Supererogation (Late Lat.supererogatio, payment beyond what is due or asked, from super, beyond, eragare, to pay out, expend, ex, out, rogare, to ask). Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ...
It is the performance of more than is asked for, the action of doing more than duty requires. In the theology of the Roman Church, "works of supererogation" are those which are performed beyond what is required by God, thus forming a reserve store of works of merit which can be drawn upon for the dispensation of those whose works fall short of the standard required.
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Supererogation lies at the intersection of the axiological and the deontic, the ‘good’ and the ‘ought’.
This hostile attitude of the Reformation to supererogation and the disappearance of the institution of indulgences in the Catholic Church led to the rapid decline in the theological and philosophical interest in the concept of supererogation in the modern era.
Supererogation is valuable because we believe that beyond the impersonal and egalitarian social web created by the universal morality of duty, there is space left for particular relationships that are not governed by the principles of justice and rights.
In the next chapter I consider an alternative account which requires that an act of supererogation must be intended to bring about good consequences, that it be altruistic in spirit, and that acts of supererogation be continuous with duty in the sense that there is a common scale of value between supererogation and duty.
An act of quasi-supererogation is similar to an act of supererogation, except that one is blameworthy for the failure to perform an act of quasi-supererogation.
Acts of offence are the mirror image counterparts of acts of supererogation in the following sense: the performance of an act of offence is not forbid den, it is nevertheless blameworthy, and its omission is not praiseworthy.
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