FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Superman" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Superman
Superman


Cover to Superman v2, #204 (April 2004).
Pencils by Jim Lee, inks by Scott Williams. Download high resolution version (506x780, 106 KB)Superman, from the cover to Superman #204 (June 2004). ... Superman began as a feature in Action Comics #1 in June 1938. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Scott Williams is an American comic book artist and inker. ...

Publisher DC Comics
First appearance Action Comics #1
(June 1938)
Created by Jerry Siegel
Joe Shuster
Characteristics
Alter ego Kal-El , adopted as
Clark Joseph Kent
Homeworld Krypton
Affiliations The Daily Planet
Justice League
Team Superman
Notable aliases Gangbuster, Nightwing, Jordan Elliot, Nova, Superboy, Superman Prime
Abilities Superhuman strength, speed, stamina, invulnerability, freezing breath, super hearing, multiple extrasensory and vision powers, longevity, flight, intelligence, and regeneration.

Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. Created in 1932, and rejected by a number of publishers, the character first appeared in Action Comics #1 (June 1938). With a premise that taps into adolescent fantasy, Superman is born Kal-El on the alien planet Krypton, before being rocketed to Earth as an infant by his scientist father moments before the planet's destruction. Adopted and raised by a Kansas farmer and his wife, the child is raised as Clark Kent, and imbued with a strong moral compass. Upon reaching maturity the character develops superhuman abilities, resolving to use these for the benefit of humanity. With the success of his adventures, Superman helped to create the superhero genre and establish its primacy within the American comic book.[1] Superman is widely considered to be both one of the most famous and popular comic book superheroes of all time,[2] and an American cultural icon.[3][4][5][1] DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... In comic books, first appearance refers to first comic book to feature a character. ... Cover of Action Comics #1 Action Comics #1 is is a DC Comic that was published in April 1938 (cover-dated June). ... Jerome (Jerry) Siegel (October 17, 1914 - January 28, 1996) was the co-creator of Superman, the first of the great comic book heroes and one of the most recognizable fictional characters from the 20th century. ... Joseph Joe Shuster (July 10, 1914 - July 30, 1992) was a Canadian-born comic book artist best known for co-creating the DC Comics character Superman, with writer Jerry Siegel, first published in Action Comics #1 (March 1938). ... For other uses, see Clark Kent (disambiguation). ... Krypton is a fictional planet in the DC Comics universe. ... The Daily Planet is a fictional broadsheet newspaper that appears in Superman stories published by DC Comics. ... The Justice League, sometimes called the Justice League of America or JLA for short, is a fictional DC Universe superhero team. ... Team Superman is the name of DC Comics informal team of heroes who all wear the S shield of Superman. ... Nightwing is a name used by at least six fictional characters in the DC Comics Universe. ... Superman: Whatever Happened to the Man of Tomorrow? is a DC Comics trade collection of the final issues of the pre-Crisis on Infinite Earths titles Superman #423 and Action Comics #583. ... Superboy is the name of several fictional characters in the DC Comics Universe, most of them youthful incarnations of Superman. ... DC One Million was a crossover event published by DC Comics in 1998. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Alice, a fictional character from the work of Lewis Carroll. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... For the Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode, see Super Hero (Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode). ... Jerome (Jerry) Siegel (October 17, 1914 - January 28, 1996) was the co-creator of Superman, the first of the great comic book heroes and one of the most recognizable fictional characters from the 20th century. ... Joseph Joe Shuster (July 10, 1914 - July 30, 1992) was a Canadian-born comic book artist best known for co-creating the DC Comics character Superman, with writer Jerry Siegel, first published in Action Comics #1 (March 1938). ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... Cover of Action Comics #1 Action Comics #1 is is a DC Comic that was published in April 1938 (cover-dated June). ... June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with a length of 30 days. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... A 1967 Soviet Union 16 kopeks stamp. ... Lara, Jor-El, and Superman on Krypton. ... Adjectives: Terrestrial, Terran, Telluric, Tellurian, Earthly Atmosphere Surface pressure: 101. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) none Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq mi (213,096 km²)  - Width 211 miles (340 km)  - Length 417 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... For other uses, see Clark Kent (disambiguation). ... A superhuman is an entity with intelligence or abilities exceeding normal human standards. ... An American comic book is a small magazine originating in the United States containing a narrative in the comics form. ...


Whilst referred to less flatteringly as "the big blue Boy Scout" by some of his fellow superheroes,[6] Superman is hailed as "The Man of Steel," "The Man of Tomorrow," and "The Last Son of Krypton," by the general public within the comics. As Clark Kent, Superman lives among humans as a "mild-mannered reporter" for the Metropolis newspaper The Daily Planet (the Daily Star in original stories). Here he works alongside reporter Lois Lane, with whom he is romantically linked. This relationship has been consummated by marriage on numerous occasions across varying media, and the union is now firmly established within the current mainstream comics continuity. This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Metropolis as depicted in the Superman Returns video game Metropolis is a fictional city that appears in comic books published by DC Comics, and is the home of Superman. ... The Daily Planet is a fictional broadsheet newspaper that appears in Superman stories published by DC Comics. ... Lois Joanne Lane-Kent is a fictional character who appears in DC Comics’ Superman stories. ... In fiction, continuity is consistency of the characteristics of persons, plot, objects, places and events seen by the reader or viewer. ...


The character's cast, powers and trappings have slowly expanded throughout the years. Superman's backstory was altered to allow for adventures as Superboy, and other survivors of Krypton were discovered, including Supergirl and Krypto the Superdog. In addition, Superman has been licensed and adapted into a variety of media, from radio to television and film. The motion picture Superman Returns was released in 2006, with a performance at the international box office which exceeded expectations.[7] The character has been revamped and updated, most recently in 1986. John Byrne recreated the character, reducing Superman's powers and erasing several characters from the canon in a move which attracted media attention. Press coverage was again garnered in the 1990s with the Death of Superman, a storyline which saw the character briefly killed. Superboy is the name of several fictional characters in the DC Comics Universe, most of them youthful incarnations of Superman. ... For other uses, see Supergirl (disambiguation). ... Krypto, also known as Krypto the Superdog, is a fictional character, Supermans pet dog in the various Superman comic books published by DC Comics. ... Superman Returns is a 2006 superhero film based on the fictional DC Comics character Superman. ... John Lindley Byrne (born July 6, 1950) is a British-born naturalised American author and artist of comic books. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... ...


Superman has also held fascination for scholars, with cultural theorists, commentators and critics alike exploring the character's impact and role in America and the wider world. Umberto Eco discussed the mythic qualities of the character in the early 1960s, and Larry Niven has pondered the implications of a sexual relationship the character might enjoy with Lois Lane.[8] The character's ownership has often been the subject of dispute, with Siegel and Shuster twice suing for the return of legal ownership. The copyright is again currently in dispute, with changes in copyright law allowing Siegel's wife and daughter to claim a share of the copyright, a move DC parent company Warner Bros. disputes. Cultural studies is an academic discipline popular among a diverse group of scholars. ... A commentator is an individual who comments on sports, politics, current events, or public issues; synonyms include pundit. ... A critic (derived from the ancient Greek word krites meaning a judge) is a person who offers a value judgement or an interpretation. ... Umberto Eco (born January 5, 1932) is an Italian medievalist, semiotician, philosopher and novelist, best known for his novel The Name of the Rose (Il nome della rosa) and his many essays. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Laurence van Cott Niven (born April 30, 1938 Los Angeles, California) is a US science fiction author. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Articles with similar titles include copywrite. ... Warner Bros. ...

Contents

Publication history

Creation

Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster first created a bald telepathic villain bent on dominating the entire world. He appeared in the short story, "The Reign of the Superman", from Science Fiction #3, a science fiction fanzine that Siegel published in 1933.[9] Siegel re-wrote the character in 1933 as a hero, bearing little or no resemblance to his villainous namesake, and began a six-year quest to find a publisher. Titling it The Superman, Siegel and Shuster offered it to Consolidated Book publishing, who had published a 48 page black-and-white comic book entitled Detective Dan: Secret Operative No. 48. Although they received an encouraging letter, Consolidated never published in the comic book market again. Shuster took this to heart, and destroyed all pages of the story, the cover surviving only because Siegel rescued it from the fire. Siegel and Shuster have both reported this version of the character as being comparable to Slam Bradley, a character the pair created in 1937 for the first issue of Detective Comics.[10] Jerome (Jerry) Siegel (October 17, 1914 - January 28, 1996) was the co-creator of Superman, the first of the great comic book heroes and one of the most recognizable fictional characters from the 20th century. ... Joseph Joe Shuster (July 10, 1914 - July 30, 1992) was a Canadian-born comic book artist best known for co-creating the DC Comics character Superman, with writer Jerry Siegel, first published in Action Comics #1 (March 1938). ... Telepathy, from the Greek τῆλε, tele, remote; and πάθεια, patheia, to be effected by, describes the hypothetical transfer of information on thoughts or feelings between individuals by means other than the five classical senses. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... A fanzine (see also: zine) is a nonprofessional publication produced by fans of a particular subject for the pleasure of others who share their interest. ... For information about the caricaturist/performance artist, see Dan Dunn (cartoonist). ... Slam Bradley is a fictional character in the DC Universe. ... See also: 1936 in comics, other events of 1937, 1938 in comics, 1930s in comics and the list of years in comics Publications: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Publications This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Cover of Detective Comics #27 (May 1939). ...


By 1934 the pair had once more re-envisioned the character. He became more of a hero in the mythic tradition, inspired by such characters as Samson and Hercules,[11] who would right the wrongs of Siegel and Shuster's times, fighting for social justice and against tyranny. It was at this stage the costume was introduced, Siegel later recalling that they created a "kind of costume and let's give him a big S on his chest, and a cape, make him as colorful as we can and as distinctive as we can."[12] The design was based in part on the costumes worn by characters in outer space settings published in pulp magazines, as well as comic strips such as Flash Gordon,[13] and also partly suggested by the traditional circus strong-man outfit.[12][14] However, the cape has been noted as being markedly different from the Victorian tradition, Gary Engle describing it as without "precedent in popular culture" in Superman at Fifty: The Persistence of a Legend.[15] The pants-over-tights outfit was soon established as the basis for many future superhero outfits. This third version of the character was given extraordinary abilities, although this time of a physical nature as opposed to the mental abilities of the villainous Superman.[12] Heroine (female hero) redirects here. ... Samson and Delilah, by Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641) This article is about Biblical figure. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Heracles. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This page is about the religious concept of Tyranny. ... This article is about the comic strip, the sequential art form as published in newspapers and on the Internet. ... Flash Gordon is a science fiction comic strip originally drawn by Alex Raymond, first published on January 7, 1934. ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her Ascension to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British industrial revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ...


Although they were by now selling material to comic book publishers, notably Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson's National Allied Publishing, the pair decided to feature this character in a comic strip format, rather than in the longer comic book story format which was establishing itself at this time. They offered it to both Max Gaines, who passed, and to United Features Syndicate, who expressed interest initially but finally rejected the strip in a letter dated February 18, 1937. However, in what historian Les Daniels describes as "an incredibly convoluted turn of events", Max Gaines ended up positioning the strip as the lead feature in Wheeler-Nicholson's new publication, Action Comics. Vin Sullivan, editor of the new book, wrote to the pair requesting that the comic strips be refashioned to suit the comic book format, requesting "eight panels a page". However Siegel and Shuster ignored this, utilising their own experience and ideas to create page layouts, with Siegel also identifying the image used for the cover of Action Comics #1, Superman's first appearance, published in June, 1938.[16] Major Malcolm Wheeler-Nicholson, a pulp magazine writer and entrepreneur, pioneered the American comic book, publishing the first such periodical consisting of all-original material rather than reprints of newspaper comic strips. ... National Publications was one of the companies that would later become DC Comics. ... Maxwell Charles Gaines a. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Cover of Action Comics #1, which featured the debut of Superman. ... The vocabulary of comics consists of the many different techniques and images which comics artists will employ in order to convey a narrative within the medium of comics. ... Cover of Action Comics #1, which featured the debut of Superman. ... See also: 1937 in comics, other events of 1938, 1939 in comics, 1930s in comics and the list of years in comics Publications: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Publications This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ...


Publication

See also: List of Superman comics
Action Comics #1 (June 1938). The début of Superman. Cover art by Joe Shuster.
Action Comics #1 (June 1938). The début of Superman. Cover art by Joe Shuster.

Superman's first appearance was in Action Comics #1, in 1938. In 1939, a self-titled series was launched. The first issue mainly reprinted adventures published in Action Comics, but despite this the book achieved greater sales.[17] 1939 also saw the publication of New York World's Fair Comics, which by Summer of 1942 became World's Finest Comics. With issue #7 of All Star Comics, Superman made the first of a number of infrequent appearances, on this occasion appearing in cameo to establish his honorary membership of the Justice Society of America.[18] This is a list of comics regularly featuring superman. ... Cover of Action Comics #1. ... Cover of Action Comics #1. ... Cover of Action Comics #1, which featured the debut of Superman. ... Joseph Joe Shuster (July 10, 1914 - July 30, 1992) was a Canadian-born comic book artist best known for co-creating the DC Comics character Superman, with writer Jerry Siegel, first published in Action Comics #1 (March 1938). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... Superman began as a feature in Action Comics #1 in June 1938. ... Worlds Finest Comics was a comic book series published by DC Comics from 1941 to 1986. ... The Justice Society of America, or JSA, is a DC Comics superhero group, the first team of superheroes in comic book history. ...


