa is an album by Alice Cooper, released in 1983 (see 1983 in music). ... The Dessert: Harmony in Red (1908) by Henri Matisse Les Fauves (French for Wild Beasts) were a short-lived and loose grouping of early Modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities, and the use of deep color over the representational values retained by Impressionism. ... Poster by Alfons Mucha Art Nouveau (IPA: , anglicised ) (French for new art) is an international style of art, architecture and design that peaked in popularity at the beginning of the 20th century. ... Reconstructed main building of the Bauhaus Dessau (2003). ... Red and Blue Chair designed by Gerrit Rietveld in 1917 De Stijl (in English generally pronounced (IPA) after style; from the Dutch for the style – Dutch pronunciation: IPA ), also known as neoplasticism, was a Dutch artistic movement, founded in 1917. ... Asheville City Hall. ... House I, created by Roy Lichtenstein in 1996, is designed to be an optical illusion. ... Umberto Boccioni - Unique Forms of Continuity in Space. ... Psalm 69, egg tempera and oil on wood by Ernst Fuchs Surrealism[1] is a movement stating that the liberation of our mind, and subsequently the liberation of the individual self and society, can be achieved by exercising the imaginative faculties of the unconscious mind to the attainment of a... Minimalism describes movements in various forms of art and design, especially visual art and music, where the work is stripped down to its most fundamental features and core self expression. ... Postmodern art (sometimes called po-mo) is a term used to describe art which is thought to be after or in contradiction to some aspect of modernism. ... Joseph Kosuth, One and Three Chairs (1965) Conceptual art is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s) involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic and material concerns. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
SUPREMATISM (542 words)
Suprematism, considered "the first systematic school of abstract painting in the modern movement" (Gray, 141), was developed by Kazimir Malevich in 1913 and introduced at the 1915 0-10 exhibition in St. Petersburg.
Suprematism is the rediscovery of pure art that, in the course of time, had become obscured by the accumulation of "things".
Suprematism did not bring into being a new world of feeling but, rather, an altogether new and direct form of representation of the world of feeling.
suprematism - Encyclopedia.com (914 words)
In Malevich's words, suprematism sought "to liberate art from the ballast of the representational world." It consisted of geometrical shapes flatly painted on the pure canvas surface.
Suprematism, through its dissemination by the Bauhaus, deeply influenced the development of modern European art, architecture, and industrial design.
Kandinsky, Kazimir Malevich, Piet Mondrian, Suprematism ********** In 1913, the poet Guillaume...
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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