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Encyclopedia > Superman (1978 film)
Superman

Original movie poster
Directed by Richard Donner
Produced by Ilya Salkind
Pierre Spengler
Written by Comic Book:
Jerry Siegel
Joe Shuster
Story:
Mario Puzo
Screenplay:
David Newman
Leslie Newman
Robert Benton
Mario Puzo
Creative Consultant:
Tom Mankiewicz
Starring Christopher Reeve
Gene Hackman
Marlon Brando
Margot Kidder
Cinematography Geoffrey Unsworth
Editing by Stuart Baird
Distributed by Warner Bros.
Release date(s) December 15, 1978
Running time 143 min.
Country Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of the United States United States
Language English
Budget $55,000,000
Followed by Superman II
All Movie Guide profile
IMDb profile

Superman, also known as Superman: The Movie, is a popular and critically acclaimed superhero film. It was the first major motion picture to feature the popular DC Comics character of Superman, who had previously appeared throughout the 1940s into the mid 1970s in a radio adventure series, two movie serials (including 17 animated shorts), a live action television series, two animated television series, and even a Broadway Musical. It was also the first blockbuster film adaptation of a comic book superhero. The film was released by Warner Bros. in 1978. It was directed by Richard Donner and executive produced by Ilya Salkind, with music by John Williams. It starred top-billed Marlon Brando as Jor-El, and Gene Hackman as arch villan Lex Luthor. The film also introduces Christopher Reeve as the title character Superman in what would become his most famous role. The Superman film series was conceived in 1973 under producers Alexander and Ilya Salkind, who along with other producers made four films between 1978 and 1987. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (483x755, 93 KB)original movie poster source:www. ... Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg on April 24, 1930) is an American film director and also producer through the production company, The Donners Company, he and his wife, producer Lauren Shuler-Donner, own. ... Ilya Salkind (born Ilya Juan Salkind Dominguez, July 27, 1947 in Mexico City) grew up in the world of motion pictures. ... Pierre Spengler is a French film producer. ... Jerome Jerry Siegel a. ... Joseph Joe Shuster (July 10, 1914 - July 30, 1992) was a Canadian-born comic book artist best known for co-creating the DC Comics character Superman, with writer Jerry Siegel, first published in Action Comics #1 (March 1938). ... Mario Gianluigi Puzo (October 15, 1920 – July 2, 1999) was an American author known for his novels about the Mafia, especially The Godfather (1969). ... There have been a number of prominent figures named David Newman, including: David Newman, American composer David Newman, American Visual Artist David Newman, Canadian politician This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Leslie Newman is a screenwriter who co-wrote the first three Superman films with husband David Newman, who passed away in 2003. ... Robert Benton (born September 29, 1932 in Waxahachie, Texas) is an American screenwriter and film director. ... Mario Gianluigi Puzo (October 15, 1920 – July 2, 1999) was an American author known for his novels about the Mafia, especially The Godfather (1969). ... Tom Mankiewicz is an American screenwriter and director. ... Christopher DOlier Reeve[1] (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer. ... Gene Hackman (born Eugene Allen Hackman[1] on January 30, 1930) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actor. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... Margot Kidder (born October 17, 1948) is a Canadian-American film and television actress who achieved fame playing Lois Lane in the Superman movies of the 1970s and 1980s. ... Geoffrey Unsworth (1914-1978) was a British cinematographer who enjoyed a long and varied career in the British film industry, working on nearly 90 feature films spanning more than 40 years. ... Stuart Baird is a British film editor, producer, and director who is mainly associated with action films. ... “WB” redirects here. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events February 1 - Bob Dylans film Renaldo and Clara, a documentary of the Rolling Thunder Revue tour premieres in Los Angeles, California March 1 - Charlie Chaplins coffin is stolen from a Swiss cemetery 3 months after burial March - Leigh Brackett completes the first draft for Star Wars Episode... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Superman II is the 1980 sequel to the 1978 superhero film Superman. ... DVD front cover for The Adventures of Captain Marvel film serial. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Announcer Jackson Beck (left) with Bud Collyer and Joan Alexander The Adventures of Superman, adapted from the DC Comics character created in 1938 (see Superman), came to radio as a syndicated show on New York Citys WOR on February 12, 1940. ... The Superman serial was a 1948 15-part black-and-white movie serial starring Kirk Alyn as Superman and Noel Neill as Lois Lane. ... This image of Superman appeared at the beginning of each of the cartoons. ... This article is about the television series. ... Its A Bird, Its A Plane, Its Superman is a musical with music by Charles Strouse and lyrics by Lee Adams, with a book by David Newman and Robert Benton. ... Blockbuster can refer to: Block Buster firework Illegal firecracker Blockbuster Fireworks, a chain of firework stands located in the Los Angeles area. ... Film adaptation is the transfer of a written work to a feature film. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... “WB” redirects here. ... // Events February 1 - Bob Dylans film Renaldo and Clara, a documentary of the Rolling Thunder Revue tour premieres in Los Angeles, California March 1 - Charlie Chaplins coffin is stolen from a Swiss cemetery 3 months after burial March - Leigh Brackett completes the first draft for Star Wars Episode... Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg on April 24, 1930) is an American film director and also producer through the production company, The Donners Company, he and his wife, producer Lauren Shuler-Donner, own. ... Ilya Salkind (born Ilya Juan Salkind Dominguez, July 27, 1947 in Mexico City) grew up in the world of motion pictures. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... Gene Hackman (born Eugene Allen Hackman[1] on January 30, 1930) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actor. ... Christopher DOlier Reeve[1] (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer. ...


The movie was filmed and produced at the same time as its sequel, Superman II (1980), although this arrangement was beset by production difficulties, and the sequel was not completed until two years later. There were two further installments in the series: Superman III (1983) and Superman IV: The Quest for Peace (1987), as well as several cancelled sequel attempts after 1987. Superman and Superman II are treated as a loose precursor for the 2006 film Superman Returns. For other uses, see Sequel (disambiguation). ... Superman II is the 1980 sequel to the 1978 superhero film Superman. ... The year 1980 in film involved some significant events. ... Superman III (originally titled Superman vs. ... // February 11 - The Rolling Stones concert film Lets Spend the Night Together opens in New York North Americas Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi Tootsie Trading Places, starring Dan Aykroyd and Eddie Murphy WarGames, starring Matthew Broderick and Ally Sheedy Superman III Flashdance Staying Alive Octopussy Mr. ... Superman IV: The Quest For Peace is a 1987 film, the last of the Superman theatrical movies. ... // May 9 - Actor Tom Cruise marries actress Mimi Rogers. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... For the video game of the same name, see Superman Returns (video game). ...