Initially Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster would provide the story and art for all the strips published. However Shuster's eyesight began to deteriorate, and the increasing appearances of the character saw an increase in the workload. This led Shuster to establish a studio to assist in the production of the art,[17] although he insisted on drawing the face of every Superman the studio produced. Outside the studio, Jack Burnley began supplying covers and stories in 1940.[19] Wayne Boring, initially employed in Shuster's studio began working for DC in his own right in 1942, providing pages for both Superman and Action Comics.[20] Jerome (Jerry) Siegel (October 17, 1914 - January 28, 1996) was the co-creator of Superman, the first of the great comic book heroes and one of the most recognizable fictional characters from the 20th century. ... Joseph Joe Shuster (July 10, 1914 - July 30, 1992) was a Canadian-born comic book artist best known for co-creating the DC Comics character Superman, with writer Jerry Siegel, first published in Action Comics #1 (March 1938). ... For a one-room apartment, see Apartment. ... Jack Burnley is the pen name of Hardin Burnley, a comic-book artist active from 1929 until 1976. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Wayne Boring (born 1905, Minnesota; died 1987) is an American comic book artist, most known for his work on Superman from the late 1940s to 1950s. ...


The scripting duties also became shared. In late 1939 a new editorial team assumed control of the character's adventures. Whitney Ellsworth, Mort Weisinger and Jack Schiff were brought in following Vin Sullivan's departure. This new editorial team brought in Edmond Hamilton, Manly Wade Wellman and Alfred Bester, established writers of science fiction.[21] See also: 1938 in comics, other events of 1939, 1940 in comics, 1930s in comics and the list of years in comics Publications: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Publications This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Look up editorial, op-ed in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Mortimer Weisinger (1915-1978) was an American magazine and comic book editor. ... Edmond Hamilton (November 21, 1904 - February 1, 1977) began writing science fiction with the story The Monster God of Mamurth in 1928. ... Manly Wade Wellman (May 21, 1903 - April 5, 1986) was an American writer of fiction and non-fiction. ... Alfred Bester (born December 18, 1913 in New York City, died September 30, 1987) was a science fiction author and the winner of the first Hugo Award in 1953 for his novel The Demolished Man. ...


By 1943, Jerry Siegel was drafted into the army in a special celebration, and his duties there saw high contributions drop. Don Cameron and Alvin Schwartz joined the writing team, Schwartz teaming up with Wayne Boring to work on the Superman comic strip which had been launched by Siegel and Shuster in 1939.[20] Don Cameron founder of Cameron Balloons the worlds largest hot air balloon manufacturer. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The daily Superman newspaper comic strip began in January 6, 1939, and a separate Sunday strip was added on November 5, 1939. ...

The Man of Steel #1 (July 1986), written and drawn by John Byrne.
The Man of Steel #1 (July 1986), written and drawn by John Byrne.

In 1945 Superboy made his début in More Fun Comics #101. The character moved to Adventure Comics in 1946, and his own title, Superboy, launched in 1949. The 1950s saw the launching of Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen (1954) and Superman's Girlfriend Lois Lane (1958). By 1974 these titles had merged into Superman Family, although the series was cancelled in 1982. In 1986 a decision was taken to restructure the fictional universe the Superman character inhabited with other DC universe characters. This saw the publication of "Whatever Happened to the Man of Tomorrow", a two part story written by Alan Moore, with art by Curt Swan, George Perez and Kurt Schaffenberger.[22] The story was published in Superman #423 and Action Comics #583, and presented what Les Daniels notes as "the sense of loss the fans might have experienced if this had really been the last Superman tale."[23] Image File history File links Mansteel1. ... Image File history File links Mansteel1. ... The Man of Steel was a six-issue comic book limited series released in 1986 by DC Comics, several months after the 12-issue limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths completed. ... John Lindley Byrne (born July 6, 1950) is a British-born naturalised American author and artist of comic books. ... Superboy is the name of several fictional characters in the DC Comics Universe, most of them youthful incarnations of Superman. ... More Fun Comics was a DC Comics title which began as New Fun Comics in February 1935 and changed to More Fun with its seventh issue. ... Adventure Comics #296 Adventure Comics is a comic book series published by DC Comics from 1935 to 1983. ... Superboy is the name of several fictional characters in the DC Comics Universe, most of them youthful incarnations of Superman. ... The Silver Age Jimmy Olsen in a scene from Supermans Pal, Jimmy Olsen #36(1959). ... Lois Joanne Lane is a fictional comic book character who appears in DC Comics’ Superman stories. ... Superman Family was a DC Comics comic book series which ran from 1974 to 1982 featuring primarily stories starring supporting characters in the Superman comics. ... Cover to the History of the DC Universe trade paperback. ... Alan Moore (born November 18, 1953, in Northampton) is an English writer most famous for his influential work in comics, including the acclaimed graphic novels Watchmen, V for Vendetta and From Hell. ... Curt Swan (born February 17, 1920 in Minneapolis, Minnesota; died June 16, 1996) was an American comic book artist, most known for his work on the Superman comics. ... George Pérez (born June 9, 1954 in The Bronx, New York) is a Puerto Rican-American illustrator and writer of comic books. ... Kurt Schaffenberger (December 15, 1920-January 24, 2002) was an American comic book artist. ...


Superman was relaunched by writer & artist John Byrne, initially in the limited series The Man of Steel (1986). 1986 also saw the cancellation of World's Finest Comics, and the Superman title renamed The Adventures of Superman. A second volume of Superman was launched in 1987, running until cancellation in 2006. This cancellation saw The Adventures of Superman revert back to the Superman title. Superman: The Man of Steel was launched in 1991, running until 2003, whilst the quarterly book Superman: The Man of Tomorrow ran from 1995 to 1999. In 2003 Superman/Batman launched, as well as the Superman: Birthright limited series, with All Star Superman launched in 2005 and Superman Confidential in 2006. John Lindley Byrne (born July 6, 1950) is a British-born naturalised American author and artist of comic books. ... The limited series is a term referring to a comic book series with a set finite number of issues. ... The Man of Steel was a six-issue comic book limited series released in 1986 by DC Comics, several months after the 12-issue limited series Crisis on Infinite Earths completed. ... The death of Superman and its aftermath ran through a number of issues of the Superman comics in 1992-93. ... The death of Superman and its aftermath ran through a number of issues of the Superman comics in 1992-93. ... Superman/Batman is a monthly comic book series published by DC Comics that features the publishers two most popular characters: Superman and Batman. ... All Star Superman, launched in November 2005, is an ongoing comic book series featuring Superman, written by Grant Morrison, drawn by Frank Quitely, digitally inked by Jamie Grant and published by DC Comics. ... Superman Confidential is an upcoming monthly comic book series from DC Comics and set to debut its first issue on November 2006. ...


Influences

See also: Cultural influences on Superman

An influence on early Superman stories is the context of the Great Depression. The left-leaning perspective of creators Shuster and Siegel is reflected in early storylines. Superman took on the role of social activist, fighting crooked businessmen and politicians and demolishing run-down tenements.[24] This is seen by comics scholar Roger Sabin as a reflection of "the liberal idealism of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal", with Shuster and Siegal initially portraying Superman as champion to a variety of social causes.[25] In later Superman radio programs the character continued to take on such issues, tackling a version of the KKK in a 1946 broadcast.[26][27] Cultural influences USPS stamp honoring Supermans first appearance Some people incorrectly believe that Superman is partly based on philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche’s Übermensch, which literally translates to “overman” but could also mean “superman. ... The Great Depression was a time of economic down turn, which started after the stock market crash on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. ... Roger Sabin is a comics writer and lecturer at Central St. ... Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ... Announcer Jackson Beck (left) with Bud Collyer and Joan Alexander The Adventures of Superman, adapted from the DC Comics character created in 1938 (see Superman), came to radio as a syndicated show on New York Citys WOR on February 12, 1940. ...


Siegel himself noted that the many mythic heroes which exist in the traditions of many cultures bore an influence on the character, including Hercules and Samson.[12] The character has also been seen by Scott Bukatman to be "a worthy successor to Lindhberg ... (and) also ... like Babe Ruth", and is also representative of the United States dedication to "progress and the 'new'" through his "invulnerable body ... on which history cannot be inscribed."[28] Further, given that Siegel and Schuster were noted fans of pulp science fiction,[9] it has been suggested that another influence may have been Hugo Danner. Danner was the main character of the novel Gladiator by Philip Wylie, and is possessed of same powers of the early Superman (along with many other pulp characters of the twenties and thirties).[29] It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Heracles. ... Samson and Delilah, by Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641) This article is about Biblical figure. ... Hugo Danner is the protagonist of the 1930 novel Gladiator, by Philip Gordon Wylie. ... Gladiator is an American science fiction novel first published in 1930 and written by Philip Wylie. ... Philip Gordon Wylie (May 12, 1902 - October 25, 1971) was a U.S. author and writer. ...


Because Siegel and Shuster were both Jewish, it is thought that their creation was partly influenced by Moses,[30][31] and other Jewish influences. Superman's Kryptonian name, "Kal-El," resembles the Hebrew words קל-אל, which means "vessel of God".[32] The suffix "el", meaning "of God"[33] is also found in the name of angels (e.g. Gabriel, Ariel); flying humanoid agents of good with super-human powers. Jewish legends of the Golem have been cited as worthy of comparison,[34] a Golem being a mythical being created to protect and serve the persecuted Jews of 16th century Prague and later revived in popular culture in reference to their suffering at the hands of the Nazis in Europe during the 1930s and 1940s. Superman is often seen as being an analogy for Jesus, being a saviour of humanity.[31][34][25][35] The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... Ä’l (אל) is a Northwest Semitic word and name translated into English as either god or God or left untranslated as El, depending on the context. ... 12th-century icon of Archangel Gabriel from Novgorod In Abrahamic religions, Gabriel (גַּבְרִיאֵל, Standard Hebrew Gavriʼel, Latin Gabrielus, Greek , Tiberian Hebrew Gaḇrîʼēl, Arabic جبريل JibrÄ«l or Jibrail, literally Master, of God, i. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... For instances of Golem in popular culture, see Golem in popular culture. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Nickname: Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area  - City 496 km²  (191. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ...


Whilst the term Superman was initially coined by Nietzsche, it is unclear exactly how influential Nietzsche and his ideals were to Siegel and Schuster.[31] Les Daniels has speculated that "Siegel picked up the term from other science fiction writers who had casually employed it", further noting that "his concept is remembered hundreds of millions who may barely know who Nietzsche is."[12] However, it has also been argued that Siegel and Schuster "could not have been unaware of an idea that would dominate Hitler's National Socialism. The concept was certainly well discussed."[36] It has also been argued that in many ways Superman and the Übermensch are polar opposites.[30] Nietzsche envisioned the Übermensch as a man who had transcended the limitations of society, religion, and conventional morality while still being fundamentally human. Superman, although an alien gifted with incredible powers, chooses to honor human moral codes and social mores. Nietzsche envisioned the perfect man as being beyond moral codes; Siegel and Shuster envisioned the perfect man as holding himself to a higher standard of adherence to them.[37] The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


Siegel and Shuster have themselves discussed a number of influences which impacted upon the character. Both were avid readers, and this love of reading, particularly science fiction helped to drive their friendship. Siegel has noted the John Carter stories as an influence: "Carter was able to leap great distances because the planet Mars was smaller that the planet Earth; and he had great strength. I visualized the planet Krypton as a huge planet, much larger than Earth".[38] The pair were also avid collectors of comic strips in their youth, cutting them from the newspaper, with Winsor McKay's Little Nemo firing their imagination with its sense of fantasy.[39] Shuster has remarked on the artists which played an important part in the development of his own style, whilst also noting a larger influence: "Alex Raymond and Burne Hogarth were my idols—also Milt Caniff, Hal Foster, and Roy Crane. But the movies were the greatest influence on our imagination: especially the films of Douglas Fairbanks Senior."[40] Fairbanks' role as Robin Hood was certainly an inspiration, as Shuster admitted to basing Superman's stance upon scenes from the movie.[41] The movies also influenced the storytelling and page layouts,[42] whilst the city of Metropolis was named in honor of the Fritz Lang movie of the same title.[38] Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... John Carter and Dejah Thoris from the cover of the first edition of A Princess of Mars by Edgar Rice Burroughs, McClurg, 1917 John Carter of Mars may also refer to John Carter of Mars (novel) and John Carter of Mars (film). ... Winsor McCay (September 26, 1871 - July 26, 1934) was a prolific artist and pioneer in the art of animation. ... Little Nemo is the main fictional character in a series of weekly comic strips by Winsor McCay (1871-1934) that appeared in the New York Herald and William Randolph Hearsts New York American newspapers from October 15, 1905—April 23, 1911 and April 30, 1911—1913; respectively. ... Alex Raymond (October 2, 1909- September 6, 1956) was an American comic strip artist, best known for his work on Flash Gordon. ... Burne Hogarth (December 25, 1911 - January 28, 1996) was an American cartoonist, illustrator, educator, and author, and theoretician. ... Milton Arthur Paul Caniff (February 28, 1907-May 3, 1988) was an American cartoonist most famous for Terry and the Pirates. ... Harold Rudolph Foster (August 18, 1892 in Halifax, Nova Scotia - July 25, 1982) created the comic Prince Valiant. ... Royston Campbell Crane (November 22, 1901 - July 7, 1977), who signed his work Roy Crane, was an American cartoonist and creator of the comic strip characters Wash Tubbs, Captain Easy, and Buz Sawyer. ... Douglas Fairbanks Douglas Fairbanks (May 23, 1883 – December 12, 1939) was an American actor, screenwriter, director and producer, who became noted for his swashbuckling roles in silent movies such as The Mark of Zorro (1920), The Three Musketeers (1921), Robin Hood (1922), The Thief of Bagdad (1924) and The Black... Robin Hood was the first motion picture ever to make a Hollywood premiere, held at Graumans Egyptian Theatre on October 18, 1922. ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... Friedrich Anton Christian Lang (December 5, 1890 – August 2, 1976) was an Austrian-American film director, screenwriter and occasional film producer, one of the best known émigrés from Germanys school of expressionism. ... Metropolis is a silent science fiction film created by the famed Austrian director Fritz Lang. ...


