FACTOID # 26: Delaware is the latchkey kid capital of America, with 71.8% of households having both parents in the labor force.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Superior rectal artery
Artery: Superior rectal artery
Sigmoid colon and rectum, showing distribution of branches of inferior mesenteric artery and their anastomoses. (Superior hemorrhoidal artery visible at center right.)
The bloodvessels of the rectum and anus, showing the distribution and anastomosis on the posterior surface near the termination of the gut. (Labeled as hemorrhoidal artery.)
Latin arteria rectalis superior
Gray's subject #154 610
Supplies rectum
Source inferior mesenteric artery
Vein superior rectal vein
Dorlands/Elsevier a_61/12155681

The superior rectal artery (superior hemorrhoidal artery) is an artery that descends into the pelvis to supply blood to the rectum. Image File history File links Gray538. ... The sigmoid colon is the part of the large intestine after the descending colon and before the rectum. ... The posterior aspect of the rectum exposed by removing the lower part of the sacrum and the coccyx. ... In human anatomy, the inferior mesenteric artery, often abbreviated as IMA, supplies the large intestine from the left colic (or splenic) flexure to the upper part of the rectum, which includes the descending colon, the sigmoid colon, and part of the rectum. ... Anastomoses any connection between two arteries providing collateral (redundant) circulation of blood to a tissue. ... The posterior aspect of the rectum exposed by removing the lower part of the sacrum and the coccyx. ... Female Human Anatomy Male Human Anatomy Anal redirects here. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language. ... The posterior aspect of the rectum exposed by removing the lower part of the sacrum and the coccyx. ... In human anatomy, the inferior mesenteric artery, often abbreviated as IMA, supplies the large intestine from the left colic (or splenic) flexure to the upper part of the rectum, which includes the descending colon, the sigmoid colon, and part of the rectum. ... Elseviers logo Elsevier, the worlds largest publisher of medical and scientific literature, forms part of the Reed Elsevier group. ... Human male pelvis, viewed from front Human female pelvis, viewed from front The pelvis is the bony structure located at the base of the spine (properly known as the caudal end). ... The posterior aspect of the rectum exposed by removing the lower part of the sacrum and the coccyx. ...


Structure

The superior rectal artery is the continuation of the inferior mesenteric artery. It descends into the pelvis between the layers of the mesentery of the sigmoid colon, crossing the left common iliac artery and vein. In human anatomy, the inferior mesenteric artery, often abbreviated as IMA, supplies the large intestine from the left colic (or splenic) flexure to the upper part of the rectum, which includes the descending colon, the sigmoid colon, and part of the rectum. ... Human male pelvis, viewed from front Human female pelvis, viewed from front The pelvis is the bony structure located at the base of the spine (properly known as the caudal end). ... In anatomy, a mesentery is a part of the peritoneum that connects an internal organ, such as the small intestine, to the abdominal wall. ... The sigmoid colon is the part of the large intestine after the descending colon and before the rectum. ... Bifurcation of the aorta and the right iliac arteries - side view. ...


It divides, opposite the third sacral vertebra into two branches, which descend one on either side of the rectum. About 10 or 12 cm from the anus, these branches break up into several small branches. The posterior aspect of the rectum exposed by removing the lower part of the sacrum and the coccyx. ... Female Human Anatomy Male Human Anatomy Anal redirects here. ...


These pierce the muscular coat of the bowel and run downward, as straight vessels, placed at regular intervals from each other in the wall of the gut between its muscular and mucous coats, to the level of the internal anal sphincter; here they form a series of loops around the lower end of the rectum, and communicate with the middle rectal artery (from the internal iliac artery) and with the inferior rectal artery (from the internal pudendal artery). The middle rectal artery usually arises with the inferior vesical artery, a branch of the internal iliac artery. ... The Internal iliac artery, formerly known as the hypogastric artery, supplies the walls and viscera of the pelvis, the buttock, the reproductive organs, and the medial compartment of the thigh. ... The inferior rectal artery (inferior hemorrhoidal artery) is an artery that supplies blood the the rectum. ... Internal pudendal artery is the terminal branch of the anterior trunk of the internal iliac artery which supplies the external genitalia. ...


See also

The middle rectal artery usually arises with the inferior vesical artery, a branch of the internal iliac artery. ... The inferior rectal artery (inferior hemorrhoidal artery) is an artery that supplies blood the the rectum. ...

External links

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant. The State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, better known as SUNY Downstate Medical Center, is an academic medical center and is the only one of its kind in the Borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...

