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Encyclopedia > Supercarrier
USS Enterprise, a supercarrier, and the conventionally-sized aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle
USS Enterprise, a supercarrier, and the conventionally-sized aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle

A supercarrier is a ship belonging to the largest class of aircraft carrier, and generally has a displacement greater than 75,000 tons. Most countries that have carriers operate carriers with a displacement of less than 40,000 tons (such as Charles de Gaulle, INS Vikramaditya), and more often closer to 20,000 (such as HMS Invincible, INS Viraat). Supercarriers currently hold the world record of the largest warships ever built; however, they are not the largest ships ever built, as the world’s largest supertankers are larger and heavier than supercarriers. Supercarrier is not an official designation. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Enterprise Logo The supercarrier, USS Enterprise (CVN-65), formerly CVA(N)-65, is the worlds first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier and the eighth U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name. ... The Charles De Gaulle (R91) is the only serving French aircraft carrier and is the flagship of the French Navy (Marine Nationale). ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 428 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 2100 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 428 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 2100 pixels, file size: 1. ... USS (CVN-75) is the eighth Nimitz-class supercarrier of the United States Navy, named after President Harry S. Truman. ... Four aircraft carriers, (bottom-to-top) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault carrier USS Wasp, USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences of late 20th century carriers An aircraft carrier is a warship designed to deploy and in most cases recover aircraft, acting as a sea... In fluid mechanics, displacement occurs when an object is immersed in a fluid, pushing it out of the way and taking its place. ... The Charles De Gaulle (R91) is the only serving French aircraft carrier and is the flagship of the French Navy (Marine Nationale). ... The aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya, the former Admiral Gorshkov, is estimated to enter service in the Indian Navy in 2008. ... For other ships of the same name, see HMS Invincible. ... INS Viraat (Sanskrit: विराट) (R22) is a Centaur-class aircraft carrier currently in service with the Indian Navy. ... A supertanker is an unofficial nickname that applies to a certain class of tanker ship built to transport very large quantities of liquids; in practice this typically refers to crude oil. ...

Contents

History

The 81,000-ton USS Forrestal was the first operational supercarrier, though USS United States would have been in service earlier, had it been completed; its cancellation triggered the "Revolt of the Admirals". United States would have had a nuclear strategic bombing role, rather than the multipurpose role that all subsequent supercarriers have had, carrying tactical fighters only for defense. The 72,000-ton armored Japanese carrier Shinano of the World War II era was almost heavy enough to be considered a supercarrier, but lacked several defining features, such as catapults, arrestor wires, and angled flight decks, and also did not possess the sheer size of modern supercarriers. Because of the angled deck and large deck area, supercarriers can have a far larger island than conventional carriers, greatly improving both their aviation capabilities and their capability as flagships. The supercarrier USS Forrestal (CV-59), formerly AVT-59 and CVA-59, was named after former Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal and was the lead ship of her class of aircraft carriers. ... USS United States (CVA-58), the third ship of the US Navy named for the nation, was to be the lead ship of a radical new design of aircraft carrier. ... The Revolt of the Admirals was a late 1940s episode during which several high-ranking officers of the United States Navy publicly disagreed with the United States governments plans for the military forces. ... This article is about nuclear war as a form of actual warfare, including history. ... The city heart of Rotterdam after being terror bombed by Germany in 1940, the ruin of the (now restored) Laurens Kerk is the only building that reminds people of Rotterdams medieval architecture. ... An A-10 Thunderbolt II, F-86 Sabre, P-38 Lightning and P-51 Mustang fly in formation during an air show at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia. ... Shinano (Japanese:信濃) was an aircraft carrier operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy in World War II. It was laid down as the third of five projected Yamato-class superbattleships. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... u suk usuk u suk u suk u suk u suk u suk u suk u suk u suk usuk suk suk suk suk suk suk suk suk suk suk suk suk suk suk suk suk{| class=wikitable |- ! header 1 ! header 2 ! header 3 |- | row 1, cell 1 | row 1... An aircraft about to catch the wire An aircraft coming to a stop Arrestor wires are thick steel cables fitted to the aft end of the flight deck on CTOL and STOBAR aircraft carriers. ... The flight deck of an aircraft carrier is the surface from which its aircraft take off and land, essentially a miniature airfield at sea. ... This article is about the lead ship, store, or product of a group. ...


The U.S. Navy is now the only major sea power building large aircraft carriers, of which the 100,000-ton Nimitz class is the most prolific. All completed supercarriers are American, although the Soviet Union did begin construction of Ulyanovsk, an 85,000-ton nuclear carrier comparable in size to earlier American supercarriers. Ulyanovsk was 40% complete when canceled, along with a follow-on vessel, due to lack of funding after the end of the Cold War in 1991. Admiral Kuznetsov was completed, but, while considerably larger than the earlier Kiev class, it is still too small to be considered a true supercarrier. USN redirects here. ... The Nimitz-class supercarriers are a line of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers in service with the US Navy, and are the largest capital ships in the world. ... Ulyanovsk (Cyrillic: Улья́новск) was the first of a class of Soviet supercarriers which, for the first time, would have offered true blue water aviation capability for the Soviet Navy. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Kuznetsov (originally named Tbilisi and then Leonid Brezhnev[1]) is an aircraft carrier (heavy aircraft carrying cruiser (TAVKR) in Russian classification) serving as the flagship of the Russian Navy. ... Aircraft carrier Kiev, USSR, 1975-1996 The Kiev class carriers (also know as Project 1143 or as the Krechyet class) were the first class of fixed-wing aircraft carriers build in Russia. ...