Copyright issues

As part of the deal which saw Superman published in Action Comics, Siegel and Shuster sold the rights to the company in return for $130 and a contract to supply the publisher with material.[43][44] The Saturday Evening Post reported in 1940 that the pair was each being paid $75,000 a year, a fraction of Detective's millions in Superman profits.[45] Siegel and Shuster renegotiated their deal, but bad blood lingered and in 1947 Siegel and Shuster sued for their 1938 contract to be made void and the re-establishment of their ownership of the intellectual property rights to Superman. The pair also sued Detective in the same year over the rights to Superboy, which they claimed was a separate creation that Detective had published without authorization. Detective immediately fired them and took their byline off the stories, prompting a legal battle that ended in 1948, when a New York Supreme Court ruled that the 1938 contract should be upheld. However, a ruling from Justice J. Addison Young awarded them the rights to Superboy. A month after the Superboy judgement the two sides agreed on a settlement. Detective paid Siegel and Shuster $94,000 for the rights to Superboy. The pair also acknowledged in writing the company's ownership of Superman, attesting that they held rights for "all other forms of reproduction and presentation, whether now in existence or that may hereafter be created",[46] but DC refused to re-hire them.[47] Publishing is the activity of putting information in the public arena. ... In law, an exclusive right is the power or right to perform an action in relation to an object or other thing which others cannnot perform. ... A cover of the Saturday Evening Post from 1903 The Saturday Evening Post was a weekly magazine published in the United States from August 4, 1821 to February 8, 1969. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... A lawsuit is a civil action brought before a court in order to recover a right, obtain damages for an injury, obtain an injunction to prevent an injury, or obtain a declaratory judgment to prevent future legal disputes. ... A contract is a legally binding exchange of promises or agreement between parties that the law will enforce. ... In law, void means of no legal effect. ... For the 2006 film, see Intellectual Property (film). ... For the direction right, see left and right or starboard. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... Superboy is the name of several fictional characters in the DC Comics Universe, most of them youthful incarnations of Superman. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... NY redirects here. ... The supreme court functions as a court of last resort whose rulings cannot be challenged, in some countries, provinces and states. ... A reference to colonization, or the resulting communities. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... Superboy is the name of several fictional characters in the DC Comics Universe, most of them youthful incarnations of Superman. ...


In 1973 Siegel and Shuster again launched a suit claiming ownership of Superman, this time basing the claim on the Copyright Act of 1909 which saw copyright granted for 28 years but allowed for a renewal of an extra 28 years. Their argument was that they had granted DC the copyright for only 28 years. The pair again lost this battle, both in a district court ruling of October 18, 1973 and an appeal court ruling of December 5, 1974.[48] Look up Suit in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Copyright Act of 1909 was a landmark statute in United States statutory copyright law. ... District courts are a category of courts which exists in several nations. ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Court of Appeals or (outside the United States) Court of Appeal is the title of certain appellate courts in various jurisdictions. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


In 1975 after news reports of their pauper-like existences, Warner Communications gave Siegel and Shuster lifetime pensions of $20,000 per year and health care benefits. Jay Emmett, then executive vice president of Warner, was quoted in the New York Times as stating "There is no legal obligation, but I sure feel there is a moral obligation on our part."[45] In addition, any media production which includes the Superman character were to include the credit "Superman created by Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster".[44] Warner Communications, formerly Kinney National Company, was the parent company for Warner Bros. ... A pension (also known as superannuation) is a retirement plan intended to provide a person with a secure income for life. ... Health care in the United States is provided by legal entities. ... A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...

Jerry Siegel, with wife Joanne and daughter Laura in 1976. Joanne and Laura Siegel filed a termination notice on Jerry Siegel's share of the copyright of Superman in 1999.
Jerry Siegel, with wife Joanne and daughter Laura in 1976. Joanne and Laura Siegel filed a termination notice on Jerry Siegel's share of the copyright of Superman in 1999.

The year after this settlement, 1976, saw the copyright term extended again, this time for another 19 years to a total of 75 years. However, this time a clause was inserted into the extension to allow a creator to reclaim their work, reflecting the arguments Siegel and Shuster had made in 1973. The new act came into power in 1978 and allowed a reclamation window in a period based on the previous copyright term of 56 years. This meant the copyright on Superman could be reclaimed between 1994 to 1999, based on the initial publication date of 1938. Jerry Siegel having died in January 1996, his wife and daughter filed a copyright termination notice in 1999. Although Joe Shuster died in July 1992, no termination was filed at this time by his estate.[49] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (957x438, 316 KB) An image of the Siegel family, a modified version of a photograph taken by flickr user alan. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (957x438, 316 KB) An image of the Siegel family, a modified version of a photograph taken by flickr user alan. ... The Copyright Act of 1976 is a landmark statute in United States copyright legislation and remains the primary basis of copyright law in the United States. ... Estate is a term used in the common law. ...


1998 saw copyright extended again, with the Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act. This time the copyright term was extended to 95 years, with a further window for reclamation introduced. In January of 2004 Mark Peary, nephew and legal heir to Joe Shuster's estate, filed notice of his intent to reclaim Shuster's half of the copyright, the termination effective in 2013.[49] The status of Siegel's share of the copyright is now the subject of a legal battle. Warner Bros. and the Siegels entered into discussions on how to resolve the issues raised by the termination notice, but these discussions were set aside by the Siegels and in October 2004 they filed suit alleging copyright infringement on the part of Warner Bros. Warner Bros. counter sued, alleging the termination notice contains defects amongst other arguments.[50][51] The copyright ownership of Superman currently appears uncertain, with a decision "the subject of ongoing negotiation"[44] and an outcome "still pending".[52] The Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act of 1998 extended copyright terms in the United States by 20 years. ... For other uses, see inheritance (disambiguation). ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A similar termination of copyright notice filed in 2002 by Siegel's wife and daughter concerning the Superboy character was ruled in their favour on March 23, 2006.[52] March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (83rd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Comic book character

Main article: History of Superman
See also: Kal-L

Superman, given the serial nature of comic publishing and the length of the character's existence, has evolved as a character as his adventures have increased.[53] The details of Superman's origin, relationships and abilities changed significantly during the course of the character's publication, from what is considered the Golden Age of comic books through the Modern Age. The powers and villains were developed through the 1940s, with Superman developing the ability to fly, and costumed villains introduced from 1941.[54] The character was shown as learning of the existence of Krypton in 1949. The concept itself had originally been established to the reader in 1939, in the Superman comic strip.[55] Cover of Superman #14, dated January-February 1942. ... Kal-L is the Kryptonian birth name of the Earth-Two Superman, a fictional character who is a superhero in the DC Comics Universe. ... Superman, catalyst of the Golden Age: Superman #14 (Feb. ... Wolverine, a member of the X-Men, a popular franchise in the Modern Age, and an anti-hero, a popular character type The Modern Age of Comic Books is an informal name for the period in the history of mainstream American comic books generally considered to last from the mid... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... General Name, Symbol, Number krypton, Kr, 36 Chemical series noble gases Group, Period, Block 18, 4, p Appearance colorless Atomic mass 83. ... The daily Superman newspaper comic strip began in January 6, 1939, and a separate Sunday strip was added on November 5, 1939. ...


The 1960s saw the introduction of a second Superman, Kal-L. DC had established a multiverse within the fictional universe its characters shared. This allowed characters published in the 1940s to exist alongside updated counterparts published in the 1960s. This was explained to the reader through the notion that the two groups of characters inhabited parallel Earths. The second Superman was introduced to explain to the reader Superman's membership of both the 1940s superhero team the Justice Society of America and the 1960s superhero team the Justice League of America.[56] Kal-L is the Kryptonian birth name of the Earth-Two Superman, a fictional character who is a superhero in the DC Comics Universe. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Parallel universe, alternate reality, etc. ... Kal-L is the Kryptonian birth name of the Earth-Two Superman, a fictional character who is a superhero in the DC Comics Universe. ... The Justice Society of America, or JSA, is a DC Comics superhero group, the first team of superheroes in comic book history. ... The Justice League is a DC Comics superhero team. ...

Art from Superman #75 (January 1993), where Superman dies in Lois Lane's arms. Pencils by Dan Jurgens.
Art from Superman #75 (January 1993), where Superman dies in Lois Lane's arms. Pencils by Dan Jurgens.

The 1980s saw radical revisions of the character. DC Comics decided to remove the multiverse in a bid to simplify its comics line. This led to the rewriting of the back story of the characters DC published, Superman included. John Byrne rewrote Superman, removing many established conventions and characters from continuity, including Superboy and Supergirl. Byrne also re-established Superman's adoptive parents, The Kents, as characters.[57] In the previous continuity the characters had been written as having died early in Superman's life (about the time of Clark Kent's graduation from high school). The 1990s saw Superman killed by the villain Doomsday,[58] although the character was soon resurrected.[59] Superman also marries Lois Lane in 1996. In the 2000s Superman becomes a vegetarian, and his origin is again revisited in 2004.[60] In 2006 Superman is stripped of his powers,[61] although these are restored within a fictional year.[62] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (502x773, 214 KB) Death of Superman from Superman #75 by Dan Jurgens It is low resolution. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (502x773, 214 KB) Death of Superman from Superman #75 by Dan Jurgens It is low resolution. ... Lois Joanne Lane-Kent is a fictional character who appears in DC Comics’ Superman stories. ... Dan Jurgens is an American writer and artist of comic books. ... In narratology, a back-story (also back story or backstory) is the history behind the situation extant at the start of the main story. ... John Lindley Byrne (born July 6, 1950) is a British-born naturalised American author and artist of comic books. ... Superboy is the name of several fictional characters in the DC Comics Universe, most of them youthful incarnations of Superman. ... For other uses, see Supergirl (disambiguation). ... Martha Clark Kent and Jonathan Kent, also known as Ma and Pa Kent, are fictional characters published by DC Comics. ... Doomsday is the name of a fictional character in the DC Comics Universe, a supervillain best known for fighting and killing Superman in the Death of Superman storyline in 1993. ...


Personality

In the original Siegel and Shuster stories, Superman's personality is rough and aggressive. The character was seen stepping in to stop wife beaters, profiteers, a lynch mob and gangsters, with rather rough edges and a looser moral code than audiences may be used to today.[24] Later writers have softened the character, and instilled a sense of idealism and moral code of conduct. Although not as cold-blooded as the early Batman, the Superman featured in the comics of the 1930s is unconcerned about the harm his strength may cause, tossing villainous characters in such a manner that fatalities would presumably occur, although these were seldom shown explicitly on the page. This came to an end late in 1940, when new editor Whitney Ellsworth instituted a code of conduct for his characters to follow, banning Superman from ever killing.[55] This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Lynching is murder (mostly by hanging) conceived by its perpetrators as extra-legal execution. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ...


In Superman/Batman #3, Batman thinks, "It is a remarkable dichotomy. In many ways, Clark is the most human of us all. Then...he shoots fire from the skies, and it is difficult not to think of him as a god. And how fortunate we all are that it does not occur to him."[63] Superman/Batman is a monthly comic book series published by DC Comics that features the publishers two most popular characters: Superman and Batman. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ...


Powers and abilities

Main article: Powers and abilities of Superman

As an influential archetype of the superhero genre, Superman possesses extraordinary powers, with the character traditionally described as "faster than a speeding bullet, more powerful than a locomotive, and able to leap tall buildings in a single bound", a phrase coined by Jay Morton and first used in the Superman radio serials and Max Fleischer animated shorts of the 1940s[64] as well as the TV series of the 1950s. For most of his existence, Superman's famous arsenal of powers include flight, super-strength, invulnerability to non-magical attacks of ordinary force, super-speed, vision powers (including x-ray, heat, telescopic, infra-red, and microscopic vision), super-hearing, and super-breath, which enables him to freeze objects by blowing on them, as well as exert the propulsive force of high-speed winds.[65] This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Max Fleischer (July 19, 1883–September 11, 1972) was an important pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon. ... Flight is the process by which an object achieves sustained movement either through the air by aerodynamically generating lift or aerostatically using buoyancy, or movement beyond earths atmosphere, in the case of spaceflight. ... Superhuman Strength, Super Strength or Enhanced Strength is an ability commonly utilized in fiction. ... In fictional stories, X-ray vision has generally been portrayed as the ability to see through layers of objects at the discretion of the holder of this superpower. ... Heat vision is a superhuman power, best known as one of the powers possessed by the DC Comics character Superman, in which beams of intense radiation are projected from the eyes. ...


As originally conceived and presented in his early stories, Superman's powers were relatively limited, consisting of superhuman strength that allowed him to lift a car over his head, run at amazing speeds and leap one-eighth of a mile, as well as incredibly tough skin that could be pierced by nothing less than an exploding artillery shell.[65] Siegel and Shuster compared his strength and leaping abilities to an ant and a grasshopper.[66] When making the cartoons, the Fleischer Brothers found it difficult to keep animating him leaping and requested to DC to change his ability to flying.[67] Writers gradually increased his powers to larger extents during the Silver Age, in which Superman could fly to other worlds and galaxies and even across universes with relative ease.[65] He would often fly across the solar system to stop meteors from hitting the Earth, or sometimes just to clear his head. Writers found it increasingly difficult to write Superman stories in which the character was believably challenged,[68] so DC Comics made a series of attempts to rein the character in. The most significant attempt, John Byrne's 1986 rewrite, established several hard limits on his abilities: He barely survives a nuclear blast, and his space flights are limited by how long he can hold his breath.[69] Superman's power levels have again increased since then, with Superman currently possessing enough strength to hurl a mountain, withstand nuclear blasts with ease, and survive in the vacuum of outer space without oxygen. Subfamilies Aenictogitoninae Agroecomyrmecinae Amblyoponinae (incl. ... Families Superfamily: Tridactyloidea Cylindrachaetidae Ripipterygidae Tridactylidae Superfamily: Tetrigoidea Tetrigidae Superfamily: Eumastacoidea Chorotypidae Episactidae Eumastacidae Euschmidtiidae Mastacideidae Morabidae Proscopiidae Thericleidae Superfamily: Pneumoroidea Pneumoridae Superfamily: Pyrgomorphoidea Pyrgomorphidae Superfamily: Acridoidea Acrididae Catantopidae Charilaidae Dericorythidae Lathiceridae Lentulidae Lithidiidae Ommexechidae Pamphagidae Pyrgacrididae Romaleidae Tristiridae Superfamily: Tanaoceroidea Tanaoceridae Superfamily: Trigonopterygoidea Trigonopterygidae Xyronotidae Wikispecies has information related... Fleischer Studios, Inc. ... Showcase #4 (September-October 1956), often thought the first appearance of the first Silver Age superhero, the Barry Allen Flash. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... John Lindley Byrne (born July 6, 1950) is a British-born naturalised American author and artist of comic books. ...