Arteries of thorax, abdomen, and pelvis edit

pulmonary - aorta - ascending aorta
right coronary (sinuatrial nodal, atrioventricular nodal, atrial, right marginal, posterior interventricular)
left coronary (anterior interventricular, left circumflex, left marginal)
aortic arch - brachiocephalic - thyreoidea ima - common carotid | (Gray's s141-Gray's s143) Section of an artery An artery or arterial is also a class of highway. ... The pulmonary arteries carry blood from the heart to the lungs. ... The largest artery in the human body, the aorta originates from the left ventricle of the heart and brings oxygenated blood to all parts of the body in the systemic circulation. ... The arch of the aorta, and its branches. ... The coronary circulation consists of the blood vessels that supply blood to, and remove blood from, the heart. ... The sinuatrial nodal artery is an artery of the heart which supplies the sinoatrial node, and usually arises from either the right coronary artery or (less frequently) the circumflex branch of left coronary artery. ... The atrioventricular nodal branch most freqently arises as an early branch from the right coronary artery, but occasionally the atrioventricular node receives blood from the circumflex branch of left coronary artery. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with right coronary artery. ... The right marginal branch of right coronary artery (or right marginal artery) is a large marginal branch which follows the acute margin of the heart and supplies branches to both surfaces of the right ventricle. ... The posterior interventricular artery (or posterior descending branch) is a branch of the right coronary artery which runs in the posterior interventricular sulcus to the apex of the heart, where it meets with the anterior interventricular artery. ... The left coronary artery, also abbreviated LCA, arises from the aorta above the left cusp of the aortic valve. ... The LAD, or left anterior descending artery (or anterior interventricular branch of the left coronary artery, or anterior descending branch) passes at first behind the pulmonary artery and then comes forward between that vessel and the left auricula to reach the anterior interventricular sulcus, along which it descends to the... The LCX, or left circumflex artery (or circumflex artery, or circumflex branch of the left coronary artery) follows the left part of the coronary sulcus, running first to the left and then to the right, reaching nearly as far as the posterior longitudinal sulcus. ... The left marginal artery (or obtuse marginal artery) is a branch of the circumflex artery, originating at the posterior interventricular sulcus, traveling along the left margin of heart towards the apex of the heart. ... The arch of the aorta, and its branches. ... The brachiocephalic artery (or trunk) is an artery of the mediastinum that supplies blood to the right arm and the head. ... Left Common Carotid Artery- One of three arteries that originate along the aortic arch. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


DESCENDING AORTA / THORACIC AORTA: bronchial - esophageal - posterior intercostal - subcostal | (Gray's s153) The largest artery in the human body, the aorta originates from the left ventricle of the heart and brings oxygenated blood to all parts of the body in the systemic circulation. ... The largest artery in the human body, the aorta originates from the left ventricle of the heart and brings oxygenated blood to all parts of the body in the systemic circulation. ... Bronchial Artery The bronchial arteries supply nutrients and oxygen to the root of the lungs, the supporting tissues of the lungs, and the visceral pleura of the lungs. ... The esophageal arteries four or five in number, arise from the front of the aorta, and pass obliquely downward to the esophagus, forming a chain of anastomoses along that tube, anastomosing with the esophageal branches of the inferior thyroid arteries above, and with ascending branches from the left inferior phrenic... The posterior intercostal arteries are arteries that supply blood to the intercostal spaces. ... The subcostal arteries, so named because they lie below the last ribs, constitute the lowest pair of branches derived from the thoracic aorta, and are in series with the intercostal arteries. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