Contents

Plot

The movie begins with the planet Krypton in danger of imminent destruction. Subsequent to the trial and sentencing of a group of Kryptonian criminals, scientist Jor-El tries to persuade the planetary high council that the planet is about to explode. They refuse to believe it and forbid him to speak of it. With his wife, Lara, he arranges to send their infant son Kal-El, along with a green crystal containing the sum of all Kryptonian knowledge, to Earth to ensure his survival. Kal-El's spaceship crash-lands on Earth near the town of Smallville, Kansas, three years after Krypton has been destroyed. The boy is found and adopted by a couple, Jonathan and Martha Kent, who name him Clark Kent. Jor-El is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comics published by DC Comics. ... Lara, Jor-El, and Superman. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ... This article is about Supermans adoptive home town. ... Martha Clark Kent and Jonathan Kent, also known as Ma and Pa Kent, are fictional characters published by DC Comics. ...

Jor-El and Kal-El.
Jor-El and Kal-El.

Clark has incredible superhuman powers on Earth, but he keeps his abilities hidden. Maintaining a shy disposition and avoiding sports lest he give himself away, he is ridiculed and scorned by his peers. Jonathan Kent has a fatal heart attack one day and dies, after which a grieving Clark expresses helplessness, saying "all [these] powers and I couldn't even save him". Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Acute myocardial infarction (AMI or MI), more commonly known as a heart attack, is a disease state that occurs when the blood supply to a part of the heart is interrupted. ...


One night, Clark hears the green crystal making a peculiar sound only he can hear, and is drawn to find it. He realizes that it is time to discover his purpose on Earth and bids farewell to his Earth mother. He departs on a journey to the Arctic and uses the crystal to build the Fortress of Solitude, a majestic crystal palace in the architectural style of his home planet. Inside, Kal-El learns the reason he was transported to Earth from holographic recordings of Jor-El. After twelve years of education and training within the Fortress of Solitude, he emerges garbed in a red cape and blue suit with the El family symbol on the chest and flies off. The Fortress of Solitude is the occasional headquarters of Superman in DC Comics. ...


Clark arrives in the city of Metropolis and is hired as a reporter for Daily Planet newspaper by its editor-in-chief, Perry White. While there, he meets the paper's star journalist, Lois Lane. Clark becomes infatuated with Lois, but the sentiment is not returned. Clark's true nature is unveiled when, in his blue suit and red cape, he publicly rescues Lois from a spectacular helicopter accident atop the Daily Planet building. The red-caped hero also stops a heist from a jewelery crook, stops a gang at a waterfront, rescues an airplane from crashing and rescues a cat from a tree, delivering it back to the pet's owner. Metropolis Skyline, as seen in Smallville. ... The Daily Planet is a fictional broadsheet newspaper that appears in Superman stories published by DC Comics. ... Perry White is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comics, and is the editor-in-chief of the Metropolis newspaper the Daily Planet. ... For the Dutch girl group, see Loïs Lane. ...


Perry White directs all his reporters to find out as much information as possible about this mysterious hero. The hero grants Lois an interview. After the interview, Lois joins him on a flight over Metropolis. After their romantic flight, the costumed hero flies off and Lois says to herself, "What a super man", thus giving the mysterious rescuer his name, "Superman." Clark shows up moments later to take Lois out. He takes his glasses off and attempts to muster the courage to tell Lois the truth, but doesn't.


Meanwhile, super criminal mastermind Lex Luthor is intent on committing "the greatest real-estate swindle of all time." To accomplish this, Luthor hopes to cause a major earthquake in California by using the U.S. government's test launching of two missiles. He reprograms one of them to hit the San Andreas Fault. The other missile is to be used as a diversion and targets Hackensack, New Jersey. The California quake will cause all of California to slide into the ocean, making the vast tracts of desert land that he had quietly purchased skyrocket in value when it becomes the new West Coast of the United States. Lex Luthor is a fictional DC Comics supervillain. ... An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... View of the San Andreas Fault on the Carrizo Plain in central California, 35°07N, 119°39W The San Andreas Fault is a geological fault that runs a length of roughly 800 miles (1300 kilometres) through western and southern California in the United States. ... This article is about arid terrain. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ...


Luthor perceives Superman to be a serious threat, luring him to his lair with a threat to gas the population of Metropolis. He traps the superhero with kryptonite — the only thing to which he is vulnerable. However, Superman escapes with the help of Luthor's assistant, Eve Teschmacher. Miss Teschmacher is frightened for the fate of her mother, who happens to live in Hackensack. This article is about the fictional substance. ...


Superman diverts the path of the Hackensack missile, forcing it into space. In the meantime, the other missile hits the San Andreas Fault in California, triggering the massive earthquake along the length of the fault. Superman plunges deep into the earth to shore up the fault line, preventing the loss of the West Coast. However, the quake's violent aftershocks still cause the breaching of the Hoover Dam and other disasters. Conveniently, Lois Lane happens to be in California covering another story. During the quake, Lois' car falls into a crevasse, and is buried by tons of dirt, trapping her inside and crushing her to death.


After dealing with all the disasters, Superman discovers Lois' lifeless body. Overcome with grief, Superman hears Jor El's voice forbidding him to interfere in human history, but also hears Jonathan Kent's last words to him telling him that "you are here for a reason." Disregarding his biological father's words, Superman flies around the Earth until he surpassed the speed of light, going back in time.


By reversing the timeline, he prevents the events leading up to Lois' death. The reversal stops at the point where the earthquake began. He then flies back to Lois, who is alive and well. Superman bids farewell and flies off, with a task to finish. Superman captures Luthor and Otis and delivers them to prison.


Cast

Superman pre-release publicity photo.
Actor Role
Christopher Reeve Kal El / Superman / Clark Kent
Gene Hackman Lex Luthor
Marlon Brando Jor-El
Margot Kidder Lois Lane
Ned Beatty Otis
Jackie Cooper Perry White
Marc McClure Jimmy Olsen
Glenn Ford Jonathan Kent
Phyllis Thaxter Martha Kent
Valerie Perrine Eve Teschmacher
Maria Schell Vond-Ah
Susannah York Lara
Terence Stamp General Zod
Sarah Douglas Ursa
Jack O'Halloran Non
Jeff East Young Clark Kent
Diane Sherry Lana Lang