The source of Superman's powers has changed subtly over the course of his history. It was originally stated that Superman's abilities derived from his Kryptonian heritage, which made him eons more evolved than humans.[55] This was soon amended, with the source for the powers now based upon the establishment of Krypton's gravity as having been stronger than that of the Earth. This situation mirrors that of Edgar Rice Burroughs' John Carter. As Superman's powers increased, the implication that all Kryptonians had possessed the same abilities became problematic for writers, making it doubtful that a race of such beings could have been wiped out by something as trifling as an exploding planet. In part to counter this, the Superman writers established that Kryptonians, whose native star Rao had been red, only possessed superpowers under the light of a yellow sun.[70] More recent stories have attempted to find a balance between the two explanations. Human beings are defined variously in biological, spiritual, and cultural terms, or in combinations thereof. ... Lara, Jor-El, and Superman on Krypton. ... Gravity is a force of attraction that acts between bodies that have mass. ... Adjectives: Terrestrial, Terran, Telluric, Tellurian, Earthly Atmosphere Surface pressure: 101. ... Edgar Rice Burroughs Edgar Rice Burroughs (September 1, 1875 – March 19, 1950) was an American author, best known for his creation of the jungle hero Tarzan, although he also produced works in many genres. ... In 1911, Edgar Rice Burroughs, now best known as the creator of the character Tarzan, began his writing career with A Princess of Mars, a rousing tale of pulp adventure on the planet Barsoom or Mars. ... Rao is a fictional sun in DC Comics. ... The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System. ...


Superman is most vulnerable to Kryptonite, mineral debris from Krypton transformed into radioactive material by the forces that destroyed the planet. Exposure to Kryptonite radiation nullifies Superman's powers and immobilizes him with pain; prolonged exposure will eventually kill him. The only mineral on Earth that can protect him from Kryptonite is lead, which blocks the radiation. Lead is also the only known substance that Superman cannot see through with his x-ray vision. Kryptonite was first introduced to the public in 1943 as a plot device to allow the radio serial voice actor, Bud Collyer, to take some time off.[53] Green Kryptonite is the most commonly seen form but writers introduced other forms over the years, such as red, gold, blue and black, each with its own effect.[71] Lex Luthor in front of a displays of kryptonite and holding Green Kryptonite. ... Lara, Jor-El, and Superman on Krypton. ... Lex Luthor in front of a displays of kryptonite and holding Green Kryptonite. ... A plot device is a person or an object introduced to a story to affect or advance the plot. ... A voice actor (also a voice artist) is a person who provides voices for animated characters (including those in feature films, television series, animated shorts), voice-overs in radio and television commercials, audio dramas, dubbed foreign language films, video games, puppet shows, and amusement rides. ... Bud Collyer on Beat The Clock, 1957 Bud Collyer (b. ...


Supporting cast

Clark Kent, Superman's secret identity, was based partly on Harold Lloyd and named after Clark Gable and Kent Taylor.[72] Creators have discussed the idea of whether Superman pretends to be Clark Kent or vice versa, and at differing times in the publication either approach has been adopted.[73][74] Although typically a newspaper reporter, during the 1970s the character left the Daily Planet for a time to work for television,[74] whilst the 1980s revamp by John Byrne saw the character become somewhat more aggressive.[69] This aggressiveness has since faded with subsequent creators restoring the mild mannerisms traditional to the character. Superman, given the serial nature of comic publishing and the length of the characters existence, has evolved as a character as his adventures have increased. ... For other uses, see Clark Kent (disambiguation). ... For other uses of this term, please see Secret identity (disambiguation). ... Harold Clayton Lloyd (April 20, 1893 – March 8, 1971) was an American film actor and director, most famous for his silent comedies. ... William Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... Kent Taylor (May 11, 1906 - April 11, 1987) was an American actor. ... This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Daily Planet is a fictional broadsheet newspaper that appears in Superman stories published by DC Comics. ... John Lindley Byrne (born July 6, 1950) is a British-born naturalised American author and artist of comic books. ...


Superman's large cast of supporting characters includes Lois Lane, perhaps the character most commonly associated with Superman, being portrayed at different times as his colleague, competitor, love interest and/or wife. Other main supporting characters include Daily Planet coworkers such as photographer Jimmy Olsen and editor Perry White, Clark Kent's adopted parents Jonathan and Martha Kent, childhood sweetheart Lana Lang and best friend Pete Ross, and former college love interest Lori Lemaris (a mermaid). Stories making reference to the possibility of Superman siring children have been featured both in and out of mainstream continuity. Lois Joanne Lane-Kent is a fictional character who appears in DC Comics’ Superman stories. ... The Daily Planet is a fictional broadsheet newspaper that appears in Superman stories published by DC Comics. ... Jimmy Olsen (full name James Bartholomew Olsen) is a fictional character who appears in DC Comics’ Superman stories. ... Perry White is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comics, and is the editor-in-chief of the Metropolis newspaper the Daily Planet. ... For other uses, see Clark Kent (disambiguation). ... Martha Clark Kent and Jonathan Kent, also known as Ma and Pa Kent, are fictional characters published by DC Comics. ... Martha Kent, née Martha Clark, also known as Ma Kent, is a fictional character published by DC Comics. ... Lana Lang is a supporting character in DC Comics Superman series. ... Pete Ross is a fictional character who appears in the Superman comic books published by DC Comics. ... Lori Lemaris is a fictional character in the Superman comic books published by DC Comics. ... A mermaid (from the Middle English mere in the obsolete sense sea (as in maritime, the Latin mare, sea) + maid(en)) is a legendary aquatic creature with the head and torso of human female and the tail of a fish. ...


Incarnations of Supergirl, Krypto the Superdog, and Superboy have also been major characters in the mythos, as well as the Justice League of America (of which Superman is usually a member). A feature shared by several supporting characters is alliterative names, especially with the initials "LL", including Lex Luthor, Lois Lane, Linda Lee, Lana Lang, Lori Lemaris and Lucy Lane,[75] alliteration being common in early comics. For other uses, see Supergirl (disambiguation). ... Krypto, also known as Krypto the Superdog, is a fictional character, Supermans pet dog in the various Superman comic books published by DC Comics. ... Superboy is the name of several fictional characters in the DC Comics Universe, most of them youthful incarnations of Superman. ... The Justice League, sometimes called the Justice League of America or JLA for short, is a fictional DC Universe superhero team. ... Alliteration is a structuring device characterized by the reiteration of the initial consonant at the beginning of two consecutive or slightly separated words. ... Lex Luthor is a fictional DC Comics supervillain. ... Lois Joanne Lane-Kent is a fictional character who appears in DC Comics’ Superman stories. ... Kara Zor-El is a fictional DC Comics superhero and the cousin of Superman. ... Lana Lang is a supporting character in DC Comics Superman series. ... Lori Lemaris is a fictional character in the Superman comic books published by DC Comics. ... Lucy Lane is a fictional character published by DC Comics. ...


Team-ups with fellow comics icon Batman are common, inspiring many stories over the years. When paired, they are often referred to as the "World's Finest" in a nod to the name of the comic book series that features many team-up stories. In 2003, DC Comics began to publish a new series featuring the two characters titled Superman/Batman. Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Superman/Batman is a monthly comic book series published by DC Comics that features the publishers two most popular characters: Superman and Batman. ...


Superman also has a rogues gallery of enemies, including his most well-known nemesis, Lex Luthor, who has been envisioned over the years in various forms as either a rogue scientific genius with a personal vendetta against Superman, or a powerful but corrupt CEO of a conglomerate called LexCorp.[76] In the 2000s, he even becomes President of the United States,[77] and has been depicted at various stages, as well as currently, as a former childhood friend of Clark Kent. Rogues gallery is a term in comics referring to a specific hero or superheros reoccuring and most notable enemies, as opposed to nameless thugs and mooks. ... Lex Luthor is a fictional DC Comics supervillain. ... Caucasian, male, aging, crooked teeth, messy hair, lab coat, spectacles/goggles, dramatic posing — one popular stereotype of a mad scientist. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Lex Luthor is a DC Comics supervillain and archenemy of Superman. ... The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. ...


The alien android (in most incarnations) known as Brainiac is considered by Richard George to be the second most effective enemy of Superman.[78] The enemy that accomplished the most, by actually killing Superman, is the raging monster Doomsday. Darkseid, one of the most powerful beings in the DC Universe, is also a formidable nemesis in most post-crisis comics. Other enemies who have featured in various incarnations of the character, from comic books to film and television include the fifth-dimensional imp Mr. Mxyzptlk, the reverse Superman known as Bizarro and the Kryptonian criminal General Zod. The android Data, portrayed by Brent Spiner, from the TV series Star Trek: The Next Generation An android is a robot made to resemble a human, usually both in appearance and behavior. ... Brainiac is a fictional character, a DC Comics supervillain and frequent opponent of Superman. ... Doomsday is the name of a fictional character in the DC Comics Universe, a supervillain best known for fighting and killing Superman in the Death of Superman storyline in 1993. ... Darkseid (pronounced dark-side) is a fictional alien supervillain published by DC Comics. ... Cover to the History of the DC Universe trade paperback. ... An imp is a mythological being similar to a fairy, frequently described in folklore and superstition. ... Mr. ... Bizarro is a fictional character, a doppelgänger of DC Comics’ Superman. ... General Zod is a fictional character from the Superman comics published by DC Comics. ...


Cultural impact

Superman has come to be seen as both an American cultural icon[79][80] and the first comic book superhero. His adventures and popularity have established the character as an inspiring force within the public eye, with the character serving as inspiration for musicians, comedians and writers alike.


Inspiring a market

The character's initial success led to similar characters being created.[81][82] Batman was the first to follow, Bob Kane commenting to Vin Sullivan that given the "kind of money (Siegel and Shuster were earning) you'll have one on Monday".[83] Victor Fox, an accountant for DC, also noticed the revenue such comics generated, and commissioned Will Eisner to create a deliberately similar character to Superman. Wonder Man was published in May 1939, and although DC successfully sued, claiming plagiarism,[84] Fox had decided to cease publishing the character. Fox later had more success with the Blue Beetle. Fawcett Comics' Captain Marvel, launched in 1940, was Superman's main rival for popularity throughout the 1940s, and was again the subject of a lawsuit, which Fawcett eventually settled in 1953, a settlement which involved the cessation of the publication of the character's adventures.[85] Superhero comics are now established as the dominant genre in American comic book publishing,[86] with many thousands of characters in the tradition having been created in the years since Superman's creation.[87] Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Bob Kane (born Robert Kahn, October 24, 1915 – November 3, 1998) was an American comic book artist and writer credited as the creator of Batman. ... Vincent Vin Sullivan (died on February 3, 1999) is an early comic book editor, artist, and publisher. ... DC may stand for: // A. P. de Candolle in botanical nomenclature, a botanist who developed an extensive system of botanical classification Dendritic cell, a type of immune cell Doctor of Chiropractic, a health care profession DC - Dirty Cunt DC Shoes, a skateboarding apparel manufacturer Dot-com business, any company that... William Erwin Eisner (March 6, 1917 – January 3, 2005) was an acclaimed American comics writer, artist and entrepreneur. ... Plagiarism is the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as ones own original work. ... Blue Beetle is the name of three fictional comic book superheroes. ... Whiz Comics #2, the first appearance of Captain Marvel, the companys most popular character. ... Captain Marvel may refer to: Captain Marvel (DC Comics), a young boy who transforms into a superhero by saying the word Shazam!; originally published by Fawcett Comics and currently published by DC Comics. ... For the Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode, see Super Hero (Aqua Teen Hunger Force episode). ... An American comic book is a small magazine originating in the United States containing a narrative in the comics form. ...


Merchandising

Superman became popular very quickly, with an additional title, Superman Quarterly quickly added. In 1940 the character was represented in the annual Macy's parade for the first time.[88] In fact Superman had become popular to the extent that in 1942, with sales of the character's three titles standing at a combined total of over 1.5 million, Time was reporting that "the Navy Department (had) ruled that Superman comic books should be included among essential supplies destined for the Marine garrison at Midway Islands."[89] The character was soon licensed by companies keen to cash in on this success through merchandising. The earliest paraphernalia appeared in 1939, a button proclaiming membership in the Supermen of America club. By 1940 the amount of merchandise available increased dramatically, with jigsaw puzzles, paper dolls, bubble gum and trading cards available, as well as wooden or metal figures. The popularity of such merchandise increased when Superman was licensed to appear in other media, and Les Daniels has written that this represents "the start of the process that media moguls of later decades would describe as 'synergy.'"[90] By the release of Superman Returns, Warner Bros. had arranged a cross promotion with Burger King,[91] and licensed many other products for sale. Superman's appeal to licensees rests upon the character's continuing popularity, cross market appeal and the status of the S-Shield, the magenta and gold S emblem Superman wears on his chest, as a fashion symbol.[92][93] Macys Day Parade redirects here. ... Time, (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ... A license or licence is a document or agreement giving permission to do something. ... A coffee mug bearing the logo of a company or organization is a common practice in product merchandising. ... Ralph Naders campaign in the State of Hawaii during the fateful 2000 Presidential Election Campaign buttons are used in a election as political advertising for the candidate or political party, or to proclaim the issues that are part of the political platform. ... A jigsaw puzzle is a tiling puzzle that requires the assembly of numerous small, often oddly shaped, interlocking and tesellating pieces. ... Look up doll in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Bubblegum is a type of chewing gum that is especially designed for blowing bubbles. ... A trading card (or collectible card) is a small card which is intended for trading and collecting. ... Zarbon action figure of from Dragon Ball Z made by Bandai An action figure is a posable plastic figurine of a character, often from a movie, video game, or television program. ... Synergy or synergism (from the Greek synergos, συνεργός meaning working together, circa 1660) refers to the phenomenon in which two or more discrete influences or agents acting together create an effect greater than that predicted by knowing only the separate effects of the individual agents. ... Superman Returns is a 2006 superhero film based on the fictional DC Comics character Superman. ... Warner Bros. ... Burger King (often abbreviated to BK) is a large international chain of fast food restaurants, predominantly selling burgers, french fries, soft drinks, desserts, and various sandwiches. ...