ABDOMINAL AORTA: Visceral branches: celiac - left gastric - hepatic/common hepatic/proper hepatic: right gastric - gastroduodenal - right gastro-omental - superior pancreaticoduodenal - cystic
splenic: pancreatic branches - arteria pancreatica magna - short gastric - left gastro-omental
superior mesenteric: inferior pancreaticoduodenal - intestinal - ileocolic (appendicular) - right colic - middle colic - inferior mesenteric: left colic - sigmoid - superior rectal
middle suprarenal - renal - inferior suprarenal - testicular/ovarian
Parietal branches: inferior phrenic - lumbar - median sacral
Terminal branches: common iliac - marginal - internal iliac | (Gray's s154) AORTA can also mean always-on real-time access, referring to WAN computer networks. ... celiac artery ... The left gastric artery arises from the coeliac trunk, and runs along the superior portion of the lesser curvature of the stomach, while the right gastric artery supplies the inferior portion. ... Hepatic artery is an artery that distributes blood to the liver, pancreas and gallbladder as well as to the stomach and duodenal portion of the small intestine. ... Branches of the celiac artery - stomach in situ. ... The hepatic artery proper (also proper hepatic artery), arises from the common hepatic artery and joins the portal vein and the common bile duct to form the portal triad. ... The right gastric artery (pyloric artery) arises from the hepatic, above the pylorus, descends to the pyloric end of the stomach, and passes from right to left along its lesser curvature, supplying it with branches, and anastomosing with the left gastric artery. ... Branches of the celiac artery. ... The right gastro-omental artery (or right gastroepiploic artery) runs from right to left along the greater curvature of the stomach, between the layers of the greater omentum, anastomosing with the left gastroepiploic branch of the splenic artery. ... The superior pancreaticoduodenal artery descends between the contiguous margins of the duodenum and pancreas. ... The cystic artery supplies oxygenated blood to the gallbladder and cystic duct. ... Branches of the celiac artery. ... The pancreatic branches are numerous small vessels derived from the lienal as it runs behind the upper border of the pancreas, supplying its body and tail. ... In human anatomy, the arteria pancreatica magna, also great pancreatic artery and greater pancreatic artery, is the largest blood vessel that supplies oxygenated blood to the pancreas and arises from the splenic artery. ... The short gastric arteries (vasa brevia) consist of from five to seven small branches, which arise from the end of the lienal artery, and from its terminal divisions. ... The left gastro-omental artery (or left gastroepiploic artery), the largest branch of the splenic artery, runs from left to right about a finger’s breadth or more from the greater curvature of the stomach, between the layers of the greater omentum, and anastomoses with the right gastroepiploic. ... The superior mesenteric artery arises from the anterior surface of the aorta, just inferior to the origin of the celiac trunk, and supplies the intestine from the duodenum and pancreas to the left colic flexure. ... The inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery is given off from the superior mesenteric or from its first intestinal branch, opposite the upper border of the inferior part of the duodenum. ... The Intestinal Arteries (vasa intestini tenuis) arise from the convex side of the superior mesenteric artery. ... The Ileocolic Artery is the lowest branch arising from the concavity of the superior mesenteric artery. ... The appendicular artery descends behind the termination of the ileum and enters the mesenteriole of the vermiform process; it runs near the free margin of this mesenteriole and ends in branches which supply the vermiform process. ... The Right Colic Artery arises from about the middle of the concavity of the superior mesenteric artery, or from a stem common to it and the ileocolic. ... The middle colic artery is a branch of the superior mesenteric artery that mostly supplies the transverse colon. ... In human anatomy, the inferior mesenteric artery, often abbreviated as IMA, supplies the large intestine from the left colic (or splenic) flexure to the upper part of the rectum, which includes the descending colon, the sigmoid colon, and part of the rectum. ... The left colic artery runs to the left behind the peritoneum and in front of the psoas major muscle, and after a short, but variable, course divides into an ascending and a descending branch; the stem of the artery or its branches cross the left ureter and left internal spermatic... The Sigmoid Arteries, two or three in number, run obliquely downward and to the left behind the peritoneum and in front of the Psoas major, ureter, and internal spermatic vessels. ... The middle suprarenal arteries (middle capsular arteries; suprarenal arteries) are two small vessels which arise, one from either side of the aorta, opposite the superior mesenteric artery. ... Human kidneys viewed from behind with spine removed The renal arteries normally arise off the abdominal aorta and supply the kidneys with blood. ... Each renal artery gives off some small inferior suprarenal branches to the suprarenal gland, the ureter, and the surrounding cellular tissue and muscles. ... In human anatomy, the ovarian artery is a blood vessel that supplies oxygenated blood to the ovary. ... The inferior phrenic arteries are two small vessels, which supply the diaphragm but present much variety in their origin. ... The lumbar arteries are in series with the intercostals. ... The median sacral artery (or middle sacral artery) is a small vessel, which arises from the back of the aorta, a little above its bifurcation. ... Bifurcation of the aorta and the right iliac arteries - side view. ... Frontal view of the abdominal aorta and the territory supplied by the inferior mesenteric artery. ... The Internal iliac artery, formerly known as the hypogastric artery, supplies the walls and viscera of the pelvis, the buttock, the reproductive organs, and the medial compartment of the thigh. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