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Christopher DOlier Reeve[1] (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... For other uses, see Clark Kent (disambiguation). ... Gene Hackman (born Eugene Allen Hackman[1] on January 30, 1930) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actor. ... Lex Luthor is a fictional DC Comics supervillain. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... Jor-El is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comics published by DC Comics. ... Margot Kidder (born October 17, 1948) is a Canadian-American film and television actress who achieved fame playing Lois Lane in the Superman movies of the 1970s and 1980s. ... For the Dutch girl group, see Loïs Lane. ... Ned Thomas Beatty (born July 6, 1937) is an Academy Award-nominated American character actor. ... Otis, played by Ned Beatty, is the short henchman of Lex Luthor who appears in the films Superman: The Movie and Superman II. Lacking any real intelligence or physical strength, Otis is used by Luthor primarily as a gofer. ... Jackie Cooper (born September 15, 1922) is an American Academy Award-nominated actor, Emmy Award-winning TV director, and TV producer. ... Perry White is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comics, and is the editor-in-chief of the Metropolis newspaper the Daily Planet. ... Marc McClure (b. ... James Bartholomew Jimmy Olsen is a fictional character, a photojournalist who appears in DC Comics’ Superman stories. ... Gwyllyn Samuel Newton Glenn Ford (May 1, 1916 – August 30, 2006) was an acclaimed Canadian-born actor from Hollywoods Golden Era with a career that spanned seven decades. ... Martha Clark Kent and Jonathan Kent, also known as Ma and Pa Kent, are fictional characters published by DC Comics. ... Jonathan (Glenn Ford) and Martha Kent (Phyllis Thaxter) in Superman: The Movie (1978) Phyllis Thaxter (born Phyllis St. ... Martha Kent, née Martha Clark, also known as Ma Kent, is a fictional character published by DC Comics. ... On the cover of Playboy, August 1981 Valerie Ritchie Perrine (born September 3, 1943) is an American actress and model. ... Eve Teschmacher (known simply as Miss Teschmacher) is a fictional character from the first two Superman movies from Warner Bros. ... Schell as a kidnapped German doctor in the 1954 World War II drama, The Last Bridge . ... York to the right together with Ilya Salkind on the set of Superman: The Movie, circa 1977 Susannah York (born Susannah Yolande Fletcher on January 9, 1939[1]) is an English actress. ... Lara, Jor-El, and Superman. ... Terence Stamp (born July 22, 1939) is an English actor. ... General Zod is a fictional comic book supervillain who is an enemy of Superman. ... Sarah Douglas (born December 12, 1952) is an English actress, most notable for playing strong villainessess in 1980s science fiction movies. ... Sarah Douglas in the role of Ursa in Superman II. Ursa is a supervillain that appeared as an enemy of Superman in the theatrical film Superman II. She was a co-conspirator and accomplice of General Zod. ... Jack OHalloran (born April 8, 1943 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an American actor best known for his role as Non, the menacing-but-mute member of the trio of Kryptonian supervillains banished to the Phantom Zone by Jor-El (Marlon Brando) in Superman: The Movie (1978) and inadvertently released... Non is a villain who appeared in the first to Superman movies, Superman I and Superman II. He was portrayed by Jack OHalloran. ... Jeff East (born on October 27, 1957 in St. ... For other uses, see Clark Kent (disambiguation). ... Lana Lang is a supporting character in DC Comics Superman series. ...

Development

As a child, growing up in New York, Mexican-born Ilya Salkind learned to speak English by watching the Adventures of Superman, starring George Reeves, and reading Superman comic books from the 1950s. After the success of The Four Musketeers, Ilya met his father Alexander for dinner in Paris, where they discussed their next film project. Salkind was inspired to bring up Superman after seeing a billboard for The Mark of Zorro. [1] This article is about the state. ... Ilya Salkind (born Ilya Juan Salkind Dominguez, July 27, 1947 in Mexico City) grew up in the world of motion pictures. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article is about the television series. ... George Reeves (January 5,[1] 1914 – June 16, 1959) was an American actor, best known for his role as Superman in the 1950s television program Adventures of Superman and his controversial death at the age of 45. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... The Four Musketeers is the title of a 1974 Richard Lester film, which follows upon his film of the previous year, The Three Musketeers, and covers the second half of Dumass novel. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The Mark of Zorro was a made-for-TV movie released in 1974. ...


Long time partner Pierre Spengler joined the producing team and the three purchased the rights to Superman. The contract gave them the right to produce Superman film and television properties for 25 years. Although Warner Brothers owned the rights to the Superman family of characters since they acquired DC Comics in the early 1970s, they had no interest in bringing the characters to life on film. The live-action Batman television show had left a taint on film depictions of comic book super-heroes. Even though the Salkinds owned the film rights, Warner Brothers still had the distribution rights, which gave them as much creative control over the project. [1] Pierre Spengler is a French film producer. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Warner Bros. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... This article is about the 1960s television series. ... Warner Bros. ...

Publicity still emulating screen shot.
Publicity still emulating screen shot.
Actual screen shot for comparison.

Alexander and Ilya Salkind approached Julius Schwartz, then the editor of Superman for DC Comics, for suggestions on screenwriters. Schwartz recommended his close friend Leigh Brackett. Ilya was interested in hiring her, but changed his mind upon learning that she lived in California. The Salkinds wanted someone who was in New York so they could start immediately. As luck would have it, Brackett would help on the writing process for Star Wars V: The Empire Strikes Back. [2] superman movie image, think is ok by fair use File links The following pages link to this file: Superhero ... superman movie image, think is ok by fair use File links The following pages link to this file: Superhero ... Image File history File links Superman_movie_vid_cap1. ... Image File history File links Superman_movie_vid_cap1. ... Julius Julie Schwartz (June 19, 1915 – February 8, 2004) was a comic book and pulp magazine editor, and a science fiction agent and prominent fan. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... Leigh Brackett (December 7, 1915 - March 18, 1978), was a writer of fantasy and science fiction, mystery novels and - best known to the general public - Hollywood screenplays, most notably The Big Sleep (1945), Rio Bravo (1959), The Long Goodbye (1973) and The Empire Strikes Back (1980). ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This article is about the state. ...


Schwartz then suggested Alfred Bester, who Ilya personally asked to write a treatment for the film, though Alexander Salkind disliked the idea; the elder Salkind wanted a highly noticeable writer. So Mario Puzo was hired to write the script. Salkind told him to make the film serious but claims the Puzo script, which he finished his second draft in July of 1975, was deliberately campy. The Salkinds were inspired to shoot two films back-to-back after reading Puzo's 500-plus page script. [2] Alfred Bester (December 18, 1913 - September 30, 1987) was a science fiction author and the winner of the first Hugo Award in 1953 for his novel The Demolished Man. ... Alexander Salkind (June 2, 1921 – March 8, 1997) was the second of three generations of successful international film producers. ... Mario Gianluigi Puzo (October 15, 1920 – July 2, 1999) was an American author known for his novels about the Mafia, especially The Godfather (1969). ...