Adaptations in other media

The character of Superman has appeared in various media aside from comic books. This is in some part seen to be owing to the character's cited standing as an American cultural icon,[94] with the concept's continued popularity also being taken into consideration,[95] but is also seen in part as due to good marketing initially.[90] The character has been developed as a vehicle for serials on radio, television and film, as well as feature length motion pictures, and computer and video games have also been developed featuring the character on multiple occasions. Kirk Alyn from the 1940s serials The comic book character Superman is an American cultural icon, and has appeared throughout American popular culture. ... Image File history File links Supermanflag. ... Image File history File links Supermanflag. ... Christopher Reeve (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer. ... Superman II is the 1980 sequel to the 1978 feature film Superman. ... Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... “Computer Games” redirects here. ...


The first adaptation of Superman was as a daily newspaper comic strip, launching on January 16, 1939. The strip ran until May 1966, and significantly, Siegel and Shuster used the first strips to establish Superman's backstory, adding details such as the planet Krypton and Superman's father, Jor-El, concepts not yet established in the comic books.[55] Following on from the success of this was the first radio series, The Adventures of Superman, which premiered on February 12, 1940 and featured the voice of Bud Collyer as Superman. The series ran until March, 1951. Collyer was also cast as the voice of Superman in the Fleischer Studios animated cartoons, distributed via movie theatres. Seventeen shorts were produced between 1941 and 1943. By 1948 Superman was back in the movie theatres, this time in a filmed serial, Superman, with Kirk Alyn becoming the first actor to portray Superman on screen. A second serial, Atom Man vs. Superman, followed in 1950.[96] This article is about the comic strip, the sequential art form as published in newspapers and on the Internet. ... Jor-El is a fictional character that appears in the Superman comics published by DC Comics. ... Announcer Jackson Beck (left) with Bud Collyer and Joan Alexander The Adventures of Superman, adapted from the DC Comics character created in 1938 (see Superman), came to radio as a syndicated show on New York Citys WOR on February 12, 1940. ... Bud Collyer on Beat The Clock, 1957 Bud Collyer (b. ... Fleischer Studios, Inc. ... This image of Superman appeared at the beginning of each of the cartoons. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The Superman serial was a 1948 15-part black-and-white movie serial starring Kirk Alyn as Superman and Noel Neill as Lois Lane. ... Kirk Alyn as Superman Kirk Alyn (October 8, 1910 - March 14, 1999) was an American actor, best known for being the first actor to play Superman on screen, in the 1948 film serial Superman, and its 1950 sequel Atom Man Vs. ... Atom Man vs. ...


In 1951 a television series was commissioned, starring George Reeves, with the pilot episode of the series gaining a theatrical release as Superman and the Mole Men. The series ran for a 104 episodes, from 1952 - 1958. The next adaptation of Superman occurred in 1966, when Superman was adapted for the stage in the Broadway musical It's a Bird...It's a Plane...It's Superman. The play wasn't successful, closing after 128 performances,[97] although a cast album recording was released.[98] However, in 1975 the play was remade for television. Superman was again animated, this time for television, in the series "The New Adventures of Superman". 68 shorts were made and broadcast between 1966 and 1969. Bud Collyer again provided the voice for Superman. Then from 1973 until 1984 ABC broadcast the "Super Friends" series, this time animated by Hanna-Barbera.[99] George Reeves (January 5,[1] 1914 – June 16, 1959) was an American actor, best known for his role as Superman in the 1950s television program Adventures of Superman and his controversial death at the age of 45. ... Superman and the Mole Men is a 1951 black and white movie starring the titular Superman. ... Broadway theatre[1] is the most prestigious form of professional theatre in the U.S., as well as the most well known to the general public and most lucrative for the performers, technicians and others involved in putting on the shows. ... The Fantasticks is the longest-running musical in history. ... Its a Bird. ... A cast recording or original cast recording is a recording of a musical that is intended to document the songs as they were performed in the show and experienced by the audience. ... It has been suggested that The Adventures of Superboy (animated series) be merged into this article or section. ... The American Broadcasting Company ( oftenly known as ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... The title card for the first Super Friends series. ... Cartoon Network Studios, formerly known as Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc. ...


Superman returned to movie theatres in 1978, with director Richard Donner's Superman starring Christopher Reeve. The film spawned three sequels, Superman II (1980), Superman III (1983) and Superman IV: The Quest For Peace (1987).[100] In 1988 Superman returned to television in the Ruby Spears animated series Superman,[101] and also in Superboy, a live action series which ran from 1988 until 1992.[102] In 1993 Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman premiered on television, starring Dean Cain as Superman and Teri Hatcher as Lois Lane. The series ran until 1997. Superman: The Animated Series was produced by Warner Bros. and ran from 1996 until 2000 on The WB Television Network.[103] In 2001 the Smallville television series launched, focussing on the adventures of Clark Kent as a teenager before he dons the mantle of Superman.[104] In 2006 Bryan Singer directed Superman Returns, starring Brandon Routh as Superman.[105] Superman (also known as Superman: The Movie, as it was called in pre-release advertising), was a popular and critically acclaimed superhero film. ... Christopher Reeve (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer. ... Superman II is the 1980 sequel to the 1978 feature film Superman. ... Superman III is a 1983 movie that was the third of four movies based upon the long-running DC Comics superhero produced between 1978-1987. ... Superman IV: The Quest For Peace is a 1987 film, the last of the Superman theatrical movies. ... Ruby-Spears Productions is a California based entertainment production company that specializes in animation. ... As a 50th anniversary gift, DC Comics legendary Man of Steel got a brand-new Saturday morning cartoon. ... Superboy was a half-hour, live-action TV series based on the fictional DC Comics character. ... In film and video, live action refers to works that are acted out by flesh-and-blood actors, as opposed to animation. ... Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman was a live-action television series based on the Superman comic books. ... Dean Cain (born as Dean George Tanaka on July 31, 1966 in Mount Clemens, Michigan) is an American actor who is best known for his role as comic book legend Superman in the television series Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman, in which he co-starred with Teri... Teri Lynn Hatcher (born December 8, 1964) is an Emmy-nominated and Golden Globe Award-winning American actress and author. ... Lois Joanne Lane-Kent is a fictional character who appears in DC Comics’ Superman stories. ... Superman: The Animated Series is the unofficial title given to Warner Bros. ... Warner Bros. ... The Warner Bros. ... Smallville is an American television series that follows the adventures of a young Clark Kent (Tom Welling), as a teenager living in Smallville, Kansas, during the years before he becomes Superman. ... For other uses, see Clark Kent (disambiguation). ... Bryan Singer (born September 17, 1965) is an American film director. ... Superman Returns is a 2006 superhero film based on the fictional DC Comics character Superman. ... Brandon James Routh (born October 9, 1979) is an American actor and former fashion model. ...


Musical references, parodies and homages

See also: Superman in popular music

Superman has also featured as an inspiration for musicians, with songs by numerous artists from several generations celebrating the character. Donovan's Billboard Hot 100 topping single "Sunshine Superman" utilised the character in both the title and the lyric, declaring "Superman and Green Lantern got nothing on me".[106] Other tracks to reference the character include Genesis' "Land of Confusion",[107] the video to which featured a Spitting Image puppet of Ronald Reagan dressed as Superman,[108] and "Superman" by The Clique, a track later covered by R.E.M. on their 1986 album Lifes Rich Pageant. This cover is referenced by Grant Morrison in Animal Man, in which Superman meets the character, and the track comes on Animal Man's walkman immediately after.[109] Superman has long been a source for popular music, inspiring songs by artists from several generations to delve into his character. ... Donovan (Donovan Philips Leitch, born May 10, 1946, in Maryhill, Glasgow) is a popular Scottish singer, songwriter, and guitarist. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ... For the DJ, see DJ Green Lantern. ... Genesis (Hebrew: , Greek: Γένεσις, meaning birth, creation, cause, beginning, source or origin) is the first book of the Torah, the Tanakh, and the Old Testament. ... Land of Confusion is a rock song written by the band Genesis for their 1986 album Invisible Touch. ... Spitting Image was a satirical puppet show that ran on the United Kingdoms ITV television network from 1984 to 1996. ... Wayang shadow-puppet created in Bali, in the early 20th century. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981 – 1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967 – 1975). ... Henry ONeil, The Pre-Raphaelite, a satire on the Pre-Raphaelites painted by ONeil in 1857 The Clique was a group of Victorian artists founded by Richard Dadd. ... REM or R.E.M. is an acronym for: Rapid Eye Movement, a phase during sleep U.S. rock music band R.E.M., formed in Athens, Georgia in 1980 Roentgen equivalent man, a unit for measuring levels of exposure to radiation. ... Lifes Rich Pageant is a 1986 album by R.E.M.. It takes its name from a quote from a Pink Panther movie; Youll catch your death of cold! Yes, I probably will. ... Grant Morrison (born January 31, 1960) is a Scottish comic book writer and artist. ... Animal Man is a fictional superhero in the DC Universe. ... Sony Walkman Official Logo (2000 — current) Various products of the Walkman line Walkman is a popular Sony brand used to market its portable audio players, and is synonymously used to refer to the original Walkman portable personal stereo player and as a generic term for similar devices from other manufacturers. ...


Parodies of Superman did not take long to appear, with Mighty Mouse introduced in "The Mouse of Tomorrow" animated short in 1942.[110] Whilst the character swiftly took on a life of its own, moving beyond parody, other animated characters soon took their turn to parody the character. In 1943 Bugs Bunny was featured in a short, Super-Rabbit, which sees the character gaining powers through eating fortified carrots. This short ends with Bugs stepping into a phone booth to change into a real "Superman", and emerging as a U.S. Marine.[111] In 1956 Daffy Duck assumes the mantle of "Cluck Trent" in the short "Stupor Duck", a role later reprised in various issues of the Looney Tunes comic book.[112][113] In the United Kingdom Monty Python created the character Bicycle Repairman, who fixes bicycles on a world full of Supermen, for a sketch in series of their BBC show.[114] Also on the BBC was the sit-com "My Hero", which presented Thermoman as a slightly dense Superman pastiche, attempting to save the world and pursue romantic aspirations.[115] In America, Saturday Night Live has often parodied the figure, with Margot Kidder reprising her role as Lois Lane in a 1979 episode.[116] Jerry Seinfeld, a noted Superman fan, filled his series Seinfeld with references to the character, and in 1997 asked for Superman to co-star with him in a commercial for American Express. The commercial aired during the 1998 play offs and Super Bowl, Superman animated in the style of artist Curt Swan, again at the request of Seinfeld.[117] A Mighty Mouse poster. ... Bugs Bunny is a fictional animated rabbit who appears in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated films produced by Warner Bros. ... [[1]] An ACTUAL production drawing of the cartoon drawn by the legendary Ken Harris!! [It has Chuck Jones signature on it. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... Daffy, as Duck Dodgers, faces off against Marvin the Martian in the 1953 short Duck Dodgers in the 24½th Century, a parody of Buck Rogers. ... Monty Python, or The Pythons, is the collective name of the creators of Monty Python’s Flying Circus, a British television comedy sketch show that first aired on the BBC on 5 October 1969. ... A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ... My Hero was a British comedy television series, about a not-very-bright superhero named Thermoman from the planet Ultron. ... Saturday Night Live (SNL) is a weekly late night 90-minute American comedy-variety show based in New York City which has been broadcast live by NBC on Saturday nights since October 11, 1975. ... Margot Kidder as Dr. Bridgette Crosby on the Smallville television series. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the sitcom. ... American Express (NYSE: AXP), sometimes known as Amex, is a diversified global financial services company, headquartered in New York City. ... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... Curt Swan (born February 17, 1920 in Minneapolis, Minnesota; died June 16, 1996) was an American comic book artist, most known for his work on the Superman comics. ...


Superman has also been used as reference point for writers, with Steven T. Seagle's graphic novel Superman: It's a Bird exploring Seagle's feelings on his own mortality as he struggles to develop a story for a Superman tale.[118] Brad Fraser used the character as a reference point for his play Poor Super Man, with The Independent noting the central character, a gay man who has lost many friends to AIDS as someone who "identifies all the more keenly with Superman's alien-amid-deceptive-lookalikes status."[119] Brad Fraser (born June 28, 1969 in Edmonton, Alberta) is a Canadian playwright and screenwriter. ... For other uses, see The Independent (disambiguation). ... Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS or Aids) is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). ...


Literary analysis

Superman has been interpreted and discussed in many forms in the years since his debut. The character's status as the first costumed superhero has allowed him to be used in many studies discussing the genre, Umberto Eco noting that "he can be seen as the representative of all his similars".[120] Writing in Time Magazine in 1971, Gerald Clarke stated: "Superman's enormous popularity might be looked upon as signalling the beginning of the end for the Horatio Alger myth of the self-made man." Clarke viewed the comics characters as having to continuously update in order to maintain relevance, and thus representing the mood of the nation. He regarded Superman's character in the early seventies as a comment on the modern world, which he saw as a place in which "only the man with superpowers can survive and prosper."[121] Andrew Arnold, writing in the early 21st century, has noted Superman's partial role in exploring assimilation, the character's alien status allowing the reader to explore attempts to fit in on a somewhat superficial level.[122] (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ...


