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Encyclopedia > Supermarine
Supermarine Aviation Works
Fate merged and name dropped
Successor Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft)
Founded 1913 (as Pemberton-Billing)
Defunct 1960 (incorporation into BAC)
Location Woolston
Industry Aviation
Key people Noel Pemberton-Billing, R. J. Mitchell, Joe Smith
Parent Vickers-Armstrongs (1928 onwards)

Supermarine was a British aircraft manufacturer that become famous for producing a range of sea planes and the legendary Supermarine Spitfire fighter. Vickers-Armstrongs, Limited was a British engineering conglomerate formed by the merger of the assets of Vickers Limited and Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Company in 1927. ... Map showing Woolston within Southampton Map showing Southampton within England Woolston is a district of Southampton, located on the eastern shore of the River Itchen. ... Noel Pemberton Billing (1881 – 11 November 1948) was a British aviator and Member of Parliament known for his extreme right-wing views. ... Reginald Joseph Mitchell CBE (20 May 1895-11 June 1937) was an aeronautical engineer, most notable for his design of the Supermarine Spitfire. ... Joseph Smith was a British aircraft designer who took over as Chief Designer for Supermarines upon the death of R. J. Mitchell and led the team responsible for the subsequent development of the Supermarine Spitfire. ... Vickers-Armstrongs, Limited was a British engineering conglomerate formed by the merger of the assets of Vickers Limited and Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Company in 1927. ... The Supermarine Spitfire was a British single-seat fighter, which was used by the Royal Air Force and many other Allied countries during the Second World War, and into the 1950s. ...

Contents

History

Noel Pemberton-Billing set up a company, Pemberton-Billing, Ltd, in 1913 to produce sea-going aircraft. It also produced a couple of prototypes using quadruplane designs to shoot down zeppelins; the Supermarine P.B.29 and the Supermarine Nighthawk. The aircraft were fitted with the recoilless Davis gun and the Nighthawk had a separate powerplant to power a searchlight.[1] Upon election as an MP in 1916 Pemberton-Billing sold the company to his factory manager and long time associate Hubert Scott-Paine who renamed the company Supermarine Aviation Works, Ltd. The company became famous for its successes in the Schneider Trophy for seaplanes, especially the three wins in a row of 1927, 1929 and 1931. Noel Pemberton Billing (1881 – 11 November 1948) was a British aviator and Member of Parliament known for his extreme right-wing views. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Flying machine redirects here. ... Zeppelins are a type of rigid airship pioneered by German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin in the early 20th century, based in part on an earlier design by aviation pioneer David Schwarz. ... Supermarine P.B.31E Nighthawk The P.B.31E Night Hawk, the first project of the Pemberton-Billing operation after it became Supermarine Aviation Works Ltd. ... M67 recoilless rifle. ... Edisons classical searchlight cart. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Hubert Scott-Paine 1891 - 1954 Hubert Scott-Paine (11 March 1891 – 14 April 1954) was a British aircraft and boat designer, record-breaking power boat racer, entrepeneur, inventor, and sponsor of the winning entry in the 1922 Schneider Trophy. ... The Schneider Trophy The Schneider Trophy (or prize or cup) for seaplanes was announced by Jacques Schneider, a financier, balloonist and aircraft enthusiast, in 1911 with a prize of roughly £1,000. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1928 Vickers-Armstrongs took over Supermarine as Supermarine Aviation Works (Vickers), Ltd and in 1938 all Vickers-Armstrongs aviation interests were reorganised to become Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft) Ltd, although Supermarine continued to design, build and trade under its own name. Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vickers-Armstrongs, Limited was a British engineering conglomerate formed by the merger of the assets of Vickers Limited and Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Company in 1927. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The first Supermarine landplane design to go into production was the famous and successful Spitfire. The earlier Hawker Hurricane and the Spitfire were the mainstay of RAF Fighter Command fighter aircraft which fought off the Luftwaffe bombing raids with fighter escorts during the Battle of Britain in the summer of 1940. While the Hurricane was available in larger numbers and consequently played a larger role, the new Spitfire caught the popular imagination and became the aircraft associated with the battle. The Supermarine Spitfire was a British single-seat fighter, which was used by the Royal Air Force and many other Allied countries during the Second World War, and into the 1950s. ... The Hawker Hurricane was a British single-seat fighter aircraft designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd. ... Fighter Command was one of three functional commands that dominated the public perception of the RAF for much of the mid-20th century. ... The Deutsche Luftwaffe or   (German: air force, IPA: ) is the commonly used term for the German air force. ... This article is about the World War Two battle. ...


Other well-known planes from World War II were the Seafire (a naval version of the Spitfire). Supermarine also developed the Spiteful and Seafang, the successors of the Spitfire and Seafire, resp., and the Walrus flying boat. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Seafire F XVII SX336 (Kennet Aviation) The Seafire was a naval version of the Supermarine Spitfire, specially adapted for operation from aircraft carriers. ... The Supermarine Spiteful was a British Rolls-Royce Griffon-engined fighter aircraft designed by Supermarine to Air Ministry specification F.1/43 during World War II as a successor to the Spitfire. ... The Supermarine Seafang was a British Rolls-Royce Griffon-engined fighter aircraft designed by Supermarine to Air Ministry specification N.5/45. ... The Supermarine Walrus was a single-engine amphibious biplane reconnaissance aircraft designed by R. J. Mitchell and operated by the Fleet Air Arm. ...