As Puzo wrote the script, Salkind offered the director's position to Francis Ford Coppola, Sam Peckinpah, Peter Yates, and William Friedkin, all of whom turned it down, though Salkind claims that Yates was still very interested in directing. [1] One director that caught Ilya Salkind's eye was Steven Spielberg, who was then unknown and working on Jaws. Spielberg also was interested and very much wanted to do it. Alexander Salkind was against the idea, wanting a well-known director. Alexander thought it best to wait until that fish movie of his would be released, to see whether it would become a success or not. Jaws was an outstanding success, and Spielberg was offered the director's position. However, he had to decline due to his commitment on Close Encounters of the Third Kind. [1] Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939) is a five-time Academy Award winning American film director, producer, and screenwriter. ... David Samuel Sam Peckinpah (February 21, 1925 – December 28, 1984) was an American film director who achieved iconic status following the release of his 1969 Western epic The Wild Bunch. ... Peter Yates (born 24 July 1929 in Aldershot, Hampshire) is an English film director and producer. ... William Friedkin (born August 29, 1935 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American movie and television director, producer and screenwriter best known for directing The Exorcist and The French Connection in the early 1970s. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... It has been suggested that Orca (Jaws boat) be merged into this article or section. ... Alexander Salkind (June 2, 1921 – March 8, 1997) was the second of three generations of successful international film producers. ... This article is about the film; for the a definition of the UFO related phenomenon, see Close encounter. ...


Eventually, Guy Hamilton was hired as the director after Salkind was impressed with Goldfinger and Battle of Britain. Academy Award-winning writers Robert Benton, David Newman, and wife Leslie Newman were brought in to rewrite the script shortly after the hiring of Hamilton. [3] Leslie Newman was brought in specifically to "write Lois". The production was moved from Paris to Rome, and Olympic athlete Bruce Jenner was used as a model for flying tests as Superman; Salkind claims they wasted $2 million in Rome on flying tests. Guy Hamilton (born September 11, 1922 [1]) is a noted English film director. ... Goldfinger is the third film in the James Bond series, and the third to star Sean Connery as the MI6 agent. ... Battle of Britain is a 1969 film directed by Guy Hamilton, and produced by Harry Saltzman and S Benjamin Fisz. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Robert Benton (born September 29, 1932 in Waxahachie, Texas) is an American screenwriter and film director. ... David Newman (1937-2003) was an American filmmaker. ... Leslie Newman is a screenwriter who co-wrote the first three Superman films with husband David Newman, who passed away in 2003. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... William Bruce Jenner (born October 28, 1949 in Mount Kisco, New York) is a U.S. track athlete. ...


Casting of Marlon Brando and Gene Hackman

Paul Newman was offered all three roles of Jor-El, Lex Luthor, and Superman, but declined all of them. In May of 1975 acclaimed actors Marlon Brando signed on as Jor-El and Gene Hackman as Lex Luthor,[1] who earned $2 million.[2] The Salkinds wanted the public to know they were doing a serious adaptation of a comic book, thus actors like Brando and Hackman were sought after. Brando signed on for the role with heavy precautions. He demanded $3.7 million up front. He also was to receive 11.75% of the box office gross with the entire total racking up to $19 million. [1] Brando also refused to memorize his lines, so his blocking and dialog had to be presented on cue cards, or written somewhere on the set. In the scene where Jor-El places baby Kal-El in the rocket, his lines were written on the diaper of the baby. [4] Paul Leonard Newman (born January 26, 1925) is an Academy Award, Golden Globe, Cannes Award, and Emmy Award-winning American actor and film director. ... Jor-El is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comics published by DC Comics. ... Lex Luthor is a fictional DC Comics supervillain. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... For other uses, see May (disambiguation). ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... Jor-El is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comics published by DC Comics. ... Gene Hackman (born Eugene Allen Hackman[1] on January 30, 1930) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actor. ... Lex Luthor is a fictional DC Comics supervillain. ... Jor-El is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comics published by DC Comics. ... Superman, looking over Metropolis, his home, with the Daily Planet building in the background. ...


Newman found out about Brando's salary and Salkind joked that he nearly had a heart attack, knowing that he could have earned as much money as Brando. Despite earning $19 million for his roughly 20 minutes of screen time, Brando claimed he wasn't paid all of his money, and sued the Salkinds. The lawsuit prevented the Salkinds from using more footage of Brando in Superman II. Though eventually, some of the brief footage was restored for Superman Returns. [1] Superman II is the 1980 sequel to the 1978 superhero film Superman. ... For the video game of the same name, see Superman Returns (video game). ...


Unfortunately, Brando couldn't shoot in Italy, due to a lawsuit from a previous film Last Tango in Paris, due to "sexual obscenity." Ilya Salkind found out that moving the production to England would save them a lot of money. Guy Hamilton had to drop out because he was a tax exile in the UK, [1] which only let him spend 30 days a year in the country. [3] Last Tango in Paris (Italian: Il Tango Ultimo nei Parigi, French: Le Dernier Tango à Paris) is a 1972 film which tells the story of an American widower who is drawn into a sexual relationship with a young, soon-to-be-married Parisian woman. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Guy Hamilton (born September 11, 1922 [1]) is a noted English film director. ...


Richard Donner

To replace Hamilton, Salkind went to Mark Robson, after being impressed with Earthquake. Robson was excited for the opportunity, though Salkind changed his mind after seeing The Omen, directed by Richard Donner. Donner felt that the recent script that was rewritten by Benton and the Newmans was too jokey and cynical. The Broadway show It's a Bird...It's a Plane...It's Superman was coincidentally written by Robert Benton and David Newman. Donner would only take the chance to direct if the Salkinds allowed him and his friend Tom Mankiewicz to give the script a heavy rewrite, matching it up to Science Fiction epic rather than a straight-face parody of the character. [1] Mark Robson (December 4, 1913 – June 20, 1978) was a Canadian-born film editor, film director and producer in Hollywood. ... Earthquake is a 1974 disaster film that was among several box-office successful disaster films of the 1970s that places a recognizable all-star cast in life and death situations. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg on April 24, 1930) is an American film director and also producer through the production company, The Donners Company, he and his wife, producer Lauren Shuler-Donner, own. ... Its A Bird, Its A Plane, Its Superman is a musical with music by Charles Strouse and lyrics by Lee Adams, with a book by David Newman and Robert Benton. ... Robert Benton (born September 29, 1932 in Waxahachie, Texas) is an American screenwriter and film director. ... There have been a number of prominent figures named David Newman, including: David Newman, American composer David Newman, American Visual Artist David Newman, Canadian politician This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Tom Mankiewicz is an American screenwriter and director. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ...