A.C. Grayling, writing in The Spectator, traces Superman's stances through the decades, from his 1930s campaign against crime being relevant to a nation under the influence of Al Capone, through the 1940s and World War II, a period in which Superman helped sell war bonds,[123] and into the 1950s, where Superman explored the new technological threats. Grayling notes the period after the Cold War as being one where "matters become merely personal: the task of pitting his brawn against the brains of Lex Luthor and Brainiac appeared to be independent of bigger questions", and discusses events post 9/11, stating that as a nation "caught between the terrifying George W. Bush and the terrorist Osama bin Laden, America is in earnest need of a Saviour for everything from the minor inconveniences to the major horrors of world catastrophe. And here he is, the down-home clean-cut boy in the blue tights and red cape".[124] Cover of the Nov 12, 2005 issue of The Spectator magazine. ... “Capone” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... The date that commonly refers to the attacks on United States citizens on September 11, 2001 (see the September 11, 2001 Attacks). ...

Clark Kent, argued by Jules Feiffer to be the most innovative feature of Superman

Scott Bukatman has discussed Superman, and the superhero in general, noting the ways in which they humanize large urban areas through their use of the space, especially in Superman's ability to soar over the large skyscrapers of Metropolis. He writes that the character "represented, in 1938, a kind of Corbusierian ideal. Superman has X-ray vision: walls become permeable, transparent. Through his benign, controlled authority, Superman renders the city open, modernist and democratic; he furthers a sense that Le Corbusier described in 1925, namely, that 'Everything is known to us'."[28] Image File history File links Clark-Kent. ... Image File history File links Clark-Kent. ... Jules Feiffer (1958) Jules Feiffer (born January 26, 1929) is an American syndicated comic-strip cartoonist and author. ... Scott Bukatman is a cultural theorist and Associate Professor of Film and Media Studies at Stanford University whose research examines how popular media (film, comics) and genres (science fiction, musicals, superhero narratives) mediate between new technologies and human perceptual and bodily experience. ... Athens Auckland Bangkok Beirut Berlin Buenos Aires Calgary Chicago Denver Detroit Frankfurt am Main Hong Kong Jakarta Johannesburg Karachi London Los Angeles Madrid Manila Melbourne Mexico City Miami Montreal Mumbai Moscow New York City Osaka Paris Santiago Seattle São Paulo Seoul Shanghai Singapore Sydney Tel Aviv Tokyo Toronto Vancouver...


Jules Feiffer has argued that Superman's real innovation lay in the creation of the Clark Kent persona, noting that what "made Superman extraordinary was his point of origin: Clark Kent." Feiffer develops the theme to establish Superman's popularity in simple wish fulfilment,[125] a point Siegel and Shuster themselves supported, Siegel commenting that "If you're interested in what made Superman what it is, here's one of the keys to what made it universally acceptable. Joe and I had certain inhibitions... which led to wish-fulfillment which we expressed through our interest in science fiction and our comic strip. That's where the dual-identity concept came from" and Shuster supporting that as being "why so many people could relate to it".[126] Jules Feiffer (1958) Jules Feiffer (born January 26, 1929) is an American syndicated comic-strip cartoonist and author. ...


Popularity

Superman, both the character and his various comic series, have received various awards over the years. The Reign of the Supermen is one of many storylines or works to have received a Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Award, winning the Favorite Comic Book Story category in 1993.[127] Superman came at number 2 in VH1's Top Pop Culture Icons 2004.[128] In the same year British cinemagoers voted Superman as the greatest superhero of all time.[129] Works featuring the character have also garnered six Eisner Awards[130][131] and three Harvey Awards,[132] either for the works themselves or the creators of the works. The Superman films have, as of 2007, received a number of nominations and awards, with Christopher Reeve winning a BAFTA for his performance in Superman.[133] The Smallville television series has garnered Emmys for crew members and various other awards.[134] Superman as a character is still seen as being as relevant now as he has been in the more than sixty years of his existence.[135] The cover of Superman #75 The Death of Superman was a comic book storyline leading up to Superman #75 (January 1993) that served as the catalyst for the DC Comics crossover event of 1993, which had the umbrella title The Death and Return of Superman. ... Comics Buyers Guide (CBG) is the longest-running periodical reporting on the comic book industry. ... The Eisner Awards are given for achievement in comic books. ... The Harvey Awards are given for achievement in comic books. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Christopher Reeve (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organization that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... Christopher Reeve as the Man of Steel, Superman Superman, also known as Superman: The Movie, is a 1978 Warner Bros. ... Smallville is an American television series that follows the adventures of a young Clark Kent (Tom Welling), as a teenager living in Smallville, Kansas, during the years before he becomes Superman. ... An Emmy Award. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