The Supermarine main works was in Woolston, Southampton which led to the city being heavily bombed in 1940. Map showing Woolston within Southampton Map showing Southampton within England Woolston is a district of Southampton, located on the eastern shore of the River Itchen. ... For other uses, see Southampton (disambiguation). ...


The last of the Supermarine aircraft was the Supermarine Scimitar. After that, in the shakeup of British aircraft manufacturing, Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft) became a part of the British Aircraft Corporation and the individual manufacturing heritage names were lost. Northshore Marine builds a range of motorboats under the Supermarine name in Chichester. This refers to the aircraft, for other uses see Scimitar (disambiguation) The Supermarine Scimitar was a fighter aircraft in the British Fleet Air Arm. ... The British Aircraft Corporation, or BAC, was a British aircraft manufacturer, formed from the merger (under government pressure) of English Electric Aviation Ltd. ... A 1962 Rebel. A wooden speedboat with an outboard engine. ... For the larger local government district, see Chichester (district). ...


Supermarine aircraft

  • AD Flying Boat (1916)
  • Supermarine Nighthawk (1917) - anti-Zeppelin fighter aircraft
  • Supermarine Baby (1917) - single seat fighter flying boatlla]]
  • Supermarine Sea Lion (1919) - Schneider race flying boat
    • Supermarine Sea Lion I
    • Supermarine Sea Lion II and III
  • Supermarine Channel (1919) - civil version of the AD Flying Boat
  • Supermarine Scylla early (1920s)
  • Supermarine Sea Urchin early (1920s)
  • Supermarine Commercial Amphibian (1920)
  • Supermarine Sea King (1920) - single seat fighter flying boat
  • Supermarine Seagull (1921) - amphibian Fleet Spotter
  • Supermarine Seal (1921)
  • Supermarine Sea Eagle (1923) - civil amphibian flying boat
  • Supermarine Scarab (1924) - military version of Sea Eagle
  • Supermarine Sheldrake
  • Supermarine Swan (1924) - experimental amphibian
  • Supermarine Sparrow (1924) - two-seat ultralight
  • Supermarine Southampton (1925) - flying boat
  • Supermarine S.4 (1925) - Schneider Trophy race seaplane
  • Supermarine S.5 (1927) - Schneider Trophy race seaplane
  • Supermarine Nanok (1927)
  • Supermarine Solent (1927)
  • Supermarine Seamew (1928) - twin-engined flying boat
  • Supermarine S.6 (1929) - single-seat racing seaplane
  • Supermarine S.6B (1931) - racing seaplane (first aircraft over 400 mph)
  • Supermarine Air Yacht (1931) - six-passenger flying boat
  • Supermarine Scapa (1932) - flying boat
  • Supermarine Stranraer (1932) - general-purpose flying boat
  • Supermarine Walrus (1933) - reconnaissance amphibian
  • Supermarine Spitfire (1936) - single seat fighter
    • Supermarine Spitfire variants part one - Single-stage Rolls Royce Merlin powered variants
    • Supermarine Spitfire variants part two - Two-stage Merlin and Griffon engine variants
  • Supermarine Sea Otter (1938) - flying boat
  • Supermarine 318 (1936) - four engined heavy bomber to B.12/36
  • Supermarine 322 also S.24/37 or "Dumbo" (1939)
  • Supermarine Spiteful (1944) - replacement for the Spitfire
  • Supermarine Seafang (1946) - development of Spiteful
  • Supermarine Attacker (1946) - jet fighter
  • Supermarine Seagull ASR-1 (1948) - air-sea rescue and reconnaissance
  • Supermarine Swift (1948) - jet fighter
  • Supermarine 508 - V-tailed prototype of the Scimitar
  • Supermarine Scimitar (1956) - naval ground attack aircraft