When Donner called Mankiewicz, Mankiewicz turned down the offer claiming that he had enough with rewriting scripts for Hollywood. Donner told Mankiewicz he would meet him at his house and hung up. When Donner showed up, he was in a full Superman costume, and sprinted across Mankiewicz's lawn. Donner told him that with enough commitment, they could perform a serious, well-written superhero movie, being the first of its kind to take comic books seriously. [3] Mankiewicz and Donner weren't allowed credit by the Writers Guild of America, though Donner credited him as Creative Consultant, much to the annoyance of the Guild, while Donner went uncredited. [4] ... The Writers Guild of America (WGA) is the collective bargaining representative, or labor union, for writers in the motion picture and television industries in the United States. ...


Casting Superman

For the role of Superman Salkind claims that Steve McQueen, Burt Reynolds, and John Voight were all considered. Both Neil Diamond and Arnold Schwarzenegger lobbied hard for the role, but were ignored. [1] Donner claims that the Salkinds offered Robert Redford, Nick Nolte, and other famous actors the leading role, but all of them turned it down. As soon as Donner came in, he came up with the idea of casting an unknown, claiming he couldn't take a serious and famous actor seriously if he were to wear the Superman suit. [3] Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Steve McQueen (March 24, 1930 – November 7, 1980) was an Academy Award-nominated American movie actor, nicknamed The King of Cool.[1] He was one of the biggest box-office draws of the 1960s and 1970s due to a popular anti-hero persona. ... Burt Reynolds (born Burton Reynolds Jr. ... Marcheline Bertrand and Jon Voight Jonathan Voight (born December 29, 1938 in Yonkers, New York) is an American actor. ... Neil Leslie Diamond (born January 24, 1941) is an American singer, songwriter and sometime Actor. ... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German pronunciation (IPA): ) (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ... Robert Redford (born Charles Robert Redford, Jr. ... Nicholas King Nolte (born February 8, 1941) is a Oscar-nominated American actor, model, and producer. ...


Various unknowns were tested. Tom Mankiewicz claims that there were many great strong brutes who couldn't act, and many great actors who weren't physically right for the role. Casting director Lynn Stalmaster introduced Salkind and Donner to Christopher Reeve. Salkind and Donner met Reeve in New York five months before filming. Salkind claims that Reeve was terrific, but was extremely skinny, so they went back and looked for more people. Casting became so desperate that a full screen test was arranged for Salkind's wife's dentist; and portions of the dentist's test can be seen on the DVD. [3] Tom Mankiewicz is an American screenwriter and director. ... Christopher DOlier Reeve[1] (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer. ... This article is about the state. ...


The filmmakers decided to give Reeve a chance, and flew him out to London for a February 1977 screen test. Within 10 minutes, Richard Donner called Ilya Salkind saying, "We have our Superman!" Portions of Reeve's London screen test are included on the DVD special features as well. [1] Filming was to begin in one month and Reeve was immediately paired with bodybuilder David Prowse to bulk up his physique. Prowse had recently sported the Darth Vader suit in Star Wars. Reeve worked out so much during filming that some his scenes had to be re-shot because the differences in his muscular tone were clearly obvious. [4] This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg on April 24, 1930) is an American film director and also producer through the production company, The Donners Company, he and his wife, producer Lauren Shuler-Donner, own. ... Ilya Salkind (born Ilya Juan Salkind Dominguez, July 27, 1947 in Mexico City) grew up in the world of motion pictures. ... David Dave Prowse, MBE (born July 1, 1935 in Bristol, United Kingdom) is an English body-builder, weightlifter and actor, most widely known for his role as the physical form of Darth Vader. ... Darth Vader is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ...


Final Casting

For the role of Lois Lane, Stalmaster said that just about every single available actress between the ages of 25 and 30, with most of them coming from casting agencies located in Los Angeles, New York, and southeastern Canada, read for the role. Among them were Stockard Channing, Lesley Ann Warren, Susan Blakely, Deborah Raffin, and Anne Archer. Shirley Maclaine was also in the running.[2] Holly Palance was used for Christopher Reeve's screen test. Margot Kidder eventually tested for the role and won over the filmmakers. Warren had coincidentally portrayed Lois Lane in the TV special of It's a Bird...It's a Plane...It's Superman. [3] Channing was Donner's second choice for Lois Lane. [4] For the Dutch girl group, see Loïs Lane. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This article is about the state. ... Stockard Channing press kit photo Stockard Channing (born Susan Antonia Williams Stockard on February 13, 1944) is an American actress. ... Lesley Ann Warren (born August 16, 1946), is an Oscar nominated American stage, film and television actress and singer. ... Susan Blakely (born September 7, 1952) is an American movie actress who has mainly played supporting roles. ... Deborah Raffin (born March 13, 1953) is a American movie actress who is best known for her role as Aunt Julie in the former television show 7th Heaven. ... Anne Archer Anne Archer (born August 24, 1947) is an Academy Award nominated American movie and TV actress. ... Shirley MacLaine (born April 24, 1934) is an Academy Award-winning American film and theatre actress, well-known not only for her acting, but for her devotion to her belief in reincarnation. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Christopher DOlier Reeve[1] (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer. ... Margot Kidder (born October 17, 1948) is a Canadian-American film and television actress who achieved fame playing Lois Lane in the Superman movies of the 1970s and 1980s. ... Its A Bird, Its A Plane, Its Superman is a musical with music by Charles Strouse and lyrics by Lee Adams, with a book by David Newman and Robert Benton. ... For the Dutch girl group, see Loïs Lane. ...


Keenan Wynn was originally cast as Perry White. When he arrived at the airport in England to start filming, he had a heart attack, so the role was recast with Jackie Cooper at the very last second. Both Goldie Hawn and Ann Margaret turned down the role of Miss Eve Teschmacher because they were asking for too much money, so Valerie Perrine was cast. [4] Wynn in Warning Shot (1967) Keenan Wynn (July 27, 1916 – October 14, 1986) was an American character actor and member of a well-known show-business family. ... Perry White is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comics, and is the editor-in-chief of the Metropolis newspaper the Daily Planet. ... Jackie Cooper (born September 15, 1922) is an American Academy Award-nominated actor, Emmy Award-winning TV director, and TV producer. ... Goldie Jeanne Hawn (born November 21, 1945) is an Academy Award-winning American actress, director and producer. ... Ann-Margret & Elvis in Viva Las Vegas Ann-Margret (born April 28, 1941), a Swedish-born actress and singer, was born Ann-Margret Olsson in Valsjöbyn, Jämtland, Sweden. ... Eve Teschmacher (known simply as Miss Teschmacher) is a fictional character from the first two Superman movies from Warner Bros. ... On the cover of Playboy, August 1981 Valerie Ritchie Perrine (born September 3, 1943) is an American actress and model. ...