INTERNAL ILIAC: umbilical - superior vesical - to ductus deferens - middle vesical - inferior vesical - middle rectal - uterine - azygos of the vagina - vaginal - obturator
internal pudendal: inferior rectal - perineal - artery of the urethral bulb - urethral - deep artery of the penis - dorsal artery of the penis
inferior gluteal: accompanying of ischiadic nerve - crucial anastomosis
iliolumbar - lateral sacral - superior gluteal | (Gray's s155) The Internal iliac artery, formerly known as the hypogastric artery, supplies the walls and viscera of the pelvis, the buttock, the reproductive organs, and the medial compartment of the thigh. ... Umbilical arteries carry deoxygenated blood from the fetus to the placenta in the umbilical cord. ... The superior vesical artery supplies numerous branches to the upper part of the bladder. ... The artery to the ductus deferens, as its name suggests, is an artery in males that provides blood to the ductus deferens. ... The middle vesical artery, usually a branch of the superior vesical artery, is distributed to the fundus of the bladder and the seminal vesicles. ... The inferior vesical artery frequently arises in common with the middle hemorrhoidal, and is distributed to the fundus of the bladder, the prostate, and the vesiculæ seminales. ... The middle rectal artery usually arises with the inferior vesical artery, a branch of the internal iliac artery. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The uterine artery supplies branches to the cervix uteri and others which descend on the vagina; the latter anastomose with branches of the vaginal arteries and form with them two median longitudinal vessels—the azygos arteries of the vagina—one of which runs down in front of and the other... The vaginal artery usually corresponds to the inferior vesical in the male; it descends upon the vagina, supplying its mucous membrane, and sends branches to the bulb of the vestibule, the fundus of the bladder, and the contiguous part of the rectum . ... The obturator artery passes forward and downward on the lateral wall of the pelvis, to the upper part of the obturator foramen, and, escaping from the pelvic cavity through the obturator canal, it divides into an anterior and a posterior branch. ... Internal pudendal artery is the terminal branch of the anterior trunk of the internal iliac artery which supplies the external genitalia. ... The inferior rectal artery (inferior hemorrhoidal artery) is an artery that supplies blood the the rectum. ... The Perineal Artery (superficial perineal artery) arises from the internal pudendal, and turns upward, crossing either over or under the Transversus perinæi superficialis, and runs forward, parallel to the pubic arch, in the interspace between the Bulbocavernosus and Ischiocavernosus, both of which it supplies, and finally divides into several... The artery of the urethral bulb (artery of bulb of penis) is a short vessel of large caliber which arises from the internal pudendal between the two layers of fascia of the urogenital diaphragm; it passes medialward, pierces the inferior fascia of the urogenital diaphragm, and gives off branches which... The Deep Artery of the Penis (a. ... The Dorsal Artery of the Penis ascends between the crus penis and the pubic symphysis, and, piercing the inferior fascia of the urogenital diaphragm, passes between the two layers of the suspensory ligament of the penis, and runs forward on the dorsum of the penis to the glans, where it... The inferior gluteal artery (sciatic artery), the larger of the two terminal branches of the anterior trunk of the hypogastric, is distributed chiefly to the buttock and back of the thigh. ... The accompanying artery of ischiadic nerve is a long, slender vessel, which accompanies the sciatic nerve for a short distance; it then penetrates it, and runs in its substance to the lower part of the thigh. ... The cruciate anastomosis is an anastomosis in the upper thigh of the inferior gluteal artery, the lateral and medial circumflex femoral arteries, and the first perforating artery of the profunda femoris artery. ... The iliolumbar artery, a branch of the posterior trunk of the hypogastric, turns upward behind the obturator nerve and the external iliac vessels, to the medial border of the Psoas major, behind which it divides into a lumbar and an iliac branch. ... The lateral sacral arteries arise from the posterior division of the hypogastric; there are usually two, a superior and an inferior. ... The superior gluteal artery (gluteal artery) is the largest branch of the hypogastric, and appears to be the continuation of the posterior division of that vessel. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


EXTERNAL ILIAC: inferior epigastric - cremasteric - deep circumflex iliac | (Gray's s156) The external iliac arteries are large arteries that connect the femoral arteries to the common iliac arteries. ... Right inferior epigastric artery - view from inside of abdomen. ... The cremasteric artery (external spermatic artery) is a branch of the Inferior epigastric artery which accompanies the spermatic cord, and supplies the Cremaster and other coverings of the cord, anastomosing with the internal spermatic artery (in the female it is very small and accompanies the round ligament. ... The deep circumflex iliac artery (or deep iliac circumflex artery) is an artery in the pelvis that travels along the iliac crest of the pelvic bone. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m