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Encyclopedia > Superior Court of California
Seal of the Superior Court of California, County of Monterey

The Superior Courts of California are the superior courts in the U.S. state of California with general jurisdiction to hear and decide any civil or criminal action which is not specially designated to be heard in some other court or before a government agency. Each of the 58 counties in California has a superior court. Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of California, its northwestern section forming the southern half of Monterey Bay. ... In law, and more specifically, in the Anglo-American common law legal tradition, a superior court is a court of general jurisdiction over all, or major, civil and criminal cases. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties/Parishes/Boroughs, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... United States of America, showing states, divided into counties. ...

Until 1998, each California county had a municipal court as well. In that year, Proposition 220 was approved by the state's voters, amending the state's Consitution to allow judges in each county to decide whether or not to retain municipal courts. By 2001, every California county had consolidated its municipal courts into the superior courts.

The superior courts are the lowest level of state courts in California holding general jurisdiction on civil and criminal matters. Above them are the six California Courts of Appeal, each of which hold jurisdiction over several counties, and the Supreme Court of California. As of 2007, the Superior Courts of California consisted of over 1,500 judges, and make up the largest part of California's judicial system, which is in turn the largest in the United States. Judges are elected by each county's voters to six-year terms. Vacancies on the court are filled by appointments made by the Governor. The California Court of Appeal or California Courts of Appeal (both usages are common) is/are the state intermediate appellate court in California. ... Justices of the Supreme Court of California (circa May 2005). ... Governors Arnold Schwarzenegger and Gray Davis with President George W. Bush (2003) Seal of the Governor of California (without the Roman numerals designating the governors sequence) See also: List of pre-statehood governors of California, List of Governors of California The Governor of California is the highest executive authority...

Because Los Angeles County has the largest population of any county, it also has the largest Superior Court. The Los Angeles County Superior Court is organized into dozens of highly specialized departments dealing with everything from moving violations to mental health. It handles over 2.5 million legal matters each year, of which about 4,000 terminate in jury trials; this works out to about 4,300 matters per judge. Its 429 judges are assisted by 140 commissioners and 14 referees. Map of California showing Los Angeles County. ... A moving violation is any violation of the law, committed by the driver of a vehicle, while it is in motion. ... Mental states redirects here. ...

In contrast, many of California's smallest counties—like Alpine, Del Norte, Inyo, Lake, Lassen, Mono, and Trinity—typically have only two Superior Court judges each, who are usually assisted by a single part-time commissioner.

See also

Superior Court of Santa Clara County is a state of California court for Santa Clara County. ...

External links

  • Judicial Council of California website



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