Filming

Superman started filming on March 24, 1976. It was shot simultaneously with Superman II, including eleven different units on location. The scenes of Krypton were shot at both Pinewood and Shepperton Studios. Other miniatures such as the Hoover Dam were constructed there as well. Smallville was shot on location in Calgary and Alberta, while Metropolis was filmed in New York City. [5] Superman II is the 1980 sequel to the 1978 superhero film Superman. ... For other uses, see Krypton (disambiguation). ... The gatehouse at Pinewood Studios Pinewood Studios is a major British film studio situated in Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire. ... Shepperton Studios, located in Shepperton, Middlesex, England is a film studio with a long history of film making. ... For the dam near Westerville, Ohio, see Hoover Dam (Ohio). ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... Motto: Fortis et liber(Latin) Strong and free Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Official languages English (see below) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong - Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 28 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th [Province]) Area Ranked... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 A metropolis (in Greek μήτηρ, mētēr = mother and πόλις, pólis = city/town) is a big city[1], in most cases with over half a million inhabitants in the city proper, and with a population of at least one million living... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


According to many testimonies of those involved, stress was always on board while filming. Though throughout the involvement, Richard Donner, who was just as stressed as the actors and the crew, was able to provide comedic efforts to pass the time. Margot Kidder says that the only motive that kept her going was knowing the fact that Donner was going through more traumas and less hours of sleep than anyone else. [5] Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg on April 24, 1930) is an American film director and also producer through the production company, The Donners Company, he and his wife, producer Lauren Shuler-Donner, own. ... Margot Kidder (born October 17, 1948) is a Canadian-American film and television actress who achieved fame playing Lois Lane in the Superman movies of the 1970s and 1980s. ...


Tom Mankiewicz claims that Richard Donner was never given a budget or a schedule, and was constantly told by the Salkinds that he was either over budget or behind schedule. Of course whenever a film needs more money from the studio, the producers are always the one that gets blamed. Warner Brothers stepped up and provided more money for the film to get going. [5] Richard Lester, who directed the Salkind's previous films The Three Musketeers and it's sequel The Four Musketeers, was brought in as an uncredited producer, setting a balance between Donner and the Salkinds. Mankiewicz claims the Salkinds brought in Lester because they were either waiting for Donner to quit, or having Donner go so over budget, that he would be fired. [5] Tom Mankiewicz is an American screenwriter and director. ... Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg on April 24, 1930) is an American film director and also producer through the production company, The Donners Company, he and his wife, producer Lauren Shuler-Donner, own. ... Warner Bros. ... Richard Lester (born January 19, 1932 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a UK based film director famous for his work with The Beatles. ... The Three Musketeers is a 1973 film based on the novel by Alexandre Dumas, père. ... The Four Musketeers is the title of a 1974 Richard Lester film, which follows upon his film of the previous year, The Three Musketeers, and covers the second half of Dumass novel. ...


Warner Brothers finally had enough of all the production problems on trying to film two movies back-to-back, and decided to finish filming the first one after filming 80% of the sequel. Donner's longtime friend Stuart Baird was brought into help edit the film. Those closest involved in the film say that it was Donner's only escape from everything else that was going. The friendship between Donner and Baird was somewhat strange, with Baird claiming he either walked out or was fired by Donner three times. Whenever different editors were brought in as replacements, Baird would come back minutes later, yelling at them for touching his equipment. [5] Stuart Baird is a British film editor, producer, and director who is mainly associated with action films. ...


While filming the scene of Superman saving Lois Lane after falling out of the helicopter, the infamous New York City blackout took place in August of 1977. Geoffrey Unsworth needed more lighting for a certain shot and illegally plugged a lamp into a street light. As was the case, the entire city went black right that second and Unsworth was convinced he started the entire catastrophe. [4] Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... For the Dutch girl group, see Loïs Lane. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Geoffrey Unsworth (1914-1978) was a British cinematographer who enjoyed a long and varied career in the British film industry, working on nearly 90 feature films spanning more than 40 years. ...


Visual Effects

Superman is very much well known for coming up with new technology on incorporating the very monstrous sequences seen in the film, and the fact that the film came out before the use of computer technology. The sets of Krypton were built at Pinewood Studios, with the Kryptonian Council Dome being placed as a miniature. The Golden Gate Bridge miniature stood 70 feet long, and 20 feet wide. For the scene of the destruction of the Hoover Dam, they of course, built a miniature. To feel impressions of enormous water, the entire sequence was filmed in slow motion. [6] The gatehouse at Pinewood Studios Pinewood Studios is a major British film studio situated in Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire. ... The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the opening into the San Francisco Bay from the Pacific Ocean. ... For the dam near Westerville, Ohio, see Hoover Dam (Ohio). ...


The Fortress of Solitude was actively constructed, though some scenes required mat paintings. The Destruction of Krypton scene was literally filmed on hand, with the entire set crushing to pieces. For the scene where young Clark Kent punts the football a long distance, a cannon was place in the ground. There was discarded footage of Superman literally flying in lava after during the earthquake scene; portions of this footage can be seen on the DVD special features. [6] The Fortress of Solitude is a 2003 Jonathan Lethem novel set in Brooklyn, spanning the 1970s, 80s, and 90s. ... For other uses, see Krypton (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Clark Kent (disambiguation). ...


Of course above all of the visual effects sequences, flying was the hardest. The first test included simply catapulting a dummy out of a cannon. The second idea was to have a remote control cast of the character flying around, though both were discarded due to lack of movement. High quality, realistic-looking animation was tried, while drawing speed trails to help persuade the audience of how fast Superman was flying. Portions of these test can be seen on the DVD special features. [6]


A technique was assembled for a combination of forward projection and specially designed zoom lenses that could create the illusion of movement by zooming in on Christopher Reeve while making the forward projection appear to recede. For scenes where Superman has to interact with other people or objects while in flight, Reeve and fellow actors were put in a variety of rigging equipment with careful lighting and photography to hide the equipment. The Superman costume was originally a much darker version of blue, but had to change to a more turquoise color to help out with the flying tests. [6] Christopher DOlier Reeve[1] (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer. ...


Reaction

The reaction was largely enthusiastic, with Christopher Reeve singled out for particular praise for his sincere performance as both Superman and the bumbling Clark Kent. The visual effects, state of the art for the times, were also praised for their believability in contrast to those of previous low-budget productions of a similar genre. While the critics were divided over their preference for the reverent origin sequence in the first part, or the more lively later sequence of Superman beginning his career, it has been considered one of the best superhero movies ever made. Christopher DOlier Reeve[1] (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer. ... Visual Effects (or VFX for short) is the term given to a sub-category of special effects in which images or film frames are created and manipulated for film and video. ...