Designs and submissions only The AD Flying Boat was designed by the British Admiraltys Air Department to serve as a patrol aircraft that could operate in conjunction with Royal Navy warships. ... Supermarine P.B.31E Nighthawk The P.B.31E Night Hawk, the first project of the Pemberton-Billing operation after it became Supermarine Aviation Works Ltd. ... Zeppelins are a type of rigid airship pioneered by German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin in the early 20th century, based in part on an earlier design by aviation pioneer David Schwarz. ... The AD Flying Boat was designed by the British Admiraltys Air Department to serve as a patrol aircraft that could operate in conjunction with Royal Navy warships. ... The AD Flying Boat was designed by the British Admiraltys Air Department to serve as a patrol aircraft that could operate in conjunction with Royal Navy warships. ... For the air/sea rescue aircraft, see Supermarine Seagull ASR-1 The Supermarine Seagull was a development of the Supermarine Seal by the Supermarine company. ... The Supermarine Southampton was one of the most successful flying boats of the between-war period. ... The Supermarine S.4 was a 1920s British single-engined single-seat racing seaplane built by Supermarine. ... The Supermarine S.5 was a 1920s British single-engined single-seat racing seaplane built by Supermarine. ... Supermarine Seamew was a twin engined amphibian, built by the Supermarine company, intended as a small, shipborne aircraft. ... The Supermarine S.6B was a racing seaplane developed by Reginald Mitchell for the Supermarine company in order to win the Schneider Trophy in 1931. ... The Supermarine S.6B was a racing seaplane developed by Reginald Mitchell for the Supermarine company in order to win the Schneider Trophy in 1931. ... The Supermarine Scapa was the flying boat that was the inter-design between the Southampton and the Stranraer. ... The Supermarine Stranraer marked the end of biplane flying-boat devlopment for the Royal Air Force. ... The Supermarine Walrus was a single-engine amphibious biplane reconnaissance aircraft designed by R. J. Mitchell and operated by the Fleet Air Arm. ... The Supermarine Spitfire was a British single-seat fighter, which was used by the Royal Air Force and many other Allied countries during the Second World War, and into the 1950s. ... The Supermarine Sea Otter, the developement of the Walrus, was intended to have a longer range. ... The Supermarine Spiteful was a British Rolls-Royce Griffon-engined fighter aircraft designed by Supermarine to Air Ministry specification F.1/43 during World War II as a successor to the Spitfire. ... The Supermarine Seafang was a British Rolls-Royce Griffon-engined fighter aircraft designed by Supermarine to Air Ministry specification N.5/45. ... The Supermarine Attacker was a single-seat jet fighter of the Fleet Air Arm (FAA), built by the Supermarine company, and was the first jet fighter of the FAA. The Attacker developed from a Royal Air Force (RAF) fighter jet project, the E10//44. ... The Supermarine Seagull ASR-1 was the last flying boat to be built by the Supermarine company. ... The Supermarine Swift was a single-seat fighter-jet of the Royal Air Force (RAF), built by Supermarine. ... This refers to the aircraft, for other uses see Scimitar (disambiguation) The Supermarine Scimitar was a fighter aircraft in the British Fleet Air Arm. ...

  • Supermarine Type 224 - failed design for a fighter aircraft in 1934
  • Supermarine Type 305 (1938) - Design project for a turret armed derivative of the Spitfire
  • Supermarine Type 324 - Design project for a twin Merlin engined, tricycle undercarriage fighter based on Spitfire wing and fuselage.
  • Supermarine Type 545 - supersonic version of Swift
  • Supermarine Type 553 (1953) - mach 2 research aircraft project
  • Supermarine Type 559 (1955) - submission for Operational Requirement F.155 for a high altitude supersonic fighter
  • Supermarine Type 571 - submission for GOR.339 TSR.2 requirement

The Supermarine Type 224 was a design submitted by Reginald Mitchell for a RAF competition to select a new fighter in 1934. ... The Operation Requirement F.155 was an identified need by the British Ministry of Supply for an interceptor aircraft for the defence of the United Kingdom. ...

References

  1. ^ The World's Worst Aircraft James Gilbert ISBN 0-340-21824-X

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Category:Supermarine
  • British Aircraft Directory
  • Spitfire Society article
  • Vickers-Supermarine aircraft designs
Aviation encompasses all the activities relating to airborne devices created by human ingenuity, generally known as aircraft. ... This is a timeline of aviation history. ... This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... This is a list of aircraft manufacturers (in alphabetic order). ... List of aircraft engines: // Two- and four-stroke rotary, radial, inline. ... This is a list of aircraft engine manufacturers both past and present. ... This is a list of airlines in operation (by continents and country). ... This is a list of air forces, sorted alphabetically by country, followed by a list of former countries air forces. ... This is an incomplete list of aircraft weapons, past and present. ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by name. ... A Boeing 720 being flown under remote control as part of NASAs Controlled Impact Demonstration The following is a list of Unmanned aerial vehicles developed and operated by various countries around the world. ... This is a list of experimental aircraft. ... The SR-71 Blackbird is the current record holder. ... Flight distance records without refueling. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of altitude records reached by different aircraft types. ... The flight endurance record is the amount of time spent in the air. ... Aircraft with a production run greater than 5,000 aircraft. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Supermarine Spitfire - Great Britain (1499 words)
The first version of the Spitfire so equipped, was the Mark VI derived directly from the Mark VB, as a result of work on pressure cabins at the Royal Aircraft Establishment and Supermarine during 1940-41.
At the R.A.E., R7120 was fitted with a Merlin 47 (the high rated version of the Merlin 45) with a four-blade Rotol propeller with Jablo blades and a pressure cabin.
The same engine was employed by the 100 Spitfire VI (Type 350) fighters, built by Supermarine, the first two of these AB176 and X4942 serving as prototypes.
The Supermarine Spitfire (187 words)
The Supermarine Spitfire is probably the only aircraft
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Please, however, check the contents of the site first for the answer
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