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Encyclopedia > Supercentenarian

A supercentenarian (sometimes hyphenated as super-centenarian) is someone who has reached the age of 110 years or more, something achieved by only one in a thousand centenarians (based on European data). In turn, only about one supercentenarian in 44 lives to turn 115, or 2% of 110-year-olds can expect to survive five more years. It has been suggested that Longevity genes be merged into this article or section. ... A year (from Old English gēr) is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ... A centenarian is a person who has attained the age of 100 years or more. ...


The term has been around at least since the 1970s (as one citation, Norris McWhirter, editor of the Guinness Book of World Records, used the word in correspondence with age claims researcher A. Ross Eckler, Jr. in 1976), and was further popularized in 1991 by William Strauss and Neil Howe, in their book entitled Generations. Early references tend to mean simply "someone well over 100" but the 110-and-over cutoff is the accepted criterion of demographers. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... Norris Dewar McWhirter, CBE (August 12, 1925 – April 19, 2004) was a writer, political activist, co-founder of the Freedom Association, and a television presenter. ... Guinness World Records 2007 edition. ... Albert Ross Eckler, Jr. ... Strauss and Howe (William Strauss and Neil Howe) are a duo of authors who are famous for their books on generations and history. ... Strauss and Howe (William Strauss and Neil Howe) are a duo of authors who are famous for their books on generations and history. ... For the text connected to the documentary hypothesis about the origin of the Torah, see Book of generations. ... Map of countries by population Population growth showing projections for later this century Demography is the statistical study of human populations. ...

Supercentenarian Ann Pouder (8 April 1807 – 10 July 1917) photographed on her 110th birthday
Supercentenarian Ann Pouder (8 April 180710 July 1917) photographed on her 110th birthday

Contents

Originally uploaded by User:Infrogmation as Image:AnnPouderSupercentenarian. ... Originally uploaded by User:Infrogmation as Image:AnnPouderSupercentenarian. ... Ann Pouder (8 April 1807 – 10 July 1917) was one of the earliest known supercentenarians. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ...

History

While claims of extreme age have persisted from the earliest times in history, the earliest supercentenarian accepted by Guinness World Records is Thomas Peters, who was born in Groningen, Netherlands, April 6, 1745, and died there March 26, 1857 at almost 112 years of age (Guinness once accepted Pierre Joubert, but later dropped him, when it was discovered that he had been confused with his father). However, scholars such as Jean-Marie Robine consider Geert Adriaans Boomgaard of the Netherlands as well (1788-1899) to be the first verifiable case, as the alleged evidence for Peters has been 'lost'. The earliest supercentenarian to reach the age of 113 is Delina Filkins, who was born on May 4, 1815 and died on December 4, 1928 in Herkimer County, New York, USA. Longevity claims are claims to extreme longevity (usually 110 or older) that either cannot be verified or for whom only some evidence is available. ... Thomas Peters (April 6, 1745 - March 26, 1857) was a supercentenarian from the Netherlands. ... Coordinates: Country Netherlands Province Groningen Area (2006)  - Municipality 83. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events May 11 - War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy - At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army including the Black Watch June 4 – Frederick the Great destroys Austrian army at Hohenfriedberg August 19 - Beginning of the 45 Jacobite Rising at Glenfinnan September 12 - Francis I is elected... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Geert Adriaans Boomgaard (September 21, 1788 - February 3, 1899) is accepted by most demographic scholars as the first validated supercentenarian case on record. ... Delina Ecker Filkins (May 4, 1815 - December 4, 1928) was the first verified person to reach the age of 113, in 1928. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Herkimer County is a county located in the state of New York. ... “NY” redirects here. ...


Over eight hundred supercentenarians have been documented in history, and this is doubtless a fraction of the number who have really lived, but the majority of claims to this age do not have sufficient documentary support to be validated. This is slowly changing as those born after birth registration was standardized in more countries and parts of countries attain supercentenarian age.


The longest lifespan, documented beyond reasonable doubt, is the 122 years 164 days of Jeanne Calment (1875–1997). Jeanne Louise Calment (February 21, 1875 – August 4, 1997) reached the longest confirmed lifespan in history at 122 years and 164 days. ...


The Guinness Book of World Records accepted in 1978 the claim that Shigechiyo Izumi was born June 29, 1865, and from the 1980 edition considered him the oldest person. He died February 21, 1986 (the 111th birthday of Jeanne Calment). However, subsequent research by some Japanese scholars has cast doubt on his claim, as his birth certificate is believed to refer to that of his older brother who died young and whose name might have been reused as a necronym. Shigechiyo Izumi (Japanese: 泉 重千代 Izumi Shigechiyo, June 29, 1865 or 1880 – February 21, 1986) of Tokunoshima, Amami Islands, Japan was, according to Guinness World Records, the person with the greatest authenticated age in the world after the death of Niwa Kawamoto, also from Japan. ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... is the death of infants in the first year of life. ... A necronym is a reference to or name of a person who has died. ...


Oldest people

Main article: Oldest people

Supercentenarian Ann Pouder photographed by Charles Martin on her 110th birthday. ...

External links

Yahoo! Groups Yahoo! Groups is a service from Yahoo! that provides electronic mailing lists. ...

References

  • Louis Epstein: The Oldest Human Beings — list of validly-documented supercentenarians (by age and chronological), including a chronological list of the oldest living listed persons since 1955. (For a time in the 1960s the oldest living person did not reach 110.)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Supercentenarian Research Foundation (219 words)
The Supercentenarian Research Foundation (SRF) has been formed as an international non-profit organization to accept tax deductible donations that will be utilized to fund research into the biology of aging.
The initial focus will be on supercentenarians (those who are at least 110 years old), their siblings, and offspring, but successively younger age groups will eventually also be investigated.
Before research into methods of intervening in aging are conducted, diagnosis of the causes and effects of aging as exhibited in supercentenarians will be studied in order to determine 1) why they live longer than most, and 2) what limits their life span.
Supercentenarian Research Foundation (408 words)
The mission of The Supercentenarian Research Foundation (SRF) is to promote scientific research into the causes of aging initially by funding investigations into its effects in supercentenarians (people who have attained the age of 110 years or greater).
In addition to research of supercentenarians, the SRF may promote study of younger age groups that does not duplicate research already performed or being conducted by others.
Particular attention will be given to close (first-degree) relatives (children, siblings, and parents) of supercentenarians for comparison with their aged kindred and with control groups.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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