The film helped inspire further comic book and superhero movies of the future. In addition, the fact that the film coast an enormous $55 million, which at the time big budget movies were around $20-$30 million, set a new standard for superhero movies which demanded similar production values and respect for their source material. That respect became especially influential after the failure of the farcical Batman & Robin by Joel Schumacher suggested to many that the Donner film's spirit was the proper tone to use for the genre. Examples of this include X-Men, X-Men 2, Spider-Man film series, Batman Begins, and various others. Batman & Robin, directed by Joel Schumacher, is the fourth installment in the comic book-inspired film series initiated by Tim Burton. ... Joel Schumacher (born August 29, 1939 in New York, New York, USA) is an American film director, writer, and producer. ... X-Men is a 2000 superhero film, based upon the fictional characters the X-Men. ... X2 is a 2003 superhero film based on the fictional characters the X-Men. ... The Spider-Man film series currently consists of three superhero films based on the fictional Marvel Comics character of the same name, portrayed by Tobey Maguire. ... For the novel based on the film, see Batman Begins (novelization). ...


Due to its high regard, the film's continuity is maintained in the 2006 film Superman Returns, whose production design is heavily influenced by its forerunner. This is especially evident with the opening credits, Fortress of Solitude, musical references and even the use of Marlon Brando as Jor-El. For the video game of the same name, see Superman Returns (video game). ... The Fortress of Solitude is the occasional headquarters of Superman in DC Comics. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... Jor-El is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comics published by DC Comics. ...


John Williams' score is known as one of the greatest soundtracks ever for a superhero film. It's often used in popular media referring to superheroes or superstar athletes. Richard Donner claims that the main title fanfare literally speaks the words Superman in the opening credits. [4] For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg on April 24, 1930) is an American film director and also producer through the production company, The Donners Company, he and his wife, producer Lauren Shuler-Donner, own. ...


Box Office and Awards

Its financial side was also very successful, grossing $134,218,018 in the U.S., while grossing $166,000,000 in foreign tolls. Altogether it grossed U.S.$300,218,018, monstrously beating out it's $55 million budget.


Superman received a "Special Achievement" Academy Award for Best Visual Effects, in one of the years when there was no such competition for the award. It was nominated for Best Film Editing, John Williams was nominated for Best Music, Original Score, and Best Sound. Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Academy Award for Visual Effects is an Oscar given to one film each year that shows highest achievement in visual effects. ... The Academy Award for Film Editing was first given for films issued in 1934. ... The Academy Award for Original Music Score is presented to the best substantial body of music in the form of dramatic underscoring written specifically for the film by the submitting composer. ... The Academy Award for Sound Mixing is an Academy Award that recognizes the finest or most aesthetic sound mixing or recording, and is generally awarded to the production sound mixers and re-recording mixers of the winning film. ...


With plans for a sequel underway, Donner wasn't brought back to finish off of what he had already filmed 80% of. Instead Richard Lester filmed Superman II, replacing roughly half of Donner's footage with other material. Margot Kidder even states that she was disappointed upon hearing the news of Donner not returning. [5] Richard Lester (born January 19, 1932 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a UK based film director famous for his work with The Beatles. ... Superman II is the 1980 sequel to the 1978 superhero film Superman. ... Margot Kidder (born October 17, 1948) is a Canadian-American film and television actress who achieved fame playing Lois Lane in the Superman movies of the 1970s and 1980s. ...


Religious References

Tom Mankiewicz theorizes the following religious references in the DVD audio commentary: Tom Mankiewicz is an American screenwriter and director. ...

  • Jor-El (God) casts out Zod (Satan) from Krypton (Heaven).
  • The speech Jor-El gives as he and Lara say goodbye to Kal-El "...the son becomes the father and the father the so..."
  • The ship that brings Kal-El to Earth is in the form of a star (the star of Bethlehem).
  • Kal-El comes to a couple unable to have children, as Martha Kent quotes, "...how we prayed and prayed the good Lord see fit to give us a child."
  • Just as there is not much known about Jesus during his middle years, Clark travels into the wilderness to find out who he really was and what he had to do.
  • Jor-El quotes,"... you must live as one of them but always hold in your heart the pride of your special heritage. They can be a great people Kal-El, they wish to be, they only lack the light to show the way. For this reason above all, there capacity for good, I have sent them you, my only son."
  • Superman starts his work in his thirtieth year, the same age Jesus was when he left Nazareth to preach. [4]

Jor-El is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comics published by DC Comics. ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... General Zod is a fictional comic book supervillain who is an enemy of Superman. ... This article is about the concept of Satan. ... For other uses, see Krypton (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Heaven (disambiguation). ... Martha Kent, née Martha Clark, also known as Ma Kent, is a fictional character published by DC Comics. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Jor-El is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comics published by DC Comics. ...

Different Versions

Exploding shield from teaser-trailer

Superman was originally released to theaters in December 1978 with a running time of 143 minutes, edited from Richard Donner's original three-hour director's rough cut. In 1981, the rights to the movie reverted from Warner Brothers to Alexander Salkind, which allowed him to re-edit the film for international television distribution, including over 45 minutes of previously deleted footage and even some of John Williams' original score that had been left out of the theatrical cut, both elements restored to the film. Image File history File links Superman_movie_vid_cap2. ... Image File history File links Superman_movie_vid_cap2. ... Look up December in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg on April 24, 1930) is an American film director and also producer through the production company, The Donners Company, he and his wife, producer Lauren Shuler-Donner, own. ... Warner Bros. ... Alexander Salkind (June 2, 1921 – March 8, 1997) was the second of three generations of successful international film producers. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ...


This so-called "Salkind International Edit" runs 188 minutes. Due to a clause in the director's contract, Donner was excluded from the re-editing process. It was expanded in an attempt by the Salkinds to charge by the minute for television rights. ABC, which had U.S. broadcast rights to the Salkinds' library, first aired Superman domestically in February 1982 as a two-night event. ABC's 182-minute edit, which deleted a few short scenes deemed inappropriate for television, aired again in November of 1982. The ABC version was derived from the Salkind edit. Subsequently, both the theatrical and television versions were distributed in syndication by Warner Bros., which regained control of the film in 1985, but only the theatrical version was issued on home video until 2001, when the special edition DVD featured a 151-minute cut. The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ...


