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Encyclopedia > Super Tuesday

In the United States, Super Tuesday commonly refers to a Tuesday in early March of a presidential election year. It is the day when the most states simultaneously hold their primary elections, and the single day when the most nominating delegates can be won. As such, candidates must do well if they hope to secure their party's nomination. United States presidential elections determine who serves as President and Vice President of the United States for four-year terms, starting on Inauguration Day (January 20th of the year after the election). ... The series of U.S. presidential primaries is one of the first steps in the process of electing a President of the United States. ... A delegate is an individual (or a member of a group called a delegation) who represents the interests of a larger organization (e. ...

Contents

History

The phrase "Super Tuesday" has been used to refer to presidential primary elections since at least 1984.[1] as dates when a large number of states held presidential primaries. In fact, the 1984 primary season had three "Super Tuesdays," ending with "Super Tuesday III, when Walter Mondale finally secured the Democratic nomination.[2]


Pundits often mistakenly claim that the phrase "Super Tuesday" first came into use for the slate of primary elections that took place on March 8, 1988, in the Southern states of Texas, Florida, Tennessee, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Mississippi, Kentucky, Alabama, and Georgia leading up to the 1988 election in November. Southern Democrats came up with the idea of a regional primary in an effort to nominate a moderate candidate who would more closely represent their interests. (Their plan ultimately did not succeed as Jesse Jackson and Al Gore split the Southern primaries, and Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis was subsequently nominated.) Since then, the particular states holding primaries on Super Tuesday has varied from year to year. Subsequent "Super Tuesdays" have taken place on March 10, 1992; March 12, 1996; March 7, 2000; and March 2, 2004. In 2000, 16 states held primaries on Super Tuesday, the largest presidential primary election day in U.S. history. March 8 is the 67th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (68th in leap years). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The U.S. Southern states or The South, known during the American Civil War era as Dixie, is a distinctive region of the United States with its own unique historical perspective, customs, musical styles, and cuisine. ... Official language(s) English (de facto) See also languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 268,581 sq mi (695,622 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city Baton Rouge [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,960 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ... The election was held on November 8, 1988. ... Southern Democrats are members of the U.S. Democratic Party who reside in the U.S. South. ... Jesse Louis Jackson (born October 8, 1941) is an American politician, civil rights activist, and Baptist minister. ... Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Michael Stanley Dukakis (born November 3, 1933) is an American Democratic politician, former Governor of Massachusetts, and the Democratic presidential nominee in 1988. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (70th in leap years). ... Media:rofl. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in leap years). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in leap years). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Convincing wins in Super Tuesday primaries have usually propelled candidates to their party's nomination. While the Iowa caucus and New Hampshire primary receive much press attention because they are first, they are sometimes criticized for being small states that are unrepresentative of the U.S. as a whole. Since Super Tuesday primaries are held in a large number of states from geographically and socially diverse regions of the country, Super Tuesday typically represents a Presidential candidate's first test of national electability. In 1992, after losing earlier primaries, Democrat Bill Clinton emerged as a candidate "back from the dead" when he convincingly won a number of Southern primaries on Super Tuesday. Clinton ultimately went on to win the Democratic nomination and the Presidency. In 1996, Republican Bob Dole's Super Tuesday sweep sealed his bid for the Republican nomination. In 2000, Democrat Al Gore and Republican George W. Bush cemented their nomination bids with Super Tuesday victories, and both went on to win their party's nomination. In 2000, approximately 61% of Democratic delegates and 58% of Republican delegates needed to secure nomination were up for grabs on Super Tuesday. Since 1976, the Iowa caucus has been the first indication of which candidate for President of the United States would win the nomination of his or her political party at that partys national convention. ... The New Hampshire primary marks the opening of the quadrennial U.S. presidential election. ... Media:rofl. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Robert Joseph Bob Dole (born July 22, 1923) is best known as a former Republican presidential nominee in the 1996 presidential election, in which he was defeated by then-incumbent President Bill Clinton. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...


Recently, as more states attempt to front-load their primaries in attempts to increase their importance, a Tuesday in early February has been referred to as "mini-Tuesday" or "mini-Super Tuesday" or "junior Tuesday" because several states have their primaries on that day. The date in February has also increasingly been called "Super Tuesday" in its own right. Mini-Tuesday is the name given to the first day on which multiple states hold U.S. presidential primary elections. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Andersen, Kurt (April 1984). Facing the Fatigue Factor (English). Time Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-02-14.
  2. ^ Magnuson, Ed (June 1984). Over the Top, Barely (English). Time Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-02-14.

2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Results

2004


  Results from FactBites:
 
Super Tuesday - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (494 words)
The phrase "Super Tuesday" first came into use for the slate of primary elections that took place on March 8, 1988, in the U.S. Southern states of Texas, Florida, Tennessee, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Mississippi, Kentucky, Alabama, and Georgia leading up to the 1988 election in November.
Subsequent "Super Tuesdays" have taken place on March 10, 1992; March 12, 1996; March 7, 2000; and March 2, 2004.
Since Super Tuesday primaries are held in a large number of states from geographically and socially diverse regions of the country, Super Tuesday typically represents a Presidential candidate's first test of national electability.
Guardian | Super Tuesday explained (415 words)
It was a creation of the southern states of America, which decided in 1988 to lump all their primaries on to the same day in March, because they felt northern states, like tiny New Hampshire which votes first, were having a disproportionate influence on the presidential race.
Super Tuesday gave the south has its own marker, and now polls are held on that day in states in almost every region of the country.
The candidate coming out of Super Tuesday best will be hoping to use the momentum of victory to spur him on in the closing stages.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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