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Encyclopedia > Superficial fascia

Fascia, pronounced /fɑʃɪɑ/, is specialized connective tissue layer which surrounds muscles, bones, and joints, providing support, protection and giving structure to the body. It consists of three layers: the superficial fascia, the deep fascia and the subserous fascia. In the human body there are four types of tissue: (1) Epithelial, (2) Connective, (3) Muscle, and (4) Nervous Tissue. ...


Fascia is one of the four types of dense connective tissue (the other three being tendons, ligaments, and aponeuroses). Dense Connective Tissue is. ... A tendon (or sinew) is a tough band of fibrous connective tissue that connects muscle to bone, or muscle to muscle. ... A ligament is a short band of tough fibrous connective tissue composed mainly of long, stringy collagen fibres. ... Aponeurosis is the singular of Aponeuroses Grays Anatomy states that Aponeuroses are flattened or ribbon-shaped tendons, of a pearly white color, iridescent, glistening, and similar in structure to the tendons. ...


According to Terminologia Anatomica of the Federal Committee on Anatomical Terminology ... fascia consists of sheaths, sheets or other dissectible connective tissue aggregations. Most form from condensations of mesenchyme ... some are left behind as organs move ... others are formed as serosal surfaces fuse .... Eventually the term fascia ... includes not only the sheaths of muscles but also the investments of viscera and dissectible structures related to them..

Contents

Classification by layer

  • The Superficial Fascia is located directly under the subcutis of the skin. Its functions include the storage of fat and water and it also provides passageways for nerves and blood vessels. In some areas of the body, it also houses a layer of skeletal muscle, allowing for movement of the skin.
  • The Deep Fascia is beneath the superficial fascia. It aids muscle movements and, like the superficial fascia, provides passageways for nerves and blood vessels. In some areas of the body, it also provides an attachment site for muscles and acts as a cushioning layer between them.
  • The Subserous Fascia is between the deep fascia and the membranes lining the cavities of the body. There is a potential space between it and the deep fascia which allows for flexibility and movement of the internal organs.

The distribution of the bloodvessels in the skin of the sole of the foot. ... In zootomy and dermatology, skin is an organ of the integumentary system made up of multiple layers of epithelial tissues that guard underlying muscles and organs. ... For other uses, see Fat (disambiguation). ... Water is a tasteless, odourless substance that is essential to all known forms of life and is known as the universal solvent. ... A nerve is an enclosed, cable-like bundle of nerve fibers or axons, which includes the glia that ensheath the axons in myelin. ... The blood vessels are part of the circulatory system and function to transport blood throughout the body. ... A top-down view of skeletal muscle Skeletal muscle is a type of striated muscle, attached to the skeleton. ...

Classification by region

Head

Upper limbs

Lower limbs

The deep fascia of the thigh is named, from its great extent, the fascia lata; it constitutes an investment for the whole of this region of the limb, but varies in thickness in different parts. ... The plantar fascia is the thick connective tissue which supports the arch of the foot. ...

Back

Fascia is specialized connective tissue layer which surrounds muscles, bones, and joints, providing support and protection and giving structure to the body. ...

Trunk, abdomen, and perineum

The fascia of the abdominal wall, spermatic cord, and perineum are somewhat continuous, but have different names. The table below attempts to capture some of those transitions, but not every row in the table can be considered a consistent layer. See the linked articles for more details.

Layer Abdominal wall Spermatic cord Perineum
- Skin Skin -
superficial Fascia of Camper and Fascia of Scarpa Dartos Fascia of Colles
- Aponeurosis of the Obliquus externus abdominis External spermatic fascia Inferior fascia of the urogenital diaphragm
- Abdominal internal oblique muscle Cremasteric fascia -
deep Transversalis fascia Internal spermatic fascia Superior fascia of the urogenital diaphragm
- Peritoneum Tunica vaginalis and Tunica albuginea -
- Organs Testicle -

The abdomen (from the Latin word meaning belly) is the part of the body between the pelvis and the thorax. ... Male Anatomy The spermatic cord is the name given to the cord-like structure formed by the vas deferens and surrounding tissue (veins, arteries, nerves, and lymphatic vessels) that run from the abdomen down to each testicle. ... The muscles of the male perineum In human anatomy, the perineum is generally defined as the surface region in both males and females between the pubic symphysis and the coccyx. ... In zootomy and dermatology, skin is an organ of the integumentary system made up of multiple layers of epithelial tissues that guard underlying muscles and organs. ... In zootomy and dermatology, skin is an organ of the integumentary system made up of multiple layers of epithelial tissues that guard underlying muscles and organs. ... The dartos is a layer of smooth muscular fiber. ... The external spermatic fascia (intercrural or intercolumnar fascia) is a thin membrane, prolonged downward around the surface of the cord and testis. ... The internal oblique (or Obliquus internus abdominis) is the intermediate muscle of the abdomen, lying just underneath the external oblique and just above (superficial to) the transverse abdominal muscle. ... The transversalis fascia is a thin aponeurotic membrane which lies between the inner surface of the Transversus and the extraperitoneal fat. ... The internal spermatic fascia (infundibuliform fascia) is a thin layer, which loosely invests the cord; it is a continuation downward of the transversalis fascia. ... In higher vertebrates, the peritoneum is the serous membrane that forms the lining of the abdominal cavity - it covers most of the intra-abdominal organs. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... In biology, an organ (Latin: organum, instrument, tool) is a group of tissues that perform a specific function or group of functions. ... Human male anatomy The testicles, or testes (singular testis), are the male generative glands in animals. ...

Pelvic fascia

  • Fascia of the Obturator internus
  • Fascia of the Piriformis
  • Diaphragmatic part of the pelvic fascia
  • Endopelvic part of the pelvic fascia
  • Anal fascia

See also

Myofascial release refers to the manual massage technique for stretching the fascia and releasing bonds between fascia and integument, muscles, and bones, with the goal of eliminating pain, increasing range of motion and balancing the body. ... Rolfing, also known as Structural Integration, is a codified series of soft tissue manipulation, which purports to organize soft tissue relationships, with the objectives of realigning the body structurally and harmonizing its fundamental movement patterns. ... Aponeurosis is the singular of Aponeuroses Grays Anatomy states that Aponeuroses are flattened or ribbon-shaped tendons, of a pearly white color, iridescent, glistening, and similar in structure to the tendons. ...

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