In 1979, WCI Home Video (now Warner Home Video) issued Superman on VHS, Betamax and Laserdisc. However, only for the VHS and Betamax releases, the film was truncated to a length of 127 minutes by way of time compression, as most scenes without dialog were sped up, and a majority of the film's closing credits were deleted, instead replacing them with a truncated version consisting of the copyright notice, and a chyron of the credits taken from an 8mm release of selected scenes from the film. This time compression was necessary because of the technological limitations of videocassettes at the time and the unavailability of long-playing cassettes. The film would not be available in an uncompressed form until 1983, when Warner Bros. finally issued such a version on home video. This version was re-released to video in 1986. Another Laserdisc set of the film was released in 1990, which was color-corrected and in widescreen format, and in its original theatrical version. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS, is a recording and playing standard. ... Sonys Betamax is the 12. ... Not to be confused with disk laser, a type of solid-state laser in a flat configuration. ... Chyron can mean: The Chyron Corporation company, which makes character generator equipment for television broadcasters. ...


In 1994, Los Angeles television station KCOP (at the time an independent station) aired the first U.S. broadcast of the complete Salkind edit (it has been believed to have been broadcast outside of the U.S. prior to 1994, since this cut was originally prepared in 1981 before ABC's original telecast). The full expanded cut has unofficially been circulated on video among fans throughout the bootleg community, at conventions and, most recently, via Internet forums. Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This redirect page is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Bootlegging is an informal term for smuggling, sale or transport of illicit goods. ... Generally, convention means coming together. ... An Internet forum, also known as a message board or discussion board, is a web application that provides for online discussions, and is the modern descendant of the bulletin board systems and existing Usenet news systems that were widespread in the 1980s and 1990s. ...


The Restoration

2006 DVD rerelease.

In 2000, director Richard Donner and film restoration producer Michael Thau prepared a new 151-minute "Special Edition" designed for theatrical re-release. Working from original film elements (which were beginning to deteriorate), the film went through a nine-month restoration, with both picture and sound rejuvenated (with many new audio effects added, such as a different-sounding "whooshes" used for the opening credits). Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (565x817, 190 KB) Summary Released by Warner Bros. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (565x817, 190 KB) Summary Released by Warner Bros. ... The film preservation, or film restoration, movement is an ongoing project among film historians, archivists, museums, and non-profit organizations to rescue decaying film stock and preserve the images which they contain. ... Michael Thau is a film editor and preservationist who is most notable for recent restoration and production work on the Christopher Reeve Superman films, Superman: The Movie and Superman II. He is the son of Ben Thau, one of the college of cardinals executives that worked in the background for...


The restoration also involved thorough dirt cleaning, reassembling many optical effects from original negative and a new, modern color timing. Also, Donner selected eight of the 45-plus minutes that had been used for the television release to be incorporated into this new cut. This version was considered for theatrical re-issue, but was only released to video and, for the first time ever, on DVD, in the summer of 2001. This version has been seen on cable television and in revival film houses.


The audio for this presentation of the movie is not a simple restoration, but a complete re-mix. When inspecting materials for the restoration the original multi-channel soundtrack was deemed unusable for either theatrical or DVD release. The sound crew took on the job of re-creating or re-recording almost every sound effect. Re-recording mixers used these new effects, together with the recently found, original 1978 John Williams 6-track music recording, and cleaned up dialog tracks to create the new 5.1 channel mix. For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ...


Consequently, the soundtrack used for the DVD is an entirely new soundtrack. This caused a minor controversy in the DVD community as none of the original soundtrack mixes were made available until the 2006 4-disc DVD release (which utilized the original theatrical dolby 2.0 stereo mix). However, the initial pressing of the 2006 DVD accidentally omitted this audio track (and had a downmixed version of the 5.1 audio from the 2000 version in its place), but Warner Home Video offered replacement discs featuring the original audio track shortly after the DVD's release. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


On November 28, 2006, Warner Home Video released The Christopher Reeve Superman Collection, an 8-disc box set featuring the DVD debut of the original 1978 theatrical version of this film, the 2000 restored edition, the original theatrical Superman II, and deluxe versions of Superman III and Superman IV: The Quest for Peace. Superman II: The Richard Donner Cut was not included in this set. In the UK this was released as a 9-disc box set additionally containing Superman II: The Richard Donner Cut. is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Christopher Reeve Superman Collection is an 8-disc DVD box set of Superman films, released on November 28, 2006 by Warner Home Video. ... Superman II is the 1980 sequel to the 1978 superhero film Superman. ... Superman III (originally titled Superman vs. ... Superman IV: The Quest For Peace is a 1987 film, the last of the Superman theatrical movies. ...


A remastered version of the 143-minute theatrical cut was also prepared in 2000, and although this version had not been released on DVD, it had been seen on cable television. However, Warner Brothers issued the theatrical cut for the first time on DVD as part of the studio's 14-disc box set, The Ultimate Superman Collection, on November 28, 2006. There was also a "stand-alone" four-DVD set of the first film, which included all the material carried over from the 2001 disc except the storyboards. (see below) In addition to the theatrical cut and new supplements. The Ultimate Superman Collection (also known as The Superman Ultimate Collectors Edition and Superman: The Ultimate Collection) is a 14-disc DVD box set of Superman films (13 Disc box set outside of the US), released on November 28, 2006 by Warner Home Video. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Barry M. Freiman. "One-on-One Interview With Producer Ilya Salkind", Superman Homepage. Retrieved on 2007-09-26. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Superman: The Movie-Trivia and Quotes", Superman Cinema. Retrieved on 2007-09-28. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f (2001). Taking Flight: The Development of Superman (DVD). Warner Brothers.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h (2001). Audio Commentary of Superman with Director Richard Donner and Creative Consultant Tom Mankiewicz (DVD). Warner Brothers.
  5. ^ a b c d e f (2001). Making Superman: Filming The Legend (DVD). Warner Brothers.
  6. ^ a b c d (2001). The Magic Behind The Cape (DVD). Warner Brothers.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Warner Bros. ... Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg on April 24, 1930) is an American film director and also producer through the production company, The Donners Company, he and his wife, producer Lauren Shuler-Donner, own. ... Tom Mankiewicz is an American screenwriter and director. ... Warner Bros. ... Warner Bros. ... Warner Bros. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
  • Superman at the Internet Movie Database
  • Superman: The Movie at RottenTomatoes.com
  • Superman Cinema, a comprehensive authority for all the Superman movies
  • Movie Reviews Superman: The Movie on the Christopher Reeve Homepage
  • Why You Should Respect Christopher Reeve - an essay by Alan Kistler.
  • MovieTourGuide.com - Maps and Directions to Superman: The Movie Filming Locations
  • Superman Homepage: Superman: The Movie - Synopsis/Review/Critique
  • Essay: The Themes of Superman (1978)

 
 

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