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Encyclopedia > Superior Court

In law, and more specifically, in the Anglo-American common law legal tradition, a superior court is a court of general jurisdiction over all, or major, civil and criminal cases. It is contrasted with courts of limited jurisdiction, which are restricted to hearing criminal cases involving smaller offenses or civil cases involving less than a certain monetary amount. The California Supreme Court case Varian v. Delfino is a remarkable example of the complete reversal of a Superior Court jury trial because the trial court judge lacked subject matter jurisdiction. Law (a loanword from Old Norse lag), in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide punishments for those who do not follow... This article concerns the common-law legal system, as contrasted with the civil law legal system; for other meanings of the term, within the field of law, see common law (disambiguation). ... This article is about courts of law. ... The term jurisdiction has more than one sense. ... The Supreme Court of California is the state supreme court in California. ... Varian v. ... A trial is, in the most general sense, a test, usually a test to see whether something does or does not meet a given standard. ... A judge or justice is an appointed or elected official who presides over a court. ...


In some jurisdictions, the Superior Court is the name of a specific court. In many U.S. states, such as California, and Delaware, the Superior Court is a state trial court of general jurisdiction that has the power to try any case in law. In Pennsylvania, the Superior Court is an appellate court. In New Jersey, the Superior Court comprises trial courts of general jurisdiction, courts of equity, and an appellate division. Canada also has Superior Courts for each province and territory, and the one in Ontario is called the Superior Court of Justice. For more information see the article on Canadian courts. A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states (four of them use the term commonwealth) which have membership in the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty, in that an... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... State nickname: The First State Other U.S. States Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Governor Ruth Ann Minner Official languages None Area 6,452 km² (49th)  - Land 5,068 km²  - Water 1,387 km² (21. ... Under the laws of the United States, most disputes are properly taken to the courts of the state in which the dispute arose. ... A trial court or court of first instance is the court in which most civil or criminal cases begin. ... The term jurisdiction has more than one sense. ... State nickname: The Keystone State Other U.S. States Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell Official languages None Area 119,283 km² (33rd)  - Land 116,074 km²  - Water 3,208 km² (2. ... An appellate court is a court that hears cases in which a lower court -- either a trial court or a lower-level appellate court — has already made some decision, which at least one party to the action wants to challenge based upon some legal grounds that are allowed to be... State nickname: The Garden State Other U.S. States Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Governor Richard Codey (acting) Official languages None defined Area 22,608 km² (47th)  - Land 19,231 km²  - Water 3,378 km² (14. ... The British Actors Equity Association (now called Equity) is the British actors trade union. ... An appellate court is a court that hears cases in which a lower court -- either a trial court or a lower-level appellate court — has already made some decision, which at least one party to the action wants to challenge based upon some legal grounds that are allowed to be... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Area 1,076,395 km² (4th)  - Land 917,741 km²  - Water 158,654 km² (14. ... Superior Court of Justice (Ontario) The Superior Court of Justice for Ontario, Canada is the successor to the former Ontario Court of Justice (General Division), and was created on April 19, 1999. ... The Canadian court system is made up of many courts differing in levels of legal superiority and separated by jurisdiction. ...


External links

  • Be Careful Who You SLAPP (http://www.mobeta.com) — A book about the Superior Court in California.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Superior Court (832 words)
In Pennsylvania, the Superior Court is an appellate court.
In New Jersey, the Superior Court comprises trial courts of general jurisdiction, courts of equity, and an appellate division.
Superior Court of Justice (Ontario) The Superior Court of Justice for Ontario, Canada is the successor to the former Ontario Court of Justice (General Division), and was created on April 19, 1999.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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