While not supercarriers as defined above, the two Queen Elizabeth class vessels will provide both France and the United Kingdom with capabilities much closer to United States Navy carriers than their current Invincible class vessels. Indeed, they will be the second largest carriers in service, with a displacement of 65,000 tonnes possibly rising to 75,000 tonnes near end of service in the 2050 (due to refits and extra equipment fits) period. Giving evidence to the House of Commons Defence Committee, the First Sea Lord Admiral Sir Alan West explained that interoperability with the United States Navy was as much a deciding factor of the size of the carriers as the firepower of the carrier's airwing: The Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carriers (formerly CVF)[4] are a new generation of aircraft carrier being developed for the United Kingdoms Royal Navy. ... The sixth (and current) HMS Invincible. ... Type Lower House Speaker of the House of Commons Leader of the House of Commons Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Harriet Harman, QC, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader of the House of Commons Theresa May, PC, (Conservative) since December 6, 2005 Members 646 Political groups... The Defence Select Committee is one of the Committees of the House of Commons established 1979. ... The First Sea Lord is the professional head of the British Royal Navy. ... The Queen and Admiral Sir Alan West, then First Sea Lord embarked onboard HMS Endurance during the review of the international fleet Admiral Sir Alan West, GCB, DSC, DUniv (born 1948) was the First Sea Lord, the professional head of the Royal Navy, from 2002 to 2006. ...

I have talked with the CNO (Chief of Naval Operations) in America. He is very keen for us to get these because he sees us slotting in with his carrier groups. He really wants us to have these, but he wants us to have the same sort of clout as one of their carriers.[1]

Classes

  • United States (USA, 1950s): Single-unit laid down, cancelled along with four others
  • Forrestal class (USA, 1955): Four-unit class, all decommissioned
  • Kitty Hawk class (USA, 1961): Three-unit class, two decommissioned, one active
  • Enterprise (USA, 1961): Single-unit class, still active
  • John F. Kennedy (USA, 1968): Single-unit class, a modified Kitty Hawk design, decommissioned
  • Orel (USSR, 1970s): cancelled
  • Nimitz-class (USA, 1975): Final unit (of ten) scheduled for completion in 2008, all units still active
  • Ulyanovsk (USSR, 1990s): Two units cancelled after partial completion
  • Gerald R. Ford class (USA, 2013): One unit in construction, two pending, construction of more units likely over coming decades

USS United States (CVA-58), the third ship of the US Navy named for the nation, was to be the lead ship of a radical new design of aircraft carrier. ... The Forrestal-class aircraft carriers were a four-ship class designed and built for the United States Navy in the 1950s. ... The Kitty Hawk-class supercarriers of the United States Navy were an incremental improvement on the Forrestal-class vessels. ... Enterprise Logo The supercarrier, USS Enterprise (CVN-65), formerly CVA(N)-65, is the worlds first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier and the eighth U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name. ... USS (CVA/CV-67) (or Big John) is a U.S. Navy aircraft carrier. ... Project 1153 OREL (Cyrillic: Орёл) was a 1970s-era Soviet program to give the Soviet Navy a true blue water aviation capability. ... The Nimitz-class supercarriers are a line of nuclear-powered aircraft carriers in service with the US Navy, and are the largest capital ships in the world. ... Ulyanovsk (Cyrillic: Улья́новск) was the first of a class of Soviet supercarriers which, for the first time, would have offered true blue water aviation capability for the Soviet Navy. ... The -class aircraft carriers (or Ford-class) will be the next generation supercarrier for the United States Navy. ...

References

  1. ^ House of Commons Minutes of Evidence

See also

Four aircraft carriers, (bottom-to-top) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault carrier USS Wasp, USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences of late 20th century carriers An aircraft carrier is a warship designed to deploy and in most cases recover aircraft, acting as a sea... This is a list of all the aircraft carrier, light carrier and escort carrier classes that have served in the United States Navy. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Aircraft carriers

  Results from FactBites:
 
Death and Rebirth of the Supercarrier (7859 words)
The death of the supercarrier project was caused by uncertainty in defense policy, inter-service rivalry and politics.
The design of the supercarrier was dictated entirely by the requirements of the aircraft she was to operate.
Design and construction of the supercarrier was officially proposed to the Chief of Naval Operations on December 28, 1945, in a memo from Rear Admiral H. Sallada, head of the Navy's Bureau of Aeronautics.
Supercarrier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (502 words)
USS John C. Stennis, a typical supercarrier, and HMS Illustrious, a light V/STOL aircraft carrier on a joint patrol.
USS Enterprise, a supercarrier, and the conventionally-sized aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle
Because of the angled deck and large deck area, supercarriers can have a far larger island than conventional carriers, greatly improving both their aviation capabilities and their capability as flagships.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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