References

  1. ^ a b Daniels (1998), p. 11.
  2. ^ Ohio Historical Society (2005). Superman. Ohio History Central: An Online Encyclopedia of Ohio. Ohio Historical Society. Retrieved on 2007-01-30. “In the early twenty-first century, Superman remains one of the most popular comic book characters of all time. He also has been an immense draw in movies and on television.”
  3. ^ Holt, Douglas B. (2004). How Brands Become Icons: The Principles of Cultural Branding. Boston: Harvard Business School Press. ISBN 1578517745. 
  4. ^ (2004) in Koehler, Derek J., Harvey, Nigel. (eds.): Blackwell Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making. Blackwell. ISBN 1405107464. 
  5. ^ Dinerstein, Joel (2003). Swinging the machine: Modernity, technology, and African American culture between the wars. University of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 1558493832. 
  6. ^ McCollum, Charlie. "Times change, but Superman endures as an American cultural icon" (Registration required), The Mercury News, June, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-01-30. 
  7. ^ Epstein, Daniel Robert (July 30, 2006). 4:11 with Bryan Singer. Newsarama. Retrieved on 2007-01-30.
  8. ^ Niven, Larry (1971). Man of Steel, Woman of Kleenex. All the Myriad Ways. Larry Niven. Retrieved on 2007-01-30.
  9. ^ a b Daniels (1998), p. 13.
  10. ^ Daniels (1998), p. 17.
  11. ^ Petrou, David Michael (1978). The Making of Superman the Movie, New York: Warner Books ISBN 0-446-82565-4
  12. ^ a b c d e Daniels (1998), p. 18.
  13. ^ Daniels (1998), p. 19.
  14. ^ Morrison, Grant. "Seriously, Perilously", The Herald, September 29, 1998, p. 14. 
  15. ^ Engle, Gary (1987). ""What Makes Superman So Darned American?"", in Dennis Dooley and Gary Engle (eds.): Superman at Fifty: The Persistence of a Legend. Cleveland, OH: Octavia. ISBN 0020429010. 
  16. ^ Daniels (1998), pp. 25-31.
  17. ^ a b Daniels (1998), p. 44.
  18. ^  Fox, Gardner (w),  Hibbard, Everett E. (p,i). "$1,000,000 for War Orphans" All Star Comics v1 #7 October-November 1941  All-American Publications
  19. ^ Daniels (1998), p. 13.
  20. ^ a b Daniels (1998), p. 69.
  21. ^ Daniels (1995), p. 28.
  22. ^  Moore, Alan (w),  Swan, Curt (p),  Perez, George & Schaffenberger, Kurt (i).  Superman: Whatever Happened to the Man of Tomorrow? 1997  DC Comics. ISBN 1-56389-315-0
  23. ^ Daniels (1998), p. 150.
  24. ^ a b Daniels (1995), pp. 22-23.
  25. ^ a b Sabin, Roger (1996). Comics, Comix & Graphic Novels, 4th paperback edition, Phaidon. ISBN 0-7148-3993-0. 
  26. ^ von Busack, Richard. "Superman Versus the KKK", Metro, July 2-July 8, 1998. Retrieved on 2007-01-28. 
  27. ^ Dubner, Stephen J, Levitt, Steven D. "Hoodwinked?", The New York Times, January 8, 2006, p. F26. Retrieved on 2007-01-28. 
  28. ^ a b Bukatman, Scott (2003). Matters of Gravity: Special Effects and Supermen in the 20th Century. Duke University Press. ISBN 0822331322. 
  29. ^ Feeley, Gregory (March 2005). "When World-views Collide: Philip Wylie in the Twenty-first Century". Science Fiction Studies 32 (95). ISSN 0091-7729. Retrieved on 2006-12-06. 
  30. ^ a b Jacobson, Howard. "Up, up and oy vey", The Times, March 5, 2005, p. 5. 
  31. ^ a b c  The Mythology of Superman [DVD]. Warner Bros..
  32. ^ Weinstein, Simcha (2006). Up, Up, and Oy Vey!, 1st, Leviathan Press. ISBN 978-1-881927-32-7. 
  33. ^ "Semitic Roots." The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language (2000). 4th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  34. ^ a b Waldman, Steven, Kress, Michael. "Beliefwatch: Good Fight", Newsweek, The Washington Post Company, June 19, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-01-28. 
  35. ^ Skelton, Stephen. The Gospel According to the World's Greatest Superhero. Harvest House Publishers, 2006. ISBN 0-7369-1812-4.
  36. ^ McCue, Greg S., Bloom, Clive (February 1, 1993). Dark Knights, LPC Group. ISBN 0745306632.
  37. ^ Lawrence, John Shelton (March 2006). "Book Reviews: The Gospel According to Superheroes: Religion and Popular Culture". The Journal of American Culture 29 (1). DOI:10.1111/j.1542-734X.2006.00313.x. Retrieved on 2007-01-28. 
  38. ^ a b Andrae (1983) p.8.
  39. ^ Andrae (1983), p.2.
  40. ^ Andrae (1983), p.4.
  41. ^ Andrae (1983), p.7.
  42. ^ Andrae (1983), p.5.
  43. ^ Hurwitt, Sam. "Comic Book Artist Populates Movies", San Francisco Chronicle, January 16, 2005, p. PK-24. Retrieved on 2006-12-08. 
  44. ^ a b c MacDonald, Heidi. "Inside the Superboy Copyright Decision.' PW Comics Week (April 11, 2006). Available online at Publishers Weekly, Retrieved on 2006-12-08.
  45. ^ a b Dean (2004), p. 16.
  46. ^ Dean (2004), p. 13.
  47. ^ Daniels (1998), p. 73.
  48. ^ Dean (2004), pp. 14-15.
  49. ^ a b Dean (2004), p. 17.
  50. ^ Vosper, Robert (February 2005). The Woman Of Steel. Inside Counsel. Retrieved on 2007-01-26. “DC isn't going to hand over its most valued asset without putting up one hell of a legal battle”
  51. ^ Brady, Matt (March 3, 2005). Inside The Siegel/DC Battle For Superman. Newsarama. Retrieved on 2007-01-26. “While the complaint, response and counterclaim has been filed, no one even remotely expects a slam-dunk win for either side. Issues such as those named in the complaint will, if it goes to trial, possibly allow for an unprecedented referendum on issues of copyright.”
  52. ^ a b Dean, Michael (June 2006). "Journal Datebook: Follow-Up: Superman Heirs Reclaim Superboy Copyright". The Comics Journal (276). 
  53. ^ a b Friedrich, Otto. "Up, Up and Awaaay!!!", Time Magazine, Monday, March 14, 1988, p. 9. Retrieved on 2007-01-28. 
  54. ^ Daniels (1998), p. 67.
  55. ^ a b c d Daniels (1998), p. 42.
  56. ^  O'Neil, Denny (w),  Dillin, Dick (p),  Greene, Sid (i). "Star Light, Star Bright--Death Star I See Tonight!" Justice League of America v1 #73 August, 1969  DC Comics
  57. ^ Byrne, John (w)(p), Giordano, Dick (i). The Man of Steel Ed. Barry Marx. DC Comics, 1987. ISBN 0-930289-28-5.
  58. ^ Jurgens, Dan, Ordway, Jerry, Simonson, Louise et al (w), Jurgens, Dan, Guice, Jackson, Bogdanove, Jon, et al (p), Rodier, Denis, Janke, Dennis, Breeding, Brett et al (i). The Death of Superman Ed. Mike Carlin. NY:DC Comics, April 14, 1993. ISBN 1-56389-097-6.
  59. ^ Jurgens, Dan, Kesel, Karl, Simonson, Louise et al (w), Jurgens, Dan, Guice, Jackson, Bogdanove, Jon, et al (p), Rodier, Denis, Janke, Dennis, Breeding, Brett et al (i). The Return of Superman (Reign of the Supermen) Ed. Mike Carlin. NY:DC Comics, September 3, 1993. ISBN 1-56389-149-2.
  60. ^ Waid, Mark (w), Yu, Leinil Francis (a). Superman: Birthright. NY:DC Comics, October 1, 2005. ISBN 1-4012-0252-7.
  61. ^ Johns, Geoff (w), Jimenez, Phil, Perez, George, Ordway, Jerry et al (a). Infinite Crisis. NY:DC Comics, September 20, 2006. ISBN 1401209599 ISBN 978-1401209599
  62. ^ Johns, Geoff, Busiek, Kurt (w), Woods, Peter, Guedes, Renato (a). Superman: Up, Up and Away! NY:DC Comics, 2006. ISBN 1401209548 ISBN 978-1401209544.
  63. ^  Loeb, Jeph (w),  McGuinness, Ed (p),  Vines, Dexter (i). "Running Wild" Superman/Batman v1 #3 December 2003  DC Comics
  64. ^ "Obituaries of note", St. Petersburg Times, Wire services, September 25, 2003. Retrieved on 2006-12-08. 
  65. ^ a b c Daniels (1995), p. 80.
  66. ^  Siegel, Jerry (w),  Shuster, Joe (p,i). "A Scientific Explanation of Superman's Amazing Strength--!" Superman v1 #1 Summer 1939  National Periodical Publications
  67. ^ Cabarga, Leslie, Beck Jerry, Fleischer, Richard (Interviewees). (2006). "First Flight: The Fleischer Superman Series" (supplementary DVD documentary). Superman II (Two-Disc Special Edition) [DVD]. Warner Bros..
  68. ^ Daniels (1998), p. 133.
  69. ^ a b Sanderson, Peter (June 1986). "The End of History". Amazing Heroes (96). ISSN 0745-6506. 
  70. ^ Lundegaard, Erik (July 3, 2006). Sex and the Superman. MSNBC. Retrieved on 2007-01-26. “Even his origin kept changing. Initially Krypton was populated by a race of supermen whose physical structure was millions of years more advanced than our own. Eventually the red sun/yellow sun dynamic was introduced, where Superman's level of power is dependent upon the amount of yellow solar radiation his cells have absorbed.”
  71. ^ Daniels (1998), pp. 106-107.
  72. ^ Gross, John. "Books of the Times", New York Times, December 15, 1987. Retrieved on 2007-01-29. 
  73. ^ Zeno, Eddy (December 25, 2006). From Back Issue 20: Pro 2 Pro: A Clark Kent Roundtable (excerpted from (January 2007) "The Clark Kent Roundtable". Back Issue (20). ). newsarama.com. published on web by newsarama, in print by TwoMorrow. Retrieved on 2007-01-31.
  74. ^ a b Eury (2006), p. 119.
  75. ^ "Superman's LL's [Text page]" Superman #204 February, 1968  DC Comics
  76. ^ Daniels (1998), p. 160.
  77. ^ , DeMatteis, J.M., Kelly, Joe, Loeb, Jeph et al (w), McGuinness, Ed, Rouleau, Duncan, Medina, Paco (a). Superman: President Lex, NY:DC Comics, July 1, 2003. ISBN 1563899744, ISBN 978-1563899744
  78. ^ George, Richard (2006-06-22). Superman's Dirty Dozen. IGN. Retrieved on 2007-01-11.
  79. ^ Magnussen, Anne; Hans-Christian Christiansen (2000). Comics & Culture: Analytical and Theoretical Approaches to Comics. Museum Tusculanum Press. ISBN 8772895802. “a metaphor and cultural icon for the 21st century” 
  80. ^ Postmes, Tom; Jolanda Jetten (2006). Individuality and the Group: Advances in Social Identity. Sage Publications. ISBN 1412903211. “American cultural icons (e.g., the American Flag, Superman, the Statue of Liberty)” 
  81. ^ Eury (2006), p. 116: "since Superman inspired so many different super-heroes".
  82. ^ Hatfield, Charles [2005]. Alternative Comics: an emerging literature. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 1578067197. “the various Superman-inspired "costume" comics” 
  83. ^ Daniels (1995), p. 34.
  84. ^ Lloyd L. Rich. Protection of Graphic Characters. Publishing Law Center. Retrieved on 2007-01-16. “the court found that the character Superman was infringed in a competing comic book publication featuring the character Wonderman”
  85. ^ Daniels (1995), pp. 46-47.
  86. ^ Singer, Marc (Spring 2002). ""Black Skins" and White Masks: Comic Books and the Secret of Race" (embedded image of first page). African American Review 36 (1): 107-119. doi:10.2307/2903369 Retrieved on January 16, 2006. 
  87. ^ (2006) South Carolina PACT Coach, English Language Arts Grade 5. Triumph Learning. ISBN 1598230778. 
  88. ^ Staff writer. "Superman Struts In Macy Parade". New York Times, November 22, 1940. p.18
  89. ^ Staff writer. "Superman's Dilemma", Time, April 13, 1942. Retrieved on 2007-01-29. 
  90. ^ a b Daniels (1998), p. 50.
  91. ^ Karl Heitmueller (June 13 2006). The 'Superman' Fanboy Dilemma, Part 4: Come On Feel The Toyz (Flash). MTV News. Retrieved on 2007-01-16. “Warner Bros. has "Superman Returns" licensing deals with Mattel, Pepsi, Burger King, Duracell, Samsung, EA Games and Quaker State Motor Oil, to name a few.”
  92. ^ Lieberman, David. "Classics are back in licensed gear", USA Today, June 21, 2005. Retrieved on 2007-01-29. 
  93. ^ Business Wire (June 16, 2005). Warner Bros. Consumer Products Flies High with DC Comics' Superman at Licensing 2005 International; Franchise Set to Reach New Heights in 2005 Leading Up to Feature Film Release of Superman Returns in June 2006. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-01-16. “With a super hero that transcends all demographics" ... and ... "S-Shield, which continues to be a fashion symbol and hot trend”
  94. ^ Jones, Cary M. (Winter 2006). "Smallville and New Media mythmaking; Twenty-first century Superman". Jump Cut (48). Retrieved on 2007-01-09. 
  95. ^ Juddery, Mark. "Jacob 'Jack' Liebowitz", The Australian, Mark Juddery, October, 2000. Retrieved on 2007-01-09. “Superman's popularity increased during the war years, spinning off into a comic strip” 
  96. ^ Daniels (1998), pp. 75-76.
  97. ^ Daniels (1998), p. 111.
  98. ^ Amazon.com: It's A Bird ... It's A Plane ... It's Superman (1966 Original Broadway Cast): Music: Charles Strouse,Lee Adams. Amazon.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-11.
  99. ^ Daniels (1998), pp. 111-115
  100. ^ Daniels (1998), pp. 141-143
  101. ^ About Us. Ruby-Spears website. Ruby-Spears Productions. Retrieved on 2007-01-11. “Ruby-Spears pulled the coup of the 1988-89 season by acquiring the rights to two heavily sought after properties. Debuting that September on CBS was the classic, Superman, which celebrated its 50th anniversary, and it was with much acclaim that Ruby-Spears was selected to produce the animated series for the network schedule.”
  102. ^ Daniels (1998), pp. 164-165.
  103. ^ Daniels (1998), pp. 172-174.
  104. ^ "Smallville" (2001). imdb.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-11.
  105. ^ Superman Returns (2006). imdb.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-11.
  106. ^ Donovan. "Sunshine Superman." Sunshine Superman. Epic, 1966.
  107. ^ Genesis. "Land of Confusion." Invisible Touch. Atlantic Records, 1986. "Ooh Superman where are you now, When everything's gone wrong somehow"
  108. ^ Lloyd, John & Yukich, Jim (Directors). (1986). "Land of Confusion" [Music video]. Atlantic Records.
  109. ^ Morrison (w), Grant; Truog, Chas, Hazlewood, Doug and Grummet, Tom (a) [1991]. "2: Life In The Concrete Jungle", in Michael Charles Hill (ed.): Animal Man, John Costanza (letterer) & Tatjana Wood (colorist), 1st edition, New York: DC Comics. ISBN 1-56389-005-4. “R.E.M. starts singing "Superman." My arm aches and I've got déjà vu. Funny how everything comes together.” 
  110. ^ Turner, Robin. "Deputy Dawg", Western Mail, Western Mail and Echo Ltd, August 8, 2006, p. 21. 
  111. ^ Super-Rabbit (1943). Internet Movie Database. Retrieved on 2007-01-16.
  112. ^ Stupor Duck (1956). Internet Movie Database. Retrieved on 2007-01-16.
  113. ^ Looney Tunes # 97. Big Comicbook Database. Retrieved on 2007-01-16.
  114. ^ Clarke, Mel. "The Pitch", The Sunday Times, Times Newspapers Ltd, August 1, 2004, p. 34. 
  115. ^ Kinnes, Sally. "The One To Watch", The Sunday Times, Times Newspapers Ltd, January 30, 2000, p. 58. 
  116. ^ "Saturday Night Live" Episode #4.15 (1979). Internet Movie Database. Retrieved on 2007-01-16.
  117. ^ Daniels (1998), p. 185.
  118. ^ Steven Seagle Talks It's a Bird. ugo.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-16. “the semi-autobiographical tale of Steven being given the chance to write a Superman comic, but stumbling when he can't figure out how to relate to the character. Through the course of the story, Seagle finds his way into Superman by looking at it through the lens of his own mortality.”
  119. ^ Taylor, Paul. "Theatre", The Independent, Independent News & Media, September 21, 1994. 
  120. ^ Eco, Umberto [1962] (2004). "The Myth of Superman", in Jeet Heer & Kent Worcester: Arguing Comics. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 1-57806-687-5. 
  121. ^ Clarke, Gerald. "The Comics On The Couch", Time, Time Warner, December 13, 1971, pp. 1-4. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved on 2007-01-29. 
  122. ^ Arnold, Andrew. "The Hard Knock Life", Time, Time Warner. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved on 2007-01-29. “much of The Quitter involves the classic American literary theme of assimilation. Though extremely popular in other mediums, this theme, again, has gotten little attention in comix except obliquely, through such genre works as Seigel and Shuster's Superman character.” 
  123. ^ Daniels (1995), p. 64.
  124. ^ Grayling, A C. "The Philosophy of Superman: A Short Course" (Fee required), The Spectator, Press Holdings, July 8, 2006. ISSN 0038-6952. Retrieved on 2007-01-29. 
  125. ^ Jules Feiffer The Great Comic Book Heroes, (2003). Fantagraphics. ISBN 1-56097-501-6
  126. ^ Andrae (1983), p.10.
  127. ^ Miller, John Jackson (June 9, 2005). CBG Fan Awards Archives. www.cbgxtra.com. Krause Publications. Retrieved on 2007-01-29. “CBG Fan Award winners 1982-present”
  128. ^ "200 Greatest Pop Culture Icons List: The Folks that Have Impacted American Society", Arizona Reporter, October 27, 2003. Retrieved on 2006-12-08.  Syndicated reprint of a Newsweek article
  129. ^ "Superman is 'greatest superhero'", BBC, 2004-12-22. Retrieved on 2007-02-18. 
  130. ^ Joel Hahn (2006). Will Eisner Comic Industry Award: Summary of Winners. Comic Book Awards Almanac. Joel Hahn. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  131. ^ Alan Moore Back on Top for 2006 Eisner Awards. Comic-Con International (2006 July). Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  132. ^ Joel Hahn (2006). Will Harvey Award Winners Summary. Comic Book Awards Almanac. Joel Hahn. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  133. ^ Awards for Superman (1978). Superman (1978). Internet Movie Database. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  134. ^ Awards for "Smallville" (2001). "Smallville" (2001). Internet Movie Database. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  135. ^ Wright, B. W. (2001). "Spider-Man at Ground Zero", Comic Book Nation: The Transformation of Youth Culture in America. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University. ISBN 0801874505. 

Nemo, the Classic Comics Library, was a magazine published in the 1980s by Fantagraphics devoted to classic comic strips. ... ISSN, or International Standard Serial Number, is the unique eight-digit number applied to a periodical publication including electronic serials. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Les Daniels (born 1943) is an American writer of historical horror fiction. ... Titan Books is a UK publisher of graphic novels. ... Les Daniels (born 1943) is an American writer of historical horror fiction. ... Virgin Books is the book publishing arm of Virgin Enterprises, the company originally set up by Richard Branson as a record company. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Neal Adams (born June 6, 1941, Governors Island, Manhattan, New York City) is an American comic book and commercial artist best known for his highly naturalistic style of illustration. ... Curt Swan (born February 17, 1920 in Minneapolis, Minnesota; died June 16, 1996) was an American comic book artist, most known for his work on the Superman comics. ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Harvard Business School Publishing is a not-for-profit, wholly owned subsidiary of Harvard Business School. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... July 30 is the 211th day (212th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 154 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Laurence van Cott Niven (born April 30, 1938 Los Angeles, California) is a US science fiction author. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Grant Morrison (born January 31, 1960) is a Scottish comic book writer and artist. ... Charles Mackintoshs Glasgow Herald building, now The Lighthouse The Herald is a national broadsheet newspaper published Monday to Saturday in Glasgow, Scotland, with an audited circulation of 71,000, making it the best-selling national Scottish broadsheet newspaper. ... September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... Gardner Francis Fox (May 20, 1911, Brooklyn, New York – December 24, 1986) was an American writer best known for creating numerous comic book characters for DC Comics. ... The All-American logo, used on their titles during the 1945 split with National All-American Publications is one of three American comic book companies that combined to form the modern-day DC Comics, one of the worlds two largest comics publishers. ... Alan Moore (born November 18, 1953, in Northampton) is an English writer most famous for his influential work in comics, including the acclaimed graphic novels Watchmen, V for Vendetta and From Hell. ... Curt Swan (born February 17, 1920 in Minneapolis, Minnesota; died June 16, 1996) was an American comic book artist, most known for his work on the Superman comics. ... George Pérez (born June 9, 1954 in The Bronx, New York) is a Puerto Rican-American illustrator and writer of comic books. ... Kurt Schaffenberger (December 15, 1920-January 24, 2002) was an American comic book artist. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... Roger Sabin is a comics writer and lecturer at Central St. ... A Metro Newspapers news rack Metro Newspapers is an American newspaper company based in San Jose, California. ... July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 182 days remaining. ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Scott Bukatman is a cultural theorist and Associate Professor of Film and Media Studies at Stanford University whose research examines how popular media (film, comics) and genres (science fiction, musicals, superhero narratives) mediate between new technologies and human perceptual and bodily experience. ... ISSN, or International Standard Serial Number, is the unique eight-digit number applied to a periodical publication including electronic serials. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom since 1785, and under its current name since 1788. ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (65th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rabbi Simcha Weinstein (1975 - ) is an American author. ... Houghton Mifflin Company is a leading educational publisher in the United States. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... The Washington Post Company is an American media company, best known for owning the newspaper it is named after, The Washington Post, and Newsweek magazine. ... June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... John Shelton Lawrence is an emeritus professor of philosophy at Morningside College in Sioux City, Iowa, United States. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Publishers Weekly is a weekly trade news magazine targeted at publishers, librarians, booksellers, and literary agents. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Newsarama. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... For the Lebanese political coalition, see March 14 Alliance. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Dennis ONeil (A.K.A. Denny ONeil) is a comic book writer and editor, principally for Marvel Comics and DC Comics in the 1970s. ... Richard Allen Dick Dillin (b. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... John Lindley Byrne (born July 6, 1950) is a British-born naturalised American author and artist of comic books. ... Richard Joseph Dick Giordano (born July 20, 1932) is an American comic book artist and editor best known for introducing Charlton Comics Action Heroes stable of superheroes, and serving as editor of then industry-leader DC Comics. ... The Man of Steel is a nickname often used to describe the nearly indestructible comic book superhero, Superman. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... Dan Jurgens is an American writer and artist of comic books. ... The covers of both the hardcover and the softcover versions of the Power of Shazam! graphic novel by Ordway. ... Louise Simonson (born Mary Louise Alexander) is an American comic book writer and editor. ... Dan Jurgens is an American writer and artist of comic books. ... Jackson Guice (sometimes credited as Butch Guice) is a comic book artist who has contributed to the Micronauts, New Mutants, X-Factor, The Flash, Doctor Strange and Birds of Prey. ... Jon Bogdanove is an American comic book artist and penciller. ... Denis Rodier is a comic book illustrator; he has worked for multiple companies including DC Comics, Milestone Media, and Marvel Comics. ... The cover of Superman #75 The Death of Superman was a comic book storyline leading up to Superman #75 (January 1993) that served as the catalyst for the DC Comics crossover event of 1993, which had the umbrella title The Death and Return of Superman. ... Michael Mike Carlin is a comic book writer and editor, he worked principally for Marvel Comics and DC Comics in the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, and is currently an Executive Editor at DC Comics. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Dan Jurgens is an American writer and artist of comic books. ... A writer and inker whose works have primarily been under contract for DC Comics. ... Louise Simonson (born Mary Louise Alexander) is an American comic book writer and editor. ... Dan Jurgens is an American writer and artist of comic books. ... Jackson Guice (sometimes credited as Butch Guice) is a comic book artist who has contributed to the Micronauts, New Mutants, X-Factor, The Flash, Doctor Strange and Birds of Prey. ... Jon Bogdanove is an American comic book artist and penciller. ... Denis Rodier is a comic book illustrator; he has worked for multiple companies including DC Comics, Milestone Media, and Marvel Comics. ... Michael Mike Carlin is a comic book writer and editor, he worked principally for Marvel Comics and DC Comics in the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, and is currently an Executive Editor at DC Comics. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Mark Waid (born March 21, 1962 in Hueytown, Alabama) is an American comic book writer. ... Leinil Francis Yu Leinil Francis Yu is a Filipino comic book artist, who began to work for the American market through Wildstorm Productions. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Geoff Johns (born 25 January 1973 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American comic book writer, best known for his work for DC Comics. ... Cover to DC Special: The Return of Donna Troy #1. ... George Pérez (born June 9, 1954 in The Bronx, New York) is a Puerto Rican-American illustrator and writer of comic books. ... The covers of both the hardcover and the softcover versions of the Power of Shazam! graphic novel by Ordway. ... Infinite Crisis was a seven-issue limited series of comic books published by DC Comics, beginning in October of 2005. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Geoff Johns (born 25 January 1973 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American comic book writer, best known for his work for DC Comics. ... Kurt Busiek (born September 16, 1960) is a comic book writer. ... Woods cover of the Harvey Award-nominated Deadpool #11. ... Cover of Action Comics #850, as drawn by Renato Guedes. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Joseph Jeph Loeb III is an American comic book writer, screen and television writer as well as television and motion picture producer. ... Ed McGuinness, featured on the cover of Sketch Magazine #9. ... Dexter Vines Dexter Vines is an American comic book artist and inker. ... Superman/Batman is a monthly comic book series published by DC Comics that features the publishers two most popular characters: Superman and Batman. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... Logo of the St. ... In journalism, news agencies are bodies established to supply news reports to newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jerome (Jerry) Siegel (October 17, 1914 - January 28, 1996) was the co-creator of Superman, the first of the great comic book heroes and one of the most recognizable fictional characters from the 20th century. ... Joseph Joe Shuster (July 10, 1914 - July 30, 1992) was a Canadian-born comic book artist best known for co-creating the DC Comics character Superman, with writer Jerry Siegel, first published in Action Comics #1 (March 1938). ... DC Comics is one of the largest companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... Jerry Beck (born February 9, 1955) is a well known animation historian, with ten books and numerous articles to his credit. ... Richard Fleischer (born December 8, 1916) is an American film director. ... Superman II is the 1980 sequel to the 1978 feature film Superman. ... Warner Bros. ... ISSN, or International Standard Serial Number, is the unique eight-digit number applied to a periodical publication including electronic serials. ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... MSNBC, a combination of MSN and NBC, is a 24-hour cable news channel in the United States and Canada, and a news website. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 6 days remaining in the year. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Newsarama. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Superman began as a feature in Action Comics #1 in June 1938. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... John Marc DeMatteis is an American writer of comic books. ... Joe Kelly (1913 - 1993) was a Formula One driver from Ireland, born in Dublin, although he lived for much of his formative years in Gdansk, Poland, where he learned to drive. ... Joseph Jeph Loeb III is an American comic book writer, screen and television writer as well as television and motion picture producer. ... Ed McGuinness, featured on the cover of Sketch Magazine #9. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Charles Mallory Hatfield (c. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Time, (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ... April 13 is the 103rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (104th in leap years). ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A news release, press release or press statement is a written or recorded communication directed at members of the news media for the purpose of announcing something claimed as having news value. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The Australian (informally referred to as The Oz) is a national daily broadsheet newspaper published by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Donovan (Donovan Philips Leitch, born May 10, 1946, in Maryhill, Glasgow) is a popular Scottish singer, songwriter, and guitarist. ... Sunshine Superman is a song written and recorded by Scottish singer-songwriter Donovan. ... Sunshine Superman is the third album from Scottish singer-songwriter Donovan. ... Epic Records is an American record label, and subsidiary of Sony BMG. // Epic was launched originally as a jazz and classical music label in 1953 by CBS. Its bright-yellow, black and blue logo became a familiar trademark for many jazz and classical releases. ... Genesis (Hebrew: , Greek: Γένεσις, meaning birth, creation, cause, beginning, source or origin) is the first book of the Torah, the Tanakh, and the Old Testament. ... Land of Confusion is a rock song written by the band Genesis for their 1986 album Invisible Touch. ... Invisible Touch is an album by Genesis, released in 1986. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... John Lloyd (born 1951 in Dover, England; birth name: John Hardress Wilfred Lloyd), British comedy writer and producer. ... Land of Confusion is a rock song written by the band Genesis for their 1986 album Invisible Touch. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... Grant Morrison (born January 31, 1960) is a Scottish comic book writer and artist. ... New Thunderbolts #7 cover by Grummett Thomas Tom Grummett is a Canadian comic book artist and penciller. ... In comic books, the letterer is the person who draws the letters in the word balloons, draws in sound effects and usually designs a books logo. ... Tatjana Wood is a colorist who has worked in the comics industry. ... A colorist is an artist who colors comic art reading it for production as a comic book. ... NY redirects here. ... DC Comics is one of the largest American companies in comic book and related media publishing. ... The Western Mail is a daily newspaper published by Western Mail and Echo Ltd in Cardiff, Wales. ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sunday Times is a Sunday broadsheet newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, published by Times Newspapers Ltd, a subsidiary of News International which is in turn owned by News Corporation. ... News International Ltd is a British newspaper publisher owned by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Sunday Times is a Sunday broadsheet newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, published by Times Newspapers Ltd, a subsidiary of News International which is in turn owned by News Corporation. ... News International Ltd is a British newspaper publisher owned by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see The Independent (disambiguation). ... Independent News & Media plc (INM) is a media organisation based in Dublin, Ireland with interests worldwide. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Umberto Eco (born January 5, 1932) is an Italian medievalist, semiotician, philosopher and novelist, best known for his novel The Name of the Rose (Il nome della rosa) and his many essays. ... Gerald B. Clarke was the principal secretary to the Rhodesian Cabinet (under Prime Minister Ian Smith) throughout the existance of the Rhodesian Front Government (1964-1979). ... Time, (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ... Time Warner Inc. ... December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... ISSN, or International Standard Serial Number, is the unique eight-digit number applied to a periodical publication including electronic serials. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Time, (whose trademark is capitalized TIME) is a weekly American newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report. ... Time Warner Inc. ... ISSN, or International Standard Serial Number, is the unique eight-digit number applied to a periodical publication including electronic serials. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cover of the Nov 12, 2005 issue of The Spectator magazine. ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... ISSN, or International Standard Serial Number, is the unique eight-digit number applied to a periodical publication including electronic serials. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jules Feiffer (1958) Jules Feiffer (born January 26, 1929) is an American syndicated comic-strip cartoonist and author. ... Fantagraphics Books is an American publisher of alternative comics, underground comics, classic comic strip anthologies, magazines, and graphic novels located in the Maple Leaf neighborhood of Seattle, Washington. ... John Jackson Miller (born January 12, 1968) is an American comic-book writer and commentator, best known for his research into comic book circulation history, as presented in the Standard Catalog of Comic Books series. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Lois Lane and Supermans wedding. ... The cover of Superman #75 The Death of Superman was a comic book storyline leading up to Superman #75 (January 1993) that served as the catalyst for the DC Comics crossover event of 1993, which had the umbrella title The Death and Return of Superman. ... This is a list of the alternate versions of Superman from all media, including DC Comics multiverse, Elseworlds, television and film. ... This is a list of comics regularly featuring superman. ... Kirk Alyn from the 1940s serials The comic book character Superman is an American cultural icon, and has appeared throughout American popular culture. ... Lex Luthor in front of a displays of kryptonite and holding Green Kryptonite. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Kirk Alyn from the 1940s serials The comic book character Superman is an American cultural icon, and has appeared throughout American popular culture. ... Bud Collyer on Beat The Clock, 1957 Bud Collyer (b. ... Kirk Alyn as Superman Kirk Alyn (October 8, 1910 - March 14, 1999) was an American actor, best known for being the first actor to play Superman on screen, in the 1948 film serial Superman, and its 1950 sequel Atom Man Vs. ... George Reeves (January 5,[1] 1914 – June 16, 1959) was an American actor, best known for his role as Superman in the 1950s television program Adventures of Superman and his controversial death at the age of 45. ... Image:Bobholiday. ... Danny Dark (December 19, 1938 - June 13, 2004) was an announcer who came to be known as the voice of the NBC television network for several years. ... David Bud Wilson (born in 1956) played Superman in the 1975 TV musical special Its a Bird, Its a Plane, Its Superman! an adaptation of the the 1966 Broadway musical. ... Christopher Reeve (September 25, 1952 – October 10, 2004) was an American actor, director, producer and writer. ... Laura S 01:23, 11 April 2006 (UTC) Category: ... John Newton (also credited as John Haymes Newton) is an American actor. ... Gerard Christopher (born 1959) is an American Actor. ... Dean Cain (born as Dean George Tanaka on July 31, 1966 in Mount Clemens, Michigan) is an American actor who is best known for his role as comic book legend Superman in the television series Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman, in which he co-starred with Teri... Timothy Daly (born March 1, 1956, in New York) is an American screen and voice actor and producer. ... Thomas John Patrick Welling (born April 26, 1977 in Putnam Valley, West Point. ... George Newbern (born December 10, 1964) is an American television and film actor. ... Brandon James Routh (born October 9, 1979) is an American actor and former fashion model. ... Yuri Lowenthal (born on March 5, 1971 in Alliance, Ohio) is a voice actor that has voiced several anime and video game characters. ... The Superman serial was a 1948 15-part black-and-white movie serial starring Kirk Alyn as Superman and Noel Neill as Lois Lane. ... Atom Man vs. ... Superman and the Mole Men is a 1951 black and white movie starring the titular Superman. ... Superman (also known as Superman: The Movie, as it was called in pre-release advertising), was a popular and critically acclaimed superhero film. ... Superman II is the 1980 sequel to the 1978 feature film Superman. ... Superman III is a 1983 movie that was the third of four movies based upon the long-running DC Comics superhero produced between 1978-1987. ... Supergirl is a 1984 feature film. ... Superman IV: The Quest For Peace is a 1987 film, the last of the Superman theatrical movies. ... Superman Returns is a 2006 superhero film based on the fictional DC Comics character Superman. ... The cast of Adventures of Superman from 1953 to 1957. ... Superboy was a half-hour, live-action TV series based on the fictional DC Comics character. ... Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman was a live-action television series based on the Superman comic books. ... Smallville is an American television series that follows the adventures of a young Clark Kent (Tom Welling), as a teenager living in Smallville, Kansas, during the years before he becomes Superman. ... This image of Superman appeared at the beginning of each of the cartoons. ... The New Adventures of Superman was an animated series that aired on CBS for four seasons between September 10, 1966 and September 5, 1970, although the Man of Steel shared an hour with Aquaman and Batman during the middle seasons. ... As a 50th anniversary gift, DC Comics legendary Man of Steel got a brand-new Saturday morning cartoon. ... Superman: The Animated Series is the unofficial title given to Warner Bros. ... Legion of Super Heroes is the title of an American animated television series produced by Warner Bros. ... For other uses, see Superman (disambiguation). ... Superman is an arcade game released by Taito Corporation in 1988, featuring popular DC Comics character Superman. ... For the Atari 2600 video game, see Superman (game). ... Superman is the title of a video game released by Sunsoft for the Super Nintendo and Mega Drive/Genesis in 1992. ... The Death and Return of Superman is a beat em up video game based on the Death of Superman storyline. ... Superman 64 was released by Titus Software on May 31, 1999 on the Nintendo 64. ... Superman Returns is a video game loosely based on the movie of the same name, developed by Electronic Arts-Tiburon in Orlando, Fla. ... Its a Bird. ... The daily Superman newspaper comic strip began in January 6, 1939, and a separate Sunday strip was added on November 5, 1939. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Superman - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (8151 words)
Superman is a fictional character regarded as one of the most famous and popular comic book superheroes of all time, and one of the first to embody several of the aspects modernly associated with them.
Superman is effectively born on Earth and is as much a son of Earth as of Krypton.
Superman is also vulnerable to magic; however, this is not used in his stories as commonly as Kryptonite, and the vulnerability has been at best hazily